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Dv training unit 1 10.18.11
 

Dv training unit 1 10.18.11

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Dv training unit 1 10.18.11 Dv training unit 1 10.18.11 Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 1: Defining Domestic Violence Rosa Maria Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, MPH, RN, CPH Assistant Professor School of Nursing & Health Studies University of Miami [email_address]
  • Defining Violence
    • Many different definitions of violence exists
      • Social and health definitions to define what these mean in society
      • Legal to define what these mean in the criminal justice system
      • Some focus on the actions (e.g., pushing, choking) and others on the consequences (e.g., physical, sexual or psychological harm)
  • Legal Definition- Domestic Violence
    • Legal Definition: Florida Statute §741.30 - Domestic Violence: Domestic Violence means any assault, aggravated assault, battery, aggravated battery, sexual assault, sexual battery, stalking, aggravated stalking, kidnapping, false imprisonment, or any criminal offense resulting in physical injury or death of one family or household member by another who is or was residing in the same single dwelling unit.
    • Relationship with the person:
      • a spouse
      • an ex-spouse,
      • a relative by blood or marriage who currently lives with you or who lived with you in the past,
      • anyone who lives or has lived with you in the same dwelling as a family unit, or
      • anyone with whom you have had a child, with or without having lived together.
    • Florida Statute 784.046 covers dating violence (intimate partner who does not have a “domestic” relationship) and covers a similar definition
    http://www.jud11.flcourts.org
  • Categories of Domestic Violence
    • Family Violence/ Domestic Violence
      • Biologic and/or legal relationship
    • Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
      • Dating violence
      • Spousal violence
    • Child Abuse & Neglect
      • Acts of commission and omission where children are victims
    • Vulnerable Adult Abuse & Neglect
      • Elderly
      • Disabled
  • Social/Health Definition of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
    • “… physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. This type of violence can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy.”
    • (CDC, 2010)
  • Four Main Types of IPV
    • Physical violence
      • Intentional use of physical force that may or may not lead to an injury
    • Sexual violence
      • Act designed to provide sexual gratification to the perpetrator
      • Can range from masturbation to rape
    • Threats of physical or sexual violence
      • Words, gestures or weapons that communicate the intent of physical or sexual violence
    • Psychological/Emotional violence
      • Words or actions that have a negative emotional consequence
      • Includes stalking
    Adapted from CDC, 2010
  • Terminology
    • Neglect
      • Failure to provide for child’s, elder’s or vulnerable adult’s physical, educational or emotional needs
    • Battering
      • Chronic violence of one partner against another that results in complete loss of control
  • Terminology
    • Assault
      • Crime relating when one person tries to physically harm another
      • Aggravated assault is when a weapon is used
    • Homicide
      • Assault that results in death
    • Suicide
      • Act of intentionally ending one’s life
      • Self directed abuse/slow suicide
  • References
    • Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, CDC (2010). Intimate partner violence: Definitions. Retrieved on August, 8 2011, from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/definitions.html
    • Eleventh Judicial Circuit of Florida, http://www.jud11.flcourts.org