Culture and mental illness 4

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Culture and mental illness 4

  1. 1. NUR 448 <ul><li>Culturally Relevant Mental Health Nursing </li></ul>
  2. 2. World Views <ul><li>Beliefs and values held by people of a given culture about what is good, right, and normal </li></ul><ul><li>Independent World View </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individualistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Values independence, autonomy, individuation, and self-determination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interdependent World View </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collectivist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Values interdependence, personal feelings, and desires less relevant than adherence to roles, responsibilities, and relationships within family and group </li></ul></ul>Menu F B
  3. 3. 7-3 Culturally diverse nurse and patient (Fig. 7-2) Menu F B
  4. 4. 7-4 Effects of explanatory models on illness experience and practice (Fig. 7-3) Menu F B
  5. 5. Explanatory Models <ul><li>Document types of factors or events causing distress </li></ul><ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Social </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Hot/cold </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Human </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Non-human </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Supernatural </li></ul></ul>Menu F B
  6. 6. Explanatory Models, cont. <ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Negative forces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Germs </li></ul></ul>Menu F B
  7. 7. Idioms of Distress <ul><li>Forms of experience and expression of distress </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Somatic </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul>Menu F B
  8. 8. Ethnorelativism <ul><li>Evaluating whether the theories being applied are relevant for the persons the nurse is helping </li></ul><ul><li>Allows nurses to provide care that is not bound by Western culture </li></ul>Menu F B
  9. 9. Cultural Translator <ul><li>Facilitates ethno-relativism by </li></ul><ul><li>- translating language </li></ul><ul><li>- explaining health-related concepts related to client </li></ul><ul><li>culture </li></ul><ul><li>Best when cultural translator closely resembles the client (is from same geographical region, social class, and gender) </li></ul><ul><li>Culture Bound Syndrome- an illness caused by culture. </li></ul>Menu B

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