Urban challenges by SP Singh, Ex Commissioner GHMC

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Urban challenges by SP Singh, Ex Commissioner GHMC

  1. 1. Problems and Challenges in Urban Local Governance withreference to Greater Hyderabad S.P. Singh, IAS Commissioner & Special Officer, Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation
  2. 2. URBANIZATION IN INDIA• Urban Population (2001) : 285Million % Urban Population to total - 2001 27.8% - 2011 (projected) 30% Urban areas account for more than 60% of Gross National Product (GDP) Decadal Growth 1991-2001: 31.2% Total Urban Local Bodies: 4300 (About)
  3. 3. Urbanisation Trends in AP• AP is the 5th largest State in India and ranks 7th in Urbanisation in India• 2.75 lakh sq.km area with a population of 75.22 million people as per 2001 census• witnessing rapid urbanization – 144% growth from 1971 to 2001 from 8.40 millions to 20.50 millions• Two Metropolitan cities – Hyderabad and Visakhapatnam
  4. 4. Population: Spatial distribution GHMC Area 65 Lakhs 12 Lakhs Peripheral Areas
  5. 5. Demography – Comparison with other Metropolitan Cities
  6. 6. Population Projections Total Population (in Lakhs) Density (Population / sq.Km) Area Component (sq.Km) 2001 2006 2011 2021 2001 2006 2011 2021 Greater 625 53.3 65.10 72.2 102.6 8528 11110 11552 16416 Hyderabad Others 1280 10.5 12.0 18.30 33.80 820 938 1430 2641 HUA 1905 63.8 77.10 90.5 136.4 3349 4047 4751 7160
  7. 7. Indian Cities and the Economy Contribution to GDP 1980 – 81 47% 1990 – 91 55% 2000 – 01 60% 2021 73%Efficient urban areas are essential forachieving growth and poverty reductiontargets.
  8. 8. Poverty Growth Trends in AP 200 180 Rural Urban 160 140 120 100 80 60 o h n u p P a k s t i l 40 20 0 1973-74 1977-78 1983-84 1987-88 1993-94 1999-00 2004-05Source: Compendium on Urban Poverty and Urban Slums,Ministry of Housing and Poverty Alleviation, GOI, New Delhi, 2006.
  9. 9. Hyderabad in National Scenario- Comparison with Benchmark Cities
  10. 10. Hyderabad in Inter-National Scenario- Comparison with Benchmark Cities Source: Monitor Group Report
  11. 11. Infrastructure & Civic amenities – Agencies involved• GHMC – Municipal functions & Infrastructure development (other than water & sewerage).• HUDA – Implementation of Master Plan, development of infrastructure in HUA.• HMWS&SB – Infrastructure creation for & management of water supply and sewerage disposal.• INCAP – Outer Ring Road project.• APCPDCL – Govt. owned power utility company.• TR&B / NH – Some of the city roads forming part of their network.• Police Dept. – Law and order and day to day traffic management.• APSRTC – Public Transport ( bus network)• HMR (under formation) : MRTS
  12. 12. Challenges – Urban Governance• Integrated planning with focus on equitable provision of services to all the areas & all sectors of population. Inter – Institutional co-ordination Inadequate urban infrastructure Poor peoples access to basic services & Socio- economic needs. Increasing urban environmental problems
  13. 13. Challenges – Urban Governance Inter-institutional Co-ordination Institution JurisdictionMunicipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH) Municipal LimitsHyderabad Metro Water Supply and Sewerage Board Entire Metropolitan AreaHyderabad Urban Development Authority Urban Development AreaAndhra Pradesh Transco Entire Metropolitan Area Central Districts of AP inc.AP Central Power Distribution Co. HydPostal and Telegraphs department Entire StateAndhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation Entire StateRoad and Buildings Department Entire StateAP Pollution Control Board Entire StateIndian Railways Entire State10 Municipalities Municipal LimitsSecundarabad Cantonment Municipal Limits
  14. 14. Inadequate Urban Infrastructure Water Demand / Deficits Projected Water Present Water Deficit Population Demand Availability (in Mgd)Year (in Millions) (in Mgd) (in Mgd) 270 202006 6.74 2902011 7.72 320 270 502016 9.30 360 270 902021 10.90 400 270 1302031 11.81 500 270 230
  15. 15. Inadequate Urban Infrastructure Water supply WATER DEMAND Vs AUGMENTATION 600 500 400 400 Water 360 DemandDemand (Mgd) 320 290 270 270 270 270 270 Water Available 200 0 2006 2011 2016 2021 2031 HORIZON YEAR
  16. 16. Inadequate Urban Infrastructure Sewerage System Demand / DeficitSl. Facilities Demand for the Present DeficitNo year (2021) Availability1 Sewage Treatment Plant 1323 113 +20 1190 (MLD)2 Trunk Sewers, Main 995 Kms 572 Kms 423 Kms Sewers, Branch Sewers (above 300 mm diameter)3 Laterals (300 mm 2722 Kms 1900 Kms 822 Kms diameter and below)
  17. 17. Inadequate Urban Infrastructure Solid Waste Management Projected Generation of Waste Per Capita Waste Waste Generated PopulationSl. (gm/cap/day) (tons / day) YearNo. Surrounding Surrounding Surrounding MCH MCH MCH ULBs ULBs ULBs1 2001 3686460 1294612 607.4 517.9 2239.2 670.52 2006 4122370 2265241 651.44 556.1 2685.5 1259.73 2011 4497666 3159645 698.68 596.3 3142.4 1884.14 2016 4859148 3763325 749.35 657.7 3641.2 2475.15 2021 5197008 5090000 803.69 683.7 4176.8 3480.0
  18. 18. Inadequate Urban Infrastructure Traffic & Transportation• 65 lakh population coupled with floating population.• Public transport system accounts for only 40% as against 70% desired.
  19. 19. Challenges – Urban Governance Physical and social Infrastructure requirement in slums Housing & Infrastructure Requirement Details MCH Surrounding Cost ULBsA. Housing for EWSNumber 178000 122000Cost (Rs. In crores) 1780 1220 3000.00Water Supply 97.90 67.10 165.00Sewerage System 71.20 48.80 120.00Roads 115.70 79.30 195.00Street Lighting & Electrification 71.20 48.80 120.00A. SUB TOTAL 3600.00B. Infrastructure in existing 37.73 16.00 53.73coloniesC. Other comm. Facilities 300.00Grand total (Rs. Crores) 3953.73
  20. 20. Response Measures to improve urban Governance & Infrastructure A reform linked investment programme – JNNURM – MEPMA. Public Private Partnership e-Governance Initiation of sustainable urban environment projects like Urban Greening, Parks, Lakes, Restoration, Musi River conservation and Heritage Conservation Zones. Integrated Urban Transport Policy Total Investment Plan
  21. 21. SECTOR-WISE SANCTIONS UNDER JNNURM ABSTRACT Rupees in lakhs Sl. No. Sector No. of Projects Approved Cost a) Urban infrastructure & Governance 1 Urban Transport 3 6,125.72 2 Heritage Precinct 2 7,936.51 3 S.W. .Drains 4 14,237.14 Sub-Total 9 28,299.37 b) Basic Services for Urban Poor 1 Infrastructure facilities in Slums 4 13,389.82 2 Housing 1 49,000.00 Sub-Total 5 62,389.19 GRAND TOTAL 14 90,689.19
  22. 22. Total Investment Plan for the Development of Greater Hyderabad & its surroundings (Some of the works are in progress & some of the works are to be grounded very shortly Estimated costSl.No. Name of the Project in Rs.Crores 1 MRTS (under Public, Private Partnership) 8482 2 Outer Ring Road 4600 3 Radial Roads (31 Roads connecting inner ring road to outer ring road 027 2 4 Development of other Road network 500 5 Bus Rapid Transport System 498 6 Elevated Expressway (to connect International Airport) 500 7 International Airport(PPP) 1700 8 Development of flyovers ,Bridges etc. 300 9 Augmentation of Water Supply 3600 10 Sewerage treatment and disposal 2000 11 Solid waste Management(PPP) 250 12 Musi River Front Development 900 13 Heritage Conservation Works 100 14 Protection and Development of Lakes 500 15 Development of Nalas 300 Total 26257

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