Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
REFRENCING
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

REFRENCING

754
views

Published on

referencing and bib.

referencing and bib.

Published in: Education, Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
754
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. In the name of Allah Kareem, Most Beneficent, Most Gracious, the Most Merciful !
  • 2. Referencing  Referencing means systematically showing what information or ideas you are quoting or paraphrasing, and where they come from.
  • 3. Why Reference? Referencing is necessary to  Authenticate your research with evidence from literature  Acknowledge the original author  to enable readers follow-up the source  avoid plagiarism,
  • 4. WHAT MUST I REFERENCE?  All work done by other researchers  Other writers' words
  • 5. DIFFERENT REFERENCING SYSTEMS  APA Referencing  Harvard Referencing  Oxford-Cambridge Referencing  MLA  AMA  APA (American Psychological Association) Style: This system is primarily used by those writing in the social sciences.
  • 6. Basic components of Referencing 1) In text referencing (citation) 2) End list Referencing
  • 7. In-text Reference An in-text reference to show that a piece of information, idea, quotation, etc. It is always designed to be short because it is interrupting the text. Example: Much of this research has demonstrated that there is relationships between HR practices and firm profitability (Allen, 1996). Author Name Year
  • 8. End list Referencing An End list reference to show the detailed information of source. It includes following contents Example:  Allen, N. J. and Meyer, J. P. (1996) ‘Affective, continuance and normative commitment and turnover’, Academy of Management Journal, 37: 670-87. Contents Example Author Name Allen, N. J. & Meyer, J. P. (1996) Year 1996 Title Affective, continuance and normative commitment and turnover Journal Academy of Management Journal Volume no 37 Page no 670-87
  • 9. Examples Source In-text Example End-List Example Article Wharton (1996) Wharton, N. (1996). Health and safety in outdoor activity centers. Journal of Adventure Education and outdoor Leadership, 12(4), 8-9 Book Comfort (1997, p. 58) Comfort, A. (1997). A good age. London: Mitchell Beazley. Website Dawson & Smith, (2002) Dawson, J., Smith, L., (2002). Retrieved october 31, 2002, from http://studytrekk.lis.curtin.edu.au/
  • 10. 14