In the name of Allah Kareem,
Most Beneficent, Most Gracious,
the Most Merciful !
Referencing means systematically
showing what information or ideas you are
quoting or paraphrasing, and where they
Referencing is necessary to
Authenticate your research with evidence from literature
Acknowledge the original author
to enable readers follow-up the source
WHAT MUST I REFERENCE?
All work done by other researchers
Other writers' words
APA (American Psychological Association) Style:
This system is primarily used by those writing in the social sciences.
Basic components of
1) In text referencing (citation)
2) End list Referencing
An in-text reference to show that a piece
of information, idea, quotation, etc. It is
always designed to be short because it is
interrupting the text.
Much of this research has demonstrated that there is relationships between
HR practices and firm profitability (Allen, 1996).
Author Name Year
End list Referencing
An End list reference to show the
detailed information of source. It includes
Allen, N. J. and Meyer, J. P. (1996) ‘Affective, continuance and normative commitment
and turnover’, Academy of Management Journal, 37: 670-87.
Author Name Allen, N. J. & Meyer, J. P. (1996)
Title Affective, continuance and normative
commitment and turnover
Journal Academy of Management Journal
Volume no 37
Page no 670-87
Source In-text Example End-List Example
Article Wharton (1996) Wharton, N. (1996). Health and safety in outdoor activity
centers. Journal of Adventure Education and outdoor
Leadership, 12(4), 8-9
Book Comfort (1997, p. 58) Comfort, A. (1997). A good age. London: Mitchell
Website Dawson & Smith, (2002) Dawson, J., Smith, L., (2002). Retrieved october 31,