Municipal & Solis Waste Management

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In the 21st century, the world has become a global village. New cities are emerging on the world globe. Beside that, existing cities are developing & expanding rapidly. In this respect, the management of municipal solid waste is becoming very important factor in the development of a nation & society. It needs a combination of both administrative & motivational forces to implement a successful municipal waste system.

Developed countries have done a lot in this respect & trying to reduce their waste generation. Countries are moving towards disposable & tin food to minimize their waste generation. New techniques are being implemented in today’s world to successfully manage waste & garbage. New techniques in Landfill sites, composting & GTS have been introduced to manage waste effectively & economically. More focus has been drawn towards generation of energy from waste including thermal energy, biogas which makes a sustainable development in the society.
Karachi is the biggest & most densely populated city of the country. Being a financial hub, people from all over the country migrate to the city to run their business. Comprising of 3600Sq Km area, the city alone produces around 8000 Tones of Solid waste daily. The municipal waste management of the city has become a challenge for Sindh government & local city government of Karachi. There are 19 towns &several independent authorities in the city. The city waste management has many weaknesses in its services & planning& there is great potential for improvement, in the municipal services of the city.

The purpose of this presentation is to conduct a brief study on the Municipal waste management of Gulistan-e- Jauhar Block 2, The project is designated to me by my course teacher Mr. Muhammad Khalid to enhance my practical knowledge in this course & I am very thankful to him for the same. This report shall cover the basic handling of municipal solid waste generated by houses & some shops. It includes the collection system, its temporary storage & then its final dumping at the Landfill site. (The author of ppt is an MBA student at Institute of Business Management, Karachi)

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Municipal & Solis Waste Management

  1. 1. IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOSTBENIFICIENT, THEMOST MERCIFUL
  2. 2. The Day starts By Two People…Who starts Their Journey from New Sabzi Mandi & reach Gulistan-e-Jauhar..Their Primary Responsibility Is to: Manage food & Shelter for themselves & for their Family… &To clean up the mess & garbage formthe streets & houses of Karachi…
  3. 3. The two People Are…..28 years old Kamal Khan
  4. 4. And his 10 years old Son Sultan Khan
  5. 5. Presented By :
  6. 6. INTRODUCTIONMunicipal solid waste (MSW), commonly known astrash or garbage, is a waste type consisting ofeveryday items we consume and discard. Itpredominantly includes food wastes, yard wastes,containers and product packaging, and othermiscellaneous inorganic wastes from residential,commercial, institutional, and industrial sources. Wikipedia
  7. 7. THE FLOW OF PROCESS WASTE WASTE TREATMENT OF COLLECTION & TRANSPORTATION RECYCLE ABLESEGRIGATION AT & DISPOSAL WASTE THE SOURCE
  8. 8. WASTE COLLECTIONPRIMARY DATA: There are approximately 1000 houses Each house is generating 2.5kg of solid waste per day The collection system is door to door collecting system comprises of donkey car Vehicles Each vehicle has 2 plastic bags for collecting waste, each of 80 kg capacity 6 vehicles are used to collect the waste each day Each vehicle is collecting about 400kg of Solid waste
  9. 9. WASTE COLLECTING BAGS
  10. 10. WASTE COLLECTION The waste is collected in a traditional manner using donkey cars The waste collectors reach at the door step of each house & collect the waste At the same time, they segregate the waste & store the recycle able material in a separate plastic bag
  11. 11. Collection Vehicle Collection at the door steps
  12. 12. WASTE SEGRIGATION AT THE SOURCEThe collected Solid waste consists of: Kitchen waste (mostly biological) Thermal Waste Recycle able waste InertAbout 75% of waste consists of: Kitchen waste Remaining of Vegetables & fruits Garden & yard Inert Remaining of cocked food
  13. 13. WASTE SEGRIGATION AT THE SOURCERemaining 25% is recycle-able items which consist of the following items: Glass Animal Bones White paper Plastics Disposable bottles of water & soft drinks Plastic ( hard & soft) Rubber Tire Leather Bread Tube Human hairs
  14. 14. SEGREGATION AT THE SOURCE
  15. 15. SEGREGATION AT THE SOURCE
  16. 16. Recycle-able Waste Consist Of cardboards, Plastic Bottles, Paper etc
  17. 17. WASTE TRANSPORTATION & DISPOSALThe waste is transported to the disposal site in avehicleThe waste is disposed off at a nearby disposal siteadjacent to the vicinity of Karachi UniversityThe waste is re-segregated at the dumping siteThe recycle able waste is taken away by the wastecollectorsThe waste is transported to the secondary dumpingsite at Gulshan-e-Iqbal by KMC Trucks & Tractors
  18. 18. WASTE SEGREGATION AT THE DUMPING SITE
  19. 19. Primary Dumping Site
  20. 20. WASTE TRANSPORTATION & DISPOSAL  The dumping site at Gulshan consist of waste coming from Gulshan Town  The waste is then transported to the main landfill site at Surjani  The waste is burnt out in the air at the landfill site
  21. 21. WASTE COLLECTION & TRANSPORTATION TO THE MAIN LANDFILL SITE
  22. 22. WASTE DISPOSALAT LANDFILL SITE
  23. 23. RECYCLE-ABLE WASTE TREATMENT The recycle-able Waste is sold to junk dealers by the waste collectors There are many facilities of these junk dealers in Karachi who have made great business & fame
  24. 24. RECYCLE-ABLE WASTE SELLING RATES Materials Rates (Rs/Kg)Human Hairs 1700Plastic, Leather 1200Animal Bones 5White Paper 9-10Glass 5Tin, Deposable bottles 55Rubber 5Tire 5Dry Bread 18Tubes 12 Updated Aug 2011
  25. 25. ENVIRONMENTAL & HEALTH ISSUES The dumping sites are open to air & are serious danger to the residence of the nearby residential areas The waste reach at the roads & pedestrian paths, effecting the city beauty Birds & flies fly over the waste, becoming a source of risk to Arial accidents The burning of waste emits CO2, NOx, depleting our Ozone layer & increasing global warming
  26. 26. BURNING OF WASTE EMITSCO,CO2 & OTHERDANGEROUS GASSES
  27. 27. THE FLYING BIRDS CANBECOME A SOURCE OFHUGE AIRPLANE ACCIDENTS
  28. 28. SUGGESTIONS & IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY Short Term Strategy:  Covered waste collection bags  Personnel Protection  Top Covered Dumping Site  Rapid movement of KMC trucks for collection of waste  Increase in the salary of waste collectors  Transforming the treatment of recycle-able waste under KMC
  29. 29. SUGGESTIONS & IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY Medium & Long Term Strategy:  Better waste collecting vehicles Converting secondary dumping site into GTS with modern facility of waste segregation  Proper landfill site operation with additional facility of composting, waste to energy, hazardous material disposal & bio gas formation
  30. 30. I THANK YOU ALLQUESTIONS ARE ALWAYS WELCOME

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