Practical monitoring tools for recovery@SSI Symposium 2012


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Practical monitoring tools for recovery@SSI Symposium 2012

  1. 1. International Sports Science and MedicineSymposium@ 17-18 May 2012 Practical Monitoring Tools For Recovery Taisuke Kinugasa, PhD Senior Sports Physiologist Singapore Sports Institute 1
  2. 2. Management of Recovery Recovery Recovery plan based sessions on training Monitoring Feedback & All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. Continuum of Training Under Optimal Over- Over- Training Training reaching trainingPerformance Over Optimal Under Serious Recovery Recovery Recovery Under Recovery Training All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. Monitoring Tools Performance indicators (Halson and Jeukendrup, 2004) What factors? Why changed? (Fry et al, 1997; Rowbottom et al, 1998) Physiological measures HLa/RPE (Snyder et al, 1993) Catecholamine (Hooper et al, 1993) Glutamine (Mackinnon and Hooper, 1996; Rowbottom et al, 1996) IgA (Gleeson et al, 1995; Mackinnon and Hooper, 1995) 5-HT (Serotonin) receptors (Budgett et al, 2010) All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. Subjective Monitoring Tools Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport) (Kellmann et al, 2001) Total Quality of Recovery (TQR) (Kennta, 1996) Daily Analysis of Life Demands of Athletes (DALDA) (Russell, 1990) Daily self-monitoring log (Hooper and Mackinnon, 1995) All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. RESTQ-Sport Kellmann and Kallus (2001) Kellmann and Günther (2000) All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. TQR • Copy: Arial, font size 20 • Copy: Arial, font size All Rights Reserved. 7
  8. 8. DALDA Russell (1990) All Rights Reserved. 8
  9. 9. Daily Self-Monitoring Log Adapted from Hooper et al (1995) All Rights Reserved. 9
  10. 10. Single-Subject Research Designs • Copy: Arial, font size 20 • Copy: Arial, font size 20 To observe one or a few athletes’ outcome (eg performance) as a dependent variable with repeated measurements and to compare the changes to assess an intervention effect (Kinugasa et al, 2004) All Rights Reserved. 10
  11. 11. Individualized Monitoringusing Daily Log Single-subject research design: the AB design Participant: a female swimmer A (18 yr, 159cm, 58kg) over 11 weeks (75 days) leading to Beijing Olympics 2008 Training: Phase 1: Specific preparation (Quality/Speed) 14 days Phase 2: Specific preparation (Quality/Specific) 14 days Phase 3: Pre-competition (Quality/Specific) 14 days Phase 4: Pre-competition (Speed/Specific) 18 days Phase 5: Taper 15 days Daily log: self-ratings of performance readiness (eg stress and sleep quality) on a 5-point scale (eg 1, low to 5, high) All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. Daily Log Results SP1 SP2 PC1 PC2 T C SP1 SP2 PC1 PC2 T All Rights Reserved. 12
  13. 13. Swimmer A’s Changesin StressHigh M↑ M, S, L ↓ ES = 1.66 ES = All Rights Reserved. 13
  14. 14. Swimmer A’s Changesin Sleep QualityHigh S↑ All Rights Reserved. 14
  15. 15. Daily Log Results SP1 SP2 PC1 PC2 T C SP1 SP2 PC1 PC2 T All Rights Reserved. 15
  16. 16. Summary No study has shown that laboratory testing is more reliable or valid than daily log (Mackinnon and Hooper, 2000) Daily log is a simple, cost effective, and non- invasive tool for monitoring training and recovery Daily log using the single-subject research approach can closely monitor elite athletes’ recovery processes for major All Rights Reserved. 16
  17. 17. THE ENDDistribution of this material or derivative of this material in any form is strictly prohibited without the express written permission from the Singapore Sports Council (SSC) All Rights Reserved. 17