Collected demographic, problems w/youth and family structure
Evidence of sexual/physical abuse and victimization risk
Calculate abuse risk
Grouped by type of parent
Results – Blended Households Female 56.1% Non-Hispanic White 65% No mothers 8% No father figure 33% In program reason unspecified 48% Contemplating run away 7% Homeless 9% Runaways 35% Status Percentage
The purpose of these studies were to compile different ideas that may be linked to child abuse and neglect. It was hypothesized that family structure, ethnicity, and culture play a role in child maltreatment. The hypotheses in these three studies were proven to be true. In the family structure study, researchers observed that abuse risks were higher in households with non-related parents. In the ethnicity study, there was definite connection found between abuse and ethnicity. In the culture study, researchers observed that perpetrators of Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy didn’t necessarily have to have a medical background in a country that provides universal medical care such as Japan. These finding are important for understanding underlying causes for child abuse so precautions can be made where possible. Since there are many different kinds of family structures, ethnicities, and cultures, these studies couldn’t possibly obtain statistics from every single one, therefore there were some limitations in these studies.
Fujiwara, T., Okuyama, M., Kasahara, M., Nakamura, A. (2008). Characteristics of hospital-based munchausen syndrome by proxy in japan. Child Abuse and Neglect The International Journal, 32 503-509.
Haskett, M. E., Allaire, J. C., Kreig, S., Hart, K. C. (2008). Protective and vulnerability factors for physically abused children: Effects of ethnicity and parenting context. Child Abuse and Neglect The International Journal, 32 567-576.
McRee, N. (2008). Child abuse in blended households: Reports from runaway and homeless youth. Child Abuse and Neglect The International Journal, 32 449-453.