Tamil islamic q&a
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Tamil islamic q&a

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This provides answers for many questions in Islam for Tamil Islamic People

This provides answers for many questions in Islam for Tamil Islamic People

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Tamil islamic q&a Tamil islamic q&a Document Transcript

  • K];ypk; xU tpj;jpahrkhd flTis tzq;Ffpd;wdh;; K];ypk;fspd; jq;fspd; flTshf Vw;Wf; nfhz;Ls;s my;yh`; vd;w nrhy;> ,iwtid miof;ff; $ba xUrhjhuz mugpr; nrhy;yhFk;. my;yh`; vd;W K];ypk;fs; miof;ff; $ba me;jf; flTs; kpfr; rpwe;j kw;Wk;flTs;fSf;nfd toq;fg;glf; $ba ngaHfspNyNa kpfr; rpwe;j ngaiuf; nfhz;lJkhFk;> me;j my;yh`; vd;wmugpg;gjj;jpw;F tskhd mHj;jq;fSk; cs;sd> NkYk; mJ vz;zhy; xUikiaAk;> xNu flTisAk;> mtDf;F,izahf vtiuAk;> vjidAk; xg;Gtikahf;fhj mtdJ jd;ikiaAk; Fwpf;ff; $bajhf> my;yh`; vd;wme;j mugpg;gjk; jpfo;fpd;wJ. ,Nj thHj;ijiaf; nfhz;Nl A+jHfspd; Ntj nkhopahfpa `Pg;Utpy;> vNyh`; vd;Wk;> ,NaR fpwp];j;J,iwtidj; Jjpj;j nghOJ> Ntj nkhopahfpa muhkpf; nkhopapy; ,e;j gjj;ijj; jhd; gad;gLj;jpdhH. A+j>fpwp];j;jt> ,];yhkpa kjq;fspy; ,iwtd; jdf;nfd milahsg; ngaHfisg; ngw;wpUf;fpd;whd;. my;yh`; vd;Wnrhy;yf; $ba me;j xNu ,iwtidj; jhd; A+jHfSk;> fpwp];j;jtHfSk;> K];ypk;fSk; tzq;Ffpd;whHfs;.tzf;f topghLfspy; my;yh`;itj; jdpj;Jtg;gLj;jp> mtDf;F kl;LNk me;j tzf;ftopghLfis chpj;jhf;fp>mtw;wpy; NtW ahiuAk;> vjidAk; mtDf;F <lhf ,izahf;fhky; mtidj; jdpj;Jtg;gLj;jp tzq;FtJk;kw;Wk; mtdJ fl;lisfs;> mwpTiufs; Mfpatw;iw jd;Dila tho;ehspy; KOikahff; filgpbg;Ngd; vd;Wrj;jpag;gpukhzkhf Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJk;> mtdJ ,Wjpj;Jhjuhd K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfsJ nrhy;> nray;>mq;fPfhuk; Mfpa midj;jpd; kPJk; ek;gpf;if nfhz;L mtw;iwg; gpd;gw;WtJk;> NkYk; cyf KOtJk; gy;NtWfhyfl;lq;fspy; mDg;gg;gl;l mtdJ JhjHfs; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJk;> xU K];ypkpd; kPJ fl;lhaf;flikahf ,Uf;fpd;wJ. ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil ek;gpf;ifapd;gb ,iwtd; xUtd;> mtd; xUtidj; jtpu NtWahUk; ,y;iy vd;gjhFk;. ,iwtdhd my;yh`; kpf caHe;jtd;> mtid ve;jtpj fisg;Gk; mtidmiltjpy;iy> mtDf;F re;jjpfs; vd;W vJTk; fpilahJ> mjhtJ ,iwkfd; vd;wiof;fg;gLk; ,NaRitg;Nghy> NkYk;> kw;w kjq;fspy; fhzg;gLtJ Nghy kdpjDf;Fhpa jd;ikfs; vJTk; me;j my;yh`;Tf;Ff;fpilahJ. fpwp];JtHfspd; iggpspy; $wg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ> 6 ehl;fspy; ,iwtd; thdkz;lyq;fisg; gilj;J tpl;L>7 tJ ehs; fisg;G ePq;f Xa;T nfhz;lhd; ,iwtd;> vd;W $wg;gLk; jj;Jtj;ij ,];yhk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjpy;iy. mtd; kdpjHfisg; gPbf;ff; $ba fisg;G> grp> cwf;fk; Nghd;w ,d;Dk; cs;s jd;ikfspy;,Ue;J mtd; khWgl;ltd;. ,j;jifa jd;ikfs; mtid Ml;nfhs;tjpy;iy vd;gJ ,];yhj;jpd;>,iwf;nfhs;ifahFk;. kw;Wk; ,e;J kjq;fspy; cs;sthWk;> kw;w kjq;fspy; cs;sthWk; ,iwtDf;F kidtp> kf;fs;>re;jjpfs;> cwtpdHfs; ,Ug;gJ Nghy my;yh`;Tf;Ff; fpilahJ. mtd; jdpj;jtd;> mtDf;F Kd;Ngh>mtDf;Fg; gpd;Ngh vJTk; fpilahJ. mtd; jdpj;jtd;> ,izJizaw;wtd;> re;jjpfsw;wtd;>cUtq;fsw;wtd;> mtd; epiyahdtd;> mtd; gilj;jpUf;fpd;w mj;jidAk; mopaf; $baitNa> Mdhy;mtDf;F ve;j mopTk; fpilahJ. xU KbTk; fpilahJ. ,e;J kjj;jpy; gilj;jYf;Fg; gpuk;kDk;> fhj;jYf;F tp;ZTk;> mopj;jYf;F rptDk; vd gy;NtWJiwfSf;F gy;NtW flTs;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wdH. ,g;nghOJ> mZFz;L jahhpf;ff; $ba xUtd; me;jmZFz;il ntw;wpfukhfr; Nrhjpf;f tpUk;Gfpd;whd;> ,ijg; gilj;jYf;Fhpa flTshfpa gpuk;kdplk; mtd;Ntz;Lfpd;whd;. gpuk;kDk; xg;Gjy; je;J tpLfpd;whH. ,jid mwpe;j kw;nwhUtd; fhj;jYf;Fhpa flTshfpatp;Ztplk; nrd;W jd;idf; fhf;FkhW Ntz;Lfpd;whd;. ,tUk; jd;Dila gf;jDila Ntz;Ljiy Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;whH vdpy;> ,e;j ,U gf;jUila Ntz;Ljypy; ahuhtJ xUtUila Ntz;Ljiyj; jhd; epiwNtw;wKbAk;> ,e;j epiyapy;> gpwpnjhUtDila Ntz;Ljy; epuhfhpf;fg;gLkhdhy;> epuhfhpf;fg;gLtJ kdpjdpd;Ntz;LNfhshf ,Ue;jhYk;> Njhy;tpaile;jJ ,U flTsHfspy; xUtH. flTSf;Nf Njhy;tp vd;why;> ,Jxg;Gf; nfhs;sg;glf; $banjhU flTs; jj;Jtkh? vd;gij rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. vdNt jhd; ,];yhk; gy;NtW flTs;nfhs;ifia epuhfhpj;J tpl;L> ,iwtid Vfdhfg; ghHf;fpd;wJ.mtd; jdpj;jtd;> mtDila Ml;rp> mjpfhuk; midj;Jk; kpf;ftd;. mtDila Ml;rp ,e;j thdq;fs; kw;Wk;G+kp vq;Fk; gutp tpahgpj;jpUf;fpd;wJ. ,jpy; mtDila ,e;j Ml;rpg;gug;gpy; gq;fhspfNsh> cjtpahsHfNshfpilahJ.
  • rPwh - tpdhb tpdh1. egpath;fs; miog;Gg;gzpia vj;jid Mz;Lfs; ufrpakhfr; nra;jhh;fs; ?%d;W tUlq;fs; (rhp),uz;L tUlq;fs;xU tUlk;2. `e;jf; Aj;jk; (mfo; Nghh;)eilngw;w Mz;L vJ?`p[;hp Ie;jhk; Mz;L (rhp)`p[;hp vl;lhk; Mz;L`p[;hp Mwhk; Mz;L3. Gdpjg; gs;spf;F gy thry;fis epWtpatUk; Kjd; Kjyhf tpsf;Nfw;wpa fyp/ghthd me;j Kjy; egh; ahh; ?ckh; (rhp)mg+gf;fh;cj;khd;4. fh/ghit ,bf;f Kad;wtd; ahh; ?ghNuhd;mg;u`h (rhp)5. gj;U Aj;jj;jpy; cika;ah ,g;D fyh/g; vd;gtid nfhd;wth; ahh; ?gpyhy; (rhp)`k;[hmyp6. ,uz;lhtJ Gdpj efuk; vJ?kf;fhmy; kjPdh (rhp)jfP/g;7. mgprPdpah;fis mNugpa jPgfw;gj;jpypUe;J ntspNaw;wpath;fs; ahh; ?ghurPfh;fs; (rhp)my; f]h]pdhNuhkhdpah;fs;8. egp(]y;)mth;fspd; kfshd ck;K Fy;Jhk; mth;fis jpUkzk; nra;jth; ahh; ?cJkhd; (rhp)mGgf;fh;ckh;
  • 9. fpg;yh jpir n[U]yj;jpypUe;J jw;NghJ cs;s f/ghTf;F khwpa Mz;L vJ?`p[;hp Vohk; Mz;L`p[;hp gj;jhk; Mz;L`p[;hp ,uz;lhk; Mz;L (rhp)10. egpath;fspd; JhJj;Jtk; nraYf;F te;j Mz;L vJ?fp.gp. 611 (rhp)fp.gp. 613fp.gp. 61711. K];ypk;fs; ,];uh kw;Wk; kpuh[; gz;biffs; nfhz;lhLk; khjk; vJ?ukohd;hghd;u[g; (rhp)12. gpd; tUk; `jPi] g+h;j;jp nra;f:egp(]y;)mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;:ek;gpf;ifahsh;fspy; rpwe;jth;fs; ahh; vdpy;..?ew;Fzk; kw;Wk; ed;dlj;ijAs;sth;fs; (rhp)jk; FLk;gj;jpdhplk; ey;y Kiwapy; nray;gLgth;fs;khh;f;fj;NjhL njhlh;G itj;jth;13. egpath;fs; xU kdpjiu epakpj;J mtUld; mfghtpypUf;Fk; rpyiuAk; mDg;gp itj;J mth;fSf;Ffw;Wf;nfhLf;FkhW nrhd;d me;j kdpjh; ahh; ?]hj; ,g;D khypf;`k;[h ,g;D mg;Jy; Kj;jypg;K]hg; ,g;D cikh; (rhp)14. mt;]; Fyj;jpdUf;Fk; f[;u[; Fyj;jpdUf;FkpilNa fUj;J NtWghL vd;Dk; tpijia njhlh;e;J tpijf;fKad;w a+jd; ahh; ?fhg; ,g;D my; ;uh/g;h]; ,g;D fP]; (rhp)`_a; ,g;D mf;jhg;15. Fiwpah;fSf;F Kd;ghf fh/ghtpd; tptfhuj;jpy; mjpfhuk; ngw;wpUe;j Fyk; vJ?Fh;`_k;fpdhdhF]hM (rhp)16. ]`hghf;fspy; my;yh`;tpd; Nghh;ths; vd miof;fg;gl;lth; ahh; ?c]hkh ,g;D i[j;mk;U ,d;D my; M];fhypj; ,g;D my; tyPj; (rhp)
  • 17. my; fpkhkh gs;sp vq;F cs;sJ?[pj;jhkf;fhmy; kjPdh (rhp)18. egpath;fspd; `p[;uj;jpw;F ghJfhg;ghf Fiwpaj; jiyth;fs; FOkpa ,lk; vJ?mG R/g;ahdpd; tPLmy; fh/ghjhh; my; ej;th (rhp)19. gj;U Aj;jk; epfo;e;j Mz;L vJ?ukohd; khjk; 17 (rhp)ukohd; khjk; 10ukohd; khjk; 2520. Viofspd; je;ij vd;W nry;ykhf miof;fg;gl;lth; ahh; ?Figg; my; md;rhhpRaPj; my; Fiu]pfh/gh; ,g;D mgp jhypg; (rhp)21. egp(]y;) mth;fSf;F ve;j tajpUf;Fk; NghJ mtuJ jhahh; kuzpj;jhh;fs; ?,uz;L taJgj;J taJMW taJ (rhp)22. epuhfupf;Fk; $l;lj;jpdhpy; nkhj;jk; vj;jid Ngh; nfhy;yg;gl;ldh; ?162112 (rhp)24323. Gdpj Ntjk; egp(]y;)mth;fSf;F ve;jf; fpoikapy; njhlq;fpaJ?Gjd; fpoikjpq;fs; fpoik (rhp)nts;spf; fpoik24. fh/gh Myaj;jpd; cauk; vt;tsT?gjpide;J kPl;lh;,UgJ kPl;lh;gj;J kPl;lh; (rhp)25. egpath;fis md;G fhl;b tsh;j;j rNfhjhp ahh; ?
  • /ghj;jpkhmy; u[g;my; ikh (rhp)26. c`J Aj;jj;jpy; fye;J nfhz;l K];ypk; caph;j;jpahfpfs; vj;jid Ngh; ?vOgJ (rhp)EhWvOgj;ije;J27. `_idd; Aj;jj;jpy; epuhfhpg;Nghhpd; gilia top elj;jp nrd;wtd; ahh; ?Jhpj; ,g;D my; ]khJiydp`h ,g;D fhypj;khypf; ,g;D mt;/g; (rhp)28. ,];khapy; egpath;fspd; fhyj;jpy; kf;fhtpy; jq;fpapUe;j Fyj;jth; ahh; ?Fiw;F]hM[_h;`_k; (rhp)29. ,];yhj;jpd; Kjy; gs;spahf epWtg;gl;l gs;spthry; vJ?fpg;yijd; gs;spfpgh gs;sp (rhp)30. egp (]y;)mth;fs; fl;ba gs;spapd; ngah; vd;d?fpgh gs;sp (rhp)my; mf;]h gs;spekpuh gs;sp31. Jhh; Fifapy; egpath;fSk; mGgf;fh; mth;fSk; vj;jid ehl;fs; jq;fpapUe;jdh; ?%d;W ehl;fs; (rhp)ehd;F ehl;fs;VO ehl;fs;32. kf;fh tptfhuj;jpd; NghJ Kjyhtjhf Xba Fiwp ahh; ?fp]p ,g;D fpyhg; (rhp)mg;Jy; Kj;jypg;`h]pk; ,g;D mg;Jy; kdh/g;33. ,Wjpahf ,];yhj;ij jOtpa ,dj;jth; ahh; ?jfP/g; (rhp)
  • gdP fpdhdhFhM34. egpath;fspd; ghl;ldhUf;Fg; gpd; mtiug; guhkhpj;jth; ahh; ?my; mg;gh];mg+ jhypg; (rhp)`k;[h35. egpath;fs; kuzpj;j khjk; vJ?ugpAy; jhdpugpAy; mt;ty; (rhp)ukohd;36. /Gh;fhdpd; ehs; vd;W jpUkiwapy; miof;fg;gLk; Aj;jk; vJ?`_idd;gj;h; (rhp)c`J37. `puh Fif ve;j kiyapy; cs;sJ?mu/ghj; kiyapy;Ehh; (xsp)kiyapy; (rhp)u`;kj; (mUs;)kiyapy;38. c`J Aj;jj;jpy; Fiwpg; gilapdUf;F jiyik tfpj;jtd; ahh; ?mG R/g;ahd; (rhp)mG y`g;mG [`y;39. egpath;fs; egpj;Jtk; ngWk; Kd; vd;d njhopy; nra;J te;jhh;fs; ?tptrhak;thzpgk; (rhp)jr;Rj; njhopy;40. egpath;fs; `p[;uj; Nkw;nfhz;l NghJ topapy; mtiuf; nfhy;y Kad;wtd; ahh; ?Ruhfh ,g;D khypf; (rhp)mG[`;y;mG y`g;41. mgP]Pdpahtpw;F Kjd; Kjypy; `p[;uj; nra;jth; ahh; ?gpyhy;mk;khh; ,g;D ah]ph;cJkhd; ,g;D m/g;ghd; (rhp)42. `p[;uj; md;W egpath;fisf; nfhy;tjw;F Fiwpfs; rjpj;jpl;lk; jPl;bapUe;j NghJ egpath;fSf;F gjpyhf
  • mtuJ gLf;ifapy; gLj;jpUe;jth; ahh; ?myp (rhp)ckh;mGgf;fh;43. egpath;fs; mlq;fpAs;s gs;spf;F nry;tJ vg;gb?`[;[_f;F Kd;Dk; gpd;Dk; nry;yyhk; (rhp)`[;[pd; kdhrpf; fphpiaf;F Kd;G nry;y Ntz;Lk;`[;[pd; kdhrpf; fphpia Kbe;j gpd;G nry;y Ntz;Lk;44. kUj;Jtj;jpy; rpwe;J tpsq;fpa cj;jk md;idah;fspy; ,tUk; xUth; mth; ahh; ?ck;K ]ykhMaph (rhp)`/g;]h45. Fiwpah;fspd; Fs;sehp vd miof;fg;gl;lth; ahh; ?fhypj; ,g;D my; tyPj;ck;U ,g;D my; M]; (rhp),f;hpkh46. ,];yhj;jpd; Kjy; ngz; caph;j;jpahfp ahh; ?md;id Rikah (rhp)md;id Maphmd;id fjP[h47. `_ijgpa;ah cld;gbf;if Vw;gl;l Mz;L vJ?`p[;hp Mwhk; Mz;by; (rhp)`p[;hp Vohk; Mz;by;`p[;hp vl;lhk; Mz;by;48. ,g;uh`Pk; mth;fspd; khh;f;fk; ve;jg; ngauhy; miof;fg;gLfpwJ?fpwpj;Jtk;a+j kjk;my; `id/gpah (rhp)49. mG [`;ypd; cz;ikahd ngah; vd;d?mg;Jy; c[;[h (rhp)mg;Jy; jh;mg;Jy; fhgh50. ,`;uhik fistJ vg;NghJ?
  • jth/Gy; ,ghjh nra;J Kbj;jTld;nghpa mfghtpy; fy; vwpe;J Kbe;jTld; (rhp)51. egpath;fis kPz;Lk; kf;fhtpw;F gpbj;Jj; jUgtUf;F Fiwpah;fs; rd;khdkhf mwptpj;jJ vd;d?EhW xl;lfq;fs; (rhp)Ehw;iwk;gJ xl;lfq;fs;Ik;gJ xl;lfq;fs;52. ck;Ky; Fuh vd;w efuk; vJ?aj;hpg;kf;fh (rhp)my; jhap/g;53. fyp/gh mypia nfhd;wtd; ahh; ?,g;D my; ]t;jhmG YhYM,g;D Ky;[pk; (rhp)54. egp(]y;)mth;fs; ,iwj;JhjNu vd;w mwpFwpfis mwpe;jpUe;j kjFU ahh; ?mg;Jy; fP];Gi`uh (rhp)kpd;fh];55. fhghtpd; fjT ve;jj; jpirapy; mike;Js;sJ?njw;F Gwk;Nkw;F Gwk;fpof;F Gwk; (rhp)56. $gh gs;spthry; vq;F cs;sJ?]yh kiyf;F tlNkw;F jpirapy;kjPdhtpw;F njd;Nkw;F jpirapy; (rhp)uDt;jh gs;sj;jhf;fpy;57. egpath;fs; gpwe;j Mz;L vJ?ahid Mz;L (rhp)hpkhjh Mz;Lc/Gj; Mz;L58. ifgh; Aj;jk; ele;j Mz;L vJ?`p[;hp vl;lhk; Mz;L`p[;hp Ie;jhk; Mz;L
  • `p[;hp Vohk; Mz;L (rhp)59. egp(]y;)mth;fs; gpwe;j fpoik vJ?jpq;fl;fpoik (rhp)nts;spf;fpoikGjd; fpoik60. md;id fjP[h mth;fis egp(]y;)mth;fs; kze;j NghJ egpath;fspd; taJ vd;d?,Ugj;ije;J (rhp)ehw;gJ,UgJ61. fhypj; ,g;D tyPj; mth;fs; ,];yhj;ij jOtpaJ vg;NghJ?`p[;hp %d;whk; Mz;L`p[;hp Vohk; Mz;L`p[;hp vl;lhk; Mz;L (rhp)62. igj;Jy; Kfj;ji] Kjd; Kjyhff; ifg;gw;wpa fyPghtpd; ngaH vd;d? M) rpYit Aj;jj;jpy; <Lgl;Ligj;Jy; Kfj;ji]f; ifg;gw;wpa ,];yhkpa khtPuH ahH?m. ckH (uyp) M. ]yh`{j;jPd; my; ma;A+gp63. egpfs; ehafk; (]y;) mtHfs; gpd;dpw;f> ,khkhf epd;W njho itj;j egpj; NjhoH ahH?mg;JH u`;khd; ,g;D mt;/g; - jG+f; Aj;j rkak;64. jG+f; Aj;jj;jpd; kWngaH vd;d? mjpy; fye;J nfhz;l ]`hgpfs; vt;thW miof;fg;gl;lhHfs;?Kg];]uh`; M) i[a;]{y; c];uh`;65. c`Jg; Nghhpy; FiwpfSf;F jiyikNaw;W Aj;jk; nra;jtUk;> gpd;G ,];yhj;jpidj; jOtpatUkhd me;j]`hgpapd; ngaH vd;d?mG Rg;ahd; (uyp)66. egp (]y;) mtHfspd; ,uz;L kfs;fisj; jpUkzk; nra;j egpj; Njhohpd; ngaH vd;d? mtuJ gl;lg; ngaHvd;d?cJkhd; (uyp) M) Je;Ehiud;67. mfo; NghUf;fhd jpl;lj;jpw;F fhuzkhf ,Ue;j egpj;Njhohpd; ngaH vd;d?ry;khd; my; ghHrp (uyp)68. K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfSf;F Kd; Njhd;wpa egpkhHfspy; VNjDk; ehy;thpd; ngaHfis kl;Lk; $W?1) Mjk; (miy) 2) E}`; (miy) 3) Y}j; (miy) 4) ,g;wh`pk; (miy)69. ,g;wh`pk; egpapd; kidtpkhHfspd; ngaHfisAk; mtHfspd; kf;fspd; ngaHfisAk; Fwpg;gpLf?kidtpapd; ngaHfs; : ]huh> `h[uhkf;fspd; ngaHfs; : ,];khaPy; (miy)> ,];`hf; (miy)70. ,g;wh`pk; egp fz;l fdT vd;d? mij vt;thW epiwNtw;wpdhHfs; ?
  • jq;fspd; kfd; ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfis ,iwtDf;fhf gyp nfhLg;gjhf fdT fz;lhHfs;.mjid ,iwf;fl;lis vd;W vz;zp kfid capUld; gyp nfhLf;fj; jahuhdhHfs;. Mdhy; mjw;F Kd;my;yh`; ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfspd; jpahf cs;sj;ij Vw;W mtHfSf;fhf xU Ml;il ,wf;fp itj;jhd;.,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfSk; mij gyp nfhLj;J fdit epiwNtw;wpdhHfs;.71. K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfspd; je;ijapd; rNfhjuHfspy; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs; ahH? ahH?1)mg;gh]; (uyp) 2) `k;]h (uyp) MfpatHfshthHfs;.fPo;f;fhZk; epfo;r;rpfs; egpfshhpd; ve;nje;j tajpy; epfo;e;jd?1) Kjy; jpUkzk; - 25 taJ 2) egpj;Jtk; - 40 taJ 3) `p[;uj; - 53 taJ4) kuzk; - 63 taJ.72. Kjd; Kjyhf ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfspy; Ie;J ngaHfis kl;Lk; Fwpg;gpLf?1) mGgf;fH (uyp) 2) myp (uyp) 3) mk;khH (uyp) 4) ah]pH (uyp) 5) `jp[h (uyp)73. gj;U Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ Fiwpfis top elj;jp te;j jsgjpfspy; ehy;tiu Fwpg;gplTk; ?1) mG+ [`;y; 2) igh 3) tyPj; 4) cika;ah74. gj;U Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ fye;J nfhz;l K];ypk;fspd; vz;zpf;if vj;jid? capH Jwe;jtHfs; vj;jidNgH?fye;J nfhz;ltHfs; 313 NgHfs; > `PjhdtHfs; : 14 NgHfs; > ,tHfspy; md;rhhpfs; - 8 NghHfs; >K`h[pHfs; - 6 NgHfs;.75. `p[;hp 4 Mk; Mz;Lf;F gpd;dH ele;j Aj;jq;fspy; vNjDk; ehd;fpd; ngahpidf; $W?1) jG+f; 2) `d;jf; (mfo;) 3) i`gH 4) `{idd;.76. K`h[pH - md;rhH ngaHf;fhuzk; $W?K`h[pHfs; - kf;fhtpy; ,Ue;J kjpdhtpw;F `p[;uj; nra;J te;j egpj; NjhoHfs;md;rhhpfs; - kf;fhtpy; ,Ue;J te;jtHfis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L cjtp nra;j kjpdh K];ypk;fs;77. Fiwpfs; kf;fhtpy; K];ypk;fSf;F vjpuhf elj;jpa nfhLikfspy; rpytw;;iw tpthp.Fiwpfs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;l mg;ghtpfis nrhy;nyhz;zh Jauj;jpw;F Mshf;fpdhHfs;. Vfj;Jtf;nfhs;ifia tpl kWj;jhy;> ah]pH (uyp) mtHfspd; ,uz;L fhy;fisAk; jdpj;jdpNa ,uz;L xl;lfq;fNshLfapw;wpy; fl;b> mtHfspd; cliy ,U $whfg; gpse;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; kidtp Rika;ah (uyp)apd;kHk];jhdj;jpy; mk;G va;J nfhd;whHfs;. mbikahf ,Ue;j gpyhy; (uyp) mtHfspd; fOj;jpy; fapw;iwf; fl;btPjp tPjpahf ,Oj;Jf; nrd;W rpWtHfis tpl;L fy;nywpa itj;jhHfs;. gpd;dUk; mtHfspd; kd cWjpFiyahjijf; fz;l Fiwpfs;> Mj;jpuKw;W mtHfis ntWk; NkdpAld; ez;gfypy; Rlkzypy; fplj;jpmtHfspd; clypd; Nky; ghwhq;fy;iy itj;J nfhLikg; gLj;jpdhHfs;.78. egp (]y;) mtHfs; `p[;uj; nra;Ak; NghJ ele;j epfo;r;rpfis tpthp?
  • egp (]y;) mtHfs; kf;fj;J K];ypk;fspy; ngUk;ghydtHfisAk; kjpdhtpw;Fg; Nghfr; nra;J> jhq;fsk; `p[;uj;nra;aj; jahuhdhHfs;. Mdhy;> ,iwf;fl;lis tUk; tiu jhkjpj;jpUe;jhHfs;. egp (]y;) mtHfs; kjpdhtpw;Fg;Nghf ,Ug;gij mwpe;J nfhz;l Fiwpfs;> mjid mDkjpj;jhy; kjpdhtpy; K];ypk;fs; ngUfp FiwpfSf;Fvjpuhfj; jpus;thhfs; vd;W vz;zp mtHfs; `p[;uj; nra;tjw;F Kd;dH nfhiy nra;J tpl jpl;lkpl;lhHfs;.Mdhy; ,iwaUshy; egp (]y;) mtHfs; Fiwpfspd; rjpj; jpl;lq;fspy; ,Ue;J fhg;ghw;wg;gl;lhHfs;. ,iwf;fl;lisg;gb egp (]y;) mtHfSk;> mtHfspd; NjhoH mGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfSk; ,uNthL ,uthf `p[;uj;gazj;ijj; njhlq;fpdhHfs;. EgpfshH jg;gpj;J tpl;lij mwpe;j Fiwpfs;> egp (]y;) mtHfis kjpdhnry;Yk; topapNyNa nfhd;W tplj; jpl;lkpl;lhHfs;. ,jid mwpe;J nfhz;l egpfshUk;> mtHfsJ NjhoHmGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfSk; jt;H vd;Dk; FifapDs; xope;J nfhz;lhHfs;. Egpfshiuj; Njb Fifapd; mUfpy;te;j vjphpfsplkpUe;Jk; my;yh`; jdJ J}jiuAk;> mtuJ NjhoiuAk; ghJfhj;Jf; nfhz;lhd;.79. gj;U Aj;jk; elg;gjw;Fj; J}z;LNfhshf ,Ue;j epfo;r;rpfisf; $W?kjpdh te;j gpd;dH ehSf;F ehs; K];ypk;fspd; vz;zpf;if ngUfp tUtijf; fz;l Fiwpfs;gag;glyhdhHfs;. K];ypk;fspd; ngUf;fk; FiwpfSf;F Mgj;jhf KbAk; vd;W vz;zp K];ypk;fNshL NghHnra;J mtHfis mopf;fj; jahuhdhHfs;. Mjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;jpw;fhff; fhj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ,jw;fpilNamtHfspd; czHitj; J}z;LtJ Nghy; 2 epfo;r;rpfs; mq;F ele;jd. Mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D [`;]; vd;gtHjiyikapy; 12 NgH nfhz;l csTf; $l;lk; ef;yh vd;w ,lj;jpy; te;J nfhz;bUe;j tpahghuf; $l;lj;jpy;`y;ukp vd;gtid egpfshhpd; fl;lisf;F vjpuhff; nfhiy nra;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,J jtpu mG+ Rg;ahd;vd;gthpd; jiyikapy; ]phpahtpy;,Ue;J jpUk;gp te;J nfhz;bUe;j xU tpahghuf; $l;lk; kjpdhtpw;F mUfpy;tUk; NghJ mjid topkwpf;Fk; Kfkhf xU rpW gilia egpatHfs; mDg;Gfpd;whHfs;. ,jidf; Nfs;tpg;gl;lJk; cjtpf;F xU gilia mDg;GkhW mG+Rg;ahd; kf;fhtpw;F J}J mDg;Gfpd;whH. ,JNt gj;U Aj;jk;elg;gjw;F xU J}z;Lnfhyhf mike;J tpLfpd;wJ.80. c`j; Aj;jj;jpd; fhl;rpfisr; RUf;fkhff; $W?3000 NgHfs; nfhz;l ngUk; gilAld; K];ypk;fis mopf;Fk; jpl;lj;Jld; Fiwpfs; `p[;hp 3 Mk; Mz;Lkjpdhtpw;F mUfpy; c`J kiy mbthuj;jpy; Kw;WifapLfpd;wdH. ,tHfis re;jpf;f egpatHfSk; 700 NgHnfhz;l NghH tPuHfSld; fsj;jpy; ,wq;F fpd;whHfs;. NghH elf;Fk; NghJ K];ypk;fspd; gilia vjphpfs;gpd;Gwkhf te;J jhf;fhky; ,Uf;f 50 NgH nfhz;l xU gilia mg;Jy;yh ,g;D [{igH jiyikapy;epWj;Jfpd;whHfs;. mthfsplk; vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; me;j ,lj;ij tpl;L efu Ntz;lhk; vd;Wk;mwpTWj;Jfpd;whHfs;. Nghhpy; K];ypk;fspd;if Xq;fTk;> vjphpfs; nghUl;fis tpl;L tpl;L Xl;lk;vLf;fpd;whHfs;. K];ypk;fs; mtHfs; tpl;Lr; nrd;w nghUl;fis (md;/ghy;) vLf;f KaYfpd;whHfs;. ,ijf;fz;l fhty;gilAk; egpfshhpd; fl;lisf;F khwhf md;/ghiy vLf;Fk; Nehf;fj;Jld; Xb tUfpd;whhfs;. ,e;jre;jHg;gj;ijg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;l vjphpfs;> K];ypk;fis gpd;Gwkhf te;J jhf;fp> mtHfis epiyFiyar;nra;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,jdhy; ngUk; ntw;wpia je;jpUf;f Ntz;ba c`J Aj;jk; K];ypk;fSf;Fgpd;dilitNa Vw;gLj;jp tpLfpd;wJ.81. `{ijgpah cld;gbf;if K];ypk;fSf;F ntw;wpiaj; je;jJ vt;thW?`{ijgpah cld;gbf;ifapd; tpjpKiwfs; midj;Jk; ntspg;gilahf xU jiyg;gl;rkhfTk;> K];ypk;fSf;FvjpuhfTk; ,Ug;gJ Nghy; Njhd;wpdhYk;> mJ K];ypk;fSf;F ntw;wpiaNa je;jJ. ,jdhy; `p[;hp 7 Mk; Mz;LK];ypk;fs; kf;fhtpy; vjphpfspd; gak; ,y;yhky; ck;uh nra;a Kbe;jJ. 10 Mz;Lfs; K];ypk;fSk;> FiwpfSk;rz;ilaplf; $lhJ vd;gJk; ,jd; tpjpKiwfspy; xd;whFk;. ,jdhy; Fiwpfspd; NghH mghak; ,y;yhJNgha K];ypk;fs; ,];yhj;ij vj;jp itf;Fk; gzpapy; KO %r;rhf nray;gl Kbe;jJ. ,Jtiu gifAzHTld;ele;J nfhz;l FiwpfSk; K];ypk;fSld; el;GwTld; goFk; epiy Vw;gl;lJ. K];ypk;fspd; ey;ynray;fisf; fz;lJk;> mtHfsplk; kdkhWjy;fs; Vw;glyhapd. ,];yhk; Kd; vg;NghJk; ,y;yhj mstpw;FNtfkhf gutj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,Wjpapy; Fiwpfs; K];ypk;fsplk; mbgzpAk; mdtpw;F ,];yhj;jpd; if
  • Xq;fpaJ.82. mfgh xg;ge;jk;aj;jpg; ypUe;J te;j K];ypk;fSf;Fk; egpf;Fk; ,ilapy; ele;jJ.83. egp (]y;) FLk;gj;jpypUe;J ,Wjp %r;R tiu K];ypk;fSf;F vjphpahf jpfo;e;jtd;MG+y`g;84. mG+gf;fH (uyp)Kjd;Kjyhf ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;l NjhoH85. gpd;dilit Vw;gLj;jpa Fiwp jsgjp`hypj; ,g;D tyPj;86. `k;]h (uyp)c`j; Aj;jj;jpd; tPuj; jpahfp87. mfo; Aj;jj;jpd; rpw;gp]y;khd; my; /ghH]p88. ,ul;il ths; tPuHmyp (uyp)89. `{ijgpah cld;gbf;iff;F Kd; kf;fh Fiwpfsplk; K];ypk;fspd; J}juhf mDg;gg;gl;l NjhoHc];khd; (uyp)90. t`;]ptPu `k;]h (uyp) mtHfspd; capiug; gwpj;j `pe;jhtpd; mbik91. egpia ntl;l te;jtH jpir jpUk;gp ed; khHf;fj;ij Vw;whH.ckH ,g;D `j;jhg; (uyp)92. Kjd; Kjypy; ,];yhj;jpw;fhf capH ePj;j ngz;kzpapd; ngaH vd;d?]{ika;ah (uyp) MthHfs;.93. ,];yhj;jpy; ele;j Kjy; NghH vJ?gj;U Aj;jkhFk;. `p[;hp 2 Mk; Mz;L ele;jJ.
  • rPwh1. my;yh`; Kjd; Kjypy; ahiug; gilj;jhd;?Mjk; (miy) mtHfis Kjd; Kjypy; gilj;jhd;.2. Mjk; egpapd; %yk; my;yh`; ahiug; gilj;jhd;?Mjk; (miy) mtHfspd; kidtpahd `t;th (miy) mtHfisg; gilj;jhd;.3. Kjd; Kjyhf mDg;gg;gl;l J}jH ahH?E}`; (miy) MthHfs;.4. my;yh`;Tld; Ngrpa egp ahH?%]h (miy) MthHfs;.5. fdtpy; tpsf;fk; nfhLf;fg;gl;l egp ahH?egp A+]{g; (miy) MthHfs;.6. neUg;Gf; Fz;lj;jpy; Nghlg;gl;L my;yh`;thy; fhg;ghw;wg;gl;l egp ahH?egp ,g;wh`pk; (miy) MthHfs;.7. njhl;by; gUtj;jpy; kf;fsplk; Ngrpa egp ahH?<]h (miy) MthHfs;.8. kPd; tapw;wpy; ,Ue;j egp ahH?egp A+D]; (miy) MthHfs;.9. [pd;fis trg;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;fg;gl;l egp ahH?egp ]{iykhd; (miy) MthHfs;.10. `[;[{g; ngUehis ahUila epidthff; nfhz;lhLfpd;Nwhk; ?egp ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfspd; epidthff; nfhz;lhLfpd;Nwhk;.11. my;yh`; jdJ Neruhf FHMdpy; ahiuf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd; ?,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfisf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;.12. Egp E}`; (miy) vj;jid tUlq;fs; tho;e;jhHfs;?950 tUlq;fs;.
  • 13. E}`; egpapd; kidtpAk;> kfDk; ,];yhj;ij Vw;whHfsh?Vw;ftpy;iy.14. Kjd;Kjypy; f/ghit fl;ba egp ahH?egp ,g;wh`pk; (miy) MthHfs;.15. egp ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfspd; kfd;fspd; ngaHfisf; Fwpg;gpLf.,];khapy; (miy)> ,];`hf; (miy).16. ,Wjpahf mDg;gg;gl;l egp ahH?egp K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfs;.17. ,g;wh`pk; egp mtHfs; fz;l fdT vd;d?,g;wh`pk; egp mtHfs; jd; kfd; ,];khapy; (miy) mtHfis mWj;Jg; gypapLtjhff; fdT fz;lhHfs;.18 ,g;wh`pk; egpapd; je;ij ngaH vd;d? mtH ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhuh?,g;wh`pk; egpapd; je;ij ngaH M[H. mtH ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;stpy;iy.19. ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfs; ahUila Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; J}juhf mDg;gg;gl;lhHfs;?,g;wh`pk; egpatHfs; ek;&j; vd;Dk; nfhbatdpd; Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; J}juhf mDg;gg;gl;lhHfs;.20. ,g;wh`pk; egp mtHfspd; kidtpfspd; ngaH vd;d?md;id `h[uh> md;id rhuh MfpNahHfshthHfs;.21. %]h (miy) mtHfs; ahUila Ml;rp fhyj;jpy; gpwe;jhHfs;? ahhplk; tsHe;jhHfs; ?,g;wh`pk; egp mtHfs; /gpHmt;dpd; Ml;rp fhyj;jpy; gpwe;jhHfs;. /gpHmt;dplNk tsHe;jhHfs;.22. Kjd; Kjyhf gilf;fg;gl;l kdpjH ahH?Mjk; (miy) mtHfis my;yh`; Kjd;Kjypy; gilj;jhd;. mtHfSf;F vy;yh nghUl;fspd; ngaHfisAk;fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhd;. NkYk; kyf;FfisAk;> [pd;fisAk; mtHfSf;F ][;jh nra;af; fl;lisapl;lhd;. Mdhy;,g;yP]; kl;Lk; ][;jh nra;a kWj;J tpl;lhd;. Mjhuk; #uj;Jy; gf;fuh 31-34 trdq;fshFk;.23. ,iwf; fl;lisf;F khW nra;j ,g;yP]{f;Fk; ,iwtDf;Fk; ,ilNa ele;j ciuahly; vd;d?my;yh`; ,g;yP]plk; ehd; cdf;F fl;lisapl;l rkaj;jpy; MjKf;F ][;jh nra;tjpypUe;J cd;idj; jLj;jJvJ? vd;W Nfl;lhd;. mjw;F ,g;yP]{ ehd; mtiu tpl Nkyhdtd;. Mjikf; fsp kz;zpy; gilj;jha; vd;WngUikNahL $wpdhd;. mjw;F my;yh`;> ngUik nfhs;tjw;F eP jFjpapy;yhjtd;. vdNt eP ,q;fpUe;JntspNawp tpL vd;whd;.
  • 24. E}`; (miy) mtHfs; jd; rKjhaj;jpw;F nra;j gpur;rhuj;ijg; gw;wp tpsf;fk; $W?my;yh`; mDg;gpa Kjy; J}jH jhd; E}`; (miy). MtHfs; 950 Mz;L fhyk; jd; rKjhaj;jpw;F gpur;rhuk;nra;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; gpur;rhuj;jhy; kpff; Fiwe;j msNt kf;fs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;. mtHfspd;kfDk;> kidtpAk; $l ,];yhj;ij Vw;fhkNyNa kuzpj;jhHfs;. Mjhuk; my;FHMd; my;fG+j; 14 tJ trdk;kw;Wk; #uj;Jy; `{j; 43 tJ trdk; kw;Wk; #uj;Jy; j`;hPk; 10 tJ trKkhFk;.25. Kjd; Kjypy; ,];yhj;jpw;fhf capH ePj;j ngz;kzpapd; ngaH vd;d?]{ika;ah (uyp) MthHfs;.26. ,];yhj;jpy; ele;j Kjy; NghH vJ?gj;U Aj;jkhFk;. `p[;hp 2 Mk; Mz;L ele;jJ.27. ,g;wh`pk; egp jd; je;ij M[hplk; nra;j gpur;rhuj;ijg; gw;wp tpthp.,g;wh`pk; egp jd; je;ijaplk; vd; je;ijNa! VijAk; nrtpNaw;fhj> ghHf;fhj> ck;ik tpl;Lk; vijAk;jLf;fhjij eH Vd; tzq;Ffpd;wPH ? Vd; je;ijNa! Epr;rakhf vd;dplk; cq;fSf;F tuhj mwpT te;jpUf;fpwJ.MfNt> ePH vd;id gpd;gw;WtPuhf! cq;fSf;F ehd; Neuhd topiaf; fhl;LNtd;. Vd; je;ijNa! Ij;jhidePq;fs; tzq;fjPHfs;! Epr;rakhf Ij;jhd; kpfTk; fUiz cilNahdhfpa u`;khDf;F khW nra;gtdhf,Uf;fpd;whd;. Vd; je;ijNa! U`;khdplkpUe;J Ntjid ck;ikg; gpbj;J Ij;jhDf;F ePq;fs; NjhouhfptpLtij epr;rakhf ehd; gag;gLfpd;Nwd; vd;W gpur;rhuk; nra;jhHfs;. Mjhuk; : #uh kHak; 42-46 trdq;fs;.28. ,g;wh`pk; egp Vd; neUg;Gf; Fz;lj;jpy; Nghlg;gl;lhHfs;?nfhQ;rKk; cq;fSf;F ed;ik> jPik nra;ahj my;yh`; my;yhjtw;iwah ePq;fs; tzq;Ffpd;wPHfs;? vd;W,g;wh`pk; egpatHfs; jd; r%fj;jhiu rpiy tzf;fj;jpypUe;J jLj;jjpdhy; neUg;Gf; Fz;lj;jpy;Nghlg;gl;lhHfs;. my;yh`; me;j neUg;Gf; Fz;lj;ij FspHr;rp kpf;fjhfTk;> Rfkspf;ff; $bajhfTk; Mf;fptpl;ljpdhy;> ,g;wh`pk; egpatHfs; fhg;ghw;wg;gl;lhHfs;.29. ,g;wh`pk; egp (miy) mtHfs; jd; ,iwtid vt;thW Ghpe;J nfhz;lhHfs;?,g;wh`pk; egpatHfis ,uT #o;e;J nfhz;l NghJ> gpufhrkhd el;rj;jpuj;ijg; ghHj;J ,J jhd; vd;,iwtd;> vd;W $wpdhHfs;. MJ kiwe;J re;jpud; cjpg;gijf; fz;l nghOJ> ,J jhd; vd;Dila ,iwtd;vd;W $wpdhHfs;. MJTk; kiwe;J tpl;lJ. gpd;G gfypy; #hpaidf; fz;l NghJ> ,J jhd; vd; ,iwtd;vd;whHfs;. gpd;G mJTk; kiwaNt> kiwaf; $ba vJTk; ,iwtdhf KbahJ. ,iwtd; ,iz Jizmw;wtd;. ,iz itg;gjpypUe;J epr;rakhf ehd; ePq;fpatd; vd;W $wpdhHfs;.30. ,g;wh`pk; egpf;Fk; ek;&Jf;Fk; ,ilNa ele;j ciuahly; vd;d?,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfs; jd;Dila vjphpahd ek;&j; vd;gtdplk; $wpdhHfs;> vtd; capH nfhLf;fTk;>kuzpf;fTk; itf;fTk; nra;fpd;whNdh mtNd vd;Dila ,iwtd; vd;W $wpdhHfs;. Mjw;F ek;&j; ehDk;capH nfhLf;fpd;Nwd;. Kuzpf;f itf;fTk; nra;fpd;Nwd; vd;W $wpdhd;. Mjw;F ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfs;my;yh`; #hpaidf; fpof;fpy; cjpf;fr; nra;fpd;whd;. Mij eP Nkw;fpy; cjpf;Fk;gbr; nra; vd;W $wpaJk;epuhfhpg;ghsdhd ek;&j; thailj;Jg; Nghdhd; vd;W #uj;Jy; gfuhtpy; 258 tJ trdj;jpy; my;yh`;$Wfpd;whd;.
  • rPwh1. K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfSf;F Kd; Njhd;wpa egpkhHfspy; VNjDk; ehy;thpd; ngaHfis kl;Lk; $W?1) Mjk; (miy) 2) E}`; (miy) 3) Y}j; (miy) 4) ,g;wh`pk; (miy)2. ,g;wh`pk; egpapd; kidtpkhHfspd; ngaHfisAk; mtHfspd; kf;fspd; ngaHfisAk; Fwpg;gpLf?kidtpapd; ngaHfs; : ]huh> `h[uhKf;fspd; ngaHfs; : ,];khaPy; (miy)> ,];`hf; (miy)3. ,g;wh`pk; egp fz;l fdT vd;d? mij vt;thW epiwNtw;wpdhHfs; ?jq;fspd; kfd; ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfis ,iwtDf;fhf gyp nfhLg;gjhf fdT fz;lhHfs;.mjid ,iwf;fl;lis vd;W vz;zp kfid capUld; gyp nfhLf;f jahuhdhHfs;. Mdhy; mjw;F Kd;my;yh`; ,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfspd; jpahf cs;sj;ij Vw;W mtHfSf;fhf xU Ml;il ,wf;fp itj;jhd;.,g;wh`pk; (miy) mtHfSk; mij gyp nfhLj;J fdit epiwNtw;wpdhHfs;.4. K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfspd; je;ijapd; rNfhjuHfspy; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs; ahH? ahH?1)mg;gh]; (uyp) 2) `k;]h (uyp) MfpatHfshthHfs;.5. fPo;f;fhZk; epfo;r;rpfs; egpfshhpd; ve;nje;j tajpy; epfo;e;jd?1) Kjy; jpUkzk; - 25 taJ 2) egpj;Jtk; - 40 taJ 3) `p[;uj; - 53 taJ4) kuzk; - 63 taJ.6. Kjd; Kjyhf ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfspy; Ie;J ngaHfis kl;Lk; Fwpg;gpLf?1) mGgf;fH (uyp) 2) myp (uyp) 3) mk;khH (uyp) 4) ah]pH (uyp) 5) `jp[h (uyp)7. gj;U Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ Fiwpfis top elj;jp te;j jsgjpfspy; ehy;tiu Fwpg;gplTk; ?1) mG+ [`;y; 2) igh 3) tyPj; 4) cika;ah8. Gj;U Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ fye;J nfhz;l K];ypk;fspd; vz;zpf;if vj;jid? CapH Jwe;jtHfs; vj;jidNgH?fye;J nfhz;ltHfs; 313 NgHfs; > `PjhdtHfs; : 14 NgHfs; > ,tHfspy; md;rhhpfs; - 8 NghHfs; >K`h[pHfs; - 6 NgHfs;.9. `p[;hp 4 Mk; Mz;Lf;F gpd;dH ele;j Aj;jq;fspy; vNjDk; ehd;fpd; ngahpidf; $W?1) jG+f; 2) `d;jf; (mfo;) 3) i`gH 4) `{idd;.
  • 10. K`h[pH - md;rhH ngaHf;fhuzk; $W?K`h[pHfs; - kf;fhtpy; ,Ue;J kjpdhtpw;F `p[;uj; nra;J te;j egpj; NjhoHfs;md;rhhpfs; - kf;fhtpy; ,Ue;J te;jtHfis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L cjtp nra;j kjpdh K];ypk;fs;11. Fiwpfs; kf;fhtpy; K];ypk;fSf;F vjpuhf elj;jpa nfhLikfspy; rpytw;;iw tpthp.Fiwpfs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;l mg;ghtpfis nrhy;nyhz;zh Jauj;jpw;F Mshf;fpdhHfs;. Vfj;Jtf;nfhs;ifia tpl kWj;jhy;> ah]pH (uyp) mtHfspd; ,uz;L fhy;fisAk; jdpj;jdpNa ,uz;L xl;lfq;fNshLfapw;wpy; fl;b> mtHfspd; cliy ,U $whfg; gpse;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; kidtp Rika;ah (uyp)apd;kHk];jhdj;jpy; mk;G va;J nfhd;whHfs;. mbikahf ,Ue;j gpyhy; (uyp) mtHfspd; fOj;jpy; fapw;iwf; fl;btPjp tPjpahf ,Oj;Jf; nrd;W rpWtHfis tpl;L fy;nywpa itj;jhHfs;. gpd;dUk; mtHfspd; kd cWjpFiyahjijf; fz;l Fiwpfs;> Mj;jpuKw;W mtHfis ntWk; NkdpAld; ez;gfypy; Rlkzypy; fplj;jpmtHfspd; clypd; Nky; ghwhq;fy;iy itj;J nfhLikg; gLj;jpdhHfs;.12. egp (]y;) mtHfs; `p[;uj; nra;Ak; NghJ ele;j epfo;r;rpfis tpthp?egp (]y;) mtHfs; kf;fj;J K];ypk;fspy; ngUk;ghydtHfisAk; kjpdhtpw;Fg; Nghfr; nra;J> jhq;fsk; `p[;uj;nra;aj; jahuhdhHfs;. Mdhy;> ,iwf;fl;lis tUk; tiu jhkjpj;jpUe;jhHfs;. egp (]y;) mtHfs; kjpdhtpw;Fg;Nghf ,Ug;gij mwpe;J nfhz;l Fiwpfs;> mjid mDkjpj;jhy; kjpdhtpy; K];ypk;fs; ngUfp FiwpfSf;Fvjpuhfj; jpus;thhfs; vd;W vz;zp mtHfs; `p[;uj; nra;tjw;F Kd;dH nfhiy nra;J tpl jpl;lkpl;lhHfs;.Mdhy; ,iwaUshy; egp (]y;) mtHfs; Fiwpfspd; rjpj; jpl;lq;fspy; ,Ue;J fhg;ghw;wg;gl;lhHfs;. ,iwf;fl;lisg;gb egp (]y;) mtHfSk;> mtHfspd; NjhoH mGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfSk; ,uNthL ,uthf `p[;uj;gazj;ijj; njhlq;fpdhHfs;. EgpfshH jg;gpj;J tpl;lij mwpe;j Fiwpfs;> egp (]y;) mtHfis kjpdhnry;Yk; topapNyNa nfhd;W tplj; jpl;lkpl;lhHfs;. ,jid mwpe;J nfhz;l egpfshUk;> mtHfsJ NjhoHmGgf;fH (uyp) mtHfSk; jt;H vd;Dk; FifapDs; xope;J nfhz;lhHfs;. Egpfshiuj; Njb Fifapd; mUfpy;te;j vjphpfsplkpUe;Jk; my;yh`; jdJ J}jiuAk;> mtuJ NjhoiuAk; ghJfhj;Jf; nfhz;lhd;.13. gj;U Aj;jk; elg;gjw;Fj; J}z;LNfhshf ,Ue;j epfo;r;rpfisf; $W?kjpdh te;j gpd;dH ehSf;F ehs; K];ypk;fspd; vz;zpf;if ngUfp tUtijf; fz;l Fiwpfs;gag;glyhdhHfs;. K];ypk;fspd; ngUf;fk; FiwpfSf;F Mgj;jhf KbAk; vd;W vz;zp K];ypk;fNshL NghHnra;J mtHfis mopf;fj; jahuhdhHfs;. Mjw;fhd re;jHg;gj;jpw;fhff; fhj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ,jw;fpilNamtHfspd; czHitj; J}z;LtJ Nghy; 2 epfo;r;rpfs; mq;F ele;jd. Mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D [`;]; vd;gtHjiyikapy; 12 NgH nfhz;l csTf; $l;lk; ef;yh vd;w ,lj;jpy; te;J nfhz;bUe;j tpahghuf; $l;lj;jpy;`y;ukp vd;gtid egpfshhpd; fl;lisf;F vjpuhff; nfhiy nra;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,J jtpu mG+ Rg;ahd;vd;gthpd; jiyikapy; ]phpahtpy;,Ue;J jpUk;gp te;J nfhz;bUe;j xU tpahghuf; $l;lk; kjpdhtpw;F mUfpy;tUk; NghJ mjid topkwpf;Fk; Kfkhf xU rpW gilia egpatHfs; mDg;Gfpd;whHfs;. ,jidf; Nfs;tpg;gl;lJk; cjtpf;F xU gilia mDg;GkhW mG+Rg;ahd; kf;fhtpw;F J}J mDg;Gfpd;whH. ,JNt gj;U Aj;jk;elg;gjw;F xU J}z;Lnfhyhf mike;J tpLfpd;wJ.14. c`j; Aj;jj;jpd; fhl;rpfisr; RUf;fkhff; $W?3000 NgHfs; nfhz;l ngUk; gilAld; K];ypk;fis mopf;Fk; jpl;lj;Jld; Fiwpfs; `p[;hp 3 Mk; Mz;Lkjpdhtpw;F mUfpy; c`J kiy mbthuj;jpy; Kw;WifapLfpd;wdH. ,tHfis re;jpf;f egpatHfSk; 700 NgHnfhz;l NghH tPuHfSld; fsj;jpy; ,wq;F fpd;whHfs;. NghH elf;Fk; NghJ K];ypk;fspd; gilia vjphpfs;gpd;Gwkhf te;J jhf;fhky; ,Uf;f 50 NgH nfhz;l xU gilia mg;Jy;yh ,g;D [{igH jiyikapy;epWj;Jfpd;whHfs;. mthfsplk; vf;fhuzk; nfhz;Lk; me;j ,lj;ij tpl;L efu Ntz;lhk; vd;Wk;
  • mwpTWj;Jfpd;whHfs;. Nghhpy; K];ypk;fspd;if Xq;fTk;> vjphpfs; nghUl;fis tpl;L tpl;L Xl;lk;vLf;fpd;whHfs;. K];ypk;fs; mtHfs; tpl;Lr; nrd;w nghUl;fis (md;/ghy;) vLf;f KaYfpd;whHfs;. ,ijf;fz;l fhty;gilAk; egpfshhpd; fl;lisf;F khwhf md;/ghiy vLf;Fk; Nehf;fj;Jld; Xb tUfpd;whhfs;. ,e;jre;jHg;gj;ijg; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;l vjphpfs;> K];ypk;fis gpd;Gwkhf te;J jhf;fp> mtHfis epiyFiyar;nra;J tpLfpd;whHfs;. ,jdhy; ngUk; ntw;wpia je;jpUf;f Ntz;ba c`J Aj;jk; K];ypk;fSf;Fgpd;dilitNa Vw;gLj;jp tpLfpd;wJ.15. `{ijgpah cld;gbf;if K];ypk;fSf;F ntw;wpiaj; je;jJ vt;thW?`{ijgpah cld;gbf;ifapd; tpjpKiwfs; midj;Jk; ntspg;gilahf xU jiyg;gl;rkhfTk;> K];ypk;fSf;FvjpuhfTk; ,Ug;gJ Nghy; Njhd;wpdhYk;> mJ K];ypk;fSf;F ntw;wpiaNa je;jJ. ,jdhy; `p[;hp 7 Mk; Mz;LK];ypk;fs; kf;fhtpy; vjphpfspd; gak; ,y;yhky; ck;uh nra;a Kbe;jJ. 10 Mz;Lfs; K];ypk;fSk;> FiwpfSk;rz;ilaplf; $lhJ vd;gJk; ,jd; tpjpKiwfspy; xd;whFk;. ,jdhy; Fiwpfspd; NghH mghak; ,y;yhJNgha K];ypk;fs; ,];yhj;ij vj;jp itf;Fk; gzpapy; KO %r;rhf nray;gl Kbe;jJ. ,Jtiu gifAzHTld;ele;J nfhz;l FiwpfSk; K];ypk;fSld; el;GwTld; goFk; epiy Vw;gl;lJ. K];ypk;fspd; ey;ynray;fisf; fz;lJk;> mtHfsplk; kdkhWjy;fs; Vw;glyhapd. ,];yhk; Kd; vg;NghJk; ,y;yhj mstpw;FNtfkhf gutj; njhlq;fpaJ. ,Wjpapy; Fiwpfs; K];ypk;fsplk; mbgzpAk; mdtpw;F ,];yhj;jpd; ifXq;fpaJ.
  • njhOif - tpdhb tpdh1. ,iwth vd;; ghtq;fis kd;dpj;jUs;thahf ,d;Dk; cd; mUs; thriy vdf;fhf jpwe;J itg;ghahf vdehk; Ntz;LtJ vg;NghJ?gazk; nry;Yk; NghJcwq;fr; nry;Yk; Kd;gs;spthrYf;Fs; EioAk; NghJ (rhp)2. njhOiff;F kpfTk; mtrpakhdJ vJ?njhOiff;F kpfTk; mtrpakhdJ xS.3. xS nra;J Kbj;jJk; vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;?(m;`J my;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ t m;`J md;d K`k;kjd; mg;J`{ tu]{Y`{.)4. njhOif vg;nghOJ flikahf;fg;gl;lJ?egp (]y;) mtHfspd; kp`;uh[; gazj;jpd; nghOJ flikahf;fg;gl;lJ.5. %d;W Kiwf;F Nky; xS nra;Ak; cWg;igf; fOtyhkh?$lhJ. Vnddpy;> egp (]y;) mtHfs;> ahH xS nra;Ak; nghOJ cWg;Gf;fis %d;W Kiwf;F Nky;fOTfpwhNuh mtH tuk;G kPwp tpl;lhH vd;W $wpAs;shHfs;. Mjhuk; : ,g;D kh[h.6. xS nra;Ak; nghOJ vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;?xS nra;Ak; nghOJ> xS nra;fpd;Nwhk; vd;w vz;zj;Jld; gp];kpy;yh`; vd;W $w Ntz;Lk;.7. jf;gPhpd; NghJ ,U iffisak; vt;thW caHj;j Ntz;Lk;?mg;Jy;yh ,g;D ckH (uyp) mtHfs; $Wfpd;whHfs;> egp (]y;) mtHfs; njhOifapy; jf;gpH $wpdhHfs;. jf;gPH$Wk; NghNj jkJ iffis jkJ Njhs; G[q;fSf;F Neuhf caHj;jpdhhfs;. vdNt> jf;gPhpd; NghJNkw;fz;lthW iffis caHj;Jjy; flikahapw;W.8. xS nra;Ak; NghJ xt;nthU cWg;igAk; vj;jid Kiw fOt Ntz;Lk;?xU KiwNah my;yJ ,U KiwNah my;yJ %d;W KiwNah fOt Ntz;Lk;.9. /ghj;jp`h #uh Xjp Kbj;jgpd; Xj Ntz;banjd;d?/ghj;jp`h #uh Xjp Kbj;j gpd; FHMdpy; NtW trdq;fisNah> mj;jpahaq;fisNah Xj Ntz;Lk;. egp (]y;)mtHfs; Y`hpd; Kjypuz;L uf;mj;Jfspy; #uh /ghj;jp`hitAk; NtW ,U #uhf;fisAk; XjpdhHfs;.Rg;jkpy;yhky; xjg;gLk; Y`H njhOifapy; egpatHfs; XjpaJ vg;gbj; njhpAnkdpy; rpy Neuq;fspy; XhpUtrdq;fis vq;fSf;Fr; nrtpNaw;fr; nra;thHfs;. (mwptpg;gtH : mG+ fjhjh (uyp) Mjhuk; :- G`hhp> K];ypk;.10. njhOk;NghJ vij Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;?
  • njhOk; NghJ f/gj;Jy;yh`; ,Uf;Fk; jpiria Kd;Ndhf;fpj; njho Ntz;Lk;. Muk;gj;jpy; egp (]y;)mtHfSk;> ]`hghf;fSk; igj;Jy; Kfj;ji] Kd;Ndhf;fpj; njhOjdH. gpd;dH> my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisg;gbKd;Ndhf;Fk; jpiria &$tpy; ,Ue;jthNu f/ghit Nehf;fp egp (]y;) mtHfs; khw;wpdhHfs;. Mjhuk; : G`hhp.11. jf;gPH fl;baTld; Xj Ntz;baJ vd;d?jf;gPH fl;ba gpwF my;yh`{k;k gh,j; igdp my;yJ t[;[`j;J ,uz;by; VNjDk; xd;iw Xj Ntz;Lk;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOifapy; /ghj;jp`h #uhit XJk; Kd; rpwpJ Neuk; nksdkhf epd;wJ Fwpj;J mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; Nfl;ljw;F my;yh`{k;k gh,j; igdp Xjpajhf egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.Mjhuk; : G`hhp.12. njhOifapy; Muk;g JMit xjpa gpwF vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;?njhOifapy; Muk;g JMit Xjpa gpd; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit Xj Ntz;Lk;. /ghj;jp`h #uhit Xjtpy;iyvdpy; njhOif G+uzkhfhJ. Vnddpy; vtH /ghj;jp`h #uhit Xjtpy;iyNah mtUf;F njhOif ,y;iy>vd;W egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. Mjhuk; : K];ypk;.13. xStpw;F mtrpakhdJ vJ?xStpw;F mtrpakhdJ epa;aj;.14. epa;aj; vd;why; vd;d?epa;aj; vd;w mugp thHj;ijf;F kdjhy; epidj;jy; vd;W nghUs;.15. ,];yhj;ij Vw;w gpd; Kjd;Kjyhf filgpbf;f Ntz;ba flik vJ?,];yhj;ij Vw;w gpd; Kjd;Kjyhf filgpbf;f Ntz;ba flik njhOif16. Rj;jk; vj;jid tifg;gLk; ? Mit ahit?Rj;jk; ,uz;L tifg;gLk; : 1) my; k/dtpa;ah 2) my; `p];]pah.17. my; k/dtpa;ah vd;why; vd;d?my; k/dtpa;ah vd;why;> ,iw epuhfhpg;G> Nfhgk;> eatQ;rfk; Nghd;w nfl;l nray;fspy; ,Ue;J cs;sk;Rj;jkiljy; vd;gjhFk;.18. my; `p];]pah vd;why; vd;d?cliy mRj;jkhf;ff; $batw;wpypUe;J> mjhtJ rpWePH> clYwT> kyk; Nghd;w mRj;jq;fspypUe;J ePq;fp>cliyj; Jha;ikg;gLj;Jtijf; Fwpf;Fk;.19. TStpd; rpwg;Gf;fs; ahit?egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; : K];ypkhd xU mbahd; my;yJ xU K/kpd; TS nra;J Kfj;ijf; fOtpdhy;>mtd; ghHitahy; nra;j ghtq;fs; midj;Jk; jz;zPUld; Ngha;tpLfpwJ. ,d;Dk; ,U iffisf; fOtpdhy;>iffspdhy; nra;j ghtk; jz;zPUld; Ngha; tpLfpd;wJ. ,U ghjq;fisf; fOtpdhy;> ghjq;fspdhy; nra;jghtk; Ngha; tpLfpd;wJ. ghtj;jpypue;J Rj;jkilAk; tiu - midj;J ghtq;fSk; Ngha; tpLfpd;wd.
  • njhOifapd; jpwT Nfhs; Rj;jk; vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. mwptpg;ghsH : myp ,g;D mgpjhypg;.cq;fspy; xUtuJ njhOifia - mtUf;F T@ ePq;fp tpl;lhy; kPz;Lk; T@tpd; nra;J njhohj tiu mjidmy;yh`; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tjpy;iy. (K];ypk;)20. T@tpd; epge;jidfs; ahit?epa;aj; - T@ nra;tjhf kdjpy; epidf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,ij ehthy; nkhopa Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy.Rj;jkhd jz;zPiu cgNahfpj;jy; (kio ePH> fly;ePH> fpzw;W ePH) my;yJ e[P]; fye;jjhy; epwNkh> RitNahmy;yJ thrNkh khwpaJ. (cjhuzkhf : Xlf; $ba jz;zPH)T@tpd; cWg;Gf;fis kiwf;ff; $baitfis ePf;Fjy;. mjhtJ cWg;Gf;Fs; jz;zPH nry;yhky; jLf;Fk;midj;ijAk; ePf;f Ntz;Lk;. (cjhuzkhf : fdkhd ngapz;l;> vz;nza;> ,Wf;fkhff; fl;bapUf;Fk;iff;fbfhuk; Nghd;wit.).21. T@tpd; gHSfs; ahit?TStpd; gHSfs;:1) Kfj;ijg; G+uzkhff; fOTjy; (mjDld; tha; nfhg;gypj;J ehrpf;Fk; jz;zPH nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;.2) Koq;if tiu ,U iffisAk; fOTjy;.3) jiyiaAk;> ,U fhJfisAk; jz;zPH njhl;Lj; jlTjy;4) fZf;fhy; tiu ,uz;L fhy;fisAk; fOTjy;.5) njhlHr;rpahfTk; ,ilntsp ,y;yhkYk; nra;jy;.22. T@tpd; Rd;dj;Jf;fs; ahit?1) gp];kpy;yh nrhy;jy;2) fuq;fis %d;W Kiw fOTjy;> tpuy;fisf; File;J fOTjy;3) %d;W Kiw tha; nfhg;gspg;gJk;> ehrpf;Fj; jz;zPH nrYj;jp fOTjYk;4) %d;W Kiw Kfj;ijf; fOTjy;5) jhbiaf; File;J fOTjy;6) kzpf;fl;L tiu tyJ ifiaAk; gpd;G ,lJ fhiyAk; %d;W Kiw fOTjy;7) jiyia Kd; Gwj;jpypUe;J gpd;Gwk; tiu k];`{r; nra;jy;8) fZf;fhy; tiu tyJ fhiyA;> gpd;G ,lJ fhiyAk; %d;W Kiw fOTjy;9) vy;yhr; nray;fisAk; tyjhy; Muk;gpj;jy;10) njhlHr;rpahfr; nra;jy;.23. T@it Kwpf;Fk; fhhpaq;fs; ahit?1) ky [yk; fopj;jy; my;yJ gpd; Jthuj;jpypUe;J fhw;W ntspahFjy;2) Mokhd Jhf;fk; my;yJ RaepidT ,y;yhky; NghFjy;3) jpiu ,y;yhky; kHk cWg;Gfisj; njhLjy;4) xl;lf ,iwr;rp rhg;gpLjy;
  • 24. T@r; nra;j gpd; $w Ntz;ba JMitf; Fwpg;gplTk;.m;`J my;yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ t`;j`{ yh hPfy`{ t m;`J md;d K`k;kjd; mg;J`{ tu]{Y`{.tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtnwtUkpy;iy. mtd; jdpj;jtd;. mtDf;F ,izapy;iy vd> ehd;cWjpahfr; rhl;rp $WfpNwd;. NkYk; epr;rakhf K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfs; mtDila mbahUk;> mtdpd;JhjuhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whHfs; vdTk; ehd; rhl;rp $Wfpd;Nwd;.my;yh`{k;k[;my;dP kpdj; jt;thgPd t[;my;dp kpdy; Kjj`;`phPd;.ah my;yh`;! vd;id ght kPl;rp ngw;wtHfspy; Mf;fp itg;ghahf! ,d;Dk; Rj;jkhf;fp nfhz;ltHfspYk; vd;idMf;fp itg;ghahf!25. [{k;Mj; njhOifapy; ,uz;lhtJ uf;mj;jpy; U$tpw;Fg; gpd;G xUtH te;J njhOifapy; NrHe;jhy; mtHvj;jid uf;mj;Jf;fs; njhOf Ntz;Lk;?ehd;F uf;mj;Jf;fs;26. nrhy;tjw;F ,Nyrhd> kP]hd; vd;Dk; vilj; jl;by; fdkhd> u`;khDf;F gpbj;jkhd ,uz;L nrhw;fs;(jpf;H) vd;W egp (]y;) mtHfs; Rl;bf; fhl;ba me;j jpf;H vd;d? mjd; nghUs; vd;d?Rg;`hdy;yh`p tgp `k;jp`p> Rg;`hdy;yh`py; moPk;.kfj;Jtkpf;f my;yh`;tpd; Gfiof; nfhz;L Jjpf;fpd;Nwd;.kfj;Jtkpf;f my;yh`; kpfj; Jha;ikahdtd;.27. ,khKld; xNu xU egH kl;Lk; ,Ue;jhy;> ,khk; my;yhj kw;wtH vq;F epw;f Ntz;Lk;?,khKf;Fg; gpd;dhy; epw;f Ntz;Lk;.28. njhOiff;Fj; jahuhFk; NghJ ftdpf;f Ntz;ba Kf;fpa mk;rq;fs; vJ?Kf;fpa mk;rq;fs; ehd;F. mit :1) cly; J}a;ik 2) cil J}a;ik 3) kdj;J}a;ik 4. ,lj; J}a;ik29. njhOiff;F ve;jj; jpiria Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;?NjhOiff;F fpg;yh ,Uf;Fk; jpirahd Nkw;F jpiria Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;.30. XS nra;J Kbj;jJk; xJk; Jmtpdhy; ekf;F vd;d gyd;?XS nra;J Kbj;jJk; XJk; Jmtpdhy; ekf;fhf RtHf;fj;jpd; vl;L thapy;fs; jpwe;J ,Uf;Fk;.31. njhOifia tpl;ltdpd; epiygw;wp FHMd; `jP]; vd;d $Wfpd;wJ?Vtd; Ntz;Lnkd;Nw njhOifia tpl;L tpLfpd;whNdh mtd; my;yh`;it epuhfhpj;J tpl;lhd;. Mjhuk; :K];ypk;.nrhHf;fthrpfs; ]fH vd;Dk; eufj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Fw;wthspfis tprhhpg;ghHfs;. Cq;fis ]fH vd;Dk;eufj;jpy; GFj;jpaJ vJ? vd;W Nfl;ghHfs;. Mjw;F mtHfs; ehq;fs; njhof; $batHfshf ,y;iyNa vdf;ifNrjg;gLthHfs;.
  • 32. njhOiff;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspf;Fk; egpnkhop xd;W $W.,k;uhd; ,g;D `{I]d; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;> eP epd;W njhO> mjw;F rf;jp ngwtpy;iy vd;why;> cl;fhHe;J njhO. Mjw;Fk;rf;jp ngwtpy;iy vd;why;> xO gf;fkhfr; rha;e;J njhO. mjw;Fk; rf;jp ngwtpy;iy vd;why; irf;fpid (Rl;bf;fhl;Ljy;) %yk; njhO vd;W $wpdhHfs;.33. njhOifia vt;thW njho Ntz;Lk; vd;gij tpsf;Ff.NjhOifia egp (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;bj; je;j Kiwg;gb njho Ntz;Lk;. vnddpy; egp (]y;) mtHfs;$wpdhHfs; : Vd;id vt;thW njhof; fz;BHfNsh mt;thNw ePq;fSk; njhOq;fs;. (Gfhhp).NkYk; ehk; ,iwtid ghHf;fh tpl;lhYk;> ,iwtd; ek;ikg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd;w vz;zj;jpy;njho Ntz;Lk;.34. ghj;jp`h #uh Xjh tpl;lhy; njhOif $Lkh? Mjhuj;Jld; tpsf;Ff.$lhJ. Vnddpy; egp (]y;) mtHfs; ahH /ghj;jp`h #uh Xjtpy;iyNah mtUf;F njhOif ,y;iy vdf;$wpAs;shHfs;. Mjhuk;:K];ypk;./ghj;jp`h #uh gpwF ekf;F njhpe;J #uhf;fis Xj Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;F Mjuhkhf xU `jP]; tUfpwJ. MG+fjhjh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. egp (]y;) mtHfs; Y`iuAk;> m]iuAk; vq;fSf;F njhoitj;jhHfs;. ,jpy; Kjypuz;L uf;mj;Jf;fspYk; /ghj;jp`h #uhitAk; ,d;Dk; ,uz;L #uhf;fisAk;XjpdhHfs;. Rpy Neuq;fspy; rpy trdq;fis vq;fSf;F nrtpNaw;fr; nra;thHfs;. Kjy; ,uz;Luf;mj;Jf;fisAk; ePl;b njho itj;jhHfs;. kw;w ,uz;L uf;mj;Jf;fspYk; /ghj;jp`h #uh Xjf; $batHfshf,Ue;jhHfs;.35. U$T nra;Ak; Kiwia tpsf;Ff. 1. U$T nra;Ak; nghOJ iffis caHj;j Ntz;Lk; 2. ,U iffisAk; Koq;fhy;fs; kPJ itf;f Ntz;Lk; 3. ,U iffisAk; jdJ tpyhg;Gwq;fspy; glhjthW tphpj;J itf;f Ntz;Lk;. 4. KJif rkkhf itf;f Ntz;Lk;. 5. ghpG+uzkhf epjhdkhf nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.egp (]y;) mtHfs; ,e;j Kiwapy; jhd; U$T nra;jhHfs;.
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  • /gj;th me;ep]h; Nfs;tp :rpy ngz;fSf;F fUr;rpijT Vw;gLtJz;L. ,t;thW fUr;rpijTf;Fl;gl;l fUf;fs; rpy G+uz cUtk;ngw;wjhfTk;> ,d;Dk; rpy FiwghL cilajhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. ,j;jifa fUr;rpijTf;Fl;gl;l ngz;fs;njhOif Nghd;w ,ghjj;Jf;fs; tpaj;jpy; vt;thW ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd tpsf;fk; jUtPHfsh?gjpy; :fUr;rpijTf;Fl;gl;l fUthdJ kdpjdpd; Njhw;wj;ij jiy> fhy;> if ,d;Dk; ,it Nghd;w cWg;Gf;fs;>G+uzkhd epiyapy; fUr;rpijTf;Fl;gl;lhy; gps;isg; NgWila ngz;fSf;F khHf;f tplaj;jpy; vt;thwhdrl;lq;fs; cilaNjh mitnay;yhk; ,j;jifa epiyf;Fl;gl;l ngz;Zf;Fk; nghUe;Jk;. ,f;fhyg; gFjpapy;mtSf;Fj; njhOif Nehd;G> fztDld; clYwT nfhs;sy; Nghd;witfspy; <Lgl KbahJ. mts; vg;NghJJ}a;ikailfpwhNsh mg;NghJ Nkw;$wg;gl;litnay;yhk; MFkhfp tpLk;. gps;isg;NgWila ngz;fSf;fhd Mff;$ba fhy vy;iy ehw;gJ ehl;fshFk;. ehw;gJ ehl;fSf;F Nkw;gl;Lk; ,uj;jf; frpT Vw;gbd; mJ epgh]; vDk;gps;isg; NgWila fhykhfhJ. ,jdhy; ,j;jifa epiyf;Fl;gl;bUf;Fk; ngz; njhOif> Nehd;G> fztDld;cwT nfhs;sy; Nghd;wtw;wpy; <Lgl KbAk;.NkNy Nfl;fg;gl;l tpdhtpy; Fwpg;gpLtJ Nghd;w> G+uz cUtikg;G mw;w fUr;rpijTf;F cl;gl;l xU ngz;izg;nghWj;jtiu mf;fUthdJ ntWk; rijg; gpz;lkhFk;. vdNt mjw;F gps;isg; NgWila fhy fl;lk;Vw;Gilajy;y. khw;wkhf ,J ePhpopT Neha;f;Fl;gl;l xU ngz;Zf;Fhpa rl;lNk ,e;epiyf;Fl;gl;lngz;Zf;Fk;chpajhFk;. ,tSf;F njhOif Nghd;w ,ghjj;Jf;fs; flikahFk;. ,J NghyNt fztDld;cwT nfhs;sTk; KbAk;. NkYk; ,ts; xt;nthU njhOifapd; NghJk; TO nra;J nfhs;tNjhL ghJfhg;Gf;fhf,uj;jk; ntspg;gLk; ,lj;jpw;F Jzp> gQ;R> Nghd;wtw;iw itj;Jf; nfhs;tJk; mtrpak;. ,d;Dk; ,g;ngz;Zf;FnjhOiffis NrHj;Jj; njhOJ nfhs;sTk; KbAk;. (my;yh`; kpf mwpe;jtd;). ed;wp my;`]dhj; (Mf];L2001).    
  • njhOif1. xStpw;F mtrpakhdJ vJ?xStpw;F mtrpakhdJ epa;aj;.2. epa;aj; vd;why; vd;d?epa;aj; vd;w mugp thHj;ijf;F kdjhy; epidj;jy; vd;W nghUs;.3. ,];yhj;ij Vw;w gpd; Kjd;Kjyhf filgpbf;f Ntz;ba flik vJ?,];yhj;ij Vw;w gpd; Kjd;Kjyhf filgpbf;f Ntz;ba flik njhOif4. njhOiff;F kpfTk; mtrpakhdJ vJ?njhOiff;F kpfTk; mtrpakhdJ xS.5. xS nra;J Kbj;jJk; vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;?(m;`J my;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ t m;`J md;d K`k;kjd; mg;J`{ tu]{Y`{.)6. njhOif vg;nghOJ flikahf;fg;gl;lJ?egp (]y;) mtHfspd; kp`;uh[; gazj;jpd; nghOJ flikahf;fg;gl;lJ.7. %d;W Kiwf;F Nky; xS nra;Ak; cWg;igf; fOtyhkh?$lhJ. Vnddpy;> egp (]y;) mtHfs;> ahH xS nra;Ak; nghOJ cWg;Gf;fis %d;W Kiwf;F Nky;fOTfpwhNuh mtH tuk;G kPwp tpl;lhH vd;W $wpAs;shHfs;. Mjhuk; : ,g;D kh[h.8. xS nra;Ak; nghOJ vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;?xS nra;Ak; nghOJ> xS nra;fpd;Nwhk; vd;w vz;zj;Jld; gp];kpy;yh`; vd;W $w Ntz;Lk;.9. jf;gPhpd; NghJ ,U iffisak; vt;thW caHj;j Ntz;Lk;?mg;Jy;yh ,g;D ckH (uyp) mtHfs; $Wfpd;whHfs;> egp (]y;) mtHfs; njhOifapy; jf;gpH $wpdhHfs;. jf;gPH$Wk; NghNj jkJ iffis jkJ Njhs; G[q;fSf;F Neuhf caHj;jpdhhfs;. vdNt> jf;gPhpd; NghJNkw;fz;lthW iffis caHj;Jjy; flikahapw;W.10. xS nra;Ak; NghJ xt;nthU cWg;igAk; vj;jid Kiw fOt Ntz;Lk;?xU KiwNah my;yJ ,U KiwNah my;yJ %d;W KiwNah fOt Ntz;Lk;.11. /ghj;jp`h #uh Xjp Kbj;jgpd; Xj Ntz;banjd;d?/ghj;jp`h #uh Xjp Kbj;j gpd; FHMdpy; NtW trdq;fisNah> mj;jpahaq;fisNah Xj Ntz;Lk;. egp (]y;)mtHfs; Y`hpd; Kjypuz;L uf;mj;Jfspy; #uh /ghj;jp`hitAk; NtW ,U #uhf;fisAk; XjpdhHfs;.
  • Rg;jkpy;yhky; xjg;gLk; Y`H njhOifapy; egpatHfs; XjpaJ vg;gbj; njhpAnkdpy; rpy Neuq;fspy; XhpUtrdq;fis vq;fSf;Fr; nrtpNaw;fr; nra;thHfs;. (mwptpg;gtH : mG+ fjhjh (uyp) Mjhuk; :- G`hhp> K];ypk;.12. njhOk;NghJ vij Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;?njhOk; NghJ f/gj;Jy;yh`; ,Uf;Fk; jpiria Kd;Ndhf;fpj; njho Ntz;Lk;. Muk;gj;jpy; egp (]y;)mtHfSk;> ]`hghf;fSk; igj;Jy; Kfj;ji] Kd;Ndhf;fpj; njhOjdH. gpd;dH> my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisg;gbKd;Ndhf;Fk; jpiria &$tpy; ,Ue;jthNu f/ghit Nehf;fp egp (]y;) mtHfs; khw;wpdhHfs;. Mjhuk; : G`hhp.13. jf;gPH fl;baTld; Xj Ntz;baJ vd;d?jf;gPH fl;ba gpwF my;yh`{k;k gh,j; igdp my;yJ t[;[`j;J ,uz;by; VNjDk; xd;iw Xj Ntz;Lk;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; njhOifapy; /ghj;jp`h #uhit XJk; Kd; rpwpJ Neuk; nksdkhf epd;wJ Fwpj;J mG+`{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs; Nfl;ljw;F my;yh`{k;k gh,j; igdp Xjpajhf egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;.Mjhuk; : G`hhp.14. njhOifapy; Muk;g JMit xjpa gpwF vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;?njhOifapy; Muk;g JMit Xjpa gpd; #uj;Jy; /ghj;jp`hit Xj Ntz;Lk;. /ghj;jp`h #uhit Xjtpy;iyvdpy; njhOif G+uzkhfhJ. Vnddpy; vtH /ghj;jp`h #uhit Xjtpy;iyNah mtUf;F njhOif ,y;iy>vd;W egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpAs;shHfs;. Mjhuk; : K];ypk;.15. U$tpy; vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;? kfj;Jtkpf;f ,iwtd; kpfj; J}a;ikahdtd;.16. njhOiff;Fj; jahuhFk; NghJ ftdpf;f Ntz;ba Kf;fpa mk;rq;fs; vJ?Kf;fpa mk;rq;fs; ehd;F. mit :1) cly; J}a;ik 2) cil J}a;ik 3) kdj;J}a;ik 4. ,lj; J}a;ik17. njhOiff;F ve;jj; jpiria Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;? ,uz;L thpfspy; vOJf.njhOiff;F fpg;yh ,Uf;Fk; jpirahd Nkw;F jpiria Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;.18. XS nra;J Kbj;jJk; xJk; Jmtpdhy; ekf;F vd;d gyd;?XS nra;J Kbj;jJk; XJk; Jmtpdhy; ekf;fhf RtHf;fj;jpd; vl;L thapy;fs; jpwe;J ,Uf;Fk;.19. njhOifia tpl;ltdpd; epiygw;wp FHMd; `jP]; vd;d $Wfpd;wJ?Vtd; Ntz;Lnkd;Nw njhOifia tpl;L tpLfpd;whNdh mtd; my;yh`;it epuhfhpj;J tpl;lhd;. Mjhuk; :K];ypk;.nrhHf;fthrpfs; ]fH vd;Dk; eufj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; Fw;wthspfis tprhhpg;ghHfs;. Cq;fis ]fH vd;Dk;eufj;jpy; GFj;jpaJ vJ? vd;W Nfl;ghHfs;. Mjw;F mtHfs; ehq;fs; njhof; $batHfshf ,y;iyNa vdf;ifNrjg;gLthHfs;.
  • 20. njhOiff;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspf;Fk; egpnkhop xd;W $W.,k;uhd; ,g;D `{I]d; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs; :egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;> eP epd;W njhO> mjw;F rf;jp ngwtpy;iy vd;why;> cl;fhHe;J njhO. Mjw;Fk;rf;jp ngwtpy;iy vd;why;> xO gf;fkhfr; rha;e;J njhO. Mjw;Fk; rf;jp ngwtpy;iy vd;why; irf;fpid (Rl;bf;fhl;Ljy;) %yk; njhO vd;W $wpdhHfs;.21. U$T kw;Wk; ]{[{jpd; NghJ vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk; vd;gijg; nghUSld; tpsf;Ff.U$tpd; NghJ vd;W Xj Ntz;Lk;. (kfj;Jt kpf;f ,iwtd; kpfj; J}a;ikahdtd;)]{[{jpd; NghJ vd;W Xj Ntz;Lk; (kfj;Jt kpf;f ,iwtd; caHe;jtd;)22. njhOifia vt;thW njho Ntz;Lk; vd;gij tpsf;FfNjhOifia egp (]y;) mtHfs; fhl;bj; je;j Kiwg;gb njho Ntz;Lk;. vnddpy; egp (]y;) mtHfs;$wpdhHfs; :Vd;id vt;thW njhof; fz;BHfNsh mt;thNw ePq;fSk; njhOq;fs;. (Gfhhp).NkYk; ehk; ,iwtid ghHf;fh tpl;lhYk;> ,iwtd; ek;ikg; ghHj;Jf; nfhz;L ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd;w vz;zj;jpy;njho Ntz;Lk;.23. jf;gPH fl;b njhOifia Muk;gpj;jJk; vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk; vd;gijg; nghUSld; tpsf;Ff.,iwth! fpof;fpw;Fk; Nkw;fpw;Fk; eP vg;gb J}uj;ij Vw;gLj;jp cs;shNah mjijg; Nghd;W vdf;Fk; vd;jtWfSf;Fk; ,ilNa eP J}uj;ij Vw;gLj;Jthahf! Ntz;ikahd Mil mOf;fpypUe;J J}a;ikg;gLj;JtJNghd;W vd;Dila ghtq;fspy; ,Ue;J vd;idj; J}a;ikg;gLj;Jthahf! ,with! vd;Dila ghtq;fisg;gdpf;fl;bahYk; fOtp tpLthahf!24. ghj;jp`h #uh Xjh tpl;lhy; njhOif $Lkh? Mjhuj;Jld; tpsf;Ff.$lhJ. Vnddpy; egp (]y;) mtHfs; ahH /ghj;jp`h #uh Xjtpy;iyNah mtUf;F njhOif ,y;iy vdf;$wpAs;shHfs;. Mjhuk;:K];ypk;./ghj;jp`h #uh gpwF ekf;F njhpe;J #uhf;fis Xj Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;F Mjuhkhf xU `jP]; tUfpwJ. MG+fjhjh (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. egp (]y;) mtHfs; Y`iuAk;> m]iuAk; vq;fSf;F njhoitj;jhHfs;. ,jpy; Kjypuz;L uf;mj;Jf;fspYk; /ghj;jp`h #uhitAk; ,d;Dk; ,uz;L #uhf;fisAk;XjpdhHfs;. Rpy Neuq;fspy; rpy trdq;fis vq;fSf;F nrtpNaw;fr; nra;thHfs;. Kjy; ,uz;Luf;mj;Jf;fisAk; ePl;b njho itj;jhHfs;. kw;w ,uz;L uf;mj;Jf;fspYk; /ghj;jp`h #uh Xjf; $batHfshf,Ue;jhHfs;.25. U$T nra;Ak; Kiwia tpsf;Ff. 1. U$T nra;Ak; nghOJ iffis caHj;j Ntz;Lk; 2. ,U iffisAk; Koq;fhy;fs; kPJ itf;f Ntz;Lk; 3. ,U iffisAk; jdJ tpyhg;Gwq;fspy; glhjthW tphpj;J itf;f Ntz;Lk;. 4. KJif rkkhf itf;f Ntz;Lk;.
  • 5. ghpG+uzkhf epjhdkhf nra;jy; Ntz;Lk;.egp (]y;) mtHfs; ,e;j Kiwapy; jhd; U$T nra;jhHfs;.26. XS nra;J Kbj;jJk; vd;d Xj Ntz;Lk;? nghUSld; tpsf;Ff.tzq;fg;gLtjw;F jFjpahdtd; my;yh`;itj; jtpu vtUkpy;iy. mtd; Vfd;. MtDf;F epfuhdtH vtUk;,y;iy vd;W cWjpahf ek;Gfpd;Nwd;. K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfs; mtdJ J}juhfTk;> mtdJ mbahuhfTk;,Uf;fpd;whHfs; vdTk; cWjpahf ek;Gfpd;Nwd;.
  • njhOif (Nfs;tp-gjpy;) my; [d;dj;> my;KgPd;> me;e[;[hj; - y; ntspte;jitfspd; njhFg;Gngz;fs; iel;b" mzpe;J nfhz;L njhoyhkh? mtHfs; njhOk; NghJ kiwf;f Ntz;baJ vd;d?gjpy;: cs;Ns cs;sit KOikahf njhpAk; msTf;F nky;ypa MilahfTk;> ntspNa njhpahj msTf;Ffdkhd MilahfTk; ,uz;L tpjkhfTk; iel;b" mzpag;gLfpwJ.cs;Ns cs;sit njhpAk; gbahd Milia njhOk; NghJ jtpHf;f Ntz;Lk;. ehk; ntl;fk; nfhs;tjw;Fmjpfk; jFjpgilj;jtd; my;yh`;jhd;.,iwj;J}jH mtHfNs! xUtH jdpikapy; epHthzkhf ,Uf;fyhkh? vd;w ehd; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F egp(]y;)mtHfs; kdpjHfsplk; ntl;fj;Jld; ele;Jnfhs;tij tpl my;yh`;tplk; ntl;f czHGld; elf;f my;yh`;jFjpkpf;ftd;"" vd;W $wpdhHfs; vd g`;]; ,g;D `fPk; (uyp) mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. ,J jpHkpjP> mg+jh¥jpy;cs;sJ.njhOk; ek;Kd;Nd my;yh`; ,Uf;fpwhd; vd;gjhy; ngz;fs; Mghrkhf Kiwapy; cs;s iel;b"ia njhOk;NghJ kl;Lk; jtpHf;f Ntz;Lk;. ngz;fs; jq;fspd; Nkdp KOtijAk; kiwf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;F Gfhhpapd;372tJ `jPi] ghHitapLf!k/hpGf;F Kd; Kd; Rd;dj; cz;lh?k/hpGf;F ghq;F $wpaJk; ,fhkj;Jf;F Kd;G ,uz;L uf;mj;ij muG ehl;bdH njhOfpd;wdH. egp(]y;) mtHfs;,t;thW njhOJs;shHfsh?gjpy;: k/hpGf;F Kd; ,uz;L uf;mj;fs; njhOq;fs;. k/hpGf;F Kd;,uz;L uf;mj;fs; njhOq;fs;. tpUk;GfpwtHk/hpGf;F Kd; ,uz;L uf;mj;fs; njhOq;fs; vd;W egp(]y;) $wpajhf> mg;Jy;yh ,g;D Kfg;ghy;(uyp) mtHfs;mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. (Gfhhp> m`;kj;> mg+jh¥j;)k/hpGf;F Kd; ,uz;L uf;mj;fs; tpUk;GtH njhoyhk; vd egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpapUg;gjhy; tpUg;gk; ,Ug;gpd;njhoyhk;.k/hpg;Gf;F ghq;F $wpaJk; ekJ CHfspy; ,fhkj;jpd; Neuk; cld;" vd;W vOjpitj;jpUg;gjhy; cq;fSf;Fre;Njfk; Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.k/hpGf;F ghq;F $wpaJk; 5epkplk; fopj;Nj ,fhkj; $wNtz;Lk;. ,jdhy; tpUk;GgtH njhotha;g;ghf mikAk;ghq;F $wp Kbj;jTld; ,fhkj; $wpdhy; tpUk;GgtH njhoyhk;" vd;w egptopia Gwf;fzpj;jhf MfptpLk;.Y`H> m]H njhOiffspy; kl;Lk; ,khk;> FHMid rg;jkpd;wp XJfpwhH. ,jw;F ,jw;F VNjDk; fhuzk;cz;lh?egp(]y;) mtHfs; mg;gbNa njho itj;Js;shHfs; vd;gjhy; ,khk; rg;jkpd;wp Y`h> m]H> njhOiffspy;XJfpwhH. rpy nray;ghLfSf;F fhuzk; fw;gpg;gNjh> fw;gpf;f Kay;tNjh $lhJ.Nfs;tp: njhOiff;F kl;Lk; Milia fuz;il fhy;fSf;F Nky; mzpe;Jtpl;L> njhOif Kbe;jTld; Miliafuz;il fhy;fSf;Ff; fPo; mzpfpwhHfNs! $Lkh?gjpy;: ahH ngUikahf jkJ Milia(j; jiuapy; gLkhW) ,Oj;J nrhy;fpwhNuh mtiu fpahkj; ehspy;my;yh`; ghHf;f khl;lhd; vd;W egp(]y;) $wpajhf ,g;D ckH(uyp) mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;. (Gfhhp> K];ypk;> e]aP>,g;Dkh[h> jpHkpjP> Kmj;jh)Milia jiuapy; gLkhW fl;lf; $lhJ vd;gjw;F ,e;j `jP]; Mjhukhf cs;sJ. Mdhy; xU epge;jidAk;
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  • [fhj; Vd; ?; fk;a+dp];LfSk;> INuhg;gpa fhyzp nfhs;iff;Fj; jq;fis mlF itj;Jtpl;ltHfSk; ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ xUFw;wr;rhl;ilr; Rkj;jp tUfpd;whHfs;. gzk; gilj;jtHfs; jUfpd;w (]fhj;) jhdjHkq;fis rhHe;J jq;fsJ tho;it mikj;Jf;nfhs;sfpd;w tpjj;jpy; rhjhuz kf;fis ,];yhk; mDkjpj;Jtpl;lJ"> vd;gNj me;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;L. ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;L ]fhj;" vd;gJ nry;te;jHfs; jq;fsJ jathy; jUfpd;w ahrfk; vd;w jtwhdfUj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; mike;jjhFk;. jtwhd ,e;j fUj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; vOe;j me;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;Lk;jtwhdNj ! ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;il kWg;gjw;F ehk; ]fhj; vd;gijAk; <if my;yJ jhdjHkk; vd;gijAk;NtWgLj;jpf;fhl;Lahf Ntz;Lk;. <if my;yJ jHkk; vd;gJ xUtH jhkhfNt Kd; te;J jUtjhFk;. ,jid rl;lj;ijf; nfhz;Nlh>Ml;rpahshpd; mjpfhuj;ij nfhz;Nlh fl;lhag; gLj;jp t#ypj;jpl KbahJ. khwhf ]fhj; vd;gJ rl;lj;jhy; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;l xU fl;lis. ]fhj;ij ju kWg;gtHfs; vjpHj;JmuR NghH njhLj;jpl Ntz;Lk;. kWg;gtHfs; jq;fs; KbtpNyNa epiyj;jpUg;ghHfNsahdhy; muR mtHfis xUNtiy nfhis $l nra;Jtplyhk;. Vnddpy; ]fhj;ij jukWg;gtHfs; me;epiyapy; ,];yhj;ijj;Jwe;jtHfshff; fUjg;gLthHfs;. Mdhy; jhd jHkq;fis- ahrfk; - ju kWg;gtHfs; kPJ ,J Nghd;w eltbf;iffis vLf;f KbahJvd;gijr; nrhy;yj;Njit ,y;iy. Vnddpy; mJ KOf;f KOf;f jUgtHfspd; nrhe;j tpUg;gq;fisg;nghWj;jjhFk;. nghUshjhuf; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; fz;lhy; cyfpNyNa Kjd; Kjyhf Kiwahf tpjpf;fg;gl;l thpNa‘]fhj;’ jhd; ]fhj; Kiw tof;fpy; tUtjw;F Kd;dhy; thpfs; Ml;rpahsHfspd; tpUg;gk;Nghy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Lte;jd. mt;thW jug;gl;l thpfs; Ml;rpahsHfspd; nrhe;j eyidg; ghJfhg;gjw;Nf gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld.Ml;rpahsHfs; jq;fs; nrhe;jtpUg;gjw;Nf gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld. Ml;rpahsHfs; jq;fs; nrhe;j nre;jtpUg;gq;fisepiwNtw;wpl gzk; Njitg;gLk; Nghnjy;yhk; thpia tpjpj;jhHfs;. ngUk;ghYk; thpr;Rik Vio vspa kf;fs; kPNj tpoe;jJ. ,jdhy; nry;te;jHfis tpl ViofNsmjpfkhfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;ldh;. gy Neuq;fspy; thp rhjhuz kf;fsplkpUe;J kl;LNk t#ypf;fg;gl;lJ. ,];yhk;jhd; Kjd; Kjypy; thp t#ypg;gjpy; xU newp Kiwia Vw;gLj;jpaJ mj;Jld; tpjpf;fg;gLk; thpf;F xUcr;rtuk;ig nfhz;L te;jJ. rhjhuz #o;epiyfspy; muR me;j cr;rtuk;gpw;F Nky; thpiar; Rkj;jplKbahJ. ,];yhk; tFj;Jj; je;j newp Kiwfspd;gb nry;te;jHfsplkpUe;Jk;. eLj;ju tFg;G kf;fsplkpUe;Jk;kl;LNk thp t#ypf;fg;gLk;. ViofsplkpUe;J thp t#ypf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. ]fhj; %yk; t#ypf;fg;gLk; gzj;ij ViofSf;Nf gfpHe;jspf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mijAk; muNr nra;jplNtz;Lk;. ,jid ,];yhj;ijg; gopg;NghH vg;nghJk; kdjpw; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ]fhj; epjpapy; nry;te;jHfSf;Fgq;F fpilahJ. ,];yhkpa murpay; mikg;gpy; nghJepjp fUt+yk; jw;fhy epjpmikr;rfj;ij xj;jjhf ,Uf;Fk;. vg;gbmuRf;F tuNtz;ba tUtha;fis t#y;nra;J mjid nghJkf;fSf;F gad;jujf;f tpjj;jpy; nrytpLtjpy;,d;iwa epjp mikr;rfq;fs; nray; gLfpd;wdNth mNj NghyNt nghJepjp fUt+yk; nray;gLk;. tha;g;Gfs;fpilf;fhjjhy; jq;fsJ md;whl Njitfisr; rk;ghjpf;f Kbahky; Mfpd;wtHfisAk;> ,ayhikahy; jq;fsJNjitfisrk;ghjpf;f Kbahky; Mfpd;wtHfisAk;> murhq;fk; ftzpj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;Lk;,Uf;Fk;. muR ,tHfspd; ey;tho;Tf;F Mtz nra;Ak;. mNj Neuj;jpy; muR ,itfis jHkkhfr; nra;fpd;wJvd;Nwh> my;yJ cjtpfis ngWgtHfs; Vsdj;jpw;Fs;shf;fg;gLfpd;whHfs; vd;Nwh nrhy;yp KbahJ. Xa;T ngw;wtHfSf;Fj; jug;gLfpd;w Xa;T Cjpaj;ijNah> njhopyhsHfSf;fhf ,d;iwa ehl;fspy;Vw;ghLfisNah my;yJ ,tw;wpypUe;J nghWk; cjtpfisNah ahuhtJ ahrfk; vdr; nrhy;thHfsh ? ,Jmehijahfptpl;l Foe;ijfs; tpaj;jpYk; tNahjpfHfspd; tpaj;jpYk; nghUe;Jk;. ,tHfSf;nfy;yhk; muR cjtp nra;J mtHfsJ tho;T tsk;ngw topfhZk;NghJ ahuhtJ ,tHfspd;
  • nfsutk; ghjpf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ vd;W $WthHfsh? vtWk; $wkhl;lhH. XU nghWg;Gs;s muR ,ij epr;rakhf nra;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;. frg;ghd mDgtq;fs; gy je;j ghlq;fspd; tpisthfTk;> ePz;l neLk; ehl;fshf khdpl ,dk;mDgtpj;j r%f mepjpfspd; tpisthfTNk rKjha ghJfhg;Gg; gzpfis ,d;iwa muRfs; Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sd.rKjhaj; Jiwapy; Inuhg;gh ,Ul;Lf;Fs; Klq;fpf; fple;j fhyj;jpNyNa ,];yhk; ,J Nghd;w rKjhag;ghJfhg;G guhkhpg;G Kiwfisf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. ,J ,];yhj;jpd; nghUikfSs; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. ,d;W rKjhag; ghJfhg;G jpl;lq;fis Ntw;W ehLfspypUe;J ,wf;Fkjp nra;J nfhz;Ls;s rpy rpwpaehLfs;> mNj rKjhag; ghJfhg;G gzpfis ,];yhk; Nkw; nfhs;Sk;NghJ Vfbak; NgRfpd;wd. ,];yhj;jpd; Muk;g ehl;fspy; ]fhj;" ViofSf;F Nehuhf toq;fpLk; tof;fNk ,Ue;jJ. ,ij itj;Jf; nfhz;L rpyH ]fhj;ij xU rKjha ghJfhg;Gj; jpl;lk; vd vg;gb nfhs;tJ vdtpdhtyhk;. ,];yhj;jpd; Muk;g ehl;fspy; Viofs; ]fhj;ij toq;fpatHfsplkpUe;J Neubahf ngw;wdH. ,ijmd;iwfpUe;j tho;f;if #o;epiyfs; mDkjpj;jpUf;fyhk;. my;yJ rfpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jpUf;fyhk;. Mdhy;]fhj;ijg; ngWtjw;F ,J jhd; chpa top vd;W nrhy;fpd;w tpjj;jpy; my;yJ ]fhj;ij NkNy nrhd;dKiwapy; jhd; ju Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhy;fpd;w tpjj;jpy; ve;jr; rl;lKk; ,];yhj;jpy; ,y;iy. MfNt [fhj; %yk; t#ypf;fg;gl;l epjpiaf; nfhz;L kUj;Jtkidfis epWTtij my;yJfy;tpf;Nfe;jpuq;fis mikg;gij my;yJ kf;fspd; ey;tho;Tf;F tif nra;fpd;w $l;LwT epWtdq;fismikg;gijj; jilnra;fpd;w ve;j tpjpAk; ,]yhj;jpy; ,y;iy. mJ NghyNt ]fhj; epjpiaf; nfhz;L gyUf;FNtiy jUfpd;w Miyfis epWTtjpYk; ,];yhk; ve;j jiliaAk; tpjpj;jjpy;iy. ,ijNa NtWthHijfspy;nrhy;tjhdhy; ]fhj; rKjha NritfSf;fhfTk; juyhk;. Nehahy; gpbf;fg;gl;L tho;f;ifj; Njitfisg; ngwKbahjtHfs; taJ Kjpw;rpahy; ciof;f KbahjtHfs;> Foe;ijfs; MfpNahNu ]fhj;ijg; gzkhf ngWk;jFjpg; gilj;jtHfs; VidNahH Ntiy tha;g;G vd;w tifapNyh rKjhag;ghJfhg;G vd;w tifapNyh mjidngwyhk;. ,];yhkpa rKjhak;> ]fhj;ij ek;gp thOk; rpyiuf; nfhz;ljhf vg;NghJk; ,Uf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;yKbahJ.,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;G fypgh ckH-gpd; - mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfspd; Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpy; XH cd;dj epiyia vl;bapUe;jJ vd;gijehk; epiytpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mtHfSila Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; ]fhj; t#ypf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; mijg; ngWk;msTf;F tWikAw;w vtiuAk; t#ypg;gtHfshy; fz;L gpbf;fKbatpy;iy. ]fhj;ij t#ypj;J ViofSf;Fg;gfph;e;JjUk; nghWg;ig Vw;wpUe;j a`;ahgpd; nra;aj; mtHfs; ,J Fwpj;J gpd;tUkhW $Wfpd;whHfs; ckH gpd;mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfs; vd;id ]fhj; t#ypj;Jtu Mg;gphpf;fhTf;F mDg;gpdhHfs;. ehd; ]fhj;ij t#ypj;Njd;.gpd;dH mijg;gfpHe;J ju Viofisj; NjbNdd;. Mdhy; mq;F ]fhj;ijg; ngWfpd;w msTf;F twpatHfs;vtiuAk; fhztpy;iy. me;j ]fhj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;gtHfshtJ njd;gLthHfsh vdg; ghHNjd;. ahUk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Kd;tutpy;iy me;j msTf;F ckHgpd; mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfs; kf;fis nropg;gpy; itj;jpUe;jhHfs;.twpatHfNs ,y;iy. xt;nthU rKjhaKk; ViofisAk; twpatHfisAk; jd;Ds; nfhz;bUf;Fk; vd;gJ cz;ik. mtHfspd;gpur;ridfisr; re;jpg;gjw;Fj; jFe;jj; jFe;j mstpy; Kd;Ndw;ghLfisr; rl;lj;jpy; mikj;Jf;nfhs;sNtz;baJ mtrpak;. ,e;j tifapy; tpepatHfs; ey;tho;Tf;fhf Vw;gLj;jg;gl;lNj ]fhj;. ,];yhk; vg;nghJk;xU ngWk; kf;fl; $l;lj;ijj; jd;NdhL NrHj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jJ. Gjpjhf te;j ,e;j kf;fl; $l;lj;jpy;trjp gilj;jtHfSk;> twpatHfSk; ,Ue;jhHfs;> MfNt ckh;gpd; mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfs; fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jtWikaw;w cd;dj epiyua milfpd;w tpjj;jpy; epiyahd rl;lq;fis ahj;jpl Ntz;baJ kpfTk;Kf;fpkhdjhFk;> ,J Vw;GilajhFk; ,j;jifanjhU epiyahd Vw;ghLjhd; m];]fhj;.
  • [fhj;ij ,uj;j cwTfSf;F toq;Fjy;vdJ je;ij ,we;J tpl;lhH. ,d;Dk; mtuJ gzp %g;gpypUe;J fpilj;j gzj;ij vdJ jhahUf;Ff; nfhLj;Jtpl ehq;fs; KbT nra;J tpl;Nlhk;. ,d;Dk; vdJ [fhj;ij vd;Dld; cld;gpwe;j rNfhjhpf;F toq;f KbTnra;Js;Nsd;. ,t;thW vd;Dila [fhj;ij vd;Dila jq;iff;F toq;fyhkh?cq;fsJ je;ijahhpd; gzp%g;gpypUe;J fpilj;j gzj;jpy; cq;fsJ jq;iff;Fk; gq;F cz;L. mjidg; ngw;wgpd;Gk; jq;fsJ jq;if Vo;ik epiyapy; ,Ug;ghNuahdhy; cq;fsJ [fhj;jpypUe;J cq;fsJ jq;iff;Fjhuhskhf toq;fyhk;. [fhj;ij kw;wtHfSf;Ff; nfhLg;gijf; fhl;bYk; ,uj;j cwTfSf;Ff; nfhLg;gJ kpfr;rpwg;ghdjhFk;.,iwj;J}jH (]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; :ahH [fhj;ij (cwtpduy;yhj) gpwUf;F toq;Ffpd;whNuh mtUf;F xU ed;ik fpilf;Fk;. Mdhy; ahHjd;Dila cwtpdHfSf;F mjid toq;Ffpd;whNuh mtUf;F ,uz;L ed;ikfs; fpilf;Fk;. Vnddpy;> [fhj;nfhLj;j ed;ikAk; ,d;Dk; cwitg; Ngzpa ed;ikAk; mtUf;Ff; fpilf;Fk;.cq;fsJ jhahiug; nghWj;jtiu> cq;fsJ je;ijapd; gzp%g;Gg; gzj;jpypUe;J fpilf;ff; $ba gzk;mtHfsJ tho;f;ifr; nryTfSf;Fg; NghJkhdjhf ,y;iy vd;why;> [fhj;jpypUe;J nfhLf;ff; $lhJ>khwhf> cq;fsJ nrhe;jg; gzk; mjhtJ [fhj;jhff; fzf;fplg;glhj gzj;jpypUe;J jhd; mtUf;F cjtKbAk;.- Nf; K`k;kJ my; cijkPd; (u`;)
  • [d]h1. xU K];ypk; ,we;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w epiyapy;> mtdUfpy; ,Uf;Fk; K];ypk; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;?,wg;nga;jpf; nfhz;bUg;gtDld; ey;y Kiwapy; fdpTld; ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.mtidj; jdpikapy; tpl;L tpl;Lr; nry;Yjy; $lhJmtd; jpLf;fpl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; me;j Ntisapy;> jd;dk;gpf;ifia toq;f Ntz;Lk;> mtidj; Jauj;jpy;Mo;j;jp tplf; $ba #o;epiyia Vw;gLj;jf; $lhJ.kpfTk; mikjpahfTk;> fdpthfTk; fypkh `hjj;ij (yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`_ K`k;kJH u#Yy;yh`;)r;nrhy;Yk;gb mtidj; Jhz;bf; nfhz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.mtd; nrd;wilaf; $ba ,lk; ey;yjhf (nrhHf;fkhf) mikaTk;> mtdJ Ntjidfs; FiwaTk; JMr; nra;aNtz;Lk;.2. ,wg;nga;jp tpl;l gpd; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;?[dh]htpd; fz;fis %l Ntz;Lk;.flthia jiyAld; NrHj;Jf; fl;l Ntz;Lk;mtuJ cliy Jha;ikahd Milapdhy; %l Ntz;Lk;.mtuJ ght kd;dpg;Gf;fhf JMr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.mlf;fj;jpw;fhf mtiuf; Fspg;ghl;b> fgdpl;L jahH nra;a Ntz;Lk;.3. [dh]hj; njhOiff;F Fiwe;jJ vj;jid ]/g;Gfs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;?%d;W thpirfs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.4. xNu rkaj;jpy; gy [d]hf;fs; (Mz;> ngz; vd taJ tpj;jahrkpd;wp ,Ue;jhy;) njho itg;gJ vg;gb?,sk; rpWkpfs; KjyhtjhfTk;> tajhd ngz;kzp ,uz;lhtjhfTk;> mLj;J ,sk; rpWtHfs; %d;whtjhfTk;>taJ te;j Mz; ehd;fhtjhfTk; mLf;fp itf;fg;gl;L [d]hj; njhOif epiwNtw;wg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ>,khKf;F Kd;dhy;> ngz;fspd; [dh]h ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.5. Mz; [dh]hthf ,Ue;jhy; ,khk; [dh]htpd; ve;j ,lj;jpy; epd;W [dh]hj; njhOifia epiwNtw;wNtz;Lk;? ngz;zhf ,Ue;jhy; ve;j ,lj;jpy; epd;W [dh]hj; njho itf;f Ntz;Lk;?Mzhf ,Ue;jhy; [dh]htpd; jiykhl;by; epd;Wk;> ngz;zhf ,Ue;jhy;> [dh]htpd; kj;jpa ghfj;jpd; epd;Wk;njhOifia epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;.6. [dh]hj; njhOifapy; fye;J nfhs;s Mz;> ngz;> Foe;ijfs; vdj; jpuz;L te;jpUe;jhy;> [dh]hj;njhOifia ve;j Kiwapy; epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;? thpir mikg;ig vt;thW mikf;f Ntz;Lk;?taJ te;j Mz;fs; Kd; thpirapYk;> rpWtHfs; ,uz;lhtjhfTk;> ngz;fs; filrp thpirahfTk; epw;f itj;J[dh]hj; njhOifia epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;.7. [dh]hj; njhOifapy; mjhd;> ,fhkh vj;jid jlit nrhy;yTk;> U$c> R[{J vj;jid jlit nra;aNtz;Lk;?
  • vJTk; fpilahJ. Kjypy; jf;gPH nfhLj;jJk; #uh /ghj;jp`hTk;> ,uz;lhtJ jf;gPhpy; ]ythj;Jk;> %d;whtJjf;gPhpy; ,we;jtUf;F ghtkd;dpg;Gf;fhf JMTk;> ehd;fhtJ jf;gPhpy; ,we;j Mz;>ngz; K];ypk;fspd;ghtkd;dpg;Gf;fhfTk; JMr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.8. ,we;jJ Foe;ijahf ,Ue;jhy; JMr; nra;a Ntz;Lkh?Mk;! ,we;j Foe;ijapd; ngw;NwhHfSf;Fj; JMr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.9. vj;jid ]yhk; nfhLj;J [dh]hj; njhOifia Kbf;f Ntz;Lk;?tyJ gf;fk; xd;W kl;Lk;.10. ,we;jJ ehd;F khjf; fUthf ,Ue;jhy; kw;Wk; ehd;F khjj;jpw;F mjpfkhd fUthf ,Ue;jhy;>Fspg;ghl;lg;gl Ntz;Lkh? fgdplg;gl Ntz;Lkh? [dh]hj; njhOif epiwNtw;wg;gl Ntz;Lkh?ehd;F khjf; fUitf; Fspg;ghl;l Ntz;ba mtrpakpy;iy. Jha;ikahd Jzpapy; Rw;wp mlf;fk; nra;ag;glNtz;Lk;. [dh]hj; njhOif mtrpakpy;iy.ehd;F khjj;jpw;F mjpfkhd fUthf ,Ue;jhy;> Fspg;ghl;lyhk;> Rj;jkhd Jzpapy; Rw;wp> [dh]hj;njhOifia epiwNtw;wpNah my;yJ epiwNtw;whkNyh mlf;fk; nra;ayhk;. mJ me;j [khj; jiythpd; Kbitg;nghWj;jJ.11. taJf;F te;j rpWtHfs; rpWkpfSf;F [dh]hj; njhOif> fgdpLtJ vt;thW?nghpatHfSf;F epiwNtw;WtJ Nghy mtHfSf;Fk; midj;ijAk; epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lk;.12. `PJfSf;F Fspg;ghl;Ljy;> fgdpLjy;> [dh]hj; njhOif Mfpatw;iw epiwNtw;w Ntz;Lkh?Njitapy;iy. Fspg;ghl;lhky; mtHfs; mzpe;jpUf;fpd;w MilAld; [dh]hj; njhOtpf;fhky; mlf;fk; nra;ag;glNtz;Lk;.12. [dh]h itf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;w miwapy; Fspg;Gf; flikahd ngz;fs; ,Uf;fyhkh?,Uf;fyhk;.13. ,we;jthpd; FLk;gj;jpw;F ,];yhkpa Kiwg;gb ,uq;fy; njhptpg;gJ vt;thW?%d;W ehl;fSf;Fs; jd;Dila ,uq;fiyj; njhptpf;fyhk;. my;yJ mjw;Fg; gpd; jhkjkhff; Nfs;tpg;gl;l gpd;,uq;fiyj; njhptpf;fyhk;. %d;W ehl;fSf;Fg; gpd; njhptpg;gJ $lhJ.my;yh`;Tila tpjpapd; mikg;ig vLj;Jr; nrhy;yp> mtDila tpjpia xg;Gf; nfhs;Sk;gbahd thHj;ijfiscgNahfpj;J mtUf;F ,uq;fy; njhptpf;f Ntz;Lk;.,we;jtuJ FLk;gj;jpduJ Njitfis epiwNtw;w xj;Jiog;Gf; nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;. mtHfsJ czT> kw;Wk;mlf;fj;jpw;Fj; Njitahdtw;iw jahHgLj;jpf; nfhLg;gjpy; cjt Ntz;Lk;.14. xU ngz; NghHf;fsj;jpy; my;yhky;> NtW ve;j epiyapy; ,we;jhs; `Pnjd `jP]{fs; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd?fUTw;wpUf;Fk; nghOJ kuzkhdhy; my;yJ Foe;ij ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; nghOJ kuzkhdhy; my;yJFoe;ij gpwe;j gpd; - ,uj;j xOf;F (epgh];) epw;gjw;Fs; cs;s fhy msTf;Fs; kuzkhdhy; mtis`Pnjd egp nkhopfs; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. (m`;kJ> khypf;> mG+jhT+J)
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  • gjpy; : gpwg;G tpfpjk; Fiwe;jhNynahopa ,e;jpahtpw;F xspkakhd vjph;fhyk; ,y;iy. jdpkdpj ruhrhptUkhdKk; cw;gj;jpAk; kf;fs; njhif ngUFk; tpfpjj;jpy; tsuhjjhy; tsh;r;rp vd;gNj fpl;lj;jl;l ,y;yhjepiy. ,g;gb ,Uf;f kf;fs; Foe;ijfs; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tij Vd; mtrpakhdjhf epidf;fpwhh;fs;. mjw;fhfFoe;ijNa Ntz;lhk; vd;W $wtpy;iy. fl;Lg;gLj;jp nfhs;sj;jhNd $WfpNwhk; - vd;W $wp mjw;fhf ngUk;mstpy; FLk;gf; fl;Lg;ghL gpur;rhuk; KLf;fptplg;gLfpwJ.‘Foe;ijg; Ngw;iw fl;Lg;gLj;Jq;fs;. mbf;fb kfg;NgW md;idf;F Mgj;J ’ vd;W $wpa muRtpsk;gug;gyiffs; gpd; ‘ ehk; ,Uth; ekf;F ,Uth; ’ vd;wJ. gpwNfh ‘ehkpUth; ekf;nfhUth;’ vd;wJ.,g;NghNjh’ehNk Foe;ijfs; ekf;Nfd; Foe;ijfs;’ vd;W $wj; Jtq;fp tpl;lJ.Foe;ijg; Ngw;iw fl;Lg;gLj;Jq;fs; vd;W $wpath;fs; ,g;NghJ Foe;ijNa Ntz;lhk; vd;W KbntLj;Jtpl;lhh;fs;. Foe;ijNa Ntz;lhk; vd;gJ vt;tsT nghpa Kl;lhs;jd thjk;. Foe;ij ,y;yhj jk;gjpfspd;epiy ve;j mstpw;F ghpjhgkhf cs;sJ vd;gij epjh;rdkhf fhz;fpNwhk;. Foe;ijfs; %ykhfg; ngWk; kfpo;T,izaw;w xU kfpo;T vd;gij mij mDgtpj;jth;fs; mwpth;. ,j;jifa kfpo;Tf;Fhpa xd;iw Ntz;lhk; vd;Wjs;Sk;gb cgNjrpg;gJ vt;tsT nghpa Kl;lhs;jdk;.xU Fwpg;gpl;l tajpw;Fg;gpd; jdf;Fhpa czTj; Njitiaf; $l jhNk rk;ghjpj;Jg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;s Kbahjepiyapy;> gpwiu czTf;fhf ek;gp ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. FLk;gf; fl;Lg;ghL VNjDk; khah[hyj;jpd; %yk;mKyhf;fg;gl;lhy; cly; gyfPdkhdtd;fSf;F rhg;ghL Nghl ahUNk ,y;yhky; Ngha;tpLthh;fs;. ngw;Nwhh;fs;jk; tajhd fhyj;jpy; caph; gpiof;f NtWtopapy;yhjjhy; Foe;ijfis kl;LNk ek;g Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. MAs;ghJfhg;G> Nrkpg;G> epiyahd nrhj;J> Xa;t+jpak;> gpw topapyhd tUkhdk; Mfpait mjpfgl;rk; Ie;J rjtpfpjkf;fisf; $l nrd;wilahj ek; ehl;by; Foe;ijfs; ngWtij epWj;jpf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;gJ vj;jif tpghPjgpur;rhuk;. mg;gbahdhy; tajhdth;fis gl;bdpf;fple;J rhfr; nfhy;fpd;whh;fsh?cyfpy; 80 taJf;F Nkw;gl;l KjpNahh; vz;zpf;if mjpfhpj;J tUfpwJ. tof;fkha; 20 taJf;Fl;gl;Nlhh;> 20-65taJ nfhz;Nlhh;> 65 tJ jhz;bNahh; vd;W kf;fs; njhif %d;W gphptha; gphpf;fg;gLk;. ,jpy; 20-65 taJnfhz;l ,uz;lhk; gphpT ciof;Fk; taJ kf;fs;njhif (Working Age Populations) vdg;gLk;.65 taJf;F Nkw;gl;l %d;whk; gphptpdh; mjpfhpj;J ,uz;lhk; gphptpdh; Fiwe;J tUtij tpthjpf;f rkPgj;jpy;I.eh.kd;wj;jpy; xU khehL ele;jJ. gy ehLfisr; Nrh;e;j mwptpay; r%f nghUshjhu ty;Yeh;fs; ,jpy;fye;J nfhz;ldh;. mjpy;’80 taJ jhz;ba KjpNahh; vz;zpf;if ngUFtjhy; mnkhpf;f INuhg;gpa r%fq;fs; FLk;gg; nghWg;Gfs;eype;Njhh; eyd;fs; kw;Wk; kUj;Jt trjpfs; vd;w gy jpl;lq;fs; jPl;l Ntz;ba epiyf;F MshfpAs;sd. xUFLk;gk;! xU Foe;ij! vd;W rPdhtpy; filgpbf;fg;gl;l FLk;gf; fl;Lg;ghl;Lj;jpl;lk;> KjpNahh; njhif mjpfhpj;J,isNahh; njhif Fiwa xU fhuzk; ’ vd;W khehl;by; fUj;J njhptpf;fg;gl;lJ.1979-y; rPdh muR jd; ehl;by; xU FLk;gj;jpw;F xU Foe;ij vd;w rl;lj;ij jpzpj;jJ. ,jid kPwpath;fspd;FLk;gj;Jf;F tPl;Ltrjp> ,ju rYiffis rPd muR ju kWj;jJ. ,jdhy; ele;jJ vd;d? gpwe;j xUFoe;ijAk; ngz;zhf ,Ue;jhy; me;j Foe;ijia nfhy;tjw;F ngw;Nwhh;fs; jaf;fk; fhl;bajpy;iy. ngz;Foe;ijfs; gpwe;jhy; mth;fis nfhy;fpd;w nfh^ukhd fhhpaq;fisr; nra;Ak; ngw;Nwhh;fs; mij epWj;jNtz;Lk; ,y;iyNay; mJ FLk;g eytsh;r;rpj; Jiwia nghpJk; ghjpf;Fk; vd;W ALL CHINA WOMENSFEDERATION gpur;rhuk; nra;jJ. (Probothanam Weekly 19.3.83)1975-y; ,e;jpuhfhe;jp gpujkuhf ,Ue;J NghJ neUf;fb epiy (kprh) rl;lk; mwptpf;fg;gl;L FLk;gf;fl;Lg;ghLKiwfl;lhakhf Mf;fg;gl;lNghJ gyh; ghjpg;gile;jdh;. ,jdhy; kpfg; ngUk;ghd;ikapdh; ,e;jpuhfhe;jpiaNjhw;fbf;fTk; nra;jdh;.uh[];jhd; Nghd;w ,lq;fspy; fle;j E}w;whz;Ltiu kf;fs;njhiff; fl;Lg;ghL> ngz; rpRf;nfhiy Nghd;witnfh^ukhd Kiwapy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ vd;gJ ek;kpy; gyUk; Nfl;f tpUk;ghj mjph;r;rp jUk; nra;jp.‘500 nrytopj;J 5 yl;rk; NrkpAq;fs;’ vd;Dk; tpsk;guk; gyifia Mq;fhq;Nf ehk; fhzyhk;. 500 nryT nra;JScan nra;J ghUq;fs;. fh;g;gg;igapypUf;Fk; rpR ngz; rpRthf ,Ue;jhy; fiyj;Jtplyhk;. ,jdhy;vjph;fhyj;jpy; nra;Ak; 5 yl;rk; jpUkzr; nryit jtph;f;fyhk; vd;fpwJ mt;tpsk;guk;.
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  • K];ypk;fs; midtUk; muGf;fNs; cyfpYs;s K];ypk;fspd; [dj;njhif 1.2 gpy;ypadhFk;. ,e;j G+kpapy; elkhlf; $ba 5 egHfspy; xUtHK];ypkhf ,Uf;fpd;whH. ,tHfs; midtUk; gy;NtW ,dk;> ehL> nkhop> fyhr;rhuj;ijf; nfhz;ltHfshf ,e;jG+kpg; ge;jpy; gpypg;igd; Kjy; ie[Phpah tiu> NkNy cs;s gy;NtW Ntw;Wikfspy; jhq;fs; Vw;Wf; nfhz;l,iwek;gpf;ifapd; mbg;gilapy; K];ypk;fshf xUikg;gl;L tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. K];ypk;fspy; muGehLfspy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUg;gtHfs; ntWk; 18 rjtPjkhdtHfNs. NkYk;> cyfpd; kpfg; nghpa K];ypk;rKjhak; ,e;NjhNdrpahtpy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ. Mnefkhd K];ypk;fs; fpof;Fg; ghfp];jhdpy; tho;e;Jnfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. 30 rjtPj K];ypk;fs; ,e;jpaj; Jizf;fz;lj;jpYk;> 20 rjtPj K];ypk;fs; r`huhghiytdj;J Mg;hpf;fg; gFjpfspYk;> 17 rjtPj K];ypk;fs; njd;fpof;F MrpahtpYk;> 18 rjtPjk; muGehLfspYk;>10 rjtPjkhNdhH Nrhtpaj; u;ah kw;Wk; rPdhtpYk; trpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. Juf;fp> <uhd;>Mg;fhdp];jhd; Mfpa midj;Jk; ,ize;J 10 rjtPj K];ypk;fisf; nfhz;l muG my;yhj kj;jpa fpof;FehLfshfj; jpfo;fpd;wd. NkYk;> K];ypk;fisr; rpWghd;ikapduhff; nfhz;litfshf cyf KotjpYk; cs;sgy;NtW ehLfs; jpfo;fpd;wd> mitahtd> yj;jPd; mnkhpf;f ehLfs;> M];j;jpNuypah> u;ahtpd; gy;NtWkhfhzq;fs;> mtw;wpd; Gjpa Rje;jpu ehLfs;> ,e;jpah kw;Wk; kj;jpa Mg;hpf;fh MfpaitfshFk;. Fwpg;ghf 6kpy;ypad; K];ypk;fs; mnkhpf;fhtpy; trpf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. NkNy cs;s Gs;sp tpguj;jpy; nkhj;j K];ypk; rKjhahj;jpy; ntWk; 18 rjtPjkhNdhH jhd; muGNjrj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; vd;Dk; nghOJ> K];ypk;fs; midtUk;muGf;fs; vd;gJ jtwhf thjkhFk;. NkYk;>,e;NjhNdrpah> ijthd;> nfhhpah> kNyrpah Mfpa ehLfspy; cs;s K];ypk;fs; midtUk; jhq;fshf ,];yhk;vd;Dk; tho;f;if newpia Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs; vd;gJk;> ,jpy; nfhhpahtpy; ,d;wsTk; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk;K];ypk;fs; midtUk;> ,uz;lhk; cyfg; Nghhpd; nghOJ> Juf;fpa uhZt tPuHfspd; NeHikahdeilKiwfisf; fz;L K];ypk;fshf MdtHfs; vd;gJk;> tuyhW jd;Ds; gjpj;J itj;jpUf;fpd;w nra;jpvd;gJ vj;jid NgUf;Fj; njhpAk;. JZf;Fr; nra;jpahf> ,e;jf; nfhhpa K];ypk;fSf;fhfNt ,g;nghOJ jhd; FHMNd nkhop khw;wk;nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJk;> ,jw;Fg; nghWg;ghsuhf Nfushitr; NrHe;jtH ,Uf;fpd;whH vd;gJ ,e;jpaK];ypk;fs; ngUikg;glf; $ba mk;rkhFk;. NkYk;> M];j;jpNuypahtpy; cs;s mg;N`hhp[pd;]; vd;w goq;FbapdH jq;fis K];ypk;fs; vd;Wmioj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdH. ,jw;F mtHfs; nrhy;Yk; fhuzk; vd;dntdpy;> jhq;fs; gd;wpf; fwpiar;rhg;gpLtjpy;iy vd;gNjahFk;. K];ypk;fs; gd;wpf; fwp rhg;gpLtjpy;iy vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. K];ypk;fs;vy;NyhUk; muGf;fs; vd;why;> ,e;j M];jpNuypag; goq;Fbfs; ahH?! vd;gJk;> ,tHfs; ve;j mlf;Fkiwapd; fPo;,];yhj;ijj; jOtpdhHfs; vd;gijAk; Muha Ntz;baJ ek;Kila flikAkhFk;. Vnddpy; ,e;jpaj;Jizf;fz;lj;ijj; jhz;b ve;j K];ypk; gilAk;> ve;j muGg; gilAk; nry;ytpy;iy vd;gJk;> gy;NtWehLfSf;F muGf;fs; tpahghhpfshfj; jhd; nrd;W te;jhHfs; vd;gJk;> mtHfsJ NeHik> ehzak;> xOf;fk;Mfpatw;iwf; fz;L> ,d;W K];ypk;fshf tho;e;J nfhz;bUg;gtHfspd; Kd;NdhHfs; ,];yhj;ijj; jOtpajd;fhuzkhfj; jhd;> cyf KotJk; K];ypk;fs; tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gJk; jhd; tuyhw;Wcz;ikAkhFk;.    
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  • gj;jphpf;ifr; Rje;jpuk;Nfs;tp : ry;khd; U;bf;Fk;> j];yPkh e];hPDf;Fk; Ky;yhf;fs; toq;fpa kuz gj;thf;fs;. ,];yhj;jpy;gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpuj;jpw;Nf ,lkpy;iy vd;gijj;jhNd fhl;LfpwJ?gjpy; : Rje;jpuk; vd;gJ vg;nghOJNk jtwhf Ghpe;J nfhs;sg;gl;l xd;whfj; jhd; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. gyre;jh;g;gq;fspy; mJ jtwhf gad;gLj;jg;gl;Lk; tUfpwJ. Rje;jpuj;jpw;F $l rpy tiuKiwfs; ,Ue;jhy; jhd;mJTk; xOq;fhfg; ghJfhf;fgLk;.Rje;jpuk; Fwpj;J ,];yhj;jpd; tiuaiw ,Jjhd;. Rje;jpuk; kdpjdpd; gpwg;Ghpik. ,e;j chpikia mtd;,iwtdpd; epajpia vjph;f;fhjtiu mLj;jth;fspd; chpikfspy; if itf;fhj tiu Nghw;wp ghJfhf;fg;gLk;.,];yhj;jpy; tpkh;rpf;f ,lKz;L. Mdhy; mtJ}W fw;gpg;gjw;F ,lkpy;iy.GJikf;Fk; igj;jpaf;fhuj;jdj;jpw;Fk; jd;dk;gpf;iff;Fk; Mztj;jpw;Fk; jl;bf;nfhLg;gjw;Fk; fhf;fha;gpbg;gjw;Fk; ,ilNa vj;jifa tpj;jpahrk; cz;Nlh! mj;jifa tpj;jpahrNk tpkh;rdj;jpw;Fk; mtJ}Wfw;gpg;gjw;Fk; ,ilNa cz;L. Fiw epiwfis Rl;bf;fhl;Lq;fs;. mij tpl;L tpl;L tha;f;F te;jgbtirghlhjPh;fs;. vd;gNj ,];yhj;jpd; epiyghL.nghJ[dj; njhlh;Gfshf gad;gLj;jg;gLk; thndhyp njhiyf;fhl;rp> rpdpkh> gj;jphpf;if Nghd;w etPdrhjdq;fspy; %ykhf fUj;J ntspapLk; NghJ ,U mk;rq;fs; Ngzg;gl Ntz;Lk; xd;W. Mjhug;g+h;tkhdfUj;Jf;fis ntspaply;. kw;nwhd;W kw;wth;fspd; chpikiag; ghjpf;fhky; Ngzpf; nfhs;sy;. ,jw;Nfgj;jphpf;if jh;kk; vdg;gLfpwJ.gj;jphpf;if ntspapLk; NghJ nra;jpfs; vt;tsT J}uk; cz;ikahdit mtw;wpy; vt;tsT epahakpUf;fpd;wJ.mtw;iwg; gpuRhpg;gjhy; tpisAk; rhjf ghjfq;fs; vg;gb mikAk; vd;nwy;yhk; rpe;jid nra;J epjhdkpof;fhky;gpuRhpg;gNj ed;W. ,g;gbg; NgZjyhf ,j; njhopypy; <LgLNthNu cz;ikahd gj;jphpf;ifahsh;fs;. mijtpLj;J Mjhukw;w njUg; Ngr;Rf;fisnay;yhk;> nghpa nra;jpfs; vd;W gpuRhpg;gth;fSk; Mjhukw;w nra;jpfisg;gpuRhpj;J epuguhjpfis gopthq;FNthUk; jq;fs; gioa Nfhgq;fisj; jPh;j;J nfhs;s nra;jpfisj; jphpj;JntspapLNthUk; r%fj;jpd; r%fkhd epiyiaf; Fog;gj;jF nra;jpfisg; gpuRhpg;gtUk;> #lhd nra;jpfSf;fhfgy ,dj;jthpilNa Nkhjiy cz;lhf;f nra;jp ntspapLNthUk; murpay; my;yJ nghUshjhu ,yhgq;fisFWf;F topapy; ngWtjw;fhf vOJNthUk; gpuRhpg;NghUk;> ,yf;fpak; tsh;g;gjhf gk;khj;Jr; nra;J Jl;Lr;Nrh;g;gjw;Fj; JfpYhpj;J gtdp tUfpd;wth;fSk; gj;jphpf;ifj; njhopYf;Nf JNuhfk; nra;gth;fs; Mthh;fs;.,j;jifa mw;gh;fspd; nghWg;gw;w nra;jpfs; r%fj;jpw;Fk; ehl;Lf;Fk; gytifahd ,og;Gfis tpistpf;fpd;wdvd;gij ,j;jifNahh; czu Ntz;Lk;. thnsLj;jtnuy;yhk; tPuUky;y> gj;jphpf;ifapy; njhw;wpf;nfhz;ltnuy;yhk; gj;jphpf;ifahsh;fSky;yh;.,dp U;b vLj;Jf; nfhz;l vOj;Jhpik vj;jifaJ vd;gijf; fhz;Nghk;.PROPER LODON, BHAI! (RNfhjuh;fNs) HERE WE COME! THOSE BASTARDS DOWN THERE WON’T KNOW WHAT HIT THEM’(first page of TSV (The satanic verses).... THAT BASTARD, THOSE BASTRADS, THEIR LACK OF BASTARD TASTE’ (PAGE 137 TSV),G;gb gf;fj;jpw;F gf;fk; gr;irahd thh;j;ijfs; ,y;yhky; ,y;iy. ,e;j U;bapd; xw;iwthpapy; vj;jidgr;irfs;. vOj;Jhpik vd;gJ ,J jhNdh?,q;fpyhe;jpy; vOj;Jhpik fUj;Jhpik fdThpik vy;yhk; cz;L. vd; chpikia ehd; tpj;jpahrkhd jhf;fpf;nfhz;Nld;. vg;gbnad;fpd;wPh;fsh? ‘,q;fpyhe;J uhzpAlNd fdtpNy ,ize;J ,d;gk; nfhz;Nld; vd;fpwhd; ’ .U;b (TSV gf;fk; 12> 169)ngz;Zhpikg; gw;wp tha; fpopag; NgrTk; vOjTk; nra;Ak; gj;jphpf;iffs; $l U;bf;F fth; ];NlhhpAk;> fl;lk;fl;b ngl;br; nra;jpfs; vOjpaijf; fz;Nlhk;. ,th;fspd; M];jhd ehty; Mrphpad; U;b vg;gbngz;zpdj;jpw;Ff; fz;zpak; nfhLf;fpwhd; vd;gjw;fhd cjhuzj;jpw;F xd;wpuz;L thpfs; :You are--------------------my woman (gf;fk; 207 TSV)
  • MAGGIE THE BITCH (nghl;il eha;) (gf;fk; 269 TSV),e;jpaj; jha <d;nwLj;j moF uhzp kp];. gkPyhit Fwpj;j thp ,J :(Nfhbl;l ,lq;fspy; ,lk; ngWk; thh;j;ijahdJ clYwit Fwpf;fg; gad;gLj;Jk; kpf kl;lufkhd thh;j;ij.clYwitf; Fwpf;ff; $Wk; mej nfhr;irahd thh;j;ijfs; kl;Lk; 52 Kiwfs; gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.U;bapd; The Satanic Verses – y; cs;s 547 gf;fq;fspYk; tpurkhd thh;j;ijfis tPrpapUf;Fk; irj;jhd;U;bAk;> ngz;zhdts;; gj;J NgUld; gLf;ifia gfph;e;J nfhz;lhYk; gj;jpdpj; jd;ik vd;gJ khwhJ vd;wjj;Jtq;fis ms;sp tPrpa j];yPkh e];hPDk; jhd; 20-k; E}w;whz;by; gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpuj;ij mDgtpf;fte;jth;fshk;.nts;isf;fhhpah! cwT nfhz;L tpl;L gpd; cjwp tpL! vd;W U;b $Wfpd;whd;. ngz;fNs! ePq;fs; Mz;fisfw;gopAq;fs;! vd;W e];hPd; $Wfpwhs;. ngz; chpik> gz;ghL vd;W Gyk;gpj;jphpAk; gj;jphpf;iffSk; khWgl;lnfhs;ifAila ,e;j ,U juq;nfl;lth;fis cr;rp Nkhe;J cw;rhfg; gLj;Jfpd;wdNt! chpikf;Fk;gz;ghl;bw;Fk; ,th;fs; itj;j msTNfhy; jhd; vdd? ngz; ,dj;ijNa nfhr;irgLj;Jk; ,e;j ,Unrhw;foQ;rpaq;fisAk; jiyapy; itj;J MLtJ jhd; gj;jphpf;ifr; Rje;jpukh? r%f rPh;jpUj;jk; ehLk;xt;nthU vOj;jhsDk; juq;nfl;l ,th;fis epidj;J ntl;fg; glNtz;Lk;.U;b> e];hPd; Nghd;Nwhh;fSk; mth;fSf;F tf;fhyj;J thq;FNthUk; vjph;ghh;g;gJ rpe;jidr; Rje;jpuk; my;y!mth;fs; $Ljyhf mf;fiu nrYj;JtJ xOf;f rPh;Nfl;ilAk; fhkntwpahl;lj;ijAk; gug;GtjpNyahFk;. mth;fs;jq;fSila fPo;jukhd Nehf;fq;fis %bkiwf;f gj;jphpf;ifr; Rje;jpuk; vDk; Kf%biag;gad;gLj;Jfpd;whh;fs;.,yf;fpak; tsh;g;gjhf gk;khj;Jr; nra;J Jl;Lr; Nrh;g;gjw;F> JfpYhpj;J gtdp tUfpd;wth;fSk; MjuT Fuy;nfhLj;jNjhL-U;bAk; e];hPDk; ,];yhj;ij rhbajhNyahFk;.kdpj rKjhaj;ij mjd; fPo;j;jukhd ,r;irfSf;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;Yk; fhtpaq;fis nrhd;dNjhL K];ypk;fs;caphpDk; Nkyhf kjpf;Fk; egpfs; ehafj;ijAk;> mz;zyhhpd; kidtpkhh;fisAk; Fwpj;J mrpq;fkhd fijia,l;Lf; fl;bajhYk; neQ;R nghWf;fhky; K];yPk;fs; nghq;fp vOe;jjd; tpisT jhd; rpy /gj;thf;fs;./gj;th vd;Dk; nrhy;ypd; nghUs; ‘jPh;g;G ’ (Judgement) my;y> mgpg;uhak; vd;gjhFk;. U;bf;Fk;> e];hPDf;Fk;nfhLj;j kuz /gj;thf;fshdJ /gj;th toq;fpath;fspd; mgpg;gpuhaNk. jz;lid toq;Fk; chpik ,];yhkpambg;gilapy; Ml;rp nrYj;J fyPghf;fSf;Nf cz;L. jw;fhyj;jpy; mg;gbnahU fpyhgj; KiwAk; ,y;iy.U;bf;Fk;> e];hPDf;Fk; jPh;g;G toq;fpaJk; fyP/ghTk; my;y <uhd; gq;fhsNj]{k; fpyhgj; Kiwapy; Ml;rpnra;Ak; ehLfSk; my;y. mth;fs; toq;fpa /gj;thf;fs; xl;Lnkhj;j K];ypk; rKjhaj;jpy; gpujpgypg;Gk; my;y.U;b> e];hPdpy; vOj;Jf;fs; KOf;f KOf;f td;ikahf fz;bf;fj;jf;fNj. gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpuk; vd;Dk;ngahpy; vOj Ntz;LkhdhYk; ahiug; gw;wp Ntz;LkhdhYk; vij ahUf;Fk; Mjpfhukpy;iy vd;Wk; tpsq;fpf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,e;jpa murpay; rhrdj;jpy; kw;wth;fs; kPJ mtJ}W nrhd;dhy; khd e;l tof;F Nghl;Le;l <L thq;f $l rl;lk; tFj;J itf;fg;gl;Ls;sij mwptPh;fs;.cdf;F iftPrp elf;f Rje;jpuk; cz;L. cd; if mLj;jtd; fz;iz Fj;jhky; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,j;jifahPjpapyhd Rje;jpuNk MNuhf;fpakhdJ. mjw;F ,];yhk; KO mDkjp toq;fpAs;sJ.,Wjpahf> gj;jphpf;if Rje;jpuk; vd;Dk; ngahpy; U;b e];hPd; Nghd;wth;fSk; ek;ikg; Nghd;w rfvOj;jhsh;fNs vdf;$wp vijAk; Muhahky; fz;%bj;jdkhf Mjhpg;gth;fSf;F ehk; epidt+l;l tpUk;GtJ,iwtdpd; vr;rhpf;ifiaj; jhd;.‘Fiw $wpg;Gwk; Ngrpj;jphpAk; xt;nthUtDf;Fk; NfL jhd;’ (104 : 1)tpRthrpfNs! xU jPatd; cq;fsplk; xU nra;jpiaf; nfhz;L te;jhy; mtidj; jPu tprhuiz nra;Jnfhs;Sq;fs;. (,d;Nwy; mtDila nrhy;iy ek;gp) mwpahik fhuzkhf ePq;fs; rpy kf;fSf;Fj;jPq;fpioj;Jtpl;L> mg;ghy; ePq;fs; nra;jtw;Wf;fhf ePq;fNs ifr;Nrjg;gl Ntz;b tUk;.’ (49:6)
  • ,];yhKk; jPtputhjKk;Nfs;tp : cyfpy; gy ehLfspy; K];ypk; jPtputhj ,af;fq;fs; ,Ug;gJk; K];ypk;fs; jPtputhjpfshf ,Ug;gijAk;mwpfpNwhk;. ,];yhk; gaq;futhjj;ij Cf;Ftpf;fpwjh?gjpy; : Kjypy; gaq;futhjj;jpw;Fk; chpikfisg; ngWtjw;F elj;jg;gLk; Nghuhl;lq;fSf;F ,ilapyhdNtWghl;bid mwpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.mlf;FKiwfis vjph;j;Jg; NghhpLjiy – jk;Kilaa caph; clikfs;> chpikfisg; ghJfhf;f NghuhLtij– gaq;futhjkhf rpj;jpfhpf;ff; $lhJ. khwhf chpikia gwpf;f Kay;gth;fs; mbikg;gLj;j Kidgth;fs;my;yJ nfhLik GhpNthh; jhd; gaq;futhjpfshf rpj;jpfhpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.jPtputhjk; vd;Dk; thh;j;ij gpuNahfkhdJ khWgl;l fUj;Jilath;fisf; fUj;jpy; nfhz;Nl nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.,e;jpa Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;l Nguhspfisg; ghh;j;J gphpl;B]; murhq;fk; $wpaJ jPtputhjpfs; vd;W. mNj Rje;jpug;Nghuhl;lg; Nghuhspfis ,e;jpaf; Fbkfd; $WtJ jpahfpfs; vd;whFk;. ,e;jpaf; Fbkfd;; ghh;itapy;jpahfpfshf njhpe;jth;fs; gphpl;B]; murpd; ghh;itapy; jPtputhjpfshj; njhpfpd;whh;fs;. Mf xNu tifahdkdpjh;fs; xU gf;f ghh;itapy; jPtputhjpfshfTk; kw;nwhU gf;f ghh;itapy; jpahfpfshTk; fzpf;fg;gLfpd;whh;fs;.mJNghy; ,];yhj;jpw;F vjpuhd kPbahf;fs;> K];ypk;fs; mlf;FKiwia vjph;j;J chpikf;fhf NghuhbdhYk;mth;fs; jPtputhjpfs; vd;Nw $wp jq;fs; kjg; gw;iwf; fhl;bf; nfhs;fpd;whh;fs;. u;a Mjpf;fj;ij vjph;j;Jg;Nghuhba Mg;fhdpa tpLjiyg; NghuhspfSf;F ,e;j kPbahf;fs; toq;fpagl;lk; K];ypk; jPtputhjpfs;. mJNghy;,];Nuypd; nfhLq;Nfhy; Ml;rpapypUe;J jk; nrhe;j kz;iz kPl;f ghLgl;l ghy];jPd; tpLjiyg;NghuhspfSf;Fk; ,e;j kPbahf;fs; toq;fpa gl;lk; K];ypk; jPtputhjpfs;. mNj rkak; ,e;jpa Rje;jpuj;jpw;Fg;Nghuhba NghuhspfSf;F toq;fpa gl;lk; jpahfpfs;. vj;jid Kuz;ghLfs; vd;W ghUq;fs;.gaq;futhjk; - vd;gJ jpl;lkplg;gl;L fl;ltpo;j;J tplg;gLk; vy;yhtpj jPikfSk; MFk;. kf;fs; kj;jpapy;mr;rj;ijAk; gPjpapidAk; Vw;gLj;jp nfhiy nra;jy;> nfhiyntwpj; jhf;Fjy; elj;Jjy;> caph;fisf; flj;jy;.tpkhdf; flj;jy;> Fz;L ntbg;G murpay; Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf Fog;gk; Vw;gLj;JtJ Nghd;witahFk;.Mdhy; ,];yhk; gaq;futhjj;jpid – gifik nfhs;Sk; fyhr;rhuj;ij – kdpj rKjhaj;jpd; kPJ Vtptplg;gLk;mlf;FKiwfis Kw;whf jLf;f Nghjid nra;fpwNj jtpu tsh;f;f Nghjid nra;atpy;iy.‘my;yh`; cdf;F ey;yijr; nra;jpUg;gJ Nghy;> ePAk; ey;yijr; nra;! ,d;Dk; g+kpapy; Fog;gk; nra;atpUk;ghNj! epr;rakhf my;yh`; Fog;gk; nra;gth;fis Nerpg;gjpy;iy’ vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;. (28 : 77)‘kdpj rKjhak; midj;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; FLk;gkhFk;. vth; kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;F mjpf ed;ikfs;nra;fpd;whh;fNsh mth;fs; my;yh`;tplj;jpy; mjpf md;gpw;Fhpath; Mthh; ’ vd;W egp(]y;) mth;fs;$wpapUf;fpd;whh;fs;.ed;ik nra;tJ jd;id gpd;gw;WNthhpilNa kl;Lk; nray;gLj;Jtjw;fy;y. khwhf kw;w r%fq;fNshLk;K];yPk;fs; nfhz;Ls;s cwtfspYk; ,j;jifa cah; Fzq;fs; tphpTgLj;jg;glNtz;Lk; vd;fpwJ ,];yhk;.mg;gbapUf;f jdpegh; my;yJ xU FO gaq;futhjj;ij Nkw;nfhz;lhy; mjw;F ,];yhk;. mg;gbapUf;f jdpegh;my;yJ xU FO gaq;futhjj;ij Nkw;nfhz;lhy; mjw;F ,];yhk; nghWg;Ngw;f KbAkh? ,];yhj;ijcz;ikahfTk; njspthfTk; mwpe;J gpd;gw;Wgth;fs; mt;thwdhd eltbf;iffis Nkw; nfhs;skhl;lhh;fs;.rl;lj;ijAk; xOq;ifAk; epiyehl;Lk; tpaj;jpy; ,];yhk; cah;e;j ,lj;ij tfpf;fpwJ. vdNt mJgaq;futhj;jpw;F xU NghJk; Mjutspf;fhJ.ve;j xU r%fj;ij vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhYk; jPikf;F xU rpy cjhuzq;fs; ,Uf;fj;jhd; nra;fpd;wd. vdpDk;fpwp];jth;fs; vth;fshtJ jPtputhj nray;fspy; <LgLthh;fshapd; mth;fis fpwp];Jt jPtputhjpfs; vd;WvtUk; $wtjpy;iy. mJNghy; ,e;Jf;fs; vtuhtJ jPtputhj nray;fspy; <LgLthh;fshapd mth;fis ,e;Jj;jPtputhjpfs; vd;W vtUk; $wtpy;iy. Mdhy; K];ypk;fs; vtuhtJ <LgLthh;fshapd; mth;fSf;F K];ypk;jPtputhjpfs; vd;W gl;lk; fl;b rpy gj;jphpiffs; fl;lk; fl;b nghpa mstpy; gpuRhpf;fpd;wd. mj;Jld; ,];yhk;xU jPtputhj khh;f;fk; vd;W ngha;g; gpur;rhuKk; nra;ag;gLfpwJ.,];yhk; gaq;futhjj;ij vjph;f;Fk; khh;f;fk; MFk;. MfNt ,];yhj;jpd; ngauhy; vtuhtJ gaq;futhj nray;
  • Ghpe;jhy; mjw;F ,];yhk; nghWg;Ngw;f KbahJ.kj mbg;gilthjk;Nfs;tp : kj mbg;gil thjk; vd;gJ kj rfpg;Gj;jd;ikf;F vjpuhdJ. K];ypk;fspy; mNefh;mbg;gilthjpfshfNt cs;sdNu?gjpy; : mbg;gilthjk; - Fundamentalion vd;Dk; nrhy;ypd; mfuhjpg; nghUshdJ :‘mwptpaypd; tpLg;G ntWg;gw;w gFj;jha;Tfisf; nfhz;Nl jpUntspg;ghLfis (Revelations) Ma;e;J mjpy;nghjpe;Js;stw;iw Iag;gLtij vjph;j;Jj; jLf;Fk; rka ,af;fk; Fundamentalism MFk;. ntspg;ghLfisg; gw;wpghuk;ghpakhf tUk; nghUs; tpsf;fj;ijAk; kw;Wk; fpwp];Jt kjj;jpd; Nfhl;ghLfisAk; mJ cs;@u ek;GfpwJ.“Ref : Universal Deluxe Dictionary, Deluxe Publishing, Coimbatore -24.mbg;gilthjk; Fundamentalism vd;Dk; ngahpy; xU fpwp];jt kj mikg;Ng ,Uf;f mbg;gil thjk; vd;Dk;nrhy; Fwpg;ghf ,];yhj;NjhL jhd; nghUj;jp Ngrg;gLfpwJ. nghJthf mbg;gil thjk; vd;gJ vy;yhj;JiwfSf;Fk; nghUe;jpa NghtjhFk;.kUj;Jtj;Jiw $Wk; mbg;gilia Vw;W mjd;gb nray;gLk; lhf;lh; xU kUj;Jt mbg;gilthjpahth;.fpwp];Jt kjk; $Wk; mbg;gilia Vw;W mjd;gb jk;tho;T Kiwia mkj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; fpwp];jth; xU fpwp];jtkj mbg;gilthjpahthh;.,e;J kjk; $Wk; mbg;gilia Vw;W mjd;gb jd;tho;T Kiwia mikj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; ,e;J xU ,e;J kjmbg;gilthjpahthh;.,];yhk; khh;f;fj;jpd; mbg;gilia Vw;W mjd;gb jd; tho;T Kiwia mikj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; xU K];ypk; xU,];yhkpa mbg;gilthjpahthh;.,g;gb ve;j Jiwapd; - kjj;jpd; - khh;f;fj;jpd; - ,]j;jpd; mbg;gilia Vw;W mjd;gb nray;gLgth; me;jJiwapd;> kjj;jpd; khh;f;fj;jpd;> ,]j;jpd; mbg;gilthjpahthh;. rpyh; my;yJ gyh; Kd;Ndhh;fspd; mbg;giliagpd;gw;Wth;fshf cs;sdh;.Mf ve;j kdpjuhapDk; VNjDk; xU mbg;gilia gpd;gw;wNt nra;fpd;wdh;.xU lhf;lh; ey;yKiwapy; nray;gLfpwhh; vd;why; mth; ey;y kUj;Jt mbg;gilthjpahthh;. mth; njhopYk;ey;yjhf me;j njhopypy; mth; ey;ytuhf – Mf xU ey;y mbg;gilthjpahf ,Uf;fpwhh;.xUtd; jpULfpwhd;> nfhs;isabf;fpwhd; vd;why; mtd; mbg;gil mg;gb. mtd; njhopy; nfl;ljhf ,Ug;gjhy;mtDk; nfl;ltdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;.ey;ynjhopy; Jiwahd kUj;Jtj;jpy; xU lhf;lh; uj;jk;> fpl;dp> jpULgtuhf ,Ue;jhy; mtd; NkhrkhdtNdjtpu mtd; JiwAk; mtd; Jiwiar; rhh;e;jth;fSk; Nkhrkhdth;fs; vd;W vd;W vtNuDk; $WtPh;fsh?,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilia Vw;Wf;nfhz;l xUtd; mjd;gb elf;fhky; ,];yhj;jpd; ngaiug; gad;gLj;jp mjw;Fkhw;wkhf ele;jhy; mjw;F ,];yhj;ij Fiw $WtJ epahaky;y. ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gilia Vw;W ,];yhkpambg;gilthjpahf jpfOk; xUth; epr;rakhf ey;ytuhf> epahkhdtuhfNt ,Ug;ghh;. Vnddpy; ,];yhk; ed;ikiaVtpj; jPikiaj; jLf;ff; $ba xU rpwe;j newpahf ,Uf;fpwJ.eph;thfj;ijAk;> murpiyAk; fhl;bdhYk; kjek;gpf;ifNa cah;e;jJ. mJ eilKiw tho;Tf;F Vw;Giladth?Vw;gw;wjh? vd;gJ gw;wpnay;yhk; rpe;jpf;fhJ. kj Ntjq;fSk; kjj;jiyth;fSk; kj mikg;GfSk; nrhy;tijVw;Wj;jhd; ehl;bd; eph;thfKk;> rl;lq;fSk; mika Ntz;Lk; vd;W $WtJ kj mbg;gil thjkhFk; vd;Wgutyhf Ngrg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; ,];yhkpa mbg;gilthjkhdJ> ,j;jifa kj mbg;gilthjj;jpw;NfvjpuhdjhFk;.kj mbg;gilthjk; vd;why; goq;fhyj;Jf;nfhs;if> fhl;Lkpuhz;bf; nfhs;if> gj;jhk; grypf; nfhs;if> ehfhPftpQ;Qhd tsh;r;rpapy; kpjf;Fk; jw;fhy cyfpw;F xt;thj nfhs;if vd;Dk; fUj;Jilath;fs;. ,];yhj;ijAk;>xU kjkhf fUJgth;fs;. ,];yhkpa mbg;gilthjj;ijAk; kj mbg;gilthjj;NjhL ,ize;J tpLfpd;wdh;.
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  • gy`Pdkhf Mz;fisAk;> ngz;fisAk;> rpW Foe;ijfisAk; ghJfhg;gjw;fhf> my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; ePq;fs;Nghh; nra;ahjpUf;f fhuzk; ahJ? (mth;fNsh) ‘vq;fs; ,iwtNd mf;fpukf;fhuh;fs; ,Uf;Fk; ,t;t+iutpl;Lvq;fis ntspg;gLj;Jthahf. vq;fSf;fhf cd;dplkpUe;J (jf;f) xU ghJfhtyid mspj;jUs;thahf.,d;Dk; vq;fSf;fhf cd;dplkpUe;J xh; cjtpahsidAk; mspj;jUs;thahf vd;W gpuhh;j;jid nra;fpwhh;fs;(4:75)vd;W ,iwtd; $wpajhy; mikjpiaAk;. r%f ePjpiaAk; Nehf;fkhff; nfhz;L mj;jifa Nghh;fisr;nra;jhh;fs;. K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fs; nra;j Nghh;fs; vJTk; murpay;> nghUshjhu Mjhaj;jpw;fhfNth> Njrpa>,d nkhop czh;Tfis fhl;lf; $bajhfNt ,Uf;ftpy;iy.Mdhy; ,];yhk; je;j cw;rhfj;jjhy; K];ypk;fs; jq;fshy; Kbe;j tiu thshy; kjk; gug;gpdhh;fs;. K];ypk;kjntwpf; $l;lk; cUtpa this Ve;jpa tz;zk; my;yh`; mf;gh; vd;W KOq;fpatz;zk; fz;zpy;fz;lth;fisnay;yhk; yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ nrhy; ,y;iynad;why; cd; jiy nfha;ag;gLk; vd;W fh;[pg;gJNghy; xU Nfhu rpj;jpuk; $l xU rpy tuyhw;whrphpah;fshy; jPl;bitf;fg;gl;lJ.cz;ikAs;sth;fs; ,ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;skhl;lhh;fs;. ,];yhk; mJ thshy; gug;gplf;$ba kjKy;y. mjd;,aw;if> td;Kiwfis Mjhpf;fpd;w> mDkjpf;fpd;w tpjj;jpNyAk; ,y;iy. ek;gpf;ifia ths; Kidapy; jpzpf;fKbAkh? K];ypk;fs; jhq;fs; thif #ba kf;fs; kPJ ,];yhj;ij gyte;jkhf jpzpj;jpUg;ghh;fNsahdhy; mJ,t;tsT fhyk; epiyj;jpUf;Fkh? thSf;F gae;J ,];yhj;ij Vw;wpUe;jhy; rpy fhyj;jpw;Fs; mij fhw;wpy;gwf;f tpl;bUg;ghh;fs;! Mdhy; ,];yhk; gutpa ,lq;fspnyy;yhk; epiyj;Nj ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd tuyhW rhl;rpgfUfpwJ.K];ypk;fs; thshy; kjk; gug;gpdhh;fs; vd;why; jq;fs; Ml;rpf;Fl;gl;l gFjpfspy; ,iwepuhfhpg;gth;fis thotpl;bUg;ghh;fsh? Mdhy; K];ypk;fs; Ml;rp vy;iyf;Fl;gl;l gFjpfspy; K];ypky;yhjth;fs; jq;fs; kjchpikfisg; Ngzp tho;e;jpUf;fpd;whh;fNs.Readers Digest – 1986 tUlhe;jpu gQ;rhq;fj;jpy; ntspahd xU fUj;Jf;fzpg;G $WfpwJ. 1934 njhlq;fp 1984tiuahd 30 Mz;Lfspy; ,];yhk; jhd; kpf Ntfkhf gutptUfpwJ. mjhtJ 235 kl;LNk tsh;e;Js;sJ. ,e;jE}w;whz;by; ve;j K];ypk;gil ntWk; 48 rjtpfpjk; njhifapdiu eph;ge;jpj;J kjk; khw;wpaJ?cyf tuyhw;wpNy ,];yhj;ij vjph;j;jth;fspy; Kf;fpa ,lk; tfpj;jth;fs; jhj;jhhpfahh;fs; Mthh;fs;.mth;fNsh ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;L gpd; ,];yhj;jpd; fhtyh;fshf khwpaij rhpj;jpuk; mwpAk;.K];ypk;fis gilnaLj;Jr; nry;yhj ,e;Njhdppah> kNyrpah Nghd;w ehLfspYs;s kpfg;ngUk;ghd;ik kf;fs;K];ypk;fs; Mthh;fs;. ty;yurhd mnkhpf;fhtpy; jw;NghJ mjpNtfkhf ,];yhk; gutptUfpwNj. ,J vjdhy;Vw;gl;l tsh;r;rp?ePz;l neLq;fhyk; K];ypk;fs; muG ehl;il Mz;L tUfpd;whh;fs;. muG ehl;bYs;s a+jh;fSk;> fpwp];jth;fSk;thSf;F gae;j ,];yhj;ij Vw;whh;fs; vd;why; - gphpl;B;> gpuQ;r; Mjpf;fj;jpd; NghJ Ke;ija kjq;fSf;FjpUk;gpapUf;f Ntz;LNk. mg;gb xUtuhtJ jpUk;gpapUf;fpd;whh;fsh?800 Mz;Lfs; ];ngapid Mz;l K];ypk;fs; mq;Fs;s kf;fis kjk; khw eph;ge;jpj;jNj ,y;iy. Mdhy; gpd;te;j rpYitg; Nghuhopfs; K];ypk;fis ];ngapid tpl;Nl Juj;jp Jilj;jhh;fs;. ghq;F $w xU K];ypk; $l,y;yhj epiyika Vw;gLj;jpdhh;fs;.,e;jpahtpw;Fs; K];ypk;fs; gilnaLj;J tUtjw;Fs Nfusf; flw;fiu topahf ,];yhk; ,e;jpahtpw;Fs;Eioe;Jtpl;lNj. Kfyhah;fs; ,e;jpahtpd; kPJ gilnaLj;jhh;fs; vd;why; ,];yhj;ij gug;gpLtjw;fhf my;y.me;j Nghh;fSf;Fk;> ,];yhj;jpw;Fk; ve;j njhlh;Gk; ,Ue;jjpy;iy. ehL gpbg;gJ vd;gJ me;j fhyj;jJ muRnewpahf ,Ue;jJ. xt;nthU tUlKk; tp[ajrkp md;W xt;nthU ,e;J kd;dDk; kw;w ,e;J murplk; nrd;W‘Ajk; Nj`p’ vd;W $Wthd;. mjd; nghUs; NghUf;F th! my;yJ cd; muir vd;dplk; xg;gilj;JtpLvd;gjhfk;. ,e;J kd;dh;fshd uh[uh[Dk;> uhN[e;jpuDk; [hth. rkj;jpuh kw;Wk; fPo;j;jpir ehLfspd; kPJgilnaLj;jhh;fs;. ,d;iwf;Fk; mq;nf ,e;Jkjj;jpd; RtLfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mg;gbahdhy; ,e;J kjj;ijg;gug;gplj;jhd; mth;fs; thnsLj;jhh;fs; vd;W jhNd nfhs;sNtz;Lk;.‘mnghy;Nyhdpa]; jpahd efhpypUe;J Ngnuhsp tPrpa #hpad; Mthh;. khdplhpd; Jd;gk; Jilg;gjw;fhfNttpz;Zyfj;jpypUe;J mDg;gp itf;fg;gl;l fUzh%h;j;jp Mthh; vd;W fpNuf;fh;fshy; th;zpf;fg;gl;lth;. ,th;
  • ,NaRfpwp];J Nghd;W gy mw;Gjq;fis nra;Js;shh; vd;W mnghy;Nyhdpa]; gf;jh;fs; Gfh;e;Jiuj;jNghJrfpf;fhj fpwp];jt rkathjpfspd; Mj;jpunky;yhk; mnghy;Nyhdpa];]pd; epidtr; rpd;dq;fspd; kPJ jpUk;gpaJ.fp.gp. 331-y; kfh fhd;];ld;ild; xU ngUk;gilia Va;fh efUf;F mDg;gp mq;f mnghy;Nyhdpa]; Kjd;Kjypy;kUj;Jt efUf;F mDg;gp mq;F mnghy;Nyhdpa]; Kjd; Kjypy; kUj;Jt Nrit Ghpe;J Gfo;ngw;w mq;fpspgpa];Myaj;ij ,bj;Jj; jiukl;lkhfr; nra;jhd;. vgp]]; efhpy; ,Ue;j mnghy;Nyhdpa]; rpiyia cilj;JJ}shf;fpdhd;. mth; vOjpitj;j Nahf jj;Jtk; gapw;rp gw;wpa ehd;F E}w;njhFg;Gfs; ,Uf;Fk;E}y;fisnay;yhk; Njbg;gpbj;J mg;gpujpfisAk;> kw;Wk; mth; vOjpa fl;Liug; gpujpfisiaAk; xl;Lnkhj;jkhfj;jPapl;L vhpj;Jtpl cj;jutpl;lhd;. mnghy;Nyhdpa]; gw;wp gpwh; vOjpa E}y;fSk; $l mopf;fg;gl;ld.‘kpyhd; murhiz’ (EDICT OF MILAN) – mjhtJ fpwp];Jt kjk; rl;lg;gbahf Vw;Wf; nfhs;sf; $ba xUkjkhFk; vd;W $wp gy Nghh;fis elj;jp gpwkjf; fyhr;rhuq;fis Kw;whf mopj;J fpwp];jt kjj;ij gug;gpath;kfh fhd];ld;ild;.fpwp];Jt kjj;ij mq;fPfhpj;Jf; nfhz;l INuhg;gpah;fs; midj;Jtpj MAjq;fisAk; Ve;jp ntwp nfhz;lnfhs;isah;fisg; Nghy; cyfk; vq;fhDk; vy;yh jpirfspYk; gha;e;J nrd;whh;fs;. nrd;w ,lq;fspnyy;yhk;tzpf kz;bfis> %yg; nghUl;fspd; Ftpay;fsi> gjpag; Gjpa FbNaw;wq;fis (fhyzpfis) eph;khzpj;jhh;fs;.ngUk; ngUk; rhk;uh[;[paq;fis epWtpdhh;fs;. mq;nfy;yhk; fpwp];jth;fs; ngUfpdhh;fs;. mg;gbahdhy;fpwp];jtKk; thshy; gug;gg;gl;lJ jhNd.,];yhj;ijg; gug;gj;jhd; K];ypk;fs; gilnaLj;jhh;fs; vd;why; by;ypia Mz;l Ry;jhid vjph;j;J Kfyhakd;dh; ghgh; tuNtz;baJ Vd;? gyh; mwpahj cz;ik vJntd;why; f[pdp K`k;kJtpd; Kf;fpag;gilj;jsgjpahf ,Ue;jJ ‘jpyf;’ vdg;gLk; ,e;Jjhd;. mg;NghjpUe;j jh;fp];jhd; Gul;rpahsh;fis nfh^ukhdKiwapy; mlf;fpaJk;> ,e;jpag; gilnaLg;gpy; kpfKf;fpag;gq;F tfpj;jtDk; jpyf; jhd;.f[dp> Nfhhp tk;rj;jpdh;fSk;> Kfyhah;fSk; ,e;jpahtpd; kPJ Nghh; njhLj;jJ ehLgpbf;Fk; Mirapy; Vw;gl;lNghh;fNs jtpu ,];yhj;ijg; gug;gpl Ghpe;j Nghh;fs; my;y. vdpDk; ;xU cz;ikia xg;Gf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. 200Mz;Lfhy Mq;fpNya Ml;rpia Vw;Wf; nfhs;shky; vjph;j;Jg; Nghuhba ek; Kd;ndhh;fs; 800 Mz;L fhyKfyhah;fs; Ml;rpia Vw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs; vd;why; mth;fs; Ml;rp xusT epahakhf ,Ue;jjhy;jhNdahFk;.nghJ rptpy; rl;lk;Nfs;tp : ,e;jpahtpy; nghJ rptpy; rl;lk; nfhz;L tu K];ypk;fs; jilahf ,Ug;gNjd; ?gjpy; : ,];yhk; Md;kPfk; gw;wp kl;Lk; Nghjpf;fpd;w kjk; my;y. mJ tho;f;ifapy; midj;J mk;rq;fspYk;kdpjDf;F topfhl;lf;$ba xU tho;f;if newpahFk;.,iwtDila tpUg;gj;jpw;F cfe;jij tho;f;ifapd; midj;J mk;rq;fspYk; vq;Fk; vd;Wk; ve;epiyapYk;nray;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. jdpkdpjdhapDk;> FLk;gkhapDk;> rKjhakhapDk; ,];yhj;jpd; rl;ljpl;lq;fisKOikahf vy;yh nray;fspYk;> JiwfspYk; gpd;gw;wpahfNtz;Lk; Fwpg;gpl;l rpy nray;fspy; Jiwfspy;,];yhkpa rl;ljpllq;fis Vw;Wf; nfhz;L kw;witfis epuhfjpj;jhy; mjdhy; Vw;gLk; tpisT gaq;fukhdJMFk;.‘ePq;fs; Ntjj;jpy; rpytw;iw tpRthrpj;J (kw;Wk;) rpytw;iw epuhfhpf;fpwPh;fsh? cq;fspy; ,q;qdk;nray;gLgth;fSf;F ,t;Tyfpy; ,opitj; jtpu NtW $yp ,y;iy. ,d;Dk; kWik ehspy; mth;fs; kpff;fLikahd Ntjidf;Fl;gLthh;fs;. md;wpAk; ePq;fs; nra;gtw;iwg; gw;wp my;yh`; ghuhKfkhdtdy;yd; (2:85)vd;W ,iwtd; vr;rhpf;fpwhd;. MfNt K];ypk;fs; ,iwr;rl;lq;fis tpl;Lf;nfhLj;Jtpl;L kdpjh;fs; ,aw;Wk;rl;lq;fis gpd;gw;w kWf;fpd;whh;fs;.xU kjrhh;gw;w ehlhd ,e;jpahtpy; Fbkf;fs; jq;fs; kjq;fspd; mbg;gilapyhd rl;lq;fspd; gb tho;tJrhpay;y. ngUk;ghd;ikapdh; ehq;fs; $b cUthf;Fk; (nghJ rptpy;) rl;lq;fisj; jhd; ePq;fSk; gpd;gw;wNtz;Lk; vd;W eph;ge;jpg;gJ> kdpj chpikia> kj chpikia ghpg;gjhFk;.
  • ,e;jpah gy;NtW kjj;jpdUk;> ,dj;jpdUk; tho;fpd;w xU kjr;rhh;gw;w ehL MFk;. mbg;gil chpikfs; gw;wpamurpay; rh]dj;jpd; 25-k; gphptpd; gb vy;yhf;Fb kf;fSk; kdrhl;rp Rje;jpuj;jpw;Fr; rkkhd chpik ngw;wth;fs;.jdf;F tpUg;gkhd kjj;jpy; ek;gpf;if nfhz;L mjid Vw;Wf; nfhz;L mky; nra;aTk; mjidg; gpur;rhuk;nra;aTk; vy;yh Fbkf;fSf;Fk; chpikAz;L vd;fpwJ.kjk; tpRthrpg;gjw;F kl;Lky;y. mij nray;ghl;bd; nfhz;L tuTk;> Njitahd Rje;jpuj;ij ,e;jpa murpay;rl;lk; Fbkf;fSf;F toq;fpAs;sJ. ,J rk;ge;jkhf 1954-y; Rg;hPk; Nfh;l; toq;fpa xU jPh;g;gpy; te;j thrfq;fs;,JthFk;.‘kj rk;ge;jkhd fhhpaq;fspy; muR jiyaplf; $lhJ vd;whYk; kjf; fyhr;rhukhf nra;Ak; ve;jf; nraYf;Fk;Cf;fkspf;Fk; tpjkhf xUf;fhYk; ,Uf;ff;$lhJ vd;w xU Ntz;LNfhs; kj Rje;jpuk; Fwpj;j tpthjj;jpy;rpyNeuk; $wg;gLtJkz;L. 116-k; tFg;gpd; tphpTiuAkhf nghUj;jpf;nfhz;L ,t;tpaj;ij filgpbg;gJ,ayhjjhf ,Uf;Fnkd eh;d fUJfpd;Nwd;. kjj;jpDila fyhr;rhuj;ijf; Fwpj;J ,e;j tFg;G tphpthfvLj;Jiuf;fpd;wJ. vdNt fUj;Jr; Rje;jpuj;ijg; NgZk; gphpit tpl ,jw;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; cz;L.kjj;jpDila ghfk; vDk; epiyapy; kj ek;gpf;ifapd;gb nra;Ak; fhhpaq;fisAk; mJ ghJfhf;fpd;wJ.kjnkd;why; epr;rakhf jdp kdpjDila my;yJ rKjhaj;jpDilaNth ek;gpf;ifNahL ,ize;j tpak; jhd;Mdhy; mJ Mj;jpfkhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lnkd;gjpy;iy. Gj;j kjKk;> i[d kjKk; Nghy; nja;tj;jpNyh> Mjpfhuzkhd guk;nghUspNyh ek;gpf;ifapy;yhj mwpag;glf;$ba kjq;fSk; ,e;jpahtpYz;L. xU kjk; VNjDk;ek;gpf;if fhhpaq;fspNyh jj;Jtf; fhhpaq;fspNyh epiy nfhz;bUf;Fk; vd;gjpy; re;Njfkpy;iy. mk;kjek;gpf;ifahsh;fs; mit jq;fSila Mjk jpUg;jpf;fhf ew;fUkq;fSf;fhf fzf;fhf;fg;gLgit. Mdhy;ek;gpf;ifAk;> jj;Jtq;fSk; kl;Lk; jhd; kjk; vd;W tiuaWg;gJ rhpay;y. kjk; jd;idg; gpd;gw;Wgth;fSf;Frpy jhh;kPfr; rl;lq;fspd; tbtk; kl;Lk; nfhLf;f Kbatpy;iy. kjj;jpd; mbg;gil tpaq;fshf Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;glf;$ba rpd;dq;fSk;> topghLfSk; czT cil fyhr;rhuk; Kjypa midj;jpYk; gluTk; nra;ayhk;.murpay; rhrdk; jUk; cWjp kjj;jpd; kPJs;s ek;gpf;ifia kl;Lk; ghJfhg;gjw;fy;;y – kjf;fyhr;rhukhfnjhlh;Gila ve;j nraypdhYk; ,g;gphpT ghJfhg;Gj; jUfpd;wJ. 25-tJ gphptpy; ‘kjj;jpDila fyhr;rhuk; ’ vDk;thh;j;ij gpuNahfj;jpdhy; ,J njspthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ’. (The Commissioner Hindu Religious EndowmentsMadras Vs Lakshmi Mundra Thirtha Swamiyar of Sherul Math, 1954) S.C.P. 282-A.1.R. 1954. S.C.P. 290 -(Ref : Shareeth And Indian Muslims, Page 45, 46).kj Rje;jpuk; gw;wpa gphpT 25-I Kd;itj;Jg; ghh;j;jhy; nghJ rptpy; rl;lkhdJ kdpjdpd; kjchpikiag;gwpg;gjhFk;.‘ehl;bYs;s vy;yh Fbkf;fSf;Fk; nghJthd xU rptpy; rl;lj;ij cUthf;fpl muR Kay Ntz;Lk;’ vd;W,e;jpa murpay; rhrdj;jpd; 44-k; gphpT $WfpwJ. murpay; rhrd rl;lj;jpd; topfhl;Ljypd; gb xNu nghJ rptpy;rl;lk; nfhz;L tu muRf;F chpikAz;L. MfNt mjw;fhd Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhs;fpNwhk; vd;W rpymurpy;thjpfSk; kPbahf;fSk; Nfhk; vOg;Gfpd;wdh;.murpay; rhrd rl;lj;jpy; 44-tJ gphptpy; nghJ rptpy; Fwpj;j thpRfs; 14 top fhl;Ljy;fspy; xd;W klLNkahFk;.,e;j 14 topfhl;Ljy;fspy; kw;nwhd;W rk Ntiyf;F rkkhd $yp vd;gJkhFk;. Mdhy; ,e;jpahtpy; mJ KOmstpy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg; gltpy;iy. ,e;jpah KOtJk; fpuhkk; - gQ;rhaj;J mbg;gilapy; mikg;G Vw;gLj;jNtz;Lnkd ,jpy; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. vj;jid khepyq;fspy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ? Ntiyapz;ik> KJik>Czk; Neha; Nghd;wtw;why; f;lgLgth;fSf;F nghUSjtp nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;Dk; fl;lis vj;jidkhepyq;fspy; eilKiw gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ 14 taJ tiu Foe;ijfSf;F ,ytrf; fy;tp vd;Dk; fl;lisvj;jid J}uk; mky;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ? kJtpyf;F Kf;fpa topfhl;bf; nfhs;ifahfNt rhrdj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;Ws;sJ. mjid mKy;gLj;j ve;jnthU kjKk; jilahf ,y;iy. mt;thW ,Ue;Jk; gy khepyq;fspy; ,e;jtopfhl;bf; nfhs;if mky;gLj;jg;glNtapy;iy. rpy khepyq;fspy; mJ nray;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. mq;Fk; ,g;NghJgbg;gbahf iftplg;gl;L tUfpwJ. rhrdj;jpy; typAWj;jg;gl;l xU topfhl;bf; nfhs;ifia tpl;LtpLtj;wF,t;thW Kay;tJk;> kWGwk; kjj;jpy; jiyapl;L kj chpikia kdpj chpikia gwpj;J rh;r;iria cz;lhf;ff;$ba nghJ rptpy; rl;lnkDk; xU topfhl;bf; nfhs;ifia mky;gLj;j typAWj;JtJ epahakhd nray; vd;Wvt;thW nrhy;y KbAk;.murpay; rhrdr; rl;lk; ,aw;wpa FOtpy; nghJ rptpy; rl;lk; ,aw;wpaJ Fwpj;jhd 44-tJ gphpT rh;r;irf;F te;j
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  • jpUj;Jtjhf ,y;iy. khwhf Cf;fg;gLj;Jfpwjhf cs;sJ rpiwf;Fs;Ns Neuj;jpw;F rhg;ghL> thuj;jpw;F xUrpdpkh> mq;F njhopy; nra;jhy; tpLjiyahfp ntspNa tUk; NghJ rk;gsk; NtW nfhLf;fg;gLfpwJ. n[apy;thrk; nfLf;Fk; cw;rhfj;jpy; Fw;wq;fs; ehSf;F ehs; ngUfpf; nfhz;Nl NghfpwJ.tujl;riz nfhLikahy; jpdKk; 17 ngz;fs; nfhy;yg;gLfpd;wdh;. xt;nthU 47 epkplq;fSf;F xU ngz;fw;gopf;f gLfpd;whs; vd;W kj;jpa r%f nghJ ey thhpaj;jpd; jiytp tp[angd;h njhptpj;jhh;.. nrd;w Mz;L kj;jpag; gpuNjr khepyj;jpy; 3117 fw;gopg;G Fw;wq;fs; ele;JssJ. nly;ypapy; kl;LNk 666 fw;gopg;GFw;wq;fs; eilngw;Ws;sd. ,e;j Gs;sp tptuk; ,e;jpa cs;Jiw mikr;rh; mj;thdp ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; $wpaJ.(Ref : 16-31 mf;Nlhgh; 98’ thRfp) c.gpapy; xt;nthU kzp Neuj;jpw;Fk; xUth; nfhiy nra;g;gLfpwhh;fs;. xt;nthU ehSk; 4 ngz;fs;fw;gopf;fg;gLfpd;whh;fs; vd;W c.gp. khepy yf;Ndh b.[p.gp $wpapUf;fpwhh;. (jpdkyh; thukyh;> [{iy 12-98) mnkhpf;fhtpy; 1978-y; 1437389 ngz;fSk; 1979-y; 168134 ngz;fSk; 1981-y; 189450 ngz;fSk; 1983-y; 211691ngz;fSk; 1987-y; 221764 ngz;fSk; fw;gopf;fg;gl;ljhf (Crime in Usa vd;Dk; E}ypy; gf;fk; 6) Gs;spawpf;if$WfpwJ.1973-y; kl;Lk; mnkhpf;fhtpy 2000 f;Fk; mjpfkhf Fw;wthspfs; jz;bf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;. jpUlh;fSk;>nfhs;isf;fhuh;fSk; nfhs;isabj;j gzk; 200 Nfhb lhyh;fs; MFk;. 1974-y; Fw;wthspfs; 18 klq;Fmjpfhpj;jjhfTk; me;j tUlj;jpy; xU Nfhb xU yl;rk; Fw;wq;fs; ele;jjhfTk;> Fw;wk; Ghpe;jth;fspy; %d;wpy;xU gFjpapdh; 20 tajpw;Fl;gl;lth;fs; vd;Wk; ngluy; gpa+Nuh Mg; ,d;nt;bNfd;]; mwpf;if $WfpwJ.,J Kjyhspj;Jt mnkhpf;fhtpd; epiy. fk;a+dp] u;ahtpd; epiyNah mnkhpf;fhtpw;F nfhQ;rKk;risf;fhjjhFk;. ‘u;ahtpy; nrf;]; Gul;rp vd;Dk; jiyg;gpy; khj;Ug+kp jpd gj;jphpf;fifapy; (1981 brk;gh; 5)ntspahapUe;j xU fl;Liuapy; $wg;gl;Ls;sjhtJ:fk;a+dp] Gul;rp fz;l 64 tUlq;fSf;Fg; gpd; u;ahtpy; GjpanjhU Gul;rp Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. mJ nrf;];Gul;rpahFk;. Nrhtpaj; a+dpadpYs;s gs;spf; $lq;fspy khzt khztpfs; kj;jpapy; nrf;]; cwT Vw;gl;LtUfpwJ. ,jdhy; 14 taJ g+h;j;jpahfhj khztpfs; jhahFk; epiyAk; ngUfp tUfpwJ.cyfpy; Fw;wq;fs; eilngwhj ehL vd;Wk; vJTk; Rl;bf;fhl;l KbahJjhd;. Mdhy; Fw;wq;fs; ngUkstpw;FFiwe;j ehLfs; vd;W xU rpyij Rl;bf; fhl;lKbAk;. fhuzk; mq;nfy;yhk; ,];yhkpa Fw;wtpay; rl;lq;fs;Xustpw;F mKy;gLj;jpajdhy; MFk;. ,];yhkpa Fw;wtpay; jz;lid epytpy; cs;s rTjpmNugpahtpy; 10 yl;rk;Ngh;fspy; 22 Ngh; Fw;wthspfshf jPh;g;gspf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; gpuhd;]py; 10 yl;rk; Ngh;fspy; 32 Mapuk; Ngh;fSk;>nt];l; n[h;kdpapy; 42 Mapuk; Ngh;fSk;> gpd;yhe;jpy; 63 Mapuk; Ngh;fSk;> fdlhtpy; 75 Mapuk; Ngh;fSk;Fw;wthspfshf cs;sdh;. (Ref : Islam and Atheists gf;fk; 138) nfhiy> nfhs;is> fw;gopg;G vd;W Gs;spay; tptuk; vLf;Fkstpw;F Fw;wq;fs; ngUkstpy; ngUfp epw;gJfhl;Lkpuhz;bj;jdkh? my;yJ rl;lj;jpw;F gae;J Fw;wq;fs; kpfg; ngUkstpy; Fiwe;J fhzg;gLtJfhl;Lkpuhz;bj;jdkh?cyf rhpj;jpuj;jpy; gz;ghlw;w fhl;Lkpuhz;bfs; vd;W fUjg;gl;l md;iwa mugpfsplk; ,t;tsT J}uk;Fw;wq;fis xopf;f ,e;j ,];yhkpa rl;lq;fshy; Kbe;jJ vd;why; vk;ik Nghd;w gz;ghL kpf;f ehfhPff;FQ;Rfs; Vd; ,j;jifa rl;lq;fSf;F mQ;r Ntz;Lk;.,];yhkpa rl;lq;fs; fhl;Lkpuhz;bj;jdkhdJ vd;W fz;ldf;Fuy; vOg;gptUgtUk; $l ,r;rl;lq;fs; jhk;cz;ikapNyNa kf;fsplkpUe;J jPikia xopf;f ty;yit vd;Wk; $Wfpd;wdh;. thRfp ,jopy; Ntjhuz;ak; Mde;jp $Wfpwhh;. rt+jp mNugpah Nghd;w tisFlh ehLfspNy fz;Zf;F fd;vd;fpw mstpNy fLikahd rl;lq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;jp ,Ug;gijg;Nghy> fw;gopg;G Fw;wq;fSf;F fLk;jz;lid tpjpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mJTk; FWfpa fhy tprhuizapNy jPh;g;G toq;fply; Ntz;Lk;.fw;gopg;G Fw;wj;Jf;F 7 Mz;Lfs; fLq;fhyk; rpiwj;jz;lid jhd; ,g;nghOJ eilKiwapy; ,Uf;fpwJ.fw;gopg;G Fw;wq;fspy; <LgLNthh;f;F kuzjz;lid tpjpf;f Ntz;Lk; mjw;F tif nra;Ak; tpjj;jpy ,e;jpaFw;wtpay; rl;lj;jpy; jpUj;jk; nra;ag;gl Ntz;Lk;. mjw;F khepy muRfSld; kj;jpa muR fye;J MNyhrpj;Jchpa Kbt vLf;Fk; vd;fpwhh; kj;jpa cs;Jiw mikr;rh; mj;thdp (Ref : 16-31, Oct. 1998, thRfp)
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  • 3. v[khdd; kidtpiag; NghyNt cgNahfpf;Fk; mbikg; ngz;Zf;F gpwf;Fk; Foe;ijf;Fk; v[khdNdjfg;gdhfTk; ,Ug;gJld; mtSila kw;w Foe;ijfSf;FhpaJ Nghd;w nrhj;JhpikAk;> thhpRhpikiaAk; $ltoq;fg;gLk;.4. ‘(tho;f;if Jizapy;yhj) ]hyp`hd cq;fs; (Mz;> ngz;) mbikfSf;F jpUkzk; nra;J itAq;fs;’vd;W Fh;Md; (24:32) fl;lisapLfpwJ. mjd;gb mbikg; ngz;iz mbik MZf;Nfh> Rje;jpukhd MZf;NfhjpUkzk; nra;J itf;f ,ad;why; jpUkzk; nra;J itf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,y;iy v[khdd; jhNd jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhs;syhk;. mt;thW v[khdNd jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;lhy; mts; Rje;jpukhdtshfpwhs;. gpwUf;F jpUkzk;nra;J nfhLj;jhNyh v[khdd; gpd; mtisj; jPz;LtJ $lhJ.mbikg; ngz;id v[khdd; jhDk; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;shky;> gpwUf;Fk; jpUkzk; nra;J itf;fhky;,Ue;jhNyh> v[khdd; jhNd mtSila ghypay; Njitfis g+h;j;jp nra;ahky; ,Ue;jhNyh – mtd; Mz;Jiz Njb miye;J r%fj;jpy; tpgr;rhu thriy jpwe;J itg;ghs;.mbikia mts; v[khdd; kl;Lk; mDkjpg;gjd; %yk; tpgr;rhu thry; milf;fg;gLtNjhL – mtspd; epahaakhdNjitAk; g+h;j;jp nra;ag;gLfpwJ. r%f xOq;Fk; ghJfhf;fg;gLfpwJ.Mly; ghly; ,irNfs;tp : Mly; ghly; ,ir ,];yhk; jil tpjpj;jJ Vd;?gjpy; : xU Kiw egp- ]y; mth;fsplj;jpy; ftpijiag; gw;wp gpu];jhg;gpf;fg;gl;lNghJ mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. mJ(kf;fshy; Ngrg;gLk;) thh;j;ijNa. mjpy; ey;yJ ey;yJ jhd;. nfl;lJ nfl;lJ jhd; (jhuFj;dp)xU Kiw f/Ggpd; khypf; (uyp) mth;fs; egp (]y;) mth;fsplj;jpy;> my;yh`; ftpQh;fis tpkh;rpj;J (rpytrdq;fis) mUspapUf;fpwhNd? vd;whh;fs;. mjw;F egp (]y;) mth;fs; ‘epr;rakhf %/kPdhdtd; jdJ thisf;nfhz;L> jdJ ehitf; nfhz;Lk; NghuhLfpwhd; vd;W $wptpl;L> vtdJ fuj;jpy; vdJ caph; cs;sNjhmj;jifatd; kPJ Mizapl;Lf; $WfpNwd;. ftpijapd; %yk; ePq;fs; Fj;Jk; Fj;J mk;gpdhy; Fj;Jk; Fj;ijg;Nghd;wjhFk; ’ vd;whh;fs;.vjphpfs; ,];yhj;ij ftpijahy; rhbaNghJ egpjNjhoh; `];]hd; (uyp) mth;fs; %ykhf ftpijahNy gjpybnfhLj;jhh;fs;.-Mf ,];yhk; ey;y MNuhf;fpakhd ftpijfis tuNtw;fpwJ. kf;fis top Nfl;bw;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;Yk;ftpijfis ntWf;fpwJ.,d;W ftpijnad;Dk; ngahpy; Ngrg;gLk; jpiug;glg; ghly;fspd; epiyik vd;d?epytpy; kio nga;tJk;> #hpaDf;F Rz;zhk;G mbg;gJk; el;rj;jpuq;fSf;F ngapz;l; g+RtJkhd mjPjnuhkhz;bf; fw;gidfis ,isQh;fspd; kdjpy; tsh;e;J ajhh;j;jj;jpypUe;J mth;fis me;epag;gLj;jpep[tho;it vjph;nfhs;Sk; typikaw;wth;fshf;Fk; fhhpaj;ij ,d;iwa ftpijfs; nra;tJ xUGwk;. tpurkhdthh;j;ijfis tPrp fyhr;rhu fw;gopg;G nra;tJ kw;nwhU Gwkhf ,Uf;fpwJ.jpiug;gl ghly;fs; kf;fsplk; ngw;Ws;s nry;thf;Fk; mJ mth;fs; tho;T newpapd; kPJ nrYj;Jk; Mjpf;fKk;ehk; epidg;gijf; fhl;bYk; typikahdit. $h;ikahdit MokhditahFk;.‘vg;gb vg;gb rkQ;rJ vg;gb’‘njhg;Gs; vd;d njg;gf;FsNkh’vd;W tpurq;fis ftpij vDk; ngahpy; Jg;gpa ftpQh;fisg; gpd;gw;wp ,isQh;fs; Fk;gy; Fk;gyhfnjUKidapYk;> fy;Y}hp thrypYk; gilnaLg;G elj;jp ngz;fis tpkh;rpg;gijf; fhz;fpNwhk;.‘ftpQh;fis toNflh;fNs gpd;gw;Wthh;fs; (26:224) vd;W ,iwtd; vr;rhpf;fpwhd;.ngz;fs; kPjhd ghypay; jPjpahd jhf;Fjy; elj;Jk; fhhpaq;fis nra;Ak; ,j;jifa ftpijfis Mjhpf;f
  • Ntz;Lk; vd;fpd;wPh;fsh? ,];yhk; ftpijf;F vjpuhdJ myy. ngha;AiufisAk;> tpurq;fisAk; ftpijahfNfhh;g;gijNa vjph;f;fpwJ. mNj rkak; cz;ikfis ftpijf; fiy tbtq;fspd; topNa nfhLg;gij ,];yhk;tuNtw;fpwJ.,irvd;Dila rKjhaj;jpdUf;F ,irf;fUtpfis cgNahfg;gLj;JtJ jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;W egp- ]y; mth;fs;$wpapUf;fpd;whh;fs;. (Gfhhp)mNjrkak; tpNr jpdj;jd;W kpfkpff; Fiwe;j ,irf;fUtpfisf; nfhz;L ,irg;gijmDkjpj;jpUf;fpd;whh;fs;. ngUehs; jpdj;jd;W egp- ]y; mth;fs; Maph (uyp) mth;fsplj;jpy; te;jhh;fs;.mg;NghJ Maph (uyp) mth;fs; ,staJilath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fs;. mth;fSld; xU rpWkp xU nfhl;L itj;J,irj;Jg; ghbf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. mq;F te;j mg+gf;fh; (uyp) mth;fs;> my;yh`;Tila J}jhpd; tPl;by;,irf; fUtpfsh? vd;W Nfl;lhh;fs;. mg;NghJ egp (]u;) mth;fs; ‘tpl;LtpLk; mth;fSf;F ,d;W ngUehs;jpdk; ’ vd;whh;fs; (Gfhhp)Mdhy; ,d;Nwh VuhskhNdhh; Vuhskhd ,irf;fUtpf;s %ykhf ,irapy; kaq;fp nghOijf; fopf;Fk;epiyapidf; fhz;fpNwhk;. ,irapd; xirapy; nrtpg;giw nfl;LtpLk; mghaepiy Vw;gLtNjhL my;yhky; mijptpUk;GNthUf;F ,ila+W ,iog;gjhfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ. rhjpf;f Ntz;ba ,isQh; rKjhak; ,irf;F kaq;fpmbikahfp nghOijg; Nghf;Ftijf; fhZk; nghOJ Nghijg; nghUSf;F xg;ghd kaf;fj;ij ,irAk;juf;$bajhf ,Uf;fpwJ vdyhk;.,irkPJ nfhz;l Nkhfk; ,irf;fiyQd; kPJ fhjiy kl;Lky;y. fhkj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;jp mj;NjhL epd;WtplhJmtd; Foe;ijf;F jhahFk; ghf;fpak; Ntz;Lk; vd;W miyAk; ,irg;gphpah;fis NkiyehLfspy; ghh;f;fKbfpwJ. ,irf;fiyQd; kPJ nfhz;l mgpkhdkhdJ uhfNjtd; vd;W Gfo;khiy #l;b flTs; me;j];jpw;Fcah;j;jp itf;fg;gLtijAk; ghh;f;fpNwhk;.MfNt ,];yhk; Vuhskhd ,irf;fUtpfSld; $ba ,iria ntWf;fpwJ. ey;y ftpijapd; uhfj;jpw;F Vw;g(Fiwe;j ,irf;fUtpfisf; nfhz;L jhsk; NghLtij mDkjpf;fpwJ. mJ kfpo;r;rpfukhd ngUehs; ehshf,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwJ.eldk;eldk; vd;gJ ek; ghuj ehl;by; Njtjhrpfs; fw;W itj;jpUe;j xU fiy. re;Njhj;ij ntspf; nfhzu –tpur jhaq;fis vOg;g – czh;r;rpiaj; J}z;l mJ gad;gLj;jg;gl;L te;jJ.ngz;fs; Kfk; if jtpu kw;w ghfq;fis kiwj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. cly; ghpkhzq;fis ntspf;fhl;Lk;tpjkhd Mil mzpaf;$lhJ. fhy;fis jiuapy; jl;b rg;jKz;lhf;fp elf;ff; $lhJ vd;W ,];yhk;$WfpwJ. fhuzk; mJ md;dpa Mz;fspd; kdjpy; rydj;ij Vw;gLj;jp tpLk; vd;gjhy; MFk;. mg;gbapUf;fcly; ghpkhzq;fis mq;Fk; ,q;Fk; Ml;b mirj;J MLtij ,];yhk; vg;gb mDkjpf;Fk;.uhf; md; Nuhy;> Nug; lhd;];> ];l;hPg; B];> fpsg; lhd;]; gpNuf; lhd;]; Mfpatw;wpd; thapyhf ghYzh;Tfistuk;G kPwpj; J}z;b tpLk; tha;g;Gfis gutyha; nra;fpd;wJ. ,j;jifa eldq;fs; kdpjDila czh;r;rpfisjl;b vOg;gp tpl;l xU ngz;Zld; kl;Lk; kdpjd; jpUg;jp nfhs;s Kbahj eph;ge;j epiyf;F ,l;Lr; nry;fpwJ.,j;jifa Nkw;fj;jpa fyhr;rhuk; ,d;W rhl;iyl;> ,d;lh;nel; topahf ,e;jpahtpw;Fs; GFe;J nghpa efuq;fspd;vy;yhk; tpahgpj;jpUg;gijAk; fhz;fpNwhk;.,t;thW r%fj;ij xOf;ff; Nfl;bw;F ,Oj;Jr; nry;y eldk; xU mfd;w ghijahf ,Ug;gjhy; ,];yhk; mijntWf;fpwJ.rq;fPjk; Mj;k rhe;jpah?
  • Nfs;tp : rq;fPjk; Mj;k rhe;jp mspf;fpwJ. ,];yhk; mjw;F jiltpjpj;jJ Vd;?gjpy; : rq;fPjk; Mj;k rhe;jpaspf;fpwJ vd;gJ nghUj;jkhdJ my;y. kdrQ;ryj;jpy;> Jd;gj;jpy; Nrhfj;jpy;>f;lj;jpy;> gpur;ridfSld; ,Ug;gth;fsf;F ,irahdJ fh;z nfh^ukhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJ cz;ikahFk;.Foe;ijfs; Nehahspfs; Kd;G ,irj;Jg; ghUq;fs;. mth;fSf;F Mj;k rhe;jp fpilf;fwjh vd;W.rhe;jkhd kdepiyapy; cs;s ,irg;gphpah;fSf;F> gpur;ridfis re;jpf;fhj – vjph;ghh;f;fhj ,isajiyKiwapdh;fSf;F rq;fPjk; Mj;k jpUg;jpaspf;fyhk;. mNj ,isaj; jiyKiwapdh; gpur;ridfisvjph;nfhs;Sk; fhyj;jpYk;> rQ;ryj;jpw;Fs;shFk; fhyj;jpYk; rq;fPjk; fh;zf; nfh^uhf ,Uf;FNk jtpurhe;jpaspf;fhJ.
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  • ‘cq;fSf;F thf;FWjpaspf;fg;gl;lJ ntF njhiyT> ntF njhiyT.” ekJ ,t;Tyf tho;f;ifiaj; jtpu(ekf;F NtW tho;f;if ,y;iy. ehk; ,wg;Nghk;’ (,g;NghNj ehk; capUld; ,Uf;fpNwhk;; Mdhy; kPz;Lk; ehk;(caph; nfhLf;fg; ngw;W) vOg;gg;glg; Nghfpwth;fs; my;y.’‘ehq;fs; khpj;J kz;zhfTk;> vYk;GfshfTk; Mfptpl;lhYkh ehq;fs; epr;rakhf vOg;gLNthk;? ’ vd;W mth;fs;$wpdhh;fs;.‘nka;ahfNt Kd;dh; ehq;fs;(mjhtJ) ehKk; vd; %jhijaUk; - ,t;thNw thf;fspf;fg;gl;bUf;fpNwhk;. Mdhy;,J Kd;Ds;sth;fspd; fl;Lf;fijfNs md;wp Ntwpy;iy. (vd;Wk; $Wfpd;wdh;.’ - jpUf;- FHMd; (23:82> 83)‘ehq;fs; ,we;J> kz;zhfTk;> vYk;GfshfTk; ehq;fs; Mfptpl;lhYk; nka;ahfNt (ehq;fs; kPz;Lk; caph;g;gpj;J)vOg;gg;gLthh;fsh? (vd;Wk; Nfl;fpwdh;) mt;thNw> Ke;ija ek; je;ijah;fSkh? (vOg;gg;gLthh;fs; ? vd;Wk;Nfl;fpd;wdh;. - jpUf;- FHMd; (37:16> 17),t;thW tpRthrkw;wth;fs; kWikia kwj;Jk;> epuhfhpj;Jk; mJ Fwpj;J re;Njfpj;J Nfl;l Nfs;tpfsf;FjpUf;Fh;Md; ,t;thW gjpyspf;fpwJ.‘(,we;J gl;L) vYk;GfshfTk;> kf;fpg; NghditahfTk; ehq;fs; Mfptpl;l gpwF. epr;rakhfg; Gjpa gilg;ghfehq;fs; vOg;gg;gLfpwth;fsh?’ vd;Wk; mth;fs; Nfl;fpwhh;fs;. (egpNa!) ePh; $Wk;. ‘ePq;fs; fy;yhfNth>,Uk;ghfNth MFq;fs;. my;yJ kpfg; nghpanjd cq;fs; neQ;rq;fspy; Njhd;Wk; NtnwhU gilg;gha; MFq;fs;. ’(vg;gbahdhYk; ePq;fs; epr;rrakhf vOg;gg;gLtPh;fs;). ‘vq;fis vtd; (kWKiwAk; caph;nfhLj;J) kPl;Lthd;?vd;W mth;fs; Nfl;ghh;fs;. cq;fis vtd; Kjypy; gilj;jhNdh mtd;jhd;! vd;W (egpNa!) ePh; $Wk;.mg;NghJ mth;fs; jq;fSila rpuRfis ck; gf;fk; rha;j;J (ghpfhrkhf) mJ vg;NghJ (epfOk;)? vd;WNfl;ghh;fs;.’ mJ ntF rPf;fpuj;jpYk; Vw;glyhk;’ vd;W $WtPuhf!cq;fis (,Wjpapy;) mtd; miof;Fk; ehspy;> ePq;fs; mtd; Gfio Xjpath;fshf gjpy; $WtPh;fs;.(kuzj;jpw;F gpd; ) nrhw;g (fhy)Nk jq;fpapUe;jjhf ePq;fs; epidg;gPh;fs; - jpUf;- FHMd; (17:52)‘mth;fs; ek; trdq;fis epuhfhpj;J> ehk; khpj;J vYk;GfshfTk;> kf;fp kz;NzhL kz;zhftk;MfptpLNthkhapd; (kPz;Lk;) GjpanjhU gilg;ghf vOg;gg;gLNthkh? vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;fNs mjw;fhfmth;fSila $yp ,Jjhd;.epr;rakhf thdq;fisAk;. g+kpiaAk; gilj;jthdfpa my;yh`; mth;fisg; Nghd;wijg; gilf;f Mw;wYilatd;vd;gij mth;fs; mwpatpy;iyah? ,d;Dk; mth;fSf;F xU Fwpg;gpl;l jtiziaAk; Vw;gLj;jpapUf;fpwhd;. ,jpy;re;Njfkpy;iy. vdpDk; mf;fpukf;fhuh;fs; (,t;Tz;ikia) epuhfhpf;fhky; ,y;iy’ - jpUf;- FHMd; (17:98> 99).kdpjh;fNs! (,Wjpj; jPh;g;Gf;fhf ePq;fs;) kPz;Lk; vOg;gg;gLtJ gw;wp re;Njfj;jpy; ,Ue;jPh;fshdhy; (mwpe;Jnfhs;Sq;fs;) ehk; epr;rrakhf cq;fis (Kjypy;) kz;zpypUe;Jk;. gpd;dh; ,e;jphpaj;jpypUe;Jk;> gpd;dh;myf;fpypUe;Jk;> gpd;G cUthf;fg;glJkhd jirf; fl;bapypUe;Jk; gilj;Njhk;. cq;fSf;F tpsq;Ftjw;fhfNt(,jid tpthpf;fpNwhk;) NkYk; ehk; ehbatw;iw xU Fwpg;gpl;l fhyk; tiu fh;g;gg;igapy; jq;fitf;fpNwhk;. gpd;Gcq;fis Foe;ijahf ntspg;gLj;JfpNwhk;.gpd;G cq;fs; thypgj;ij milAk;gb nra;fpNwhk;. md;wpAk; (,jdpilapy;) cq;fspy; rpyh; khpg;gth;fSk;,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. ([Ptpj;J) mwpT ngw;w gpddh; xd;Wk; mwpahjth;fisg; Nghy; Mfptplf;$ba jsh;e;j taJ tiutpl;L itf;fg;gLgth;fSk; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. ,d;Dk; ePq;fs; (jhprha; fplf;Fk;) tuz;l g+kpiag; ghh;f;fpd;wPh;fs;.mjd; kPJ ehk; (kio) ePiug; nga;ar; nra;Nthkhdhy; mJ gRikahfp> tsh;e;J> mofhf (Nfhb Nfhbahfg;)gy;tifg; Gw;g+z;Lfis Kisg;gpf;fpwJ.,J Vnddpy; epr;rakhf my;yh`; mtNd cz;ikahdtd;. (epiyahdtd;) epr;rakhf mtNd khpj;Njhiucaph;gpf;fpwhd;. ,d;Dk; epr;rakhf mtd; jhd; vy;yhg; nghUl;fspd; kPJk; Nguhw;wYs;std; vd;gjdhy;(fpahkehSf;Fhpa) mt;Ntis epr;rakhf tUk;. ,jpy; re;NjfNk ,y;iy> fg;Ufspy; ,ug;Nghiu> epr;rakhfmy;yh`; (caph; nfhLj;J) vOg;Gthd;. - jpUf;- FHMd; (22:5-7)‘(kdpjh;fNs!) cq;fis gilg;gJk;> (ePq;fs; khpj;jgpd; cq;fis (caph;g;gpj;J) vOg;GtJk; xUtiu (gilj;Jmth; khpj;jgpd; caph; nfhLj;J vOg;GtJ) Nghyd;wp Ntwpy;iy. epr;rakhf my;yh`; (ahtw;iwAk;)nrtpNaw;gtd;. cw;W Nehf;Fgtd; ’ - jpUf;- FHMd; (31:28)
  • (khpj;j gpd;dh;) mth;fs; vOg;gg;glNt khl;lhh;fs; vd;W epuhfhpg;gth;fs; vz;zpf; nfhz;ldh;. mg;gbay;y!vd;Dila ,iwtd; kPJ rj;jpakhf> ePq;fs; epr;rakhf vOg;gg;gLtPh;fs;! gpwF ePq;fs; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jitgw;wp epr;rakhf mwptpf;fg;gLtPh;fs; NkYk; mJ my;yh`;Tf;F kpfTk; vspNjahFk; vd;W (egpNa!) ePh; $WtPuhf. - jpUf;- FHMd; (64:7)thdq;fisAk;> g+kpiaAk; gilj;J mtw;wpd; gilg;ghy; vt;tpj Nrhh;Tkpd;wp ,Uf;fpd;whNd my;yh`;. mtd;epr;rakhf khpj;Njhiu caph;gpf;Fk; Mw;wYilatd;. Mk;! epr;rakhf mtd; vy;yhg; nghUl;fs; kPJk;Nguhw;wYilatd; vd;gij mth;fs; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah? - jpUf;- FHMd; (46:33)ntWkNd tpl;Ltplg;gLthd; vd;W kdpjd; vz;zpf; nfhs;fpwhdh? (fh;g;gf; Nfhsiwf;Fs;) nrhl;Lr; nrhl;lha;Cw;wg;gLk; ,e;jphpaj; Jspahf mtd; ,Uf;ftpy;iyah?gpd;dh; mtd; ‘myf; ’ vd;w epiyapy; ,Ue;jhd;. mg;ghy; (,iwtd; mtidg;) gilj;J nrk;ikahf;fpdhd;.gpd;dh; mjpypUe;J Mz;> ngz; vd;w ,U N[hbia mtd; cz;lhf;fpdhd;.(,t;thW gilf;Fk;) mtd; khpj;Njhiu caph;g;gpf;Fk; Mw;wy; cilatd; my;yth? - jpUf;- FHMd; (75:36-40)g+kpahdJ fha;e;J tuz;L fplg;gij ePh; ghh;g;gJk; mtDila mj;jhl;rpfspy; epd;Ws;sjhFk;. mjd; kPJ ehk;kioia nghopar; nra;jhy;> mJ Gw;g+z;Lfs; fpsk;gpg;) gRikahf tsh;fpwJ. (,t;thW khpj;j g+kpia)caph;g;gpj;jtNd> epr;rakhf mtd; vyyhg; nghUl;fspd; kPJk; Nguhw;wy; cilatd;.(khpj;J kf;fpg; Nghd) kdpjdpd; vYk;Gfis ehk; xd;W Nrh;f;fNt khl;Nlhk; vd;w kdpjd; vz;Zfpd;whdh?md;W mtd; Edp tpuy;fisAk; (Kd;dpUe;jthNw) nrk;ikahf;f ehk; Mw;wYilNahk;. - jpUf;- FHMd; (75:3>4)RUf;fj;jpy; ,y;yhikapypUe;J kdpjidg; gilj;j ,iwtDf;F jpUk;gTk; mtid gilg;gjw;F xUf;lKkpy;iy. 600 Nfhb kdpjh;fSf;F 600 Nfhb tpjkhd KfKk;> iftpuy;fSk;. jiyKbAk;> uj;jj;JspAkhfkdpjidg; gilj;j ,iwtDf;F jpUk;gTk; mNjNghy; gilf;f ve;jnthU f;lKkpUf;fg; Nghtjpy;iy. tuz;lg+kpapy; kio tpOk; NghJ Gy; g+z;Lfs; Kisj;J tUtJ Nghy kWikapNy ,we;jth;fs; caph;j;njOe;JtUthh;fs; vd;gJ mwpTf;F Vw;GilaNjahFk;. kpf Ez;zpa epa+f;spi]f; nfhz;L epidj;j tpjj;jpy; FNshdpq;%yk; kdpjid gilf;fyhk; vd;W $Wtij ek;Gk; tpQ;Qhd cyfpy; gilj;j ,iwtNd kuzj;jpw;F gpd;jpUk;gTk; mNj Nghy; gilf;f rf;jpAilatd; vd;gij ek;g kWj;jhy; mJ mwptpd; ghFghl;ilNa fhl;LfpwJ.nrhh;f;fthrpNfs;tp : K];ypk;fs; kl;LNk nrhh;f;fj;jpy; Eiothh;fsh?gjpy; : xUth; ghpl;irapy; gh]hf Ntz;Lnkd;why; ghPl;ir vOj Ntz;Lk; ghPl;iriag; gw;wp mf;fiuapy;yhky;Nfs;tpj;jhisg; gw;wpa mf;fiuAkpy;yhky; vtuhtJ ghPl;irapy; gh]hf Ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;ZtJ Kiwah?xUtUila Neha; Fzkhf Ntz;Lnkd;why; Neha; epthuzj;jpw;Fhpa kUe;J rhg;gpl Ntz;Lk;. xUth; epiwagbf;fpwhh;. vOJfpwhh;. Mdhy; ghPl;ir vOjtpy;iy. Mdhy; ghPl;irapy; gh]hf Ntz;Lk; vd;W kl;Lk;vz;ZtJ Kiwah? xUth; epiwa khj;jpiu rhg;gpLfpwhh;. Mdhy; Neha; epthuzj;jpw;Fhpa kUe;J rhg;gplhky;Neha; Fzkhf Ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;ZtJ Kiwah?ghPl;ir gh]hf Ntz;Lnkd;why; ghPl;ir vOj Ntz;Lk;> Neha; Fzkhf Ntz;Lnkd;why; mjw;Fhpa kUe;Jrhg;gpl Ntz;Lk; mJNghy; ,iwtd; epr;rapf;fg;gl;l nrhh;f;fk; nry;y Ntz;Lk; vd;why; ,iwtd; fl;lisggbelf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,iwtd; fl;lisf;F fPo;gbe;J vtd; elf;fpd;whh;fNsh mth; vtuhapDk; mth; epr;rapf;fg;gl;lnrhh;f;fk; GFthh;.nrhh;f;fk; Fwpg;gpl;l nkhopapdUf;Nfh> Nerj;jth;fSf;Nfh> kjj;jth;fSf;Nfh> ,dj;jth;fSf;Nfh> Fwpg;gpl;lngaUilath;fSf;Nfh chpaJ my;y.uhkh eP eufj;jpw;Fg; Ngh! mg;Jy;yh`; eP nrhh;f;fj;Jf;Fg; Ngh! nrhh;f;fk; cdf;FhpaJ vd;W nrhy;yg;Nghtjpy;iy. vth; Vf ,iwtDf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L fPo;gbe;J mtd; topfhl;Ljy;gb elf;fpd;whh;fNsh nrhh;f;fk;mth;fSf;F chpajhFk;.
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  • vy;yh tpQ;Qhd fz;Lgpbg;GfisAk; K];ypk;fs; gad;gLj;jNtz;Lk; tpQ;Qhdj;ij-mwptpaiy Ma;e;J gbj;jplNtz;baJ xU ,];yhkpaf; fl;lisahFk;" vd ,iwtdpd; JhjH(]y;) mtHfs; mwpTiu $wpAs;shHfs;. Kbthf ehfhpfk; kdpjDf;F ey;yijr; nra;jpLk; tiuapy; ,];yhk; mjid vjpHg;gjpy;iy-Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; mNj ehfhpfk;> Nghijg; nghUshfTk; #jhl;l #dpaq;fshfTk;> tpgr;rhu tpLjpfshfTk;>mLj;jtHfis mbikg;gLj;jpLk; Mjpf;f ntwpahfTk; eHj;jdkhbdhy; ,];yhk; mij Vw;Wf;nfhs;shJ.vjpHj;Jg;NghuhLk;. Ehfhpfk; vd;w ngaiug; NghHj;jpf; nfhz;L kdpjid Ml;bg;gilj;J miyf;fopf;ftUk; ,e;jehfhpfj;jpd; gpbapypUe;J kdpjidg; ghJfhf;f ,];yhk; jd;dhy; ,ad;w vy;yh Kaw;rpfisAk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk;.mjpy; ,Wjptiu cWjpAld; NghuhLk;.
  • mbg;gilfs;1. my;yh`;it vg;gb ek;g Ntz;Lk;?my;yh`; xUtd;> mtd; ve;j NjitAk; mw;wtd;. mtd; (ahiuAk;) ngwTkpy;iy: (vtuhYk;) ngwg;glTkpy;iy.MtDf;F ,izahf ahUk; ,y;iy> vd;W ek;g Ntz;Lk;.2. my;yh`; ek;ik Vd; gilj;jhd;?ehk; my;yh`;it tzq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf ek;ikg; gilj;jhd;.3. my;yh`; vd;why; ahH?mfpyk; midj;ijAk; gilj;J ghJfhj;J tUgtNd my;yh`;.4. my;yh`;tpd; mj;jhl;rpf;F XH cjhuzk; $W?my;yh`; kdpjidg; gilj;J> mtDf;F cUtq;fisAk; nfhLj;jpUg;gNj mtdJ kpfg; nghpa mj;jhl;rpahFk;.5. my;yh`; vq;Nf ,Uf;fpd;whd; ?my;yh`; mHpd; kPJ ,Uf;fpd;whd;.6. kyf;FkhHfspd; gz;Gfs; vd;d?my;yh`; mtHfSf;F vij VTfpd;whNdh mij mg;gbNa Vw;W nray;gLthHfs;. MtHfs; ,iwtid,iltplhJ tzq;fpf; nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;.7. kyf;FkhHfis my;yh`; vjd; %yk; gilj;jhd;?kyf;FkhHfis my;yh`; xsp %yk; gilj;jhd;.8. eufj;jpd; fhtyhsp ahH?eufj;jpd; fhtyhsp khypf; (miy) vd;w kyf;F MthH.9. kyf;FkhHfspd; jiytH ahH? mtHfspd; gzp vd;d?kyf;FkhHfspd; jiytH [pg;uaPy; (miy) MthHfs;. MtHfspd; gzp t`p vd;Dk; ,iwr; nra;jpiaf; nfhz;LtUtjhFk;.10. fg;hpy; Nfs;tp Nfl;Fk; kyf;FkhHfs; ahH?1) Kd;fH (miy) 2) ef;fPH (miy)11. kyf;FkhHfspd; vz;zpf;ifiag; gw;wpf; $W?kyf;FkhHfspd; vz;zpf;ifai my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtW vtUk; mwpa khl;lhhfs;.
  • 12. kyf;FkhHfs; ve;j ,dj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs; ?kyf;FkhHfs; Mz;fSk; ,y;iy: ngz;fSk; ,y;iy: mtHfs; jdpg;gl;l ,dj;ijr; NrHe;jtHfs;.13. kdpjdpd; nray;ghLfs; vt;thW fz;fhzpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ?kdpjdpd; nray;ghLfisf; fz;fhzpg;gjw;F mtdJ tyJ kw;Wk; ,lJ GwKk; ,U kyf;Ffis my;yh`;Vw;gLj;jpAs;shd;.14. kyf;FkhHfspd; cUt mikg;igg; gw;wpf; $W?kyf;fkhHfs; ,wf;iffs; cilatHfshf ,Ug;ghHfs; vd;W FHMd; $Wfpd;wJ.15. jtfy; vd;why; vd;d?jtfy; vd;why; ,ghjj; vd;W nghUs;mjhtJ ,iwtzf;fq;fs;- my;yh`;tpd; jpUg;nghUj;jj;ij ngUk;topKiwfs; vd;W nghUs;.16. trPyh vd;why; vd;d?my; trPyh vd;gJ topKiw xd;wpd;%ykhf cjtp NjLtJ.17. trPyh vj;jid tifg;gLk; ? mit ahit?trPyh ,Utifg;gLk;,ghjj; %ykhf ,iwtdpd; jpUg;jpia-jpUg;nghUj;jj;ij miltJ.gpuhh;j;jidapd; %ykhf cjtp NjLtJ.18. ehbaJ fpilf;f gpuhh;j;jid %yk; vt;thW ,iwtdplk; cjtp NjLtJ?my;yh`;tpd; jpUehkq;fisf;nfhz;L mioj;J cjtp NjLtJFwpg;gpl;l rpy ngah;fisf;nfhz;L ghtj;ij kd;dpf;ff;$batNd vd; ghtj;ij kd;dpg;ghahf vd Nfl;gJ.ek;gpf;ifiaf;nfhz;L (trPyh) cjtp NjLtJ. cjhuzkhf cd;id ug;G vd;W Vw;Wf;nfhz;Nld; ,d;Dk;ek;gpf;if nfhz;Ls;Nsd;. cdJ u#yhd K`k;kj; (]y;) mth;fis <khd; nfhz;Ls;Nsd; vd;W (trPyh)cjtp NjLtJ.jdJ epiyikfis -#o;epiyfisf;nfhz;L cjtp NjLtJ. cjhuzkhf ,iwth ehd; Vioahf,Uf;fpd;Nwd; vd; Vo;ikia ePf;Fthahf. ehd; Nehahspahf ,Uf;fpd;Nwd; vd; Nehia eP ePf;Fthahf vd;W.19. my; tyh vd;why; vd;d?ahh; kPJ ehk; md;G itf;fpd;NwhNkh mth;fis ntspg;gilahfTk; cs;sd;GlDk; Nerpg;gij NkYk; mtUf;fhfJM nra;tijAk; my; tyh vd;fpNwhk;.my;yh`;tpd; Nerh;fshf ahh; ,Uf;fpd;whh;fNsh mth;fis ,UspypUe;J xspf;F my;yh`; nfhz;L tUfpd;whd;.ahh; ij;jhid Nerpf;fpd;whh;fNsh mth;fis xspapypUe;J ,USf;F epue;jukhf my;yh`; nfhz;Lnry;fpd;whd;.20. my; gyh vd;why; vd;d?
  • fhgph;fsplk; vjph;g;G fhl;LtijAk;> vr;rhpf;if nra;tijAk;> mth;fis J}ug;gLj;JtijAk; ,d;Dk; mth;fs; kPJNfhgk; nfhs;tijAk; my; gyh vd;fpNwhk;.,d;Dk; xU %kpdplk; ,Uf;f Ntz;ba flik my;yh`;Tf;fhf Nfhgk; nfhs;tjhFk;.21. my; KMkyh vd;why; vd;d?ekf;F ve;j jPq;Fk; juhj fhgph;fsplk; md;Gld; elg;gij KMkyh vd;fpNwhk;NkYk; my;yh`; mij jLf;fTkpy;iy cjhuzkhf jha; je;ijah;fs; fhgph;fshapUe;jhYk; mth;fsplk; ehk;md;Gld; elg;gjpy; Fw;wkpy;iy.(ghh;f;f Kd;j`pdh 18 Yf;khd; 14>15.)22. fhgph;fis gpd;gw;wf;$lhj mk;rq;fs; ahit?. cilapy; mth;fis Nghd;W elg;gJ. Ngr;rpy; mth;fis Nghd;W elg;gJ. mth;fspd; ehl;by; trpg;gJ. K];ypk;fSf;F vjpuhf mth;fSf;F cjtp kw;Wk; MNyhrid nrhy;tJ. mth;fsplk; cjtp NjLtJ> ek;GtJ> ufrpak; nrhy;tJ. epk;kjp Njb mth;fspd; ehl;Lf;F nry;tJ (kUj;Jtk; kw;Wk; fy;tpf;fhf Nghtjpy; Fw;wkpy;iy). mth;fspd; Njjpia gpd;gw;WtJ> mth;fspd; tpohf;fis nfhz;lhLtJ> mth;fSf;F gjtp nfhLg;gJ.. mth;fis Gfo;tJ (ghh;f;f:my; m`;[hg; 32) NkYk; mth;fspd; ngah;fis #l;LtJ.. mth;fSf;fhf ghtkd;dpg;G Nfl;gJ. mth;fs; kPJ ,uf;fk; nfhs;tJ.23. ,];yhj;ij tpl;L ntspNaw;Wk; (fhgpuhf;Fk;) mk;rq;fs; ahit?egpia> Fh;Mid> kiwtrdq;fis> ]`hghf;fis nfhz;L ghpfhrk; nra;jhy; mtd; ,];yhj;ij tpl;LntspNaWfpwhd;> NkYk; khh;f;fj;ij gbg;gth;fisAk;> my;yh`;tpd; $yp kw;Wk; jz;lidfisAk;> ed;ikiaVtp jPikia jLg;gth;fisAk;> njhof;$bath;fisAk;> jhb itj;jpUg;gth;fisAk;> tl;b $lhJ vd;Wnrhy;gth;fisAk; ghpfhrk; nra;jhy; mtd; fhgpuhfp tpLfpd;whd;.Fwpg;G: khh;f;f rl;l jpl;lq;fis epuhfhpf;Fk; $l;lj;jpdUf;F ,ilapy; K];ypk;fs; mku Ntz;lhk; vd ,iwtd;fl;lisapLfpd;whd;.mt;thW mkh;e;jhy; ePq;fSk; mth;fisg;Nghd;wth;fshtPh;fs;(ghh;f;f: 4-140)24. topnfl;l $l;lj;jpdh; ahh; ? mth;fisg;gw;wp vOJf?#/gpahf;fs;:Kjy; gphpT: my; fhjpdpa;ah2tJ gphpT: m;pM25. fhjpdpa;ah gphpitg;gw;wp tphpthf vOJf?1900k; Mz;L Mq;fpNyahpd; Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpy; ,e;jpahtpy; ,g;gphpit cz;lhf;fpdh;.
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  • 1 MirfSf;F mbgzptJ2 Kd;NdhHfSf;F topg;gLtJ3 ,iwtdy;yhjtHfSf;F mbgzptJ65. ,ghjh- tzf;f topghL vd;why; vd;d?,ghjh vd;gJ ,iwtDf;Fr; nrYj;jf; $ba tzf;f topghLfisf; Fwpf;Fk;. mJ njhOifahfNth>Nehd;ghfNth> [f;fhj;jhfNth> `[;[hfNth> FHghdpahfNth> NeHr;irahfNth> my;yJ ew;gz;Gfs;rhHe;jjhfNth ,Uf;fyhk;. vJnthd;iw ,iw ctg;ig ehbr; nra;fpd;NwhNkh mj;jidAk; ,iwtDf;Fr;nra;fpd;w tzf;fkhfNt nfhs;sg;gLk;.cjhuzkhf : `yhyhfr; rk;ghjpf;ff; $ba rk;ghj;jpak;> mjpypUe;J kidtp> kf;fSf;Ff; nfhLj;jy;> jhdk;nra;jy; ,j;jidAk; tzf;fkhfNt ,iwtdhy; vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gLk;.66. ,e;j tzf;ftopghLfis ,iwtDf;Fr; nra;Ak; nghOJ xU K];ypKila gz;Gfs; vt;thW ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;?,iwtidj; jd;Dila v[khddhff; fUJjy; Ntz;Lk;mtd; ,l;l fl;lisia rpuNkw;nfhz;L nra;a Ntz;Lk;. mtd; miof;Fk; NghJ> clNd nrtprha;j;J me;jmiog;Gf;Fg; gjpy; ju Ntz;Lk;[khdDf;F chpa nfsutj;ij fz;zpaj;ij mspj;jhf Ntz;Lk;.NkNy cs;s gz;Gfis my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtW ahUf;Fk; mspj;jy; $lhJ.67. jt;`Pjpd; mbg;gil kw;Wk; nrhHf;fj;jpd; jpwTNfhs; vJ? mjd; nghUs; vd;d?jt;`Pjpd; mbg;gil yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ vd;gjhFk;. ,e;j yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ vd;w fypkh jhd;nrhHf;fj;jpd; jpwTNfhs; MFk;.,jd; nghUs;> my;yh`;itj; jtpu tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpa ,iwtd; NtW ,y;iy vd;gjhFk;.68. fypkhit nkhope;J tpl;l xUtH jd;Dila ,iwj; Jhjuhf ahiu Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;?yh ,yh` ,y;yy;yh`; vd;w jpUf;fypkhit nkhope;J tpl;l xUtH> me;j thrfj;Jld; K`k;kJHu#Yy;yh`; vd;w thrfj;ijAk; $w Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; ,];yhk; vd;Dk; khHf;fj;ij ,iwtd; jd;DilaJhjH K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfs; %ykhf ,e;jg; G+kpapy; gutr; nra;jjhy;> mtH kPJk; ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJxt;nthU ,];yhkpaDf;Fk; mbg;gil ek;gpf;ifahf mike;J tpLfpd;wJ.69. egp K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfs; kPJ vt;thW ]yhtj;Jf; $w Ntz;Lk;?my;yh`{k;k ]y;yp myh K`k;kjpd; t myh Myp K`k;kjpd;> fkh ]y;iyj;j myh ,g;wh`Pk t myh Myp,g;wh`Pk ,d;df;f `kPJd; k[PJ. my;yh`{k;k ghhpf; myh K`k;kjpd; t myh Myp K`k;kjpd; fkh ghuf;jmyh ,g;wh`Pk t myh Myp ,g;wh`Pk ,d;df;f `kPJd; k[PJ.70. ,];yhk; vd;why; vd;d?,iwtDf;Fk; ,iwr; rl;lq;fSf;Fk; fPo;g;gbe;J ,Ug;gNjhL> ,iwtdhy; mUsg;gl;l rl;lj;jpw;F Kuzhdvy;yhr; rl;lq;fisAk;> KiwfisAk;> fl;lisfisAk; Vw;f kWg;gJkhFk;.
  • 71. epuhfhpg;G (F/g;H) vd;why; vd;d?Nkw;nrhd;d ,iwtdpd; fl;lisfis Vw;f kWg;gJk;> Vw;w gpd; mjidr; nray;gLj;j kWg;gJk; F/g;H> mjhtJepuhfhpg;G vdg;gLk;.,iwtd; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy $Wfpd;whd;vtHfs; my;yh`; ,wf;fpaUspa rl;lj;jpw;Nfw;g jPHg;G toq;ftpy;iyNah mtHfs; jhk; epuhfhpg;ghsHfs;(jpUf;FHMd; 5:44)72. kdpjdpd; tzf;f topghLfs;> nray;ghLfs; vt;thW ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;?kdpjd; ,iwtDf;F kl;LNk mbikahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mtDila fl;lisfisAk;> mtdJ jpUj;JhjH(]y;) mtHfs; fw;Wj; je;j eilKiwfisAk; jhd; xUtd; gpd;gw;wp elf;f Ntz;Lk;. NkYk;> tzf;ftopghLfshd> njhOif> Nehd;G> [f;fhj;> `[; ,d;Dk; NeHr;ir> FHghdp> ML> khLfis mWj;Jg; gypapLjy;Mfpa midj;ijAk; ,iwtDf;F kl;LNk nrYj;j Ntz;Lk;. gfl;Lf;fhfTk;> Mlk;guj;jpw;fhfTk;> gpwH ek;ikg;Gfo Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfTk;> ,iwtdy;yhj NtW ahUf;Fk; ,e;j topghLfisr; nra;jy; $lhJ. mt;thWnra;tJ ,iwtid epuhfhpf;ff; $ba nrayhFk;. ,j;jifa epuhfhpg;G xUtid eufj;jpy; nfhz;L Ngha;r;NrHf;Fk;.73. ,iwtid tzq;Ftjw;F njhOif kl;Lk; NghJkh?,iwtDf;F topgLtJk; mtdJ fl;lisfSf;Fg; gzptJk; jhd; khHf;fj;jpd; mbg;gil. ,iwtDf;FtopgLtJ vd;why; Iq;fhyj; njhOifapd; NghJ kl;Lk; mtDf;F Kd;dhy; rpuk; jho;;j;jp tpl;lhy; NghJk; vd;WnghUsy;y. ,iwtopghL vd;why; ,uT-gfy; ve;j Neuj;jpYk; mtDila fl;lisfisg; gpd;gw;WtJ vd;gNjnghUs;. mtd; jil nra;jpUf;fpd;w nraiy ePq;fs; jtpHj;Jk;> mtd; fl;lisapl;bUf;fpd;w nraiy ePq;fs;epiwNtw;wTk; Ntz;Lk;.mijg; Nghy xUtiug; gw;wp GwNkh> mtJhNwh $w Kw;gLfpd;w re;jHg;gj;jpy;> ,J ,we;j rNfhjudpd;khkprj;ij cz;Zk; nray; my;yth vd;W ,iwtd; jd;Dila jpUkiwapNy $wpapUf;fpd;whNd vd;W ePq;fs;rpe;jpj;J> mijj; jtpHe;J nfhs;tPHfs; vd;why;> mJTk; xU ,iwtopghNl!!egp (]y;) mtHfsplk; xUtH Nfl;fpd;whH :XU ngz;kzp ,uT gfy; njhOiffis KOikahf epiwNtw;Wfpd;whH Mdhy; gf;fj;J tPl;Lf;Fnjhe;juTfisf; nfhLf;fpd;whH. ,thpd; epiy vd;d? vd;W tpdtpa nghOJ> mtSf;F eufk; jhd; vd;whHfs;.mLj;J xU ngz;kzp njhOiffisr; rhpahf epiwNtw;Wtjpy;iy Mdhy;> mLj;j tPl;Lf;F njhe;juTfs;nfhLf;fhky;> mtHfSld; ey;yKiwapy; ele;J nfhs;fpd;whs;> ,tspd; epiy vd;d? vd;W tpdtpa nghOJ>mtSf;F nrhHf;fk; vd;W gjpy; nrhd;dhHfs;.,jd; %yk;> njhOif vd;gJ tzf;f topghLfspy; xU mk;rNk vd;gJk;> mjDld; kw;w fl;lisfisAk;gpd;gw;Wk; nghOJ jhd; ,iwtopghL KOikailfpd;wJ vd;gijAk; ehk; czu Kbfpd;wJ.74. Ntjq;fs; vd;why; vd;d?kf;fis NeHtopg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf ,iwj; J}jHfSf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ jhd; Ntjq;fs; MFk;.75. jt;uhj; Ntjk; ahUf;F mUsg;gl;lJ?jt;uhj; Ntjk; %]h (miy) mtHfSf;F ,wf;fg;gl;lJ.76. &`{y; mkPd; vd;W ve;j kyf;if my;yh`; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd; ?[pg;uaPy; (miy) mtHfisj; jhd; my;yh`; &`{y; mkPd; vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;.
  • 77. ,iwtd; ,wf;fpa Ntjq;fs; ve;nje;j egpkhHfSf;F toq;fg;gl;ld?jt;uhj; Ntjk; %]h (miy) mtHfSf;Fk;>[G+H Ntjk; jhT+J (miy) mtHfSf;Fk;>,d;[Py; Ntjk; <]h (miy) mtHfSf;Fk;>FHMd; Ntjk; K`k;kJ (]y;) mtHfSf;Fk; mUsg;gl;lJ.78. kyf;fkhhfspd; cUt mikg;igg; gw;wp ,iwtd; vt;thW $Wfpd;whd; ?,uz;buz;Lk;> Kk;%d;Wk;> ee;ehd;Fk; ,wf;iffs; cilatHfshf kyf;Ffs; jd; J}ij vLj;Jr;nry;gtHfshf ,iwtd; Mf;fpdhd;. ,jid #uh /ghj;jpH - y; KjyhtJ trdj;jpy; my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd;.79. kyf;FkhHfs; ahH vd;gij Mjhuj;Jld; tpsf;Ff.kyf;fkhHfs; vd;why; thdtHfs;. MtHfs; xspapdhy; gilf;fg;gl;ltHfs; vd;W K];ypk; vd;w `jP]; E}ypy;te;Js;sJ. ,tHfs; ,iwtDila fl;lisfis Vw;W clNd nray;gLj;jf; $batHfs;. ,ijg;gw;wp ,iwtd;#uh mj; j`;hPk; - y; 6 tJ trdj;jpy; $Wfpd;whd;. my;yh`; Vtpa vjpYk; khW nra;a khl;lhHfs;.Jq;fSf;F Vtg;gl;lijNa nra;thHfs;.80. cd;Dila ,iwtid vt;thW mwpe;J nfhz;lha; ?vd;Dila ,iwtid mtDila mj;jhl;rpfshd> mtDila gilg;gpdq;fshd ,uT> gfy;> #hpad;> re;jpud;>,d;Dk; VO G+kpfs;> thdq;fs; mitfSf;F ,ilapy; cs;sitfs; ,itfs; ,iwtid mwpe;J nfhz;Nld;.81. FHMd; $Wk; my;yh`;tpd; gz;Gfs; ahit?My;yh`; mstw;w mUshsd;. Epfuw;w md;GilNahd; : kpfTk; ghpRj;jkhdtd; : fz;zpakhdtd; :midj;ijAk; Nfl;ff; $batd; : Ez;zwpT kpf;ftd; : ePjk; nrYj;jf; $batd; : kpfTk; mwpaf; $batd;.82. <khd; vd;why; vd;d?1. my;yh`;itAk; 2. thdtHfisAk; 3. Ntjq;fisAk; 4. J}jHfisAk; 5. KWik ehisAk; 6. Ed;ik> jPikahTk; my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lg;gbNa elf;Fk; vd;W ek;gpf;if nfhs;tNj <khd; vdg;gLk;.83. kyf;FkhHfspd; jd;ikfs; ahit?kyf;FkhHfspd; jd;ikfs; kdpj jd;ikfSf;F mg;ghw;gl;lJ. mtHfs; cz;zNth> cwq;fNth khl;lhHfs;.,utpYk;> gfypYk; ,iltplhJ ,iwtidj; Jjp nra;J nfhz;Lk; ,Ug;ghHfs;.84. fg;wpy; Nfs;tp Nfl;Fk; thdtHfspd; ngaH vd;d? tpsf;fTiu vOJf.fg;hpy; Nfs;tp Nfl;Fk;thdtHfspd; ngaH Kd;fH> ef;fPH vd;gjhFk;.,t;thdtHfs; xU kdpjH kuzpj;J tpl;lhy; mtiu fg;wpy; itj;J tpl;L mtUila FLk;gj;jpdH jpUk;gpacld;> mk;kdpjhplk; te;J> cd;Dila ,iwtd; ahH? cd;Dila egp ahH? cd;Dila khHf;fk; vJ? Mfpa%d;W Nfs;tpfisf; Nfl;ghHfs;.
  • 85. ,iw ty;yikf;F,iwkiwapy; ,Ue;J xU cjhuzk; $W.ePNa ,uit gfypYk; GFj;Jfpd;wha;: eP jhd; gfiy ,utpYk; GFj;Jfpd;wha;. ePNa kuzpj;jitfspy; ,Ue;JcapUs;sij ntspahf;Ffpd;wha;.: ePNa capUs;sij kuzpf;fr; nra;fpd;wha;: NkYk; ePNa ehbNahHf;Ff;(fzf;fpd;wp) nfhLf;fpd;wha; ,t; trdk; #uj;Jy; ,g;wh`Pkpy; 27 tJ trdj;jpy; cs;sjhFk;.86. my;yh`; ,wf;fp Ntjq;fs; nra;j Nghjidfs; ahit?my;yh`; xUtidNa tzq;f Ntz;Lk;. mtDf;F ,izfis Vw;gLj;jf; $lhJ> mtd; Vtpa fl;lisfisVw;Wr; nray;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. mtd; tpyf;fpatw;iw tpl;Lk; jtpHe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj xt;nthU Ntjq;fSk;kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;Fr; nra;j NghjidfshFk;.87. Kjd; Kjyhf gilf;fg;gl;l kdpjH ahH?Mjk; (miy) mtHfis my;yh`; Kjd;Kjypy; gilj;jhd;. mtHfSf;F vy;yh nghUl;fspd; ngaHfisAk;fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhd;. NkYk; kyf;FfisAk;> [pd;fisAk; mtHfSf;F ][;jh nra;af; fl;lisapl;lhd;. Mdhy;,g;yP]; kl;Lk; ][;jh nra;a kWj;J tpl;lhd;. Mjhuk; #uj;Jy; gf;fuh 31-34 trdq;fshFk;.88. ,iwf; fl;lisf;F khW nra;j ,g;yP]{f;Fk; ,iwtDf;Fk; ,ilNa ele;j ciuahly; vd;d?my;yh`; ,g;yP]plk; ehd; cdf;F fl;lisapl;l rkaj;jpy; MjKf;F ][;jh nra;tjpypUe;J cd;idj; jLj;jJvJ? vd;W Nfl;lhd;. mjw;F ,g;yP]{ ehd; mtiu tpl Nkyhdtd;. Mjikf; fsp kz;zpy; gilj;jha; vd;WngUikNahL $wpdhd;. mjw;F my;yh`;> ngUik nfhs;tjw;F eP jFjpapy;yhjtd;. vdNt eP ,q;fpUe;JntspNawp tpL vd;whd;.89. E}`; (miy) mtHfs; jd; rKjhaj;jpw;F nra;j gpur;rhuj;ijg; gw;wp tpsf;fk; $W?my;yh`; mDg;gpa Kjy; J}jH jhd; E}`; (miy). MtHfs; 950 Mz;L fhyk; jd; rKjhaj;jpw;F gpur;rhuk;nra;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; gpur;rhuj;jhy; kpff; Fiwe;j msNt kf;fs; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhHfs;. mtHfspd;kfDk;> kidtpAk; $l ,];yhj;ij Vw;fhkNyNa kuzpj;jhHfs;. Mjhuk; my;FHMd; my;fG+j; 14 tJ trdk;kw;Wk; #uj;Jy; `{j; 43 tJ trdk; kw;Wk; #uj;Jy; j`;hPk; 10 tJ trKkhFk;.90. kz;ziwapd; kPJ rhl;lg;gl;l kyf;Ffs; ahH? mtHfspd; gzp vd;d?kz;ziwapd; kPJ rhl;lg;gl;l kyf;Ffs; Kd;fH> ef;fPH MthHfs;. ,tHfs; kz;ziwapy; itf;fg;gl;lkdpjHfsplk; cdJ ,iwtd; ahH? cdJ egp ahH? cdJ khHf;fk; vJ? vd;w Nfs;tpfisf; Nfl;ghHfs;.91. kyf;FkhHfspd; gzpfs; ahit?My;yh`; jd;Dila kyf;FkhHfs; xt;nthUtUf;Fk; jdpj;jdpahfg; nghWg;Gfisf; nfhLj;Js;shd;.Cjhuzkhf [pg;hPy; (miy) mtHfSf;F t`p nfhz;L tUk; nghWg;igAk;> eufj;jpw;Ff; fhtyhspahf khypf;(miy) mtHfisAk; epakpj;Js;shd;.92. [pg;hPy; (miy) mtHfspd; gzpf;F Mjhuk; $W.[pg;hPy; (miy) mtHfspd; t`p nfhz;L tUk; gzpiag; gw;wpf; $Wk; nghOJ> (my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisg;gb)&`{y; mkPd; (vd;Dk; [pg;hPy;) ,jidf; nfhz;L ,wq;fpdhH (26:193) Mk; trdj;jpy; ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd;.93. FHMdpy; $wg;gLk; my;yh`;tpd; jd;ikfs; rpytw;iwf; $W?
  • my;yh`; xUtd;. Mtd; ,iz Jzi mw;wtd;. mfpyk; midj;ijAk; gilj;J ghJfhj;J tUgtd;. Jd;mbahHfs; kPJ ,uf;fk; fhl;lf; $batd;. MbahHfspd; ghtq;fis kd;dpg;gjpy; ngUik nfhs;gtd;.Kiwthdtw;iw mwpAk; jpwd; nfhz;ltd;. Cs;sj;jpy; cs;sitfis mwpaf; $batdhfTk; my;yh`;,Uf;fpd;whd;.94. <khd; nfhs;shjtdpd; epiy kWikapy; vt;thW ,Uf;Fk; ?<khd; nfhs;shjtd; kWikapy; Rtdj;jpy; Eioa KbahJ. EPq;fs; <khd; nfhs;shjtiu Rtdj;jpy; EioaKbahJ. EPq;fs; xUtUf;nfhUtH Nerpf;Fk; tiu <khd; nfhs;s khl;BHfs;. EPq;fs; xUtUf;nfhUtHNerpj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhd topia mwptpf;fl;Lkh? Cq;fSf;fpilapy; ]yhikg; gug;gpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;! Vd;W egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. Mwptpg;gtH : mG+ `{iuuh (uyp) mtHfs;. Mjhuk;: K];ypk;.95. kyf;FkhHfis epuhfhpg;gtdpd; epiyiaf; $W.kyf;FkhHfis epuhfhpf;Fk; kdpjd; Neuhd ghijapypUe;J jtwp tpLfpd;whd;. Vtd; my;yh`;itAk; mtDilakyf;FkhHfisAk; mtDila Ntjq;fisAk;> mtDila J}jHfisAk; NkYk; kWik ehisAk; kWf;fpd;whNdhmtd; kpf J}ukhd topNfl;by; nrd;W tpLfpd;whd; vd;W #uj;Jd; ep]htpy; 136 tJ trdj;jpy; ,iwtd;$Wfpd;whd;.96. <khid epiwT nra;J nfhs;gtH ahH?vtH ,iwtDf;fhfNt el;G nfhs;fpwhNuh> ,iwtDf;fhfNt gifj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whNuh> ,iwtDf;fhfNtnfhLf;fhky; jLj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whNuh mtH jkJ <khid epiwT nra;jtuhfpd;whH vd;W egp (]y;) mtHfs;$Wfpd;whHfs;. mwptpg;gtH : mG+ ckhkh (uyp) mtHfs;. Mjhuk;: Gfhhp.97. kyf;FkhHfspd; vz;zpf;ifiag; gw;wpf; $W.kyf;FkhHfspd; vz;zpf;ifiag; gw;wpf; FHMdpNyh my;yJ `jP]pNyh Fwpg;gplg;gltpy;iy. VdNt mtHfspd;vz;zpf;ifia my;yh`; kl;LNk mwpe;jtd;. My;yh`;Nth u]{Nyh Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;yhj tpaj;jpy; ahUk;jd; fUj;ijr; nrhy;y my;yh`; chpik toq;ftpy;iy.98. my;yh`;tpd; ty;yikf;F xU cjhuzk; $W.ePq;fs; flypypUe;J RitAs;s kPd; Nghd;w khkprj;ij cz;gjw;fhfTk;> ePq;fs; mzpe;J nfhs;sf; $baMguzj;ij mjpypUe;J ePq;fs; ntspg;gLj;jTk;> mtd; jhd; mjidAk; (fliyAk;) trg;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jhd;.,d;Dk; mjpy; jz;zPiu gpse;J nry;Yk; fg;giy ePq;fs; fhz;fpd;wPHfs;. (gy;NtW ,lq;fSf;Fr; nrd;W)mtd; mUl;nfhilia ePq;fs; NjlTk; ePq;fs; ed;wp nrYj;Jk; nghUl;Lk; ,t;thW trg;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jhd;.epr;rakhf my;yh`; thdj;jpypUe;J kio ePiu ,wf;Ffpd;whd;. mjdhy; G+kp gRikahf MfptpLfpd;wd vd;gijePH ghHf;ftpy;iyah? my;yh`; ed;fspe;jtd;. fpUig cilatd;.99. kyf;FkhHfs; vd;why; ahH? mtHfs; vjdhy; gilf;fg;gl;lhHfs; ?kyf;FkhHfs; vd;why; thdtHfs; MtHfs;. mtHfs; xspapdhy; gilf;fg;gl;ltHfs;. [pd;fs; neUg;ghy;gilf;fg;gl;ltHfs;. Mjk; (miy) mtHfs; kz;zhy; gilf;fg;gl;ltHfs;. (K];ypk;)NkYk; kyf;FkhHfis ,wf;iffs; cilatHfshf ,iwtd; gilj;Js;shd;. ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd; :my;yh`;Tf;Nf vy;yhg; GfOk;. mtd; thdq;fisAk; G+kpiaAk; Muk;gkhfg; gilj;jtd;. MtNd ,uz;buz;Lk;>Kk;%d;Wk;> ed;ehd;Fk; ,wf;iffis cila kyf;Ffisj; J}jHfshf Mf;fpdhd;. (#uj;Jy; /ghjpH Kjy;trdk;)
  • 100. kyf;Ffis ek;Gtjpd; mtrpak; vd;d?K];ypkhf ,Uf;ff; $ba xUtd; vt;tsT jhd; njhOJ> [fhj; nfhLj;J> Nehd;G Nehw;W> `[; nra;Jte;jhYk; mtd; kyf;Ffis ek;gtpy;iy vd;why; mtd; cz;ikahd K/kpdhf> K];ypkhf ,Uf;f KbahJ.Vnddpy; ,iwtd; $Wfpd;whd;> Gz;zpak; vd;gJ cq;fs; Kfq;fisf; fpof;fpNyh> Nkw;fpNyh jpUg;gpf;nfhs;tjpy; ,y;iy. khwhf Gz;zpak; vd;gJ my;yh`;itAk;> kWik ehisAk;> thdtHfisAk;>Ntjq;fisAk;> egpkhHfisAk; ek;GtjhFk;.101. <khdpd; Ritiar; Ritg;gtH ahH?%d;W tpraq;fs; ahhplj;jpy; ,Uf;fpd;wdNth mtHfs; <khdpd; Ritiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;thHfs;. 1) my;yh`;itAk; mtdJ J}jUk; mtdplj;jpy; kw;w midtHfisAk; tplTk; kpfTk; Nerj;jpw;FhpatHfshfMFtJ. 2) xU mbahd; my;yh`;tpw;fhfNt Nerpg;gJ. 3) ,iwepuhfhpg;gpypUe;J my;yh`; mtidf; fhg;ghw;wpa gpwF kPz;Lk; ,iw epuhfhpg;gpd; gf;fk; jpUk;GtijneUg;gpy; Nghlg;gLtij ntWg;gJ Nghd;W ntWg;gJ. ,e;j %d;W gz;GfSk; ahhplk; ,Uf;fpd;wNjh mtd;<khdpd; Ritiag; ngw;Wf; nfhs;thd; vd egp (]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf md]; (uyp) mtHfs; mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;.(Gfhhp)102. kyf;FkhHfspd; jd;ikfs; ahit?kyf;FkhHfs; my;yh`;it mQ;rf; $batHfshfTk;> ,uTk;>gfYk; mtidj; j];gP`; nra;J nfhz;Lk;,Ug;ghHfs;.,bAk; mtdJ Gfiof; nfhz;L Jjpf;fpd;wJ. mJ Nghd;W kyf;FkhHfSk; mtdpd; gaj;jhy; mtidj;Jjpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;ghHfs;. (#uh mHu/J - 132 trdk;)NkYk; mtHfs; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisfSf;f fl;Lg;gLgtHfs;. mtHfs; my;yh`; Vtpa vjpYk; my;yh`;tpw;FkhW nra;a khl;lhHfs;. mtHfis Vtg;gl;lgbNa nra;J Kbg;ghHfs;.103. [fhj; ve;j Mz;L flikahf;fg;gl;lJ?`p[;hp gj;jhk; Mz;L (rhp)`p[;hp xd;gjhk; Mz;L`p[;hp Vohk; Mz;L
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  • ,];yhk; jz;lidfs; tjpg;gjw;F Nkw;nfhz;Ls;s Kd;ndr;rhpf;iffis xUKiw Muha;e;J ghHj;jhy;>,];yhk; Kjd; Kjypy; jtwpiof;fpd;w #o;epiyfisf; fl;Lg;gLj;jpapUf;fpd;wJ vd;gijj; njhpe;J nfhs;sKbAk;. #o;epiyfs; jtwpiog;gjw;Fr; rhjfkhf mike;Jtplhky; jLj;J gpwNf ,];yhk; jz;lidfisg;gw;wpg;NgRfpwJ. #o;epiyfs; eph;ge;jpf;fhjg; NghJk; Ntz;Lnkd;Nw jtwpiof;fpd;w Neuj;jpy; ,];yhk; xU epahakhdj;jz;lidiaj; jUfpd;wJ. mg;gbj; jUfpd;w jz;lidfSk; Fw;wq;fSk; NkYk; epfohtz;zk; jLf;fpd;wjz;lidfshfNt ,Uf;fpd;wd. jtW nra;aj; Jhz;Lfpd;w tpjj;jpy; #o;epiyfs; mikj;Jtplhky; rKjhaj;jhy;Kd; fhj;Jf; nfhs;s Kbahtpl;lhy;> my;yJ VNjDk; Iaq;fs; vOe;jhy; jz;lid epiwNtw;wg;glkhl;lhJ.my;yJ mj;jtwpy; nra;jtDf;F ,Uf;Fk; nghWg;Gf;Fj; jFe;jgb rpwpanjhU jz;lid tpjpf;fg;gLk;. rpiwjz;lid - nka;tUj;jk; Nghd;witahf mj;jz;lid mikAk;. JtW nra;aj;Jhz;Lk; #o;epiyfisj; jLg;gjw;f;F ,];yhk; gy topfspy; Kaw;rpf;fpd;wJ. nry;tk;Kiwahf vy;NyhhpilNaAk; gfph;e;jspf;fg;gl ,];yhk; Njitahd vy;yh Kaw;rpfisAk; Nkw;nfhs;fpd;wJ.ckHgpd; mg;Jy; m[p];(uyp) mtHfs; fhyj;jpy; ,];yhk; tWikia Kw;Wkhf xopj;jpUe;jJ. epwk;> epyk;> Fyk;>kjk;> nkhop> rKjha me;j];J Mfpa> khr;rhpaq;fisg;ghuJ vy;yhg; gpui[fisAk; Mjutspj;Jg; ghJfhj;jplNtz;baJ ,];ykpa murpd; nghWg;ghFk;. Ciof;f Kbe;j xt;nthU FbkfDf;Fk; xU Ntiy tha;g;igg;ngw;Wj;jUtJ ,];yhkpa Ml;rpj; jiythpd; nghWg;ghFk;. mg;gb xU Ntiy tha;g;igj; Njbj;ju Kbahtpl;lhy;mtHfisg; guhkhpf;fpd;w nghWg;gpid muNr Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mJ NghyNt ciof;f KbahjtHfismuR jdJ nghJepjpf; fUt+yj;jpypUe;J cjtp nra;J guhkhpj;jpl Ntz;Lk;. ,g;gbj; jtW nra;aj; Jhz;Lk; mj;jid #o;epiyfSk; jLf;fg;gl;LtpLgfpd;wd. mjd; gpd;dUk; jtWnra;jtidj; jz;bg;gjw;F Kd; ,];yhk; #o;epiyfis ed;whd Muha;e;J ghh;f;fpd;wJ. ,tw;wpw;nfy;yhk;gpd;dNu jz;bf;fpd;wJ. jz;bf;fpd;wNghJ Fw;wthsp #o;epiyapd; Jhz;Ljy; ,y;yhky;jhd; jtWnra;jpUf;fpd;whd; vd;gij CH[pjk; nra;fpd;wJ. fhkj;jpd; td;ikia ,];yhk; ed;whf mwpAk;. MJ kdpjHfis vd;ndd;d tpjj;jpy; tPo;j;Jk;vd;gijAk; ,];yhk; mwpe;Nj ,Uf;fpd;wJ. Mjyhy; ,];yhk; kdpjd; jd;Dy; vOk; ,ay;ghd czHr;rpfisj;jzpj;Jf;nfhs;s jf;f tbf;fhy;fis mikj;J jUfpd;wJ. (mjhtJ jpUkzq;fs;). ,e;j tifapy; ,];yhk;gUtj;Nj jpUkzk; Kbj;Jf; nfhs;tijg; ghpe;Jiuf;fpd;wJ. mt;thW jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;s tpUk;Gk;xUtUf;Fg; nghUshjhur; rpf;fy;fs; FWf;Nf epw;Fkhdhy; nghJepjpf; fUt+yj;jpypUe;J cjtp nra;agzpj;Js;sJ ,];yhk;. kWGwk; ,];yhk; fhk ,r;irfisj; Jhz;Lk; Mghrq;fs; rKjhaj;jpNy ,lk; ngwhky; jLj;JtLfpd;wJ.mghpjkhd rf;jpNahL ,Ug;gtHfSf;F caHe;j cd;djkhd ,yl;rpaq;fis mikj;Jj; jUfpd;wJ. ,];yhk;mtHfs; jq;fsJ kpifahd rf;jpia kf;fs; Nritf;fhfr; nrytpl;L ed;ikfis milayhk;. xa;T Neuj;ij,iwneUf;fj;ijg; ngWtjw;fhfg; gad;dLj;Jtij ,];yhk; tpUk;Gfpd;wJ. ,tw;wpw;nfy;yhk; Nkyhf ,];yhk; ,e;j tpaj;jpy; jtW nra;J tpLgtid fz;iz %bf;nfhz;Ljz;bj;J tpLtjpy;iy. ,e;jf; Fw;wj;ijr; nra;gtHfs; ,iwtid kwe;J> jdJ rKjha Ngzpf;fhj;J tUfpd;wxOf;fq;fis kwe;J kdpj epiyapypUe;J ,wq;fp kpUf epiyf;F te;JtpLfpd;wNghJ ehYNgh; ghHf;fpd;wmsTf;F gfpuq;fkhf tpgr;rhuj;jpy; <LgLfpd;wNghJ jhd; mtHfisj; jz;bf;fpd;wJ ,];yhk;. ,d;W ehl;L elg;ghf ,Ue;J tUk; nghUshjhu rPHNfLfs;> rKjhaj;jpNy epytp tUk; nghJthdtpNkw;wg;gl;l #o;epiyfs;> ,itnay;yhk; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;fpd;w #o;epiyfisf; fbdkhf;fptpl;ld.MfNt gUtj;Nj jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;tJ Kbahj xd;whfptpl;lJ. kWGwk; rKjhaj;jpy; xOf;fNfLfistsh;f;Fk; gof;fq;fs; kype;J fplf;fpd;wd. ,jdhy; ,d;iwa ,isQHfs; kpf vspjhf tpgr;rhuj;jpy; tPo;e;JtpLfpd;wdH. ,jpy; XusT epahaKk; ,Uf;fpd;wJ. Mdhy; ,];yhk; KOikagf nray;gLj;Jfpd;w NghJ> fiy vd;w NghHitiag; NghHj;jpf;nfhz;L fPohdMirfis ,lwptpl;L tpgr;rhuj;jpd; ghy; nfhz;L nry;Yk; #o;epiyfs; epr;rakhf ,Uf;fkhl;lh. fhkj;ij,lWk; jpiug;glq;fs; mq;F jpiuaplg;glkhl;lh. Mghrj;ijg; glk; Nghl;Lf;fhl;Lk; gj;jphpiffs; mq;FmDkjpf;fg;glkhl;lh. tPjpfspNyAk; tprhykhd rhiyfspNyAk; czHTfisj; Jhz;Lk; Mghrq;fs; cyh tumDkjp ,Uf;fhJ. ,tw;iwnay;yhk; jilnra;j gpd;dNu kf;fs; xOf;fk;kpF rPyHfshf tho Ntz;Lk; vd;WvjpHghHf;f KbAk;. mg;NghNj kf;fSk; kdpjg;GdpjHfshf tho KbAk;. mg;gbg;gl;lnjhU R%fkhd #o;epiyapy;tpgr;rhuj;jpy; <LgLgtHfisj; jz;bg;gjpy; jtwpUf;f KbahJ. mq;Nf jtwpioj;jtHfSk; jq;fsJ jtw;iwepahag;gLj;jpl KbahJ. jg;gpj;Jf;nfhs;s vijAk; fhuzkhf fhl;bl KbahJ. jz;lidfis tpjpj;jpLk; Kd; ,];yhk; jtW nra;aj; Jhz;Lk; mj;jid #o;epiyfisAk; tpyf;fp
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  • tHf;fNgjj;ij ,];yhk; mDkjpj;jjh; kf;fs; $l;lj;ijg; gyNtW tHf;fq;fshfg; gpse;J Ngjk; Nghw;Wk; gof;fk; ,];yhj;jpy; cz;lh? ,e;jNfs;tpf;F ,];yhk; jUk; tpsf;fj;ij gHj;jpLk; Kd;> tHf;fk; my;yJ tHf;fNgjk; vd;why; vd;d vd;gijKjypy; njwpe;jpLtJ eyk;. md;iwa INug;ghtpy; kf;fs; %d;W tpjkhd tHf;fq;fshfg; gphpf;fg;gl;ldH. 1. gpuGf;fs; 2. kjFUkhHfs; 3. rhjhuz kf;fs; kjFUkhHfs; (fpwp];Jt) kjFUkhHfs; jq;fSf;NfAhpa jdpahd rPUilfis ngw;wpUe;jhHfs;. MilfspNy $lmtHfs; NtWgl;bUe;jhHfs;. ,e;j kjFUkhHfs; kd;dHfisnaj;j mjpfhuj;ij ngw;wpUe;jdH. ,e;j kjFUkhHfisf; nfhz;lfpwp];Jt jpUr;rig ngw;wpUe;j mjpfhuk; Ml;rpahsHfspd; mjpfhuq;fisNa vjpHj;J ew;fpd;w tpjj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ. jpUr;figapd; jiytuhd Nghg; Ml;rpahsHfspd; mjpfhuq;fs; ‘ jhd; ,l;l gpr;irNa ‘ vd chpikghuhl;bdH. kd;dHfs; mjhtJ Ml;rpahsHfs; jq;fSf; fpUe;j mjpfhu Nkhfj;ijj; jzpj;Jf; nfhs;sNtjpUr;rigapdpd;W gphpe;J nrd;wdH vdTk; gopRkj;jpdH. kj FUkhHfs; msTf;fjpfkhd mjpfhu kaf;fk; nfhz;ltHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs; vd;gJ kl;Lky;y> mtHfs;kpifj;j nghUs;tsk; gilj;jtHfshfTk; ,Ue;jhHfs;. gf;jp kpf;f kf;fs; je;j fhzpf;iffs;> kf;fsplk;,Ue;J t#spj;j mghpjkhd thpfs; ,tw;why; fpl;ba ngUQ;nry;tk; mtHfspd; Mjpf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ. ,g;gb kjFUkhHfs; vy;yhk; ngw;W vfNghf tho;T tho;e;J kfpo;e;jdh;. gpuGf;fs;: ,d;ndhU Gwk; gpuGf;fs;> mtHfs; jq;fsJ caHe;j me;j];ijj; jq;fsJ gpwg;gpd; gadhfg;ngw;wdHfs;> mg;gb jq;fsJ gpwg;ghy; ngw;w caHitAk; fz;zpaj;ijAk; jq;fsJ re;jjpfSf;Fj; jj;jhfje;jdH. ,e;j gpuGf;fs; vj;jifa ,opnraypy; <Lgl;lhYk; mtHfsJ fz;zpak; rw;Wk; Fd;whJ. epykhdpa Kiw epiyj;jpUe;jNghJ gpuGf;fs; jq;fsJ fhsdpfspy; FbapUe;j rhkhd;aHfs;Nky; rHtmjpfhuKk; gilj;jtHgfshf ,Ue;jhHfs;> rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuq;fs; mj;jidAk; gpuGf;fspd; VfNghfkhfNt,Ue;jd. gpuGf;fspd; Mrhghrq;fNs mtHfspd; fhydpfspy; tho;e;j kf;fis Ml;rp nrYj;Jk; rl;lq;fshf,Ue;jd> md;W rl;lq;fis ahj;Jk; mjpfhuq;fisf;nfhz;l gpujp epjpfs; kd;wj;jpy; gpug;Gf;fNs tPw;wpUe;jhHfs;>mtHfs; jq;fsJ ed;;ikfisf; fhj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w tpjj;jpNyAk;> jq;fsJ ed;ikfisg; ngUf;fpfp nfhs;fpd;wtpjj;jpNyAk; rl;lq;fis ahj;jpy; tpag;NgJkpy;iy> jhq;fs; ngw;wpUe;j ,e;j VfNghf chpikfis vtUk; jPz;lKbahj msTf;F xU Gwr; #oepiyia cUthf;fp ,Ue;jhHfs;. rhjhuz kf;fs; : rhjhuz kf;fisg; nghWj;jtiu mtHfSf;nfd;W ve;j chpikAk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy> ve;j rYifAk;,Uf;ftpy;iy> mtHfs; Vo;ik mbikj;jdk;> mtkhdk; ,tw;iwNa jq;fsJ ghuk;ghpar; nrhj;Jf;fshfg;ngw;wdh;. gpw;iw ehl;fspy; nghUshjhuj; Jiwfspy; vw;gl;l rpy Fwg;gpljf;f khw;wq;fs;> ‘g+HRthf;fs;’ vd;wgphpnjhU tHf;fk; Njhd;wpl mbNfhypaJ> ,e;j Gjpa tHf;fk; gpuGf;fspd; ,lj;ij vl;bg; gpbj;J mtHfspd;nfsutj;ijAk;> rpwg;GhpikfisAk; jkjhf;fpf;nfhs;s Kad;wJ. ,e;j Gjpa tHf;fj;jpd; jiyikapd; fPo;jhd; rhjhuz kf;fs; gpnuQ;Rg; Gul;rpia elj;jpf; fhl;bdhHfs;>,e;j gpnuQ;R Gul;rpjhd; ntspj;Njhw;wj;jpw;F tHf;f Ngjj;ij mopj;njhopj;jJ> mj;Jld; (xU Nfhl;ghl;lstpy;)Rje;jpuk;> rNfhjuj;Jtk;> rkj;Jtk; vd;gdtw;iw nfhs;ifahf MHg;ghpj;jJ. md;iwa gpuGf;fNs ,d;iwa Kjyhsp tHf;fk;. Jw;Nghija cyfpy; Kjyhsp tHf;fk; ,e;jg; ‘gpuG’ tHf;fj;jpd; ,lj;ijg; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;Ls;sJ> ,e;jkhw;wk; Neubahf my;yhky; gpd;thry; topahf GFe;j xd;W> ,e;j khw;wk; mg;NghJ vw;gl;l rpy nghUshjhutsHr;rpahy; epHge;jpf;fg;gl;l xd;W> Mdhy; tHf;fNgjk;tsu mbg;gilahf ,Ue;j nfhs;iffspy; ve;j khw;wKk;
  • vg;NghJk; Vw;gl;ljpy;iy. mjhtJ md;W gpuGf;fspd; iffspy; Ftpe;J fple;j mjpfhuq;fs; ,d;W KjyhsptHf;fj;jpd; iffspy; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,Jjhd; khw;wk;. cd;ikapy; nry;tk;> mjpfhuk;> Ml;rpiaj; jhq;fs; tpUk;Gk; jpirfspnyy;yhk; jpUk;Gfpd;w ty;yik> ,it,e;j Kjyhsp tHf;fj;jplNk ,Uf;fpd;wd> Idehaf NjHjy; Kiwapy; Rje;jpuk; vd;gJ ntspg;gilahfmq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. vdpDk; ehlhSkd;wj;jpYk;> murpd; vida JiwfspYk; vg;gbnay;yhk; jq;fsJ fPo;j;jukhd tpUg;gq;fisf; FWf;F topapy; gy;NtW ngaHfspy; epiwNtw;wpf; nfhs;syhk; vd;gij Kjyhsp tHf;fk;ed;whfNt Ghpe;J itj;Js;sJ. [dehafj;jpd; ghJfhtyd; vd;W giw rhw;wg;gLk; gphpl;ld; rPkhd;fspd; rig( House of lords ) vd;Wjhd; jdJ ehlhSkd;wj;jpd; Nkyitf;F ehkk; rhw;wpAs;sJ vd;gij ehk; epidtpy; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. mJNghyNt gphpl;ld; ,d;dKk; me;j goq;fhy thhpR rl;lj;ijj;jhd; gpd;gw;wp tUfpd;wJ> gphpl;ld;gpd;gw;wptUk; thhpR rl;lg;gb jdte;jd; xUtd; ,we;J tpl;lhy; mtdJ nry;tq;fs; midj;Jk; mtdJ Kjy;kfDf;F kl;LNk nrhe;jkhFk;> ,e;j rl;lk; nry;tKk; gzKk; xU rpyhpd; iffspy; Ftpe;Jtpl toptFf;Fk;vd;gJ njspthf njwpe;j xd;W> FLk;gr; nrj;Jf;fis gyUf;Fk; gfpHe;jspf;fg;glhky; xU rpyhpd; iffspy;,e;jf; FLk;gr; nrj;Jf;fs; NrUfpd;wdNth mtNu me;jf; FLk;gj;jpd; nfsutj;ijAk; rpwg;GhpikfisAk;ngWthH> ,ijg; Nghyj;jhd; md;iwa ehl;fspy; gpuGf;fs; vy;yhr; nrj;Jf;fSf;Fk; vy;yhr; rYiffSf;Fk;>vy;yh chpikfSf;Fk; chpatHfshf ,Ue;jhHfs;. nry;tNk mjpfhuk; nry;tj;jpw;f;Fr; nrhe;jf;fhud; mjpfhuj;jpw;F nrhe;jf;fhud; vd;w jtwhd fUj;Jmd;W kf;fspilNa epytp te;jJ. ,jd; tpisthf xU Fwpg;gpl;l tHf;fj;jhhplk; kl;LNk rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuk; Klq;fpf; fple;jJ> ,e;jtHf;fk; rl;lj;ij jdJ trjpfSf;Nfw;g tisj;J nfhz;lJ. jdJ chpikfis fhj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wtpjj;jpYk; rhjhuz kf;fisj; jdJ Mjpf;fj;jpd; fpo; itj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; tpjj;jpYk; rl;lq;fis tFj;Jf;nfhz;lJ. ,];yhKk; tHf;f NgjKk; nry;tk; xU rpyhpd; iffspy; kl;LNk Ftpe;jpl tifnra;fpd;w ve;j rl;lKk; ,];yhj;jpy; ,y;iy.jpUkiwahk; jpUf;FHMd;. . . ‘ NkYk; cq;fspYs;s nry;te;jHfSf;Fs;NsNa (nry;ytk;)Rw;wpf;nfhz;bUf;fhky; ,Ug;gjw;f;fhf (,t;thW gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLf;ff; fl;lis ,lg;gl;Ls;sJ.)’ (59:7) vd;Wnjspthff; fl;lisapl;Ls;sJ. ,];yhk; nry;tk; gyUf;Fk; gfpHe;jspf;fg;gLk; tifapNyNa rl;lq;fis tFj;jspj;Js;sJ. ,];yhk;mUspAs;s thRhpikr; rl;lq;fspd;gb> ghuk; ghpar;nrhj;Jf;fs; gyUf;Fk; gfpHe;jspf;fg;glNtz;Lk;. ghuk;ghpar; nrhj;Jf;fs; xUNghJk; xUtUf;F kl;Lk; nry;tjpy;iy. nrhj;Jf;fis tpl;Lr;nry;gtUf;FNtW cwtpdHfNs ,y;iy vd;w #o;epiy cUthfpLk; NghJ tpjptpyf;Ffs; ,Uf;fyhk;. ,J Nghd;wmrhjhuzkhd #o;epiyfspNyAk; ,];yhk; Kd;ndr;rhpf;ifAlNdNa nray;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;epiyapy; nrhj;Jf;fs;,we;jtuJ cwtpdH my;yhjtUf;Fk;- ViofSf;Fk;- nry;fpd;w tpjj;jpNyNa rl;lq;fisj;je;Js;sJ. ,];yhk;Nfhbl;Lf; fhl;ba ,e;jr; rl;lj;ij> ,d;W tof;fpypUf;Fk; kuz thpfSf;F Kd;Ndhb vdr; nrhy;yyhk;. my;yh`;tpd; mUs;kiwahk; jpUf;FHMd; ‘ ghfg;gphptpid nra;Ak; NghJ (ghfj;Jf;F chpikapy;yh)cwtpdHfNsh mehijfNsh> ViofNsh te;JtpLthHfshdhy; mtHfSf;Fk; mr;nry;tj;jpypUe;J toq;Fq;fs;.NkYk; mtHfsplk; fdpthd thHj;ijfisf; nfhz;Nl NgRq;fs;.(4:8) vd;W fl;lis ,l;Ls;sJ. ,t;thW ,];yhk; xUtUila iffspNyNa nry;tk; Ftpe;jpLtijj; jtpHj;jJ. nrhj;Jf;fs;jdpkd;jHfspilNa gutyhfg; gfHe;jspf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.mJxU Fwpg;gpl;ltHf;fj;jhhpd; iffisNa Rw;wptUtjpy;iy. nry;te;jHfs; ,we;JtpLk; NghJ nry;tk; mjpfkhd GJf;fuq;fSf;Fr; nryYNk my;yhky; xUFwpg;gpl;l kdpjdplk; kl;Lk;Ngha;r; NruhJ. ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;gpy; nrhj;Jf;fs; xU Fwpg;gpl;l rhuhplk; Ftpe;J fplg;gjpy;iy. mJ mbf;fbif khwpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; vd;gjw;F tuyhW neLfpYk; rpwe;j Kd;khjphpfisf; fhzyhk;. rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuk; ,];yhj;ijg; ngWj;jtiu xU Fwpg;gpl;l tHf;fj;jpd; rpwg;Ghpikay;y ,];yhkparKjha mikg;gpy; vtUk; jdJ tpUg;gj;jpw;Nfw;g rl;lkpaw;w KbahJ. Vnddpy; mq;F vy;NyhUk; ,iwtd;mUspa rl;lq;fisNa gpd;gw;wp elf;fNtz;Lk; ,iwtd; mUspa rl;lq;fs; kf;fspilNa ve;j tpjkhdghugl;rq;fisAk; ghuhl;Ltjpy;iy. ,jpypUe;J ngwg;gLk; gphpnjhU cz;ik> ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;G tHf;fNgjkw;w xU rKjha mikg;Gvd;gjhFk;. rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuk; xU rpyhpd; rpwg;Ghpikahf ,Uf;Fk; rKjha mikg;gpy; epr;rakhf tHf;fNgjk;vd;gJ ,Uf;Fk;. ve;jr; rKjha mikg;gpy; rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l tHf;fj;jpd; ifapy; ,y;iyNahmq;Nf tHf;fNgjq;fs; tutopapUf;fhJ. Inuhg;gpaHfshy; jtwhf Ghpe;J nfhs;sg; gl;l ,U trdq;fs; ,g;NghJ ehk; jpUkiwapd; ,uz;L trdq;fisg; ghHg;Nghk;: ,e;j ,uz;L trdq;fis ftdkpd;wpgbj;jhy; rpy re;Njfq;fs; voyhk;.
  • ‘cq;fspy; rpyiutplr; rpyiu Mfhuj;jpy; my;yh`; Nkd;ikahf;fp itj;jpUf;fpd;whd; ’ (16:71) ‘ . . . . . . mtHfspy; rpyUilag; gjtpia rpyiutpl ehk;jhk; caHj;jpNdhk;. . . . .. . ‘ (43:32) ,e;j ,uz;L trdq;fisAk; itj;Jf;nfhz;L ,];yhk; tHf;f Nghjj;ij mq;fPfhpf;fpd;wJ vd;W ehk;$wKbAkh ? ,e;j ,uz;L ,iw trdq;fSk; g+kpapy; eilKiwapy; vd;d ele;J nfhzbUf;fpd;wJ vd;gijNavLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wd. mJ ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahapUe;jhYk; rhp my;yJ Ntw;W Ml;rpahapUe;jhYk; rhpNa! ,e;j ,Utrdq;fSk; kf;fs; kjpg;gpYk; tho;f;ifj; juj;jpYk; NtWgLfpd;whHfs; vd;W kl;LNk $Wfpd;wd. cjhuzkhf u;ahitg; ghHNghk;. mq;F vy;yh kf;fSf;Fk; xNu khjphpahd $ypjug;gLfpd;wjh? mq;FxU rpyH tho;f;ifj;juj;jpy; ,d;Dk; rpyiutpl caHe;jtHfshf ,y;iyah? mq;F ,uhZtj;jpy; gy te;jkhfr; NrHf;fg;gLgtHfs; mj;jidNgUk; xNu juj;jpy; jhd;itf;fg;gLfpwhHfsh? gjtpthpirapy; rpyH kw;wtHfistpl caHe;j tHfshf Mf;fg;gLtjpy;iyah? kf;fs;kj;jpapy; rpy NtW ghLfs; jtpHf;f Kbahjit. ,e;j ,uz;L trdq;fSk; mj;jifa NtWghLfSf;fhdFwpg;ghd fhuzq;fs; vijAk; fw;gpf;ftpy;iy. mit ,e;j NtWghLfSf;F Kjshspj;JtNkh fk;AdprNkh-,];yhNk jhd; fhuzk; vdFwpg;gpltpy;iy. kdpjdpd; ghHitapy; ,e;j NtWghLfs; epahakhdit vd;Nwhmepahakhdit vd;Nwh ,e;j ,iw trdq;fs; Fwpg;gpltpy;iy ,e;j NtWghLfs; cynfq;fYk; fhzg;gLfpd;wdvd;W kl;LNk $Wfpd;wd. vdpDk; ,t;Tyfpy; elg;git midj;Jk; ,iwtdpd; ehl;lg;gbNa elf;Fk; vd;gJcz;ikNa! ,g;NghJ ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;G vd;gJ tHf;fNgjq;fs; vJTkw;w xU rKjha mikg;G vd;gJnjspthfpapUf;Fk;. mJNghyNt ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;gpy; rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuk; ahUila ghuk;ghpanrhj;Jky;y vd;gJk; njspthfpapUf;Fk;. ,d;ndhd;iwAk; ehk; cd;dpg;ghff; ftdpf;fNtz;Lk;. nrhj;Jf;fspYk;> nry;tq;fspYk; kf;fspilNa,Uf;Fk; NtWghLfs;NtW. nrhj;JfisAk;> nry;tq;fisAk; itj;jpUg;gtHfs; rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuj;ijg;ngWk;NghJ vw;gLk; NtWghLfs; NtW. ,uz;ilAk; Fog;gpf; nfhs;sf; $lhJ. nry;tj;jpd; nrhe;jf;fhuHfs; rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuj;ijg; ngWfpd;wNghJ tHf;fNgjq;fs; epr;rakhfVw;gLk;. nry;tj;jhy; Vw;gLk; NtWghLfs; epr;rakhf tHf;fg;Ngjq;fis Vw;gLj;jhJ. Mdhy; kf;fs; midtUk;Nfhl;ghl;lstpy; my;yhky; eilKiwapy; - rl;lj;jpd;Kd; ‘rkk; ’ vd;w mbg;gilapy; elj;jg;glNtz;Lk;. ,];yhj;jpy; epyr;nrhe;jfpfhuHfSf;Fr; rl;lkpaw;Wk; mjpfhuNkh NtW rpwg;GhpikfNsh ,y;iy. Mjyhy;mtHfs; mLj;jtHfs; kPJ Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jhky; vdgijNah epidj;Jf;$l ghHf;fKbahJ. ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;gpy; Kjshspj;Jtk; Njhd;wpapUf;FNkahdhy; ,Jjhd; ele;jpUf;Fk;. mq;Fnry;tq;fspy; Vw;gLk; Vw;wj;jho;T th;f;fNgjj;ijj; Njhw;Wtpj;jpUf;fhJ Vnddpy; ,];yhkpa rKjua mikg;gpy;Ml;rpahsHfspd; mjpfhuk; Kjyhspfs;NghLfpd;w gpr;iray;y khwhf mq;F Ml;rpahsHfs; kf;fshy;NjHe;njLf;fg;gLthHfs;. my;yh`; mUspa mofpa rl;lq;fisg;gpd;gw;wp elg;gtHfs;. mq;Nf Ml;rpahsH jdJmjpfhuj;ij ,iwtd; mUspa rl;lj;ijg; gpd;gw;wp elg;gjd; %yNk ngWfpd;whH. NkNy nrhd;dtw;Wld; ,d;ndhd;iwAk; epidtpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mjhtJ nry;tj;ij rKjhaj;jpd;midj;J kdpjHfspilNaAk; - rkkhf-Jy;ypakhfgphpj;Jj; jUfpd;w xU rKjha mikg;G ,Uf;fNt KbahJ.tHf;fNgjj;ij Kw;Wkhf xopj;J tpl;ljhf $wpf;nfhs;Sk; fk;a+dpr mikg;gpy; $l mt;thwpy;iy. fk;a+dprk;Ml;rpiaAk; mjpfhuj;ijAk; xU tHf;fj;jhhplk; Vidatiunay;yhk; kPwptpLk; mstpw;F xg;gilj;Js;sJ. mt;thW mjpfhuk; jug;gl;bUf;Fk; tHf;fk; njhopyhsH tHf;fkhFk;. ,];yhk; xUNghJk; tHf;fNgjj;ij Mjhpj;jjpy;iy. mjd; mbg;gilfs; tHf;fNgjj;ij xopf;fpd;wtpjj;jpy; mike;jpUf;fpd;wdNt jtpu tHf;fNgjj;ij vw;gLj;Jk; tpjj;jpy; ,y;iy.
  • ehj;jpfh; eufthrpah?Nfs;tp : xUth; ,iwtidAk;> kWikAk; ek;Gtjpy;iy> mNj rkak; kJ mUe;JtJ tpgr;rhuk; nra;tJ Nghd;wnfl;ggof;fq;fSk; ,y;iy. ahUf;Fk;. jPq;F nra;jJkpy;iy. jd;dhy; ,ad;wsT gpwUf;F cjtp nra;Njtho;fpwhh;. ,j;jifNahUf;F nrhh;f;fk; fpilf;Fkh?gjpy; : ,iwtdpYk; kuzj;jpwFg; gpe;ija tho;tpYk; ek;gpf;ifapy;yhj xUth; jPikiaj; jtph;ggJk; ed;ikianra;tJk; nrhh;f;fj;ij Nehf;fkhf nfhz;L my;y vd;gJ cz;ikNa mth; ed;ikfisr; nra;tJ r%fj;jpy;ew;ngah; vLg;gjw;fhfTk; Gfoiltjw;FkhfNt ,Uf;fyhk;. mg;gbahdhy; mth; vjpghh;f;Fk; Gfo; mtUf;Ffpilf;fNt nra;fpwJ. my;yJ kdjpUg;jpf;Fk; Mj;kjpUg;jpf;Fk; Ntz;b ed;ik nra;fpwhh;> jPikiaf;iftpLfpwhh; vd;why; mth; vjph;ghh;f;Fk; jpUg;jpAk; mtUf;F fpilf;fNt nra;fpwJ.,iwtDf;F mQ;rpAk;> kuzj;jpw;Fk; gpe;ija tho;tpy; nrhh;f;f tho;it Nehf;fkhf nfhz;l mjw;fhdfUkq;fisr; nra;j tho;gth;fSf;Nf mJ toq;fg;gLk;.vij tpUk;gp mij miltjw;Fhpa topapy; Kay;fpd;wth;fSf;Nf mjid mila KbAk; vd;gJ nghJthdtpjpahFk;. Mdhy; ,iwtid kWikia ek;ghj Fwpg;gpl;l xUth; nrhh;f;fj;jpypUg;ghuh? my;yJeufj;jpypUg;ghuh? vd;W ek;khy; jPh;khdkhf $wpl KbahJ. mJ ,iwtd; epr;rapf;ff; $bajhFk; vth;nrhh;f;fthrp vth; eufthrp vd;W Vf ,iwtd; kl;LNk mwpgtDk; jPh;khdpg;gtDkhthd;.jpUf;Fh;Md; ,iwNtjkh?Nfs;tp : Fh;Md; ,iwNtjk; vd;gjw;F vd;d Mjhuk;?gjpy; : ‘epr;rakhf ,(e;j Ntjkhd)J mfpyq;fspd; ,iwtdhy; ,wf;fp itf;fg;ngw;wJ. &`{y; mkPd; (vDk;thdth; [pg;hPy;) ,ijf;nfhz;L ,wf;fpdhh;. (egpNa!) mr;r%l;b vr;rhpg;gtuhf ePh; ,Ug;gjw;fhf (,ij) ck;,jaj;jpd; kPJ (,t;Ntjj;jij ,wf;fpdhh;) njspthd mugp nkhopapy;’ vd;W Fh;Md; $WfpwJ.jpUf;Fh;Md; - Vf ,iwtd; [pg;hPy; (miy) %ykhf K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fSf;F mUspdhd; vd;W K];ypk;fs;ek;Gfpd;whh;fs;. ,iwtdplkpUe;Njh> [pg;uPyplkpUe;Njh> jpUf;Fh;Mid vtUk; nrtpAw;wjpy;iy. K`k;kJ (]y;)mth;fsplkpUe;Nj nrtpAw;whh;fs;. K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fs; ,J vd;Dila nrhe;j thf;F my;y. Vf,iwtdpd; thf;F vd;whh;fs;.,ij Vw;Wf; nfhs;shjth;fs;. ,e;j Fh;Md; ,iwtd; thf;fhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. my;yJ K`k;kJ (]y;)mth;fspd; thf;fhf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gjpy; VjhtJ xd;iw Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.K`k;kjpd; thf;Fjhd; vd;why; K`k;kJ (]y;) ,iwtd; ngauhy; ngha; nrhy;ypapUf;f Ntz;Lk;. K`k;kJ(]y;) jd;Dila fUj;ij nrhy;yptpl;L mij ,iwtd; nrhd;dhd; vd;w nrhy;ypapUe;jhy; mth; xU ngha;ah;vd;whfpwJ. Mdhy; egp (]y;) mth;fs; tho;it ePq;fs; Muha;e;J ghh;j;jhy; md;dhhpy; mg;gOf;fw;w Neh;ik>ehzak;. ek;gpf;if vj;jifaJ vd;gij tuyhW mwpe;j midtUk; mwpth;. mz;zyhh; (]y;) tho;e;jfhyj;jpy; tho;e;j kdpjh;fspy; vtUk; $l. vjphpAk; $l mz;zyhiu ngha;ah; vd;W nrhd;djpy;iy.mf;fhyj;J kf;fj;J kf;fs; mz;zyhiu my;rhjpf; (cz;ikahsh;) my; mkPd; (ek;gpf;ifahsh;) vd;Dk; rpwg;Gg;gl;lg;ngah; nfhz;Nl mioj;J te;jhh;fs;.jk; tho;ehspNy ngha;Na Ngrhj K`k;kJ (]y;) mth;fs; Fh;Mid jhNk ,aw;wp mJ ,iwtdplkpUe;J te;jJ
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  • [fhj; Vd; ?; fk;a+dp];LfSk;> INuhg;gpa fhyzp nfhs;iff;Fj; jq;fis mlF itj;Jtpl;ltHfSk; ,];yhj;jpd; kPJ xUFw;wr;rhl;ilr; Rkj;jp tUfpd;whHfs;. gzk; gilj;jtHfs; jUfpd;w (]fhj;) jhdjHkq;fis rhHe;J jq;fsJ tho;it mikj;Jf;nfhs;sfpd;w tpjj;jpy; rhjhuz kf;fis ,];yhk; mDkjpj;Jtpl;lJ"> vd;gNj me;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;L. ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;L ]fhj;" vd;gJ nry;te;jHfs; jq;fsJ jathy; jUfpd;w ahrfk; vd;w jtwhdfUj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; mike;jjhFk;. jtwhd ,e;j fUj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; vOe;j me;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;Lk;jtwhdNj ! ,e;jf; Fw;wr;rhl;il kWg;gjw;F ehk; ]fhj; vd;gijAk; <if my;yJ jhdjHkk; vd;gijAk;NtWgLj;jpf;fhl;Lahf Ntz;Lk;. <if my;yJ jHkk; vd;gJ xUtH jhkhfNt Kd; te;J jUtjhFk;. ,jid rl;lj;ijf; nfhz;Nlh>Ml;rpahshpd; mjpfhuj;ij nfhz;Nlh fl;lhag; gLj;jp t#ypj;jpl KbahJ. khwhf ]fhj; vd;gJ rl;lj;jhy; gpufldg;gLj;jg;gl;l xU fl;lis. ]fhj;ij ju kWg;gtHfs; vjpHj;JmuR NghH njhLj;jpl Ntz;Lk;. kWg;gtHfs; jq;fs; KbtpNyNa epiyj;jpUg;ghHfNsahdhy; muR mtHfis xUNtiy nfhis $l nra;Jtplyhk;. Vnddpy; ]fhj;ij jukWg;gtHfs; me;epiyapy; ,];yhj;ijj;Jwe;jtHfshff; fUjg;gLthHfs;. Mdhy; jhd jHkq;fis- ahrfk; - ju kWg;gtHfs; kPJ ,J Nghd;w eltbf;iffis vLf;f KbahJvd;gijr; nrhy;yj;Njit ,y;iy. Vnddpy; mJ KOf;f KOf;f jUgtHfspd; nrhe;j tpUg;gq;fisg;nghWj;jjhFk;. nghUshjhuf; fz;Nzhl;lj;jpy; fz;lhy; cyfpNyNa Kjd; Kjyhf Kiwahf tpjpf;fg;gl;l thpNa‘]fhj;’ jhd; ]fhj; Kiw tof;fpy; tUtjw;F Kd;dhy; thpfs; Ml;rpahsHfspd; tpUg;gk;Nghy; tpjpf;fg;gl;Lte;jd. mt;thW jug;gl;l thpfs; Ml;rpahsHfspd; nrhe;j eyidg; ghJfhg;gjw;Nf gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld.Ml;rpahsHfs; jq;fs; nrhe;jtpUg;gjw;Nf gad;gLj;jg;gl;ld. Ml;rpahsHfs; jq;fs; nrhe;j nre;jtpUg;gq;fisepiwNtw;wpl gzk; Njitg;gLk; Nghnjy;yhk; thpia tpjpj;jhHfs;. ngUk;ghYk; thpr;Rik Vio vspa kf;fs; kPNj tpoe;jJ. ,jdhy; nry;te;jHfis tpl ViofNsmjpfkhfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;ldh;. gy Neuq;fspy; thp rhjhuz kf;fsplkpUe;J kl;LNk t#ypf;fg;gl;lJ. ,];yhk;jhd; Kjd; Kjypy; thp t#ypg;gjpy; xU newp Kiwia Vw;gLj;jpaJ mj;Jld; tpjpf;fg;gLk; thpf;F xUcr;rtuk;ig nfhz;L te;jJ. rhjhuz #o;epiyfspy; muR me;j cr;rtuk;gpw;F Nky; thpiar; Rkj;jplKbahJ. ,];yhk; tFj;Jj; je;j newp Kiwfspd;gb nry;te;jHfsplkpUe;Jk;. eLj;ju tFg;G kf;fsplkpUe;Jk;kl;LNk thp t#ypf;fg;gLk;. ViofsplkpUe;J thp t#ypf;fg;glkhl;lhJ. ]fhj; %yk; t#ypf;fg;gLk; gzj;ij ViofSf;Nf gfpHe;jspf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. mijAk; muNr nra;jplNtz;Lk;. ,jid ,];yhj;ijg; gopg;NghH vg;nghJk; kdjpw; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ]fhj; epjpapy; nry;te;jHfSf;Fgq;F fpilahJ. ,];yhkpa murpay; mikg;gpy; nghJepjp fUt+yk; jw;fhy epjpmikr;rfj;ij xj;jjhf ,Uf;Fk;. vg;gbmuRf;F tuNtz;ba tUtha;fis t#y;nra;J mjid nghJkf;fSf;F gad;jujf;f tpjj;jpy; nrytpLtjpy;,d;iwa epjp mikr;rfq;fs; nray; gLfpd;wdNth mNj NghyNt nghJepjp fUt+yk; nray;gLk;. tha;g;Gfs;fpilf;fhjjhy; jq;fsJ md;whl Njitfisr; rk;ghjpf;f Kbahky; Mfpd;wtHfisAk;> ,ayhikahy; jq;fsJNjitfisrk;ghjpf;f Kbahky; Mfpd;wtHfisAk;> murhq;fk; ftzpj;Jf; nfhz;Lk; fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;Lk;,Uf;Fk;. muR ,tHfspd; ey;tho;Tf;F Mtz nra;Ak;. mNj Neuj;jpy; muR ,itfis jHkkhfr; nra;fpd;wJvd;Nwh> my;yJ cjtpfis ngWgtHfs; Vsdj;jpw;Fs;shf;fg;gLfpd;whHfs; vd;Nwh nrhy;yp KbahJ. Xa;T ngw;wtHfSf;Fj; jug;gLfpd;w Xa;T Cjpaj;ijNah> njhopyhsHfSf;fhf ,d;iwa ehl;fspy;Vw;ghLfisNah my;yJ ,tw;wpypUe;J nghWk; cjtpfisNah ahuhtJ ahrfk; vdr; nrhy;thHfsh ? ,Jmehijahfptpl;l Foe;ijfs; tpaj;jpYk; tNahjpfHfspd; tpaj;jpYk; nghUe;Jk;. ,tHfSf;nfy;yhk; muR cjtp nra;J mtHfsJ tho;T tsk;ngw topfhZk;NghJ ahuhtJ ,tHfspd;
  • nfsutk; ghjpf;fg;gl;L tpl;lJ vd;W $WthHfsh? vtWk; $wkhl;lhH. XU nghWg;Gs;s muR ,ij epr;rakhf nra;Nj Mf Ntz;Lk;. frg;ghd mDgtq;fs; gy je;j ghlq;fspd; tpisthfTk;> ePz;l neLk; ehl;fshf khdpl ,dk;mDgtpj;j r%f mepjpfspd; tpisthfTNk rKjha ghJfhg;Gg; gzpfis ,d;iwa muRfs; Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sd.rKjhaj; Jiwapy; Inuhg;gh ,Ul;Lf;Fs; Klq;fpf; fple;j fhyj;jpNyNa ,];yhk; ,J Nghd;w rKjhag;ghJfhg;G guhkhpg;G Kiwfisf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. ,J ,];yhj;jpd; nghUikfSs; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. ,d;W rKjhag; ghJfhg;G jpl;lq;fis Ntw;W ehLfspypUe;J ,wf;Fkjp nra;J nfhz;Ls;s rpy rpwpaehLfs;> mNj rKjhag; ghJfhg;G gzpfis ,];yhk; Nkw; nfhs;Sk;NghJ Vfbak; NgRfpd;wd. ,];yhj;jpd; Muk;g ehl;fspy; ]fhj;" ViofSf;F Nehuhf toq;fpLk; tof;fNk ,Ue;jJ. ,ij itj;Jf; nfhz;L rpyH ]fhj;ij xU rKjha ghJfhg;Gj; jpl;lk; vd vg;gb nfhs;tJ vdtpdhtyhk;. ,];yhj;jpd; Muk;g ehl;fspy; Viofs; ]fhj;ij toq;fpatHfsplkpUe;J Neubahf ngw;wdH. ,ijmd;iwfpUe;j tho;f;if #o;epiyfs; mDkjpj;jpUf;fyhk;. my;yJ rfpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jpUf;fyhk;. Mdhy;]fhj;ijg; ngWtjw;F ,J jhd; chpa top vd;W nrhy;fpd;w tpjj;jpy; my;yJ ]fhj;ij NkNy nrhd;dKiwapy; jhd; ju Ntz;Lk; vd;W nrhy;fpd;w tpjj;jpy; ve;jr; rl;lKk; ,];yhj;jpy; ,y;iy. MfNt [fhj; %yk; t#ypf;fg;gl;l epjpiaf; nfhz;L kUj;Jtkidfis epWTtij my;yJfy;tpf;Nfe;jpuq;fis mikg;gij my;yJ kf;fspd; ey;tho;Tf;F tif nra;fpd;w $l;LwT epWtdq;fismikg;gijj; jilnra;fpd;w ve;j tpjpAk; ,]yhj;jpy; ,y;iy. mJ NghyNt ]fhj; epjpiaf; nfhz;L gyUf;FNtiy jUfpd;w Miyfis epWTtjpYk; ,];yhk; ve;j jiliaAk; tpjpj;jjpy;iy. ,ijNa NtWthHijfspy;nrhy;tjhdhy; ]fhj; rKjha NritfSf;fhfTk; juyhk;. Nehahy; gpbf;fg;gl;L tho;f;ifj; Njitfisg; ngwKbahjtHfs; taJ Kjpw;rpahy; ciof;f KbahjtHfs;> Foe;ijfs; MfpNahNu ]fhj;ijg; gzkhf ngWk;jFjpg; gilj;jtHfs; VidNahH Ntiy tha;g;G vd;w tifapNyh rKjhag;ghJfhg;G vd;w tifapNyh mjidngwyhk;. ,];yhkpa rKjhak;> ]fhj;ij ek;gp thOk; rpyiuf; nfhz;ljhf vg;NghJk; ,Uf;Fk; vd;W nrhy;yKbahJ.,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;G fypgh ckH-gpd; - mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfspd; Ml;rpf;fhyj;jpy; XH cd;dj epiyia vl;bapUe;jJ vd;gijehk; epiytpy; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mtHfSila Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; ]fhj; t#ypf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; mijg; ngWk;msTf;F tWikAw;w vtiuAk; t#ypg;gtHfshy; fz;L gpbf;fKbatpy;iy. ]fhj;ij t#ypj;J ViofSf;Fg;gfph;e;JjUk; nghWg;ig Vw;wpUe;j a`;ahgpd; nra;aj; mtHfs; ,J Fwpj;J gpd;tUkhW $Wfpd;whHfs; ckH gpd;mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfs; vd;id ]fhj; t#ypj;Jtu Mg;gphpf;fhTf;F mDg;gpdhHfs;. ehd; ]fhj;ij t#ypj;Njd;.gpd;dH mijg;gfpHe;J ju Viofisj; NjbNdd;. Mdhy; mq;F ]fhj;ijg; ngWfpd;w msTf;F twpatHfs;vtiuAk; fhztpy;iy. me;j ]fhj;ij Vw;Wf;nfhs;gtHfshtJ njd;gLthHfsh vdg; ghHNjd;. ahUk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Kd;tutpy;iy me;j msTf;F ckHgpd; mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfs; kf;fis nropg;gpy; itj;jpUe;jhHfs;.twpatHfNs ,y;iy. xt;nthU rKjhaKk; ViofisAk; twpatHfisAk; jd;Ds; nfhz;bUf;Fk; vd;gJ cz;ik. mtHfspd;gpur;ridfisr; re;jpg;gjw;Fj; jFe;jj; jFe;j mstpy; Kd;Ndw;ghLfisr; rl;lj;jpy; mikj;Jf;nfhs;sNtz;baJ mtrpak;. ,e;j tifapy; tpepatHfs; ey;tho;Tf;fhf Vw;gLj;jg;gl;lNj ]fhj;. ,];yhk; vg;nghJk;xU ngWk; kf;fl; $l;lj;ijj; jd;NdhL NrHj;Jf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jJ. Gjpjhf te;j ,e;j kf;fl; $l;lj;jpy;trjp gilj;jtHfSk;> twpatHfSk; ,Ue;jhHfs;> MfNt ckh;gpd; mg;Jy; m[P]; mtHfs; fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jtWikaw;w cd;dj epiyua milfpd;w tpjj;jpy; epiyahd rl;lq;fis ahj;jpl Ntz;baJ kpfTk;Kf;fpkhdjhFk;> ,J Vw;GilajhFk; ,j;jifanjhU epiyahd Vw;ghLjhd; m];]fhj;.
  • jHkq;fs; (]jfh); nry;te;jHfs; jhq;fshfNt kdKte;J Kd;te;J jUtNj ]jfh" vdg;gLk;. ]jfh vd;w jHkq;fisj;jUtij ,];yhk; Vw;Wf; nfhz;J. mq;fPfhpj;jJ. ,j;jh;kq;fisg; gy topfspy; juyhk;> ngw;NwhHfisAk;cwtpdHfisAk; NgZtjd; %yKk;> NjitAs;stHfSf;F cjTtjd; %yKk;; jHkq;fs; vd;w ]jfhitj;juyhk;> rpy Neuq;fspy; ]jfh vd;gJ ew;nray;fshfTk; ,uf;fk; fdpe;j thHj;ijfshfTk; ,Uf;Fk;. ek;Kila cw;whH cwtpdHfsplj;jpy; ehk; jhuhskhf ele;J nfhs;tij vtNuDk;> ehk; mjd; %yk;mtHfis Vsdg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk; vdf; $WthHfsh? $wkhl;lhHfs;. ek;Kila cw;whH cwtpdHfsplj;jpNyjhuhskhf ele;J nfhs;tJ> ehk; nfhz;bUf;fpd;w md;G> ghrk;> mDjhgk; Mfpatw;wpd; tpisNt! ehk; ekJrNfhjuDf;F xU nghUis md;gspg;ghfj; jUtJ my;yJ ekJ cwtpdHfSf;F tpUe;jspg;gJ epr;rakhfmtHfis Vsdg;gLj;jpajhfhJ. ,J mtHfis ntl;fj;jpy; Mo;j;jhJ ntWg;ig Vw;gLj;jhJ. ,];yhj;jpd; Muk;g ehl;fspy; ]fhj; vd;d mbg;gilapy; toq;fg;gl;lNjh mNj mbg;gilapy;twpatHfSf;F md;gspg;Gfisg; nghUl;fshf toq;Ftjw;Fg; nghUe;Jk;. ViofSf;Fk; twpatHfSf;Fk;nghUl;fis md;gspg;ghfj; jUtij ,];yhj;jpd; Muk;g ehl;fspypUe;j tho;f;ifr; #o;epiyfs; rfpj;Jf;nfhs;gitahf ,Ue;jd. ,g;gb md;gspg;G jUtij ViofSf;Fk; twpatHfSf;Fk; cjtp nra;jpLtjw;f;F,Uf;fpd;w NeHikahd top vd ,];yhk; fUjpaJ. ]jf;fh vd;w jhdjHkq;fis xNu xUtifahfj;jhd;je;jpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W gzpf;fpd;w tjj;jpy; ve;j tpjpAk; ,];yhj;jpy; ,y;iy. jHkq;fis (]jf;fhit)rKjhar; Nritfspy; <Lgl;bUf;Fk; mikg;GfSf;F ed;nfhilahfTk; juyhk;. mJ NghyNt jd;Dilajpl;lq;fisAk;> Kaw;r;rpfisAk; nray;gLj;j jd;Dila jpl;lq;fisAk;> Kaw;r;rpfisAk; nray;gLj;j epjpNtz;b epw;Fk; ,];yhkpa muRfSf;F cjtpj;njhifahf juyhk;. ,];yhkpa murpd; fPo; thOk; kf;fspy; Viofs; ,Ue;jpLk; tiu> muR jd;dhy; ,ad;w vy;yhtopfspNyAk;Kad;W me;j Vio kf;fspd; tho;it tskhf;fpl Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,];yhk; gzpf;fpd;wJ. ,d;Dk; ,];yhkparKjhaj;jpy; Viofs; kl;Le;jhd; ,Ug;ghHfs; vd;wpy;iy. ckH gpd; mg;Jy;- m[p]; mtHfspd; fhyj;jpy;,];yhkpa rKjhak; mile;jpUe;j cd;dj epiyia ,];yhk; mile;jpLk; NghJ Viofs; vtUk; ,];yhkparKjha mikg;gpy; ,Uf;fkhl;hHfs;> me;epiyapy; jHkq;fisj; Njitg;gLgtHfNsh> ]fhj;ijVw;Wf;nfhs;gtHfNsh ,Uf;fkhl;lhHfs;. mg;NghJ ]jfhthf t#y; nra;ag;gLk; epjp rKjhaj;jpw;F kpfTk;Kf;fpakhfj; Njitg;gLk; NritfSf;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. mjhtJ VjhtJ fhuzj;jhy; Ntiy nra;aKbahkypUf;Fk; kdpjHfisf; fz;Lgpbj;J mtHfSf;F toq;fg;gLk;. kf;fsplk;> jHkq;fis ek;gp thOq;fs; vd;W xUNghJk; ,];yhk; $wpajpy;iy. jq;fsJ tho;f;ifj;Njitfisj; jq;fsJ ciog;ghy; rk;ghjpj;jpl KbahjtHfSf;Ff; fz;zpakhdnjhU tho;it mikj;Jj;jUtJ ,];yhkpa murpd; flikahFk;. jHkq;fis ek;gpNa thOq;fs; vd;W kf;fis ,];yhk; tpl;bUe;jhy;,g;gbg;gl;lnjhU flikia murpd; kPJ tpjpj;jpUf;fhJ vd;gij ehk; Ghpe;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. mJ NghyNt ciof;f Kbe;j xt;nthUtUf;Fk; Ntiytha;g;gpid toq;fpl Ntz;baJk; ,];yhkpamurpd; flikahFk;. ,];yhkpa murpd; ,e;jf; flikiag; gpd;tUk; egpnkhop typAWj;Jfpd;wJ. ,iwtdpd; JhjH mtHfsplk; te;J xU kdpjH jhd;tho VjhtJ Ntz;Lk; vd ahrpj;jhH. ,iwtdpd;JhjutHfs; xU fapw;iwAk;> NfhlhhpiaAk; mthplk; je;J tpwF ntl;b> tpw;W thOk;gb $wpdhHfs;. mj;Jld;jpUk;g te;J vd;d ele;jJ vd;gij vd;dplk; $wNtz;Lk; vd;Wk; $wpdhHfs;. " NkNy je;Js;s ,e;j vLj;Jf;fhl;L xU jdpg;gl;l cjhuzkhFk;. ,jw;Fk; ,Ugjhk; Ehw;whz;bw;Fk;ve;j njhlHGk; ,y;iy vd rpyH $wyhk;. ,e;j cjhuzj;jpy; xU kdpjd;> xU Nfhlhhp> xU fapW,itj;jhd; rk;ke;jg;gl;Ls;sd. Mdhy; ,Ugjhk; Ehw;whz;bd; ,d;iwa epiyapy; Nfhbf;fzf;fhdNtiyaw;wtHfs;> kpfg;nghpa Miyfs;> tYthd murhq;f mikg;Gfs;> mtw;wpd; fPo; ,aq;Fk; gy;NyW Jiwfs;>,tw;iwnay;yhk; ftdj;jpy; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. MfNt NkNy nrd;d vLj;Jf;fhl;L ,d;iwa #o;epiyfSf;Fxj;JtuhJ vd;Wk; rpyH thjpf;fyhk;. ,J xU nghUe;jhthjkhFk;. Vnddpy; njhopw;$lq;fs; Njhd;Wtjw;F Xuhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;dNumtw;iwf; Fwpj;Jr; rpy tpjpKiwfisj; je;jpl Ntz;ba mtrpak; nUkhdhH(]y;) mtHfSf;Ff;fpUf;ftpy;iy.mg;gbNa rpy tpjpfisj; je;jpUe;jhYk; mJ ahUf;Fk; Ghpe;jpUf;fhJ. nghUkhdhH(]y;) mtHfs; ,e;j tpaj;jpy; Njitahd mbg;gil tpjpfisj; je;jpUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gNjNghJkhdjhFk;. ,e;j mbg;giliaf; nfhz;L #o;epiyfSf;Nfw;g tpjpfis mikj;Jf;nfhs;s xt;nthUjiyKiwiaAk; mDkjpj;Js;shHfs;. ,J kpfTk; gaDs;s mwpthHe;j Vw;ghlhFk;. ,e;j tifapy; NkNy cs;s egpnkhop gpd;tUk; mbg;gil tpjpfisj; jUtjhFk;.
  • 1. me;j kdpjDf;F xU Ntiy tha;g;igj; ju Ntz;Lk; vd;w nghUkhdhH(]y;) mtHfspd;nghWg;GzHr;rp. mjhtJ Ml;rpj;jiythpd; nghWg;G ,jpy; mwpTWj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. 2. mg;NghJ ,Ue;j #o;epiyfSf;Nfw;g me;j kdpjUf;F xU Ntiyia CH[pjk; nra;jhHfs;. 3. me;j kdpjhplj;jpy; jpUk;gp te;J vd;d ele;jJ" vd;gij jd;dplk; $wNtz;Lk; vd;W $wpajpd;%yk; muRf;F ,Uf;Fk; nghWg;ig mwpTWj;JAs;shHfs; nghWkhdhH(]y;) mtHfs;. ,];yhk; gjp%d;W Ehw;whz;LfSf;F Kd;dH typAWj;jpa nghWg;GzHr;rpia Kd;dH ,d;W tof;fpypUf;Fk;murpay; nghUshjhuf; nfhs;iffs; CH[pjk; nra;tdthf ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,];yhkpa rKjha mikg;gpy; xUNtiymurhq;fj;jhy; Ntiyaw;NwhUf;F Ntiy juKbahtpl;lhy; nghJepjpf; fUt+yk; mtHfspd; epiyikr; rPuilAk;tiu mtHfsJ Njitfisf; ftzpj;Jf;nfhs;Sk;. ,g;gb xU vw;ghl;ilr; nra;tjpy; jtNwJkpy;iy. Vnddpy;K];ypk;fs; murpd; tptfhuq;fspYk; rhp> mLj;jtHfspd; Jd;gq;fspd; NghJk; rhp kpfTk; jhuhskdg;ghd;ikAlNdNa ele;J nfhs;thHfs;.      Previous Home Contents Next
  • nghJthd Nfs;tp-gjpy;fs;1. Fu;Mdpy; nkhj;jk; vj;jid #uhf;fs; ? 1142. Fu;Mdpy; $wg;gLk; Ntjq;fs; vd;nzd;d? jt;uhj; rG+u; ,d;[py; Fu;Md;3. %/kpd;fSf;F Kd;khjpup vd;w my;yh`; Fu;Mdpy; ahiuf; $Wfpwhd;? Mrpah mk;ikahu;4. egp (]y;) elj;jpa Kjy; Nghu; vJ? gj;u;5. Fu;Md; Xjpdhy; mJ kWikapy; ekf;F vd;d nra;Ak;? rpghupR nra;Ak;6. ,];yhj;jpd; mbg;gil flik vj;jid? Ie;J7. vJ ,y;yhjtDf;F njhOif ,y;iy? cS ,y;yhjtDf;F8. K];ypKf;Fk; fh/gpUf;Fk; cs;s NtWghLfs; vd;d vd;W egp (]y;) $wpdhu;fs;? my;yh`;itAk;> mtd; JhjiuAk; kWg;gJ9. kPd; tapw;wpy; rpiw itf;fg;gl;l egp ahu; ? A+D]; egp (]y;)10. ,iwtd; kd;dpf;fhj kpfg;ngupa ghtk; vJ? pu;f; (,izitj;jy;) (4: 116)11. ,iwtd; vq;F ,Uf;fpwhd; ? ,iwtd; thdj;jpy; ,Uf;fpwhd; (66: 16> 17)12. ,iwtdpd; xUehs; vjw;F rkk; ? ehk; fzf;fpLk; Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;F rkk; (22. 47)> (32: 5)13. njhohjtu;fs; kWikapy; ahUld; ,Ug;ghu;fs;? gpu;mt;d;> fhUd;> `hkhd;> cig ,g;D y`g;14. nrhu;f;fj;jpy; ve;je;j MWfs; XLfpd;wd? ghyhW> NjdhW> ePuhW> kJ MW15. cyfpd; Kjy; egp ahu; ? Mjk; (miy) (19: 58)> (20: 122)16. K`k;kj; egp (]y;) mtu;fSf;F mUsg;gl;l Ntjk; vJ?
  • jpUf;Fu;Md;17. cyfpd; ,Ujp egp ahu; ? K`kj; egp (]y;) mtu;fs; (33: 40)18 neUg;ghy; gilf;fg;gl;ltu;fs; ahu; ? ,g;yP]; vd;Dk; ij;jhd; (7: 12)>(38: 76)19. ,];yhj;jpd; flikfs; vd;d? 1. fypkh 2. njhOif 3. Nehd;G 4. `[; 5. [fhj;20. flikahf;fg;gl;l njhOif Neuq;fs; vj;jid mit vd;ndd;d Neuk; ? Ie;J 1. /g[;U 2. Yfu; 3. m]u; 4. k`;upg; 5. ,h21. jz;zPuhy; gilf;fg;gl;lit vit? capupdq;fs; jz;zPuhy; gilf;fg;gll;litNa> (24: 45) (75: 37)> (76:2)> (77:20)> (86: 67).22. eufthrpapd; gjpNtl;bd; ngau; vd;d? ]p[;[Pd;23. my;yh`; kdpjDf;F nra;a Ntz;ba flik vd;d? kdpju;fspy; ,izitf;fhjtiu eufj;jpy; my;yh`; Nghlhky; ,Ug;gJ.24. kidtpapd; ikaj;ij fztd; Fspg;ghl;lyhkh? Fspg;ghl;lyhk;.25. G+kp mirahky; ,Ug;gjw;F my;yh`; vd;dnra;J cs;shd;? kiyfis mq;fq;Nf el;Litj;Js;shd;26. my;yh`;tpd; ,lj;jpy; capu;gpuhzpiatpl Nftykhdtu;fs; ahu; vd;W $Wfpwhd;? cz;ikia mwpe;J nfhs;sh nrtplu;fSk;> Cikau;fSk;. (8:22)27. N[hrpak; ghu;j;jhy; ,];yhj;jpy; vd;d jPik? 40 ehs; njhOif ghohFk;.
  • 28. kf;fhtpy; mUsg;gl;l mj;jpahak; vj;jid? kf;fhtpy; mUsg;gl;l mj;jpahak; = 86.29. kjPdhtpy; mUsg;gl;l mj;jpahak; vj;jid? kdpjdhy; mUsg;gl;l mj;jpahak; = 28.30. ,izitj;jy; vd;why; vd;d? my;yhtpw;F ,Uf;Fk; jd;ik kw;wtu;fSf;F cz;L vd;W ek;GtJ31. Fy/F ,j;jh fhyk; vj;jid? 1 khjtplha; fhyk;.32. Rtdj;jpy; cs;s vl;bd; ngau; vd;d? y`;Gy; k`;Gy;.33. Rd;dj; vd;why; vd;d? egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; nrhy;> nray; mq;fPfhuk;.34. ahUf;F kWikapy; ,ul;il ehf;F ,Uf;Fk; ? cyfpy; ,ul;il Ntlq;fs; Nghl;ltu;fSf;F35. fztd; jyhf; $wpdhy; ,j;jh fhyk; vj;jid? %d;W khjtplha; fhyk;.36. Fu;Mdpy; ngz;zpd; ngaupy; cs;s mj;jpahak; vJ? ku;ak; (miy)37. fg;u;f;F nry;Yk; ngz;fis egp (]y;) vd;d $wpdhu;fs;? my;yh`;tpd; rhak; cd;lhfl;Lk; vd;W $wpdhu;fs;.38. ,iz itg;gtu;fSf;F my;yh`; vij `ukhf;fp tpl;lhd;? Rtdj;ij.39. kyf;F khu;fspd; jd;ik vd;d? rhg;gplNth> J}q;fNth> Fbf;fNth> kyk;> [yk; fopf;fNth khl;lhu;fs;40. kyf;F khu;fspd; Ntiy vd;d? my;yh`; ,l;l fl;liyia mg;gbNa epiwNtw;WtJ.41. ve;nje;j egp khu;fspd; kidtpia my;yh`; eufthrp vd;W $Wfpwhd;? Y}j; egp> E}`; egp.42. mjpfkhf `jP];fs; mwptpj;j ngz; ahu; ? Maph (uyp)43. njhOif vg;gb ,Uf;ff; $lhJ vd;W egp (]y;) $wpdhu;? Nfhop nfhj;JtJ Nghy; ,Uf;ff; $lhJ.
  • 44. mZ msT ngUikNah fu;tNkh cs;std; vq;F nry;thd;? eufk; nry;thd;.45. Fu;Mdpy; $wg;gl;l `hgpapd; ngau; vd;d? i[j; (uyp)46. Kjd; Kjypy; ,wq;fpa #uhtpd; ngau; vd;d? #uj;Jy; m/yf;.47. jha; je;ij ,d;wp te;j egp ahu; ? Mjk; (miy)48. je;ij ,d;wp gpwe;j egp ahu; ? <]h (miy)49. my;yh`; vjd; kPJ mku;e;J ,Uf;fpwhd; ? mu;py;50. 950. Mz;Lfs; tho;e;j egp ahu; ? E}`; (miy)51. %]h egpf;F ,wq;fpa Ntjk; vd;d? jt;uhj;52. my;yh`;it ghu;j;jtu;fs; ahu; ? ahUk; ,y;iy.53. Kjd; Kjypy; ,iw nra;jp ,wq;fpa ,lj;jpd; ngau; vd;d? `puh Fif.54. jhT+j; egp (]y;) ,wf;fpa Ntjk; vd;d? [G+u; Ntjk;.55. vy;yh mky;fisAk; mopf;ff; $baJ vJ? pu;f; (,izitj;jy;)56. vy;yh egp khu;fSk; nra;j Nghjid vd;d? (yhapyh`h ,y;yy;yh`;) vd;W $wpdhu;fs;.57. <khd; vd;why; vd;d? my;yh`;itAk; egp khu;fisAk; kWikiaAk; Ntjq;fisAk; kyf;Fkhu;fisAk;
  • ek;ik jPik midj;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; Gwj;jpypUe;J tUfpwJ vd;W ek;GtJ.58. kWikapy; Nfl;fg;gLk; Kjy; Nfs;tp vijg; gw;wpaJ? njhOifiag; gw;wpj;jhd;.59. fypghf;fs; 4 Ngu; tupirahf $wTk;? 1. mG+gf;fu; (uyp) 2. cku; (uyp) 3. c];khd; (uyp) 4. myp (uyp).60. [pd;fis ve;j egpf;F fl;Lg;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jhd; ? Riykhd; (miy)61. egp (]y;) mtu;fSf;F gy; cilf;fg;gl;l Nghu; vJ? c`j; Nghu;62. #u; Cjf; $ba kyf;fpd; ngau; vd;d? ,];uhgPy; (miy)63. ,];yhj;ij Vw;w Kjy; ngz;kzp ahu; ? fjP[h (uyp)64. nray;fs; midj;Jk; vij nghUj;J mikfpwJ? vz;zq;fis nghUj;jJ.65. vJ cs;std; eufj;jpy; Eioa khl;lhd; ? fLF msT <khd; cs;std; eufpy; Eioa khl;lhd;.66. cz;ikahd K];yPk; ahu; ? jd; ehtpdhYk;> iffspdhYk; gpwUf;F Jd;gk; juhjtd; cz;ikahd K];ypk;.67. ,];yhj;jpy; rpwe;j gz;G vJ? grpj;jtUf;F czT mspg;gJ mwpe;jtUf;Fk; mwpahjtUf;Fk; ]yhk; $WtJ68. ahuplk; mDkjp ngwhky; ngz;fs; nry;yf;$lhJ? fztuplk; mDkjp ngwhky; nry;yf;$lhJ.69. ve;j tPl;by; kyf;Fkhu;fs; tukhl;lhu;fs; ? eha; cUtg;glk; kzpNahir cs;s tPl;by;70. [khj;jhf njhOjhy; vj;jid klq;F ed;ik? 27 klq;F
  • 71. ngz;fs; vq;F nry;tij my;yh`; rgpg;ghd; vd;W egp (]y;) $wpdhu;fs;? fgu; ];jhDf;F (mlf;f];jyk;)72. ve;j ,uz;L Neuk; njhof;$lhJ? #upad; cjak; MFk; NghJk; #upad; kiwAk; NghJk;73. ve;j ePupy; cS nra;af;$lhJ? ePupd; RitAk;> ePupd; epwKk; khwpajpy; cS nra;af;$lhJ.74. fly; ePupy; cSr; nra;ayhkh? nra;ayhk;75. cyfk; kw;Wk; cyfj;jpy; cs;s nghUistpl rpwe;jJ vJ? Rtdj;jpy; rhl;il itf;Fk; rpwpa ,lk; jhd; rpwe;jJ76. gpuahzj;jpy; thfdj;jpy; njhoyhkh? njhoyhk;.77. cSr; nra;a ePu; fpilf;fhj NghJ vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;? jak;kk; nra;aNtz;Lk;.78. njhOif ve;j Neuj;jpy; njhOtJ rpwg;G? njhOif cupa Neuj;jpy; njhOtJ rpwg;G79. njhOifapy; pu;f; nra;gtd; ahu; ? ntspg;gfj;Jf;fhf njhOgtd;.80. pu;f; itf;Fk; ngw;Nwhu;fSf;F ek; flikfis nra;ayhkh? nra;ayhk;.81. njhof;$lhj ,lq;fs; vit? xl;lfj; njhOtk; fopg;gplk; fgu;];jhd;82. ehk; ey;y tpjkhf ele;J nfhs;s mjpf cupik ngw;wtu; ahu; ? ekJ jha;.83. fztd; ahUf;F nghWg;ghspahthd;? jd; tPl;lhUf;F84. kidtp ahUf;F nghWg;ghspahths; ? jd; fztdpd; tPl;lhUf;Fk; jd; gps;isfSf;Fk;.85. gzpahs; vjw;F nghUg;ghspahthd; ? jd; v[khdpd; nghUl;fSf;F.
  • 86. je;ij jd; gps;isfSf;F mspf;Fk; md;gspg;Gfspy; rpwe;jJ vJ? mtu;fSf;F mspj;jpLk; ey;y fy;tpAk; ey;nyhOf;f gapw;rpapd;.87. Foe;ijfis vg;NghJ njhor;nra;aNtz;Lk;? 7 taij mile;jhy;.88. 10 taJ MfpAk; njhotpy;iy vd;why; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;? mbj;J njho itf;f Ntz;Lk;89. ij;jhd; vjdhy; gilf;f gl;LUf;fpd;whd; ? neUg;ghy;90. A+D]; egpia ,iwtd; Fu;Mdpy; ,d;ndhU ngau; nfhz;L miof;fpd;whd; vd;d ngau; ? J}d;E}d; (21: 87)91. a`;ah egpapd; je;ijapd; ngau; vd;d? [f;upah (miy)92. Vfj;Jk; vd;why; vd;d? my;yh`; xUtd; jhd; vd;W ek;GtJ93. my;yh`;thy; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l `[;[{f;F vd;d ed;ik? md;W gpwe;j Foe;ij Nghy;94. Fu;Mdpy; my;yh`;tpd; gd;Gfspy; mjpfk; tUk; gz;G vJ? mu;u`;khd;.95. Fiw $wp Guk; Ngrpj;jpupgtd; ve;j eufj;jpy; ,Ug;ghd;? `Pjkh vDk; eufpy;.96. Gdpj khjq;fs; 4 vd;d? Jy;f/jh Jy;`[; u[g; K`uk;.97. gj;u; Nghu; ve;j khjj;jpy; ele;jJ? ukyhd; khjj;jpy;98. tPz; tpiuak; nra;gtu; ahUila Njhod; vd;W Fu; Md; $Wfpd;wJ? ij;jhdpd; Njhod; vd;W.99. Kdhgpf; vq;F ,Ug;ghd;? eufj;jpd; mbj;jyj;jpy; ,Ug;ghd;.100. a/[{[; k/[{[; $l;lj;ij milj;J itj;jtu; ahu; ?
  • Jy;fu;idd;101. `yhy; `uhk; ahu; jPukhdpg;ghu;? my;yh`;102. fdTfSf;F tpsf;Fk; je;j egp ahu; ? A+Rg; (miy)103. eufj;jpd; fhtyu; ahu; ? kyf;Ffs;.104. my;yh`;tpd; mu;i vj;jid thdtu;fs; Rke;J nfhz;L ,Uf;fpwhu;fs; ? 8 thdtu;fs;105. tUlj;jpy; xU ehs; [pg;upy; (miy) vy;yh kyf;FfSf;Fk; G+kpapy; ,wq;fp kdpju;fSf;F tho;j;Jnrhy;thu;fs;. mJ ve;j ehs;? iyyj;Jy; fj;u; ,uT106. ahu; ,Utu; ,Uf;Fk; NghJ %d;whtjhf ij;jhd; ,Ug;ghd;? xU md;dpa MZk; xU md;dpa ngz;Zk;.107. njhOifiaapy; ]g;ig rup nra;ahtpl;lhy; vj;jifia ghjpg;G Vw;gLk; vd;W egp (]y;) mtu;fs;$wpdu;? ij;jhd; Eiothd; njhOif rPwhf mikahJ.108. K];ypk; tPLfspy; rpwe;j tPL vJ? mdhijfis guhkupf;Fk; tPNl K];ypk; tPLfspy; rpwe;jJ.109. kWikapy; 4 Nfs;tpfSf;F gjpy; $whky; fhy; efuhJ vd;W egp (]y;) $wpdhu;fs; mJ vd;dNfs;tp ? tho;ehs; cly; cWg;G fy;tp nghUshjhuk; rk;ghjpj;jJ nryT nra;ajJ.110. fhghtpy; gjpf;fg;gl;Ls;s fy;ypd; ngau; vd;d? `[;Uy; m];tj;.111. njhOiff;F ghq;F nrhy;Yk; Kiw ahu; MNyhrid nrhy;yp nfhz;Lte;jhu;fs;? cku; (uyp) .112. Rtdj;jpy; ahUila fhyb Xir Nfl;ljhf egp (]y;) $wpdhu;? gpyhy; (uyp)113. egp (]y;) jk; Njhou;fspy; ahiu Kjyplj;jpy; Nerpj;jhu;? mG+gf;fu; rpj;jpf; (uyp).114. egp (]y;) kf;fh FiwpfNshL nra;J nfhz;l xg;ge;jj;jpd; ngau; vd;d? `{ijgpah.115. egp (]y;) egpahtjw;F Kd;ghf kf;fh fhgpu;fs; vg;gb mioj;jhu;fs; ?
  • my;mkPd;. m];]hjpf;.116. igj;jy; K`j;j]; gs;spia fl;ba egp ahu; ? Riykhd; (miy).117. egp (]y;) mtu;fis ,uj;jk; rpe;j Jd;GWj;jpa kf;fs; ahu; ? jhapg; efu kf;fs;.118. FHMid XJfpd;w %/kpd;fSf;F egp (]y;) vij cjhuzkhf $Wfpd;whu;? MuQ;R goj;ij Nghd;wJ. mjd; RitAk; ed;W. thridAk; ed;W.119. ahUila JM mq;fpfupf;fg;glhJ vd;W egp (]y;) $wpdhu;? ed;ikia Vtp jPikia jLf;fhjtdpd; JM.120. kfid ,];yhj;jpd; ghy; mioj;j egp ahu; ? E}`; egp (]y;)121. [{k;kh njhOif epiwNtw;wpa cld; vij Njlr; nrhy;yp my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; ? my;yh`;tpd; mUis. (63: 10).122. Rtu;f;fthrpfspd; gjpNtl;bd; ngau; vd;d? ,y;ypaPd;.123. ngz;fs; ntspNa nry;Yk; NghJ vij nra;af;$lhJ? thrid jputpaq;fis G+rf;$lhJ.124. kdpjd; my;yh`;Tf;F nra;a Ntz;ba flik vd;d? my;yh`;it kl;Lk; tzq;FtJ.125. kWikapy; ey;ytu;fspd; vg;gb ,Uf;Fk; ? rpupj;jhfTk; kfpo;T cilajhfTk; ,Uf;Fk;.126. gf;uh #uhtpy; %d;W tpaq;fis my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; mJ vd;d? njhOif Nehd;G [fhj;.127. Fu;Mdpy; kpfg;ngupa trdk; vij gw;wpaJ? fld; xg;ge;jk;.128. ngz;fs; kPJ rhgk; cz;lhff;$ba nray; %d;W vd;d? xl;L Kb itg;gJ gr;ir Fj;JtJ fgu;];jhDf;F nry;YtJ129. xUtUf;F Nfhgk; te;jhy; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk;. vd;W egp (]y;) $wpdhu;fs;?
  • cSr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.130. my;yh`; k`iug; gw;wp vd;d $Wfpd;whd; ? ePq;fs; kzk; Kbf;Fk; ngz;fSf;F k`u; nfhLj;J KbAq;fs; vd;W $Wfpwhd;.131. kWikapy; ,iw epuhfupg;ghsu;fs; ,g;gb Mfp ,Uf;ff;$lhjh vd;W Gyk;Gthu;fs; vg;gb? kz;zhfp NghapUf;ff; $lhjh vd;W (78: 40)132. %]h (miy) rKjhaj;jhUf;F my;yh`; nfhLj;j cztpd; ngau; vd;d? kD ry;th.133. njhohjtd; ve;j eufj;jpy; ,Ug;ghd;? ]fu; vDk; eufj;jpy;.134. je;ijia Vfj;Jt gf;fk; mioj;j egp ahu; ? ,g;uh`Pk; (miy)135. gwitaplk; Ngrpa egp ahu; ? Riykhd; (miy) .136. Fu;Md; ,wf;fg;gl;l ,utpd; rpwg;G vd;d? Mapuk; khjq;fis tpl rpwe;jjhFk;. (97: 3)137. fztdpd; mDkjpapd;wp ngz;fs; ntspNa nrd;why; vd;d elf;Fk; ? kyf;Fkhu;fspd; rhgk; fpilf;Fk;.138. kidtpapd; kPJ fztdpd; flik vd;d? cz;z czTk;> cLj;j MilAk; nfhLg;gJ.139. jd; gps;isfis ve;j Neuj;jpy; mDkjp ngw;W ek; tPl;bDs; tuNtz;Lk;? g[;Uf;F Kd; Y`Uf;F gpd; ,htpw;F gpd;140. my;yh`;tpd; thdk; ahUf;F jpwf;fg;gl khl;lhJ? nfl;l mbahdpd; &if nfhz;L NghFk; NghJ141. ey;ybahUf;F my;yh`; ve;j ifapy; gl;Nlhiy jUthd;? tyJ ifapy;. (84: 7.8)142. xU kdpju; ,we;j gpd; tUtJ vd;d? epiyahd ju;kk; gad; juf;$ba fy;tp ]hyp`hd gps;isfspd; JM.143. `p[;uj;jpd; NghJ egp (]y;) mtu;fSld; nrd;w Njhou; ahu; ?
  • mG+gf;fu; rpj;jpf; (uyp).144. `p[;up Mz;L ve;j rk;gtk; Fwpj;J Muk;gpg;gg;Lfpd;wJ? kf;fhit tpl;L kjpdh nrd;w rk;gtk; itj;J.145. c`J Nghupy; `k;]hu; (uyp) vd;wtu; ngau; vd;d? t`;rp.146. ,];yhj;jpy; Kjy; Kjypy; capu; jpahfk; nra;j ngz;kzp ahu; ? Rikah (uyp)147. kpfTk; mofhd egp ahu; ? A+Rg; egp (]y;) mtu;fs;148. Kjd; Kjypy; ,];yhj;ij Vw;w rpWtd; ahu; ? myp (uyp)149. %]h egp (]y;) mtu;fs; fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j nfhLq;Nfhy; kd;dd; ahu; ? /gpu;mt;d;150. ghq;if Kjd; Kjypy; nrhd;d egp (]y;) Njhou;ahu; ? gpyhy; (uyp)151. %]h egp (]y;) mtu;fSf;F ,iwr; nra;jp te;j ,lj;jpd; ngau; vd;d? J}u; rpdh.152. ve;j tajpy; egp (]y;) egpahdhu;fs; ? 40tJ tajpy;153. my;yh`; jdJ ez;gd; vd;W ve;j egpia $Wfpd;whd; ? ,g;uh`pk; egp (]y;)154. Kjd; Kjypy; ,wq;fpa Fu; Md; trdq;fs; vj;jid? 5 trdq;fs;.155. kf;fp vd;why; vd;d? kf;fhtpy; mUsg;gl;l trdk;156. kjdp vd;why; vd;d? kjPdhtpy; mUsg;gl;l trdk;157. Fu;Mid Gj;jf tbtkhf njhFj;j r`hgpapd; ngau; vd;d? i[J ,g;D [hgpj; (uyp).158. ukyhd; khjk; vjdhy; rpwg;G ngw;wJ? Fu;Md; ,wq;fpajhy;159. %]h egpapd; ck;kj;jpdu;fs; vd;d czT Ntz;Lk; vd;W Nfl;lhu;fs;?
  • NfhJik fPiu gUg;G ntq;fhak; nts;supf;fha;.160. `p[;uj; vd;why; vd;d? khu;f;fj;jpw;fhf ehL tpl;L ehL nry;tJ.161. gpj; mj; nra;jhy; vd;d ghtk;? gpj; mj; ek;ik eufpy; nfhz;L Nru;f;Fk;.162. ahUila mbr;Rtl;il gpd;gw;whjPu;fs; vd;W my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; ? ij;jhdpd; mbr;Rtw;iw. (24: 21).163. ij;jhd; vij vy;yhk; VTthd;? khdf;Nflhdtw;iwAk; ntWf;fj; jf;fitAk;.164. kWikehspy; xU kdpjDf;F vjpuhf vit vy;yhk; rhl;rp nrhy;Yk; ? me;ehspy; mtu;fspd; ehTk; iffSk; fhy;fSk;.165. ngz;fs; mjpfkhf eufj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; fhuzk; vd;d? gpwiu rgpg;gjhy; fztid epuhfupg;gjhy;.166. my;yh`; vg;NghJ mbahid Ntjid nra;akhl;lhd; ? my;yh`;tplj;jpy; ght kd;dpg;G Nfl;Fk; NghJ167. khu;f;f fy;tp fw;gjpy; rpwe;j ngz;fs; vd;W egp (]y;) mtu;fs; ahiuf; $wpdhu;fs;? kjpdj;Jg; ngz;fs; (md;]hup ngz;fs;)168. egp (]y;) mtu;fs; jQ;rk; GFe;j Fif vJ? rt;u; Fif.169. vJ tPukhd nray; vd;W my;yh`; Fu;Mdpy; $Wfpd;whd; ? vtu; gpwu; nra;j jPq;if nghWj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;whu;fNsh mJ jhd; kpf cWjpahd tPuKs;s nrayhFk;.(42: 43)170. `[;Uy; m];tj; fy; Vd; fUg;ghf cs;sJ? kdpju;fs; nra;j ghtj;jpdhy; jhd;171. ahu; rpuhj;Jy; K];jfPd; ghyj;ij flf;fhky; Nghthu;fs;? Nghupy; ]`pjhdtu;fs;.
  • 172. egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; ufrpa Njhou; ahu; ? Fijgj; ,g;D akhd; (uyp)173. Ntjj;ij fw;W mjd; mbg;gilapy; nray; glhjtid vjw;F xg;ghf my;yh`; $Wfpd;whd; ? fOijf;F xg;ghf.174. ve;j ,uz;L gz;Gfis my;yh`; Nerpf;fpd;whd; ? rfpg;G jd;ikdAk; nkd;ikiaAk;.175. nrhu;f;fj;jpy; EioAk; Kjy; gFjpapdu; vt;thW Eiothu;fs; vd;W egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;? ngsu;zkp epyitg; Nghd;W.176. Rtdj;jpy; kpfg; ngupa mUl;nfhil vJ? Rtu;f;f thrpfspd; kPJ my;yh`; Nfhggg;glhjJ kpfg; ngupa mUl;nfhilahFk;.177. kWik ehspy; xspAld; vOg;gf; $batu; ahu; ? ahu; fLikahd ,Uspy; cSr; nra;J tpl;L gs;spf;Fs; njhotUfpd;whNwh mtu;fis xspAld; vOg;Gthd;.178. nrhu;f;fthrpfs; nrhu;f;fj;jpy; vj;jid tUlq;fs; ,Ug;ghu;fs;? epue;jukhf (2: 25) .179. my;yh`; ,ijf; $w ntl;fg;gl khl;lhd; ? nfhRitNah mijtpl mw;gkhdijNah.180. my;yh`; Mjk; egpf;F vjid fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhd; ? vy;yh nghUl;fspd; ngau;fisAk;.181. ehq;fs; jhd; Rtdj;jpy; EioNthk; vd;W ahu; $wpdhu;fs;? A+ju;fSk;. fpwp];jtu;fSk;. (2: 111)182. kdpju;fisAk; [pd;fisAk; my;yh`; vjw;fhfg; gilj;jhd;? my;yh`;it tzq;fFtjw;fhf.183. ,iwtdpd; ngw;Nwhu;fs; ahu; ? xUtUk; ,y;iy.184. jpu;Fu;Mdpd; kfj;Jtk; vd;d? Neu;topapy; njspthd mwpTiwia nfhz;lJ. rj;jpaj;ijAk; mrj;jpaj;ijAk; gpupj;Jf; fhl;LtJ.185. czitg;gw;wp my;yh`; kdpju;fSf;F fl;lisapLtJ vd;d? J}a;ikahd mDkjpf;fg;gl;l czit cz;Zq;fs;.186. gspq;F ryit fy; ahu; fhyj;jpy; fz;L gpbf;fg;gl;lJ? Riykhd; (miy)
  • 187. rhf;fly; vd;W Vd; $Wfpd;whu;fs; ? cg;Gf;fSk; jhJ nghUl;fSk; mjpfkhf cs;s fhuzj;jpdhy; .188. ikaj;jpw;F fgd; mzpgtu;fSf;F my;yh`; vd;d jUthd;? ]pd;J}]; ,];jguf; vd;w cau;e;j uf Mil.189. tl;b thq;fp cz;gtu;fSf;F vd;d jd;lid? ,uj;j Mw;wpy; kpjg;ghu;fs;.190. nkd;ikahd jd;ikapy;yhjtu;fs; vij ,oe;J tpLfpd;whu;fs; ? ed;ikfis ,oe;J tpLfpwhu;fs;.191. epaha tpiyf; fil ve;j fhyj;jpy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg; gl;lJ? A+Rg; egp (]y;)192. Fiwpfs; vtw;iw nja;tk; vd;W $wpdhu;fs;? yhj; c]h193. fy;ypy; ,Ue;J gilf;fg; gl;lJ vJ? ]hyp`; egpapd; xl;lfk;.194. neUg;gpdhy; mopf;fg;gl;l rKjhak; vJ? ]hj; egp.195. fh/ghit ,bf;f te;jtu;fis my;yh`; vijf;nfhz;L mopj;jhd; ? mghgpy; gwit (105: 15)196. Kjypy; nrq;fy; jahupj;jtu; ahu; ? /gpHmt;d; fl;lisapy; `khd; jahupj;jhd;197. eufj;jpd; fhty; fhf;Fk; kyf;fpd; ngau; vd;d? khypf;198. re;jpuid gpoe;J fhl;ba egp (]y;) ahu; ? K`kJ egp (]y;) mtu;fs;199. kPd; tapw;wpy; ,Ue;j egpahu;? A+D]; egp (]y;)200. kdpju;fis vjdhy; gilj;Js;shd; ? fsp kz;zhy;.201 kyf;Ffis vjdhy; gilj;Js;shd; ? xspahy;.202 G+kpia kl;Lk; my;yh`; vj;jid ehspy; gilj;jhd;?
  • 2 ehl;fs;. (41: 9).
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  • 3. cq;fis Ml;rp nra;tjw;nfd my;yh`; ahiu epakpj;jpUf;fpd;whNdh mtHfspd; eyidNa ePq;fs; ehlNtz;Lk;.mz;zy; egp(]y;) mtHfs; $wpajhf mg;gh];(uyp) mwptpf;fpd;whHfs;: xUtd; jd;Dila jiythplk; VNjDk;xd;iw tpUk;gtpy;iynadpy; nghWikAld; ,Uf;fl;Lk;. Vnddpy; jiytiu tpl;L vtd; xU [hd; msT tpyfptpLfpd;whNdh mtd; mwpahikf; fhyj;J kuzkhf kuzkile;J Nghfpd;whd; (Gfhhp)[{dhjh ,g;D mgP cika;ah (uyp) $wpajhf mwptpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. cghjh ,g;D ]hkpj; (uyp)Neha;tha;g;gl;bUe;j NghJ ehq;fs; mtHfsplk; nrd;wpUe;Njhk;. ehq;fs; $wpNdhk; my;yh`; cq;fisf;Fzg;gLj;Jthdhf! mz;zy; egp(]y;) mtHfsplkpUe;J Nfl;l xU `jPi] vq;fSf;F mwptpj;Jj; jhUq;fs;.my;yh`; cq;fSf;Fg; gad; mspf;fl;Lk; mg;NghJ mtHfs; $wpdhHfs;. egp(]y;) mtHfs; vq;fismioj;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; miog;Gf;Fg; gjpyspj;J mtHfsplk; cWjpg; gpukhzk; nra;J nfhLj;Njhk;. mtHfs;vq;fsplk; thq;fpa cWjpnkhopapy; tpUg;gpYk;> ntWg;gpYk;> rpukj;jpYk;> ehq;fs; nrtpNaw;W> fPo;g;gbe;J tho;Nthk;vd;Wk; gpwH eyDf;Nf Kjyplk; mspg;Nghk; vd;Wk; MSNthhplk; mjpfhuk; Fwpj;J rz;ilapl khl;Nlhk; vd;Wk;ehq;fs; cWjpg; gpukhzk; nra;J nfhLj;Njhk;. Mdhy; MSNthhpd; Nghf;F gfpuq;fkhd> F/g;uhf (epuhfhpg;ghf),Ug;gpd; NkYk; mtHfspd; Nghf;F epuhfhpg;G jhd; vd;gjw;F cq;fsplk; my;yh`;tpd; Mjhuk; ,Ue;jhy;(mg;NghJ mtHfis vjpHf;Fk; chpik cq;fSf;F cz;L)mjpfhuj;jpy; cs;NshHf;Ff; fPo;g;gbaj;jhd; Ntz;LkhW nra;af; $lhJ vd;gjw;F ek;gfkhd egpnkhopfs; Vuhsk;cs;sd. mtw;iwr; nray;gLj;j jtwpajhy; jhd; kf;fspd; jPdpy; my;yJ cyf tptfhuj;jpy; gw;gy NfLfs;Vw;gl;Ls;sd! %jhijaiug; gpd;gw;Wjy;mwpahikf; fhy kf;fspd; tho;f;if Kiw rpy Nfhl;ghLfisf; nfhz;bUe;jJ. mtw;wpy; Kf;fpakhdJ%jhijahHfisg; gpd;gw;WtjhFk;. ,Jjhd; Kw;fhyk; kw;Wk; gpw;fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j midj;J,iwkWg;ghsHfsplKk; ngUk; rl;lkhf tpsq;fpaJ. ,iwtd; jpUf;FH Mdpy; $Wfpd;whd;.,t;tpjNk ckf;F Kd;G VNjDk; XH CUf;F vr;rhpf;ifahsiu ehk; mDg;gpaNghJ mq;F nry;tr; nropg;NghLtho;e;jtHfs; ehq;fs; vq;fs; %jhjaiu xU tho;f;if Kiwg;gb thof; fz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;. mtHfspd;mbr;RtLfspd; kPNj ehq;fSk; tho;e;J nfhz;L tUfpd;Nwhk; vd;W jhd; $wpdhHfs;! ek;Kila egp mt;¥Hkf;fsplk; Nfl;lhH. ePq;fs; cq;fs;> jha; je;ijaH tho;e;Jtuf; fz;lghijia tpl kpfr; rPuhd ghijia ehd;cq;fSf;F fhz;gpj;jhYkh? (ePq;fs; ,Nj Nghf;fpy; nry;yg;Nghfpd;wPHfs;? ) mjw;F mtHfs; $wpdhHfs; ePq;fs;ve;jj; J}Jr; nra;jpNahL mDg;gg;gl;bUf;fpd;wPHfNsh mjid ehq;fs; epuhfhpg;gtHfsha; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;(my;FHMd; 43:23> 24)my; m/uh/g; mj;jpahaj;jpy; my;yh`; mtHfis ,t;thW VTfpd;whd;.cq;fs; ,iwtdplkpUe;J cq;fsplk; ,wf;fpaUsg; gl;lijg; gpd;gw;Wq;fs;. mtid tpLj;J NtWghJfhtyHfisg; gpd;gw;whjPHfs;. kpfTk; FiwthfNt ePq;fs; gbg;gpid ngWfpd;wPHfs; (my;FH Md; 7:3)NkYk; my;gfwh mj;jpahaj;jpy; $Wfpd;whd;:,iwtd; ,wf;fpaUspa (Ntjj;)ijg; gpd;gw;Wq;fs; vd;W $wg;gl;lhy;> ,y;iy vq;fs; %jhijaH vt;topapy;thof; fz;NlhNkh mt;topapidj;jhd; ehq;fs; gpd;gw;WNthk; vd;W gjpyspf;fpd;whHfs;. mtHfspd; %jhijaHvijAk; rpe;jpj;JzuhjtHfshAk;> NeHtop ngwhjtHfisAk; ,Ue;jhYkh mtHfisg; gpd;gw;WthHfs; ? (my;FHMd; 2:170)mwpahikf; fhy kf;fs; jk; %jhijaiug; gpd;gw;Wk; gof;fj;jhy; gpizf;fg;gl;bUe;jhHfs;. jkf;nfd;W ve;jr;rpe;jidAk; nfhz;bUf;ftpy;iy. ve;jf; fUj;ijAk; ngw;wpUf;ftpy;iy vd;gij ,J Nghd;w trdq;fs;fhl;Lfpd;wd. ,jdhy; jhd; mtHfs;> mwpahik vDk; Xilfspy; rpf;fpj; jphpe;jhHfs;. ahH ahnuy;yhk;mtHfspd; Nghf;fpy; tho;fpd;whHfNsh mtHfs; midtUk; ,t;thWjhd; vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; ,Ug;ghHfs;.
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  • cjTkhW ,iwQ;rpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. vq;fs; ,iwtNd ve;j ,Wjp egpia mDg;Gtjhf ePthf;fspj;Js;shNah me;j egpia mDg;gp vjphpfis ehq;fs; ntw;wp nfhs;tjw;F cjTthahf! vd;W Ntz;bf;nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;.mtHfs; mwpe;jpUe;j me;jj; J}jH K`k;kJ(]y;) mtHfs; te;jNghJ mtHfis epuhfhpj;jhHfs;. fhuzk;>mofpa tho;f;ifr; rhjdq;fSk;> kpifahd ntspg;gfl;Lk; nfhz;ltHfs; jhq;fs;jhNd vdf; fUjpf;nfhz;L>EGt;tj; vDk; mUl;NgW mugpfsplk; toq;fg;gl;lJ Fwpj;J nghwhik nfhz;lhHfs;. egpj;JtKk; mjd; kPJ<khd; nfhs;Sk; ghf;fpaKk; my;yh`;tpd; mUl; nfhilfshFk; vd;gijAk; mtd;> jhd; ehLgtHfSf;Fmy;yh`; toq;Fthd; vd;gijAk; mtHfs; mwpatpy;iy!gpd;tUk; trdKk; ,e;jf; fUj;ijNa tpsf;FfpwJ:vtHfSf;F ehk; Ntjj;ij toq;fpapUe;NjhNkh mtHfs; jq;fSila ike;jHfis (,dk; fz;L) mwpe;Jnfhs;tijg; Nghd;W me;j mwpT Qhdj;ijAk; ed;fwpthHfs;. vdpDk; mtHfspy; xU gphptpdH ed;F mwpe;Jnfhz;Nl cz;ikia kiwf;fpd;whHfs;. jpz;zkhf ,J ck; ,iwtdplkpUe;J te;j rj;jpakh(dfl;lisah)Fk;. vdNt ,jpy; Iak; nfhs;Nthhpy; ePUk; xUtuhfp tpl Ntz;lhk;. (my;FHMd 2:146> 147),e;j trdj;jpy; tUk; vDk; tpidr; nrhy;ypd; gpujpg; ngaHr;nrhy; 145tJ trdj;jpy; nrd;w (nka;awpitr;)Rl;Lfpd;wJ. mJ tUkhW.ck;kplk; nka;awpT te;j gpwF mtHfspd; tpUg;gq;fis ePH gpd;gw;wpdhy; jpz;zkhf ePUk; mepahaf;fhuHfspy;xUtuhfj;jhd; MtPH.mtHfsplk; ,Ue;j mQ;Qhdg; Nghf;fpd; fhuzj;jhYk; my;yh`;tpd; mUs; jq;fSf;F kl;LNk chpj;jhdJvd;gJ jtwhd ek;gpf;ifapd; fhuzj;jhYk; åjHfs; rj;jpaj;ij kiwj;jhHfs;. mtHfspd; mwptpd; Njl;lg;gbtho;e;jplTk; Kd;tutpy;iy!my;md;Mk; mj;jpahaj;jpd; 19> 20 Mfpa trdq;fs; Kw;wpYk; ,e;j trdj;ijNa xj;jpUf;fpd;wd!ePH NfSk; ahUila rhl;rp vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl caHe;jJ? - ePH $Wk;. vdf;Fk; cq;fSf;Fk; ,ilNamy;yh`; rhl;rpahf ,Uf;fpd;whd;. NkYk; ,e;jf; FHMd; vdf;F t`P %yk; mUsg;gl;Ls;sJ. vjw;fhfntdpy;cq;fisAk; ,d;Dk; ahH ahiunay;yhk; ,J vl;bAs;sNjh mtHfisAk; ,jd; %yk; ehd; vr;rhpf;if nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfj;jhd;! my;yh`;Tld; kw;w flTs;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gjw;F cz;ikapNyNa ePq;fs;rhl;rpak; $w KbAkh? ehd; mt;thW xUNghJk; rhl;rp mspf;fkhl;Nld;. jpz;zkhf my;yh`; Vf ,iwtd;.NkYk; ePq;fs; nra;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,iz itg;Gr; nray;fspypUe;J Kw;wpYk; ehd; tpyfpatdhdNt.vtHfSf;F ehk; Ntjj;ij toq;fpNdhNkh mtHfs; jk; ike;jhHfis mwptJ Nghd;W ,jidAk; ed;FmwpthHfs;. MapDk; vtHfs; jk;ikj;jhNk Nghpog;Gf;F Mshf;fpf; nfhz;lhHfNsh mtHfs; ,jid Vw;Wf;nfhs;tjpy;iy (my;FHMd; 6:19> 20) nry;te;jHfs; jk;Kila nry;tj;jhy; Vkhe;J NghFjy;cyfj;jpy; toq;fg;gLk; mjpf msT nry;tj;ij my;yh`;tpd; md;Gf;F Mjhukhff; nfhs;tjhFk; ,J! my;yh`;$Wfpd;whd;.VNjDk; XH CUf;F vr;rhpg;gtiu ehk; mDg;gpa Nghnjy;yhk; mq;F nry;tr; nropg;gpy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;jkf;fs; mthplk; ePq;fs; ve;jr; nra;jpAld; mDg;gg;gl;bUf;fpd;wPHfNsh mjid ehq;fs; Vw;gjw;fpy;iy vd;W$whky; ,Ue;jjpy;iy! mtHfs; vg;NghJk; ,t;thNw $wpdhHfs;: ehq;fs; mjpfkhd nghUs; nry;tKk;>Foe;ijr; nry;tKk; cilatHfshNthk;. vdNt ehq;fs; xUNghJk; jz;bf;fg;gl khl;Nlhk; (egpNa!),tHfsplk; ePH $Wk; jpz;zkhf vd; ,iwtd; jhd; ehLgtHfSf;F czitj; jhuhskhf toq;Ffpd;whd;.ehLgtHfSf;F msNthL nfhLf;fpd;whd;. Mdhy; kf;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhH (,e;j cz;ikia) mwpe;Jnfhs;tjpy;iy! cq;fSila ,e;jr; nry;tq;fSk;> Foe;ijfSk; cq;fis vk;kplk; neUq;fr; nra;git my;y.Mdhy; ahH <khd; nfhz;L ew;nray; Ghpfpd;whNuh mtiuj; jtpu! mj;jifatHfSf;Fj;jhd; mtHfs; nra;Ak;
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  • Mdhy; mwpahikf;fhy kf;fs; rhpahd Xg;gPl;Lf;Fk;> jtwhd xg;gPl;Lf;Fk; ,ilNa ghFgLj;jtpy;iy> ,Utpaq;fSf;fpilapyhd nghJ mk;rj;ijAk;> NtWghl;ilAk; mwpe;jpUf;ftpy;iy. mjdhy; jhd; egpkhHfis gpwkdpjHfSld; jtwhd Kiwapy; xg;gpl;lhHfs;. ,d;Wk; $l mtHfisg; gpd;gw;Wk; rPlHfSk;> mtHfspd; Nghf;fpy;tho;gtHfSk; ,J Nghd;Nw jtwhd xg;gpLfpd;whHfs;!      Previous Home Contents Next
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  • vq;fsplk; epfo Ntz;Lnkd mtd; ehbdhd;. Mdhy; <khd; vDk; tpRthrj;jpd; gf;fk; vq;fis ePq;fs;miog;gjd; %yk; my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lj;jpw;F ePq;fs; khW nra;fpd;wPHfs;. ,Jjhd; mtHfspd; thjk;.,g;gb thjpl;l ,izitg;ghsHfis my;yh`; gy tpjq;fspy; mr;RWj;jp vr;rhpf;if nra;fpd;whd;.1. KOikahd Mjhuk; my;yh`;tplNk cs;sJ. mkhtJ cz;ik epytuk; ePq;fs; $WtJ Nghd;wpUe;jhy;my;yh`;tplNk KOikahd Mjhuk; cs;sJ.(mtd; ehbapUe;jhy; mtHfs; midtUf;Fk; NeHtop fhl;apUg;ghd; vDk; thrfk; ,e;j Mjhuj;jpw;F tpsf;fk;jhd;. mjhtJ mtd; ehbdhy; cq;fSf;Fk;> cq;fNshL fUj;J NtWghL nfhz;ltHfSf;Fk;> midtUf;Fk;jdJ khHf;fj;ij fhz;gpj;jpUg;ghd;! epiyik ePq;fs; $WtJ Nghd;wpUe;jhy; ,];yhk; $l mtdJ tpUg;gj;jpd;gb epfo;tJ jhNd! mg;NghJ ,izitg;ig Nkw;nfhs;tij tpl;L cq;fs; egpkhHfis jLf;ff; $lhJ vd;Wvg;gb ePq;fs; fUJfpd;wPHfNsh mg;gb ,];yhj;ij Nkw;nfhs;tij tpl;L K];ypk;fis ePq;fs; jLf;ff; $lhJjhNd! ,g;gb K];ypk;fSf;Fk;> cq;fSf;Fk; ,ilNa ve;j Kuz;ghLk; gifikAk; ,Uf;ff; $lhJ. khwhf>,zf;fKk;> NerKk; jhd; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ cq;fs; thjj;jpypUe;J mtrpakhfpd;wJ!mg;gbahdhy; - ve;j kjk; cq;fs; kjj;jpw;F khw;wkhf ,Uf;fpd;wNjh me;j kjk; rj;jpakhdJ vd;W ePq;fs;Vw;wpl Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. Vnddpy; mJTk; my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lg;gb elg;gJ jhNd! (cq;fspd;fUj;Jg;gb) vdNt xd;Wf;nfhd;W Kuz;gl;l vy;yh kjq;fisAk; rhp fhz;gJ mtrpakhfpd;wJ. mJrhpay;yNt!(tphpit mQ;rp nfhQ;rk; tplg;gl;Ls;sJ)fhyj;ij VRtjhFk; ,J. my;[h]pah mj;jpahaj;jpy; mtHfs; $WtJ Nghd;W: fhyk; jhd; vq;fismopf;fpd;wJ,jd; fUj;J ,Jjhd;: md;iwa mwpahikf; fhyj;J kf;fs; topnfl;lJ vg;gb vd;Wk;> mtHfspd; nrtpfspYk;>,jaq;fspYk; Kj;jpiuaplg;gl;lJ vg;gb vd;Wk; mtHfspd; ghHitfs; kPJ jpiuaplg;gl;lJ gw;wpAk;> ,e;jtrdj;jpy; my;yh`; tpsf;fpl ehLfpd;whd;. Mifahy; mtHfs; nrhd;dij mg;gbNa vLj;Jiuf;fpd;whd;. KOtrdKk; tUkhW:tho;f;if vd;gJ ek;Kila ,e;j cyf tho;f;if kl;LNkahFk;. ,q;NfNa ehk; kuzkhfpf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;;tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;. vq;fis mopg;gJ fhyr; Row;rpiaj; jtpu NtnwJTk; ,y;iy. cz;ikapy;,ijg; gw;wp ,tHfsplk; ve;j mwpTk; ,y;iy. ntWk; åfj;jpd; mbg;gilapNyNa ,t;thnwy;yhk; $Wfpd;whHfs;.my;FHMd; 42:24mjhtJ cyfpy; ek;kpy; xU gphptpdH ,we;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. kw;nwhU gphptpdH tho;e;Jnfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. mt;tsTjhd;! midtUk; ,we;j gpwF kPz;Lk; capH nfhLf;fg;gl;L xd;W jpul;lg;gLtJvd;gJ xd;Wk; ,y;iy!,e;j trdj;jpw;F rpyH ,g;gb tpsf;fk; $WtH:rpiy tzf;fk; cila kf;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhH kWgpwtpf; nfhs;ifiaf; $wpf; nfhz;bUe;jhHfs;. ,jd;gb -kw;nwhU gphptpdH tho;e;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs; vd;gJ capiu kw;nwhU clYf;Fj; jpUg;gpf; nfhLg;gijf;Fwpf;Fk;.vq;fis mopg;gJ fhyr; Row;rpNa jtpu NtnwJTk; ,y;iy.mjhtJ> fhyk; fope;J nfhz;Nl nry;tJ jhd; vq;fis mopf;fpd;wJ. ,t;thW mtHfs; nrhy;tJ>kuzj;jpw;nfd xU thdtH epakpf;fg;gl;Ls;shH vd;gijAk; my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisg;gb capHfs; ifg;gw;wg;gLfpd;wd vd;gijAk; kWg;gijf; Fwpf;Fk;. vy;yh epfo;r;rpfisAk;> Mgj;Jf;fisAk; nghJtpy; fhyk; jhd;Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wJ vd;W mtHfs; $Wtjw;F mwpahikNa fhuzkhFk;. mjhtJ midj;Jk; my;yh`;tpd; %yk;jhd; epHzapf;fg;gLfpd;wd vd;gij gw;wp mtHfs; mwpakhl;lhHfs;!,jdhy; jhd; mtHfSila ftpijfspy; fhyj;ijg; gw;wpa KiwaPLfs; epiwe;Js;sd. ,j;jidf;Fk; mtHfs;my;yh`; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. vd;gij Vw;Wf; nfhz;ltHfs; jhNd jtpu mtHfs; eh];jpfHfs; my;y. Vnddpy;
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  • kiyfspy; cq;fSf;fhfg; Gfyplq;fis midj;Jj; je;jhd;. ntg;gj;jpypUe;J cq;fisg; ghJfhf;Fk;MilfisAk;> ePq;fs; NghH GhpAk; NghJ cq;fisg; ghJfhf;Fk; rl;ilfisAk;> cq;fSf;fhfg; gilj;Jj;je;jhd;. ePq;fs; Kw;wpYk; mbgzpe;jtHfsha; ,Uf;Fk; nghUl;L ,t;thnwy;yhk; jd;Dila mUl;nfhilfiscq;fs; kPJ mtd; epiwT nra;fpd;whd;. MfNt ,tHfs; Gwf;fzpf;fpd;whHfnsdpy; (egpNa) rj;jpaj;jpd; J}Jr;nra;jpia mtHfSf;Fj; njspthf vLj;Jiug;gijj; jtpu ck;kPJ Ntnwe;jg; nghWg;Gk; ,y;iy. ,tHfs;my;yh`;tpd; mUl;nfhilfis.. my;FHMd; 16:81> 82> 83,izitg;ghsHfs; ,];yhj;ij tpl;Lg; Gwf;fzpj;Jr; nry;tJ> my;yh`;tpd; mUl;nfhilfis mtHfs; mwNtmwpahj fhuzj;jpdhy; my;y! ,e;j mUl;nfhilfs; vy;yhk; my;yh`; mUspaitjhd; vd;gij mtHfs; ed;FmwpthHfs;. ,Ug;gpDk; nray; hPjpapy; mtw;iw epuhfhpj;jhHfs;. mjhtJ> Vf ,iwtid kl;LNk mtHfs;tzq;fpltpy;iy. kw;w nja;tq;fisAk; tzq;fpdhHfs;. ,e;j tifapy; mtHfs; my;yh`;it mwNttzq;fhjtHfisg; Nghd;Nw cs;shHfs;. mtHfspd; ,e;epiy mUl;nfhilfis kWg;gjhff; fzpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.my;thk;M mj;jpahaj;jpd; gpd;tUk; trdq;fSk; ,f;fUj;ijj;jhd; typAWj;Jfpd;wd.vd;d> ,j;jifa Ntjj;Jld; jhd; ePq;fs; myl;rpakha; ele;J nfhs;fpd;wPHfsh? NkYk; cq;fSila hp];if-tho;thjhuj;ij vg;gb Mf;fpAs;sPHfnsdpy; - mjid ePq;fs; ngha;g;gLj;Jfpd;wPHfs; my;FHMd; 56:81mjhtJ ,d;d> ,d;d el;rj;jpuj;jpdhy; jhd; vq;fSf;F kio nghope;jJ vd;W ePq;fs; $Wfpd;wPHfs;.,g;D mg;gh];(uop) mtHfs; $wpajhf K];ypkpy; XH mwptpg;G cs;sJ. egp(]y;) mtHfs; fhyj;jpy; xU Kiwkio nghope;jJ. mg;nghOJ egpatHfs; $wpdhHfs;. kf;fspy; rpyH ed;wp nrYj;JgtHfshfTk;> ,e;j kiomy;yh`; toq;fpa mUshFk; vd;W $Wfpd;whHfs;. NtW rpyNuh ,d;d el;rj;jpuk; cz;ikapy; gyd;mspj;Js;sJ vd;fpd;whHfs;. mg;nghOJ jpUf;FHMdpd; trdk; ,wq;fpaJ. mtthwpy;iy! el;rj;jpuq;fs;mike;Js;s ,lq;fspd; kPJ ehd; rj;jpak; nra;fpd;Nwd;. NkYk; ePq;f mwpgtHfsha; ,Ue;jhy; ,J kpfTk;nghpanjhU rj;jpakhFk;. mjhtJ> jpz;zkhf ,J kfj;jhdnjhU FHMd; MFk;. ghJfhf;fg;gl;lnjhU Vl;by;gjpag;gl;Ls;sJ. mjidg; ghpRj;jkhdtHfisj; jtpu NtWahUk; jPz;l khl;lhHfs;. mfpyj;jhH midtiuAk;gilj;Jg; ghpghypf;Fk; ,iwtdpd; %yk; ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;ljhFk; vd;d> ,j;jifa Ntjj;Jld; jhd;....my;FHMd; 56:75> 82,JNghd;W ,d;Dk; gy `jP];fs; cs;sd.,tw;wpd; fUj;J ,J jhd;:,e;j mUl;nfhilfis cz;ikahd ,iwtd; jhd; toq;fpAs;shd; vd;W nrhy;yhky; gpw rf;jpfs;toq;fpajhfr; nrhy;tJ mtw;iw ed;wp nrhy;Yk; nrayhFk;. kWg;gjhFk; md;iwa el;rj;jpuq;fspd; gyd;fs;Fwpj;J mugpfspd; nfhs;if vd;dtha; ,Ue;jJ vd;gij NtW ,lj;jpy; ehk; kpfj; njspthff; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;Nshk;.me;jf; nfhs;ifiaj; jhq;fpa mtHfspd; ftpijfisAk; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;Nshk;. my;yh`; jhd; ek;ik mjpypUe;JtpyfpapUf;f cjtp Ghpe;jpl Ntz;Lk;. my;yh`;tpd; rhd;Wfis kWg;gJ,J gw;wp $wf; $ba trdq;fs; FHMdpy; mjpfk; cs;sd. my;f`;G mj;jpahaj;jpy; 105> 106 ,U trdq;fSk;mtw;wpy; cs;sitahFk;.mtHfs; jhd; jq;fSila ,iwtdpd; rhd;Wfis Vw;Wf; nfhs;s kWj;Jtpl;ltHfSk;> mtDila re;jpg;gpd;kPJ ek;gpf;if ,y;yhjtHfSkhtH. ,jdhy; mtHfSila nray;fs; midj;Jk; tPzhk; tpl;ld. NkYk;kWikapy; mtHfSf;F vj;jifa kjpg;igAk; ehk; mspf;f khl;Nlhk;. mtHfs; epuhfhpj;jd; fhuzj;jhYk;>vd;Dila trdq;fisAk;> J}jHfisAk; ghpfrpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j fhuzj;jhYk; mtHfSf;Ff; fpilf;fg;NghFk; $yp eufNk MFk;.,iwtd; ,e;j vr;rhpf;ifia vjw;Fg; gpd;dhy; $Wfpd;whd; vdpy; ,g;gb xU Nfs;tpia vOg;gp mjw;Fg;gjpyhff; $Wfpd;whd;. mJ tUkhW:
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  • mtHfs; ed;F mwpe;Nj ,Ue;jhHfs;.mjhtJ> my;yh`;tpd; Ntjj;ij tpw;Wtpl;L mjw;Fg; gfukhf ij;jhd;fs; Xjpf;fhl;batw;iw thq;fpatDf;FkWikapy; ve;jg; ghf;fpaKk; fpilahJ.jq;fspd; capHfis tpw;W mtHfs; thq;fpf; nfhz;l nghUs; vj;Jiz nfl;lJ! mjhtJ jq;fSilaew;ghf;fpaq;fis tpw;W vjid thq;fpdhHfNsh mJ kpfTk; nfl;Ltpl;lJ.mtHfs; ek;gpf;if nfhz;L gagf;jpiaAk; filg;gpbj;jpUe;jhy; my;yh`;tplkpUe;J mtHfSf;Ff; fpilf;Fk; $ypkpf Nkyhdjhf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;! ,jid mtHfs; mwpe;jpUf;f Ntz;LNk!mjhtJ> ,iwj;J}jhpd; kPNjh mtH kPJ ,wf;fpaUsg;gl;l trdq;fspd; kPNjh my;yJ njsuhj;jpd; kPNjhmk;kf;fs; ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;jhHfshapd; -NkYk; vd;ndd;d ghtq;fspy; mtHfs; <Lgl;bUe;jjhf vLj;Jr; nrhy;yg;gl;ldNth mtw;wpypUe;J mtHfs; tpyfpgagf;jp nfhz;lhHfshapd;my;yh`;tplkpUe;J fpilf;Fk; $yp kpfr; rpwe;jjhf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk;. NkYk; my;yh`;tpd; ed;ikfs; jhd;jq;fSf;Fr; rpwe;jJ vd;gij mtHfs; mwpe;jpUf;f Ntz;LNk!,Nj fUj;ijj;jhd; my;gfuh mj;jpahaj;jpd; gpd;tUk; trdq;fSk; nfhLf;fpd;wd:NkYk; mtHfspy; kw;nwhU gphptpdH vOjg;gbf;fj; njhpahjtHfsha; ,Uf;fpd;whHfs;. mtHfSf;F Ntjj;ijg;gw;wpa ve;j mwpTk; fpilahJ. mtHfsplk; ,Ug;gnjy;yhk; ntWk; mbg;gilaw;w ek;gpf;iffSk;> MirfSk;jhd;. NkYk; ntWk; Cfq;fspNyNa mtHfs; cod;W nfhz;bUf;fpd;whHfs;. nrhw;g tpiyf;F tpw;Wr; rpwpJ,yhgk; ngWtjw;fhf jk; iffshNyNa xU (rl;l) E}iy vOjpg; gpd;dH ,J my;yh`;tplkpUe;J te;Js;sJvd;W (kf;fis Nehf;fpf; $WNthHf;F NfL jhd;. vdNt mtHfSila fuq;fs; vOjpaJk; mtHfSf;Ff; NfLjhd;. NkYk; (mjidf; nfhz;L) mtHfs; rk;ghjpj;jJk; mtHfSf;Ff; NfL jhd;! my;FHMd; 2:78> 79,e;j trdk; - egp(]y;) mtHfspd; Fzq;fisf; Fwpj;J (Kd;dwptpg;G nra;ag;gl;bUe;jgb) KiwNavLj;Jiuj;jhy; jq;fSila jiyikj;Jtk; Ngha;tpLNkh vd;W mQ;rp mtw;iw jphpj;Jf; $wpa åj mwpQHfisg;gw;wp ,wq;fpajhFk;. my;yh`;tpd; tpNtfj;jpy; mwpT El;gj;jpy; Fiw fhz;gJ,JTk; md;iwa mwpahikf;fhy kf;fspd; Fzq;fspy; xd;W. gilj;jy; vDk; jd;Dila nraypy; my;yh`;Ez;zwpTilatd; my;yd; vd;W $wpdH.mjhtJ> cyfpYs;s nghUs;fisg; gilj;jjpy; vt;tpj tpNtfKk; mtDf;F ,y;iy. mwpT El;gk;,y;yhjtw;iwr; nra;Ak;gb VTfpd;whd;. rpytw;iwr; nra;af;$lhJ vd;W mtd; tpyf;FtjpYk; vt;tpj tpNtfKk;,y;iy vd;W gpjw;wpdhHfs;.gpd;tUk; trdq;fspy; my;yh`; ,jid vLj;Jiuf;fpd;whd;thdq;fisAk; g+kpiaAk; mtw;wpw;fpilNa cs;stw;iwAk; ehk; tPzhfg; gilf;ftpy;iy. mJ,iwkWg;ghsHfspd; vz;zkhFk;. vtHfs; epuhfhpj;jhHfNsh mtHfSf;F eufj;jpd; ehrk; cz;lhtjhFf!my;FHMd; 2:27ehk; cq;fis tPZf;fhfg; gilj;Js;Nshk; vd;Wk;> ek;kplk; ePq;fs; jpUk;gf; nfhz;L tug;glkhl;BHfs; vd;WePq;fs; vz;zpf; nfhz;BHfsh? cz;ikahd murdhfpa my;yh`; jpz;zkhf caHe;jtdhk; tpl;lhd;.my;FHMd; 2:115> 116thdq;fisAk; g+kpiaAk; mtw;wpw;fpilNa cs;stw;iwAk; ehk; tpisahl;Lf;fhfg; gilf;f tpy;iy. rj;jpaj;jpd;mbg;gilapNyNa mtw;iw ehk; gilj;Js;Nshk;. vdpDk; ,k;kf;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhH mwpa khl;lhHfs; my;FHMd;2:38> 39
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