Chap 5

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Chap 5

  1. 1. 5 Creating Customer Value, Satisfaction, and Loyalty Marketing Management, 13th ed
  2. 2. Chapter Questions • What are customer value, satisfaction, and loyalty, and how can companies deliver them? • What is the lifetime value of customers? • How can companies cultivate strong customer relationships? • How can companies both attract and retain customers? • What is database marketing? Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  3. 3. Ritz Carlton - Famous for its Exceptional Service Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  4. 4. Figure 5.1 Organizational Charts Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  5. 5. What is Customer Perceived Value? Customer perceived value is the difference between the prospective customer’s evaluation of all the benefits and all the costs of an offering and the perceived alternatives. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  6. 6. Figure 5.2 Determinants of Customer Perceived Value Total customer benefit Total customer cost Product benefit Monetary cost Services benefit Time cost Personnel benefit Energy cost Image benefit Psychological cost Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  7. 7. Steps in a Customer Value Analysis • Identify major attributes and benefits that customers value • Assess the qualitative importance of different attributes and benefits • Assess the company’s and competitor’s performances on the different customer values against rated importance • Examine ratings of specific segments • Monitor customer values over time Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  8. 8. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  9. 9. What is Loyalty? Loyalty is a deeply held commitment to re-buy or re-patronize a preferred product or service in the future despite situational influences and marketing efforts having the potential to cause switching behavior. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  10. 10. Top Brands in Customer Loyalty • • • • Avis Google L.L. Bean Samsung (mobile phones) • Yahoo! • Canon (office copiers) • • • • • • • • Land’s End Coors Hyatt Marriott Verizon KeySpan Energy Miller Genuine Draft Amazon Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  11. 11. The Value Proposition The whole cluster of benefits the company promises to deliver Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  12. 12. Raising Customer Expectations Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  13. 13. Measuring Satisfaction Periodic Surveys Periodic Surveys Customer Loss Rate Customer Loss Rate Mystery Shoppers Mystery Shoppers Monitor Competitive Monitor Competitive Performance Performance Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  14. 14. J.D. Power Rates Customer Satisfaction Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  15. 15. Single Key Question of Net Promoter “How likely is it that you would recommend this product or service to a friend or colleague?” Use 0-10-point scale 0-6 are Marketers than subtract Detractors 7-8 are deemed Passively satisfied 9-10 are Promoter (Net Promoter ScoreNPS) Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  16. 16. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  17. 17. World class companies used NPS Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  18. 18. Customer Satisfaction Customer Loyalty Company’s Profit Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  19. 19. What is Quality? Quality is the totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  20. 20. Conformance V.S. Performance
  21. 21. Maximizing Customer Lifetime Value Customer Profitability Customer Equity Lifetime Value Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  22. 22. Figure 5.3 The 150–20 Rule Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  23. 23. Figure 5.4 Customer-Product Profitability Analysis Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  24. 24. Estimating Lifetime Value • • • • Annual customer revenue: $500 Average number of loyal years: 20 Company profit margin: 10 Customer lifetime value: $1000 Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  25. 25. What is Customer Relationship Management? CRM is the process of carefully managing detailed information about individual customers and all customer touchpoints to maximize customer loyalty. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  26. 26. Framework for CRM Identify prospects and customers Differentiate customers by needs and value to company Interact to improve knowledge Customize for each customer Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  27. 27. Harrah’s targets hundreds of segments Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  28. 28. CRM Strategies Reduce the rate of defection Reduce the rate of defection Increase longevity Increase longevity Enhance “share of wallet” Enhance “share of wallet” Terminate low-profit Terminate low-profit customers customers Focus more effort on Focus more effort on high-profit customers high-profit customers Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  29. 29. Focus on CRM Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  30. 30. Customer Retention • Acquisition of customers can cost five times more than retaining current customers. • The average customer loses 10% of its customers each year. • A 5% reduction to the customer defection rate can increase profits by 25% to 85%. • The customer profit rate increases over the life of a retained customer. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  31. 31. Figure 5.5 The Customer Development Process Suspects Prospects First-time customers Disqualified Repeat customers Ex-customers Clients Members Partners Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  32. 32. Creating Customer Evangelists Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  33. 33. Steps for Creating Customer Evangelists • • • • • • Customer plus-delta Napsterize your knowledge Build the buzz Create community Make bite-size chunks Create a cause Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  34. 34. Database Key Concepts • Customer database • Database marketing • Mailing list • Business database • Data warehouse • Data mining Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  35. 35. Using the Database To identify prospects To identify prospects To target offers To target offers To deepen loyalty To deepen loyalty To reactivate customers To reactivate customers To avoid mistakes To avoid mistakes Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  36. 36. Don’t Build a Database When • The product is a once-in-a-lifetime purchase • Customers do not show loyalty • The unit sale is very small • The cost of gathering information is too high Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  37. 37. Perils of CRM • Implementing CRM before creating a customer strategy • Rolling out CRM before changing the organization to match • Assuming more CRM technology is better • Stalking, not wooing, customers Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  38. 38. Marketing Debate  Online vs. Offline Privacy? Take a position: 1. Privacy is a bigger issue in the online world than in the offline world. or 2. Consumers receive more benefit than risk from marketers knowing their personal information. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
  39. 39. Marketing Discussion  Choose a business and show how you would go about developing a quantitative formulation that captures the concept of customer lifetime value. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

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