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Povertyasachallenge

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class ix

class ix

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  • 1. POVERTY AS A CHALLENGE
  • 2. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION TO POVERTY MAJOR REASONS FOR POVERTY ANTI POVERTY MEASURES VULNERABILITY TYPES OF POVERTY BELOW POVERTY LINE
  • 3. INTRODUCTION TO POVERTY POVERTY IS THE LACK OF BASIC HUMAN NEEDS, NUTRITION, HEALTH CARE EDUCATION, CLOTHING AND SHELTER, BECAUSE OF THE INABILITY TO AFFORD THEM
  • 4. MAJOR REASONS FOR POVERTY • • • • • • • • • R A P I D LY R I S I N G P O P U L AT I O N L O W P R O D U C T I V I T Y I N A G R I C U LT U R E UNDER UTILIZED RESOURCES PRICE RISE U N E M P LOYM EN T LANDLESSNESS CHILD LABOUR MALNUTRITION BRIBERY
  • 5. PROMOTION OF ECONOMIC GROWTH • THE GROWTH RATE JUMPED FROM THE AVERAGE OF ABOUT 3.5 PERCENT A YEAR IN THE 1970S TO ABOUT 6 PERCENT DURING THE 1980S AND 1990S. • THE HIGHER GROWTH RATES HAVE HELPED SIGNIFICANTLY IN THE REDUCTION OF POVERTY. • ECONOMIC GROWTH WIDENS OPPORTUNITIES AND PROVIDES THE RESOURCES NEEDED TO INVEST IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT.
  • 6. TARGETED ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMMES AND SCHEMES NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT-2005 NATIONAL FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAMME – 2004 PRIME MINISTER ROZGAR YOZANA – 1993 RURAL EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAMME – 1995 SWARNAJAYANTI GRAM SWAROZGAR YOJANA – 1999 PRADHAN MANTRI GRAMODAYA YOZANA – 2000 ANTYODATA ANNA YOZANA
  • 7. VULNERABILITY • VULNERABILITY TO POVERTY IS A MEASURE, WHICH DESCRIBES THE GREATER PROBABILITY OF CERTAIN COMMUNITIES OR INDIVIDUALS OF BECOMING OR REMAINING POOR IN THE UPCOMING YEARS • VULNERABILITY IS DETERMINED BY THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE TO DIFFERENT COMMUNITIES FOR FINDING AN ALTERNATIVE LIVING IN TERMS OF ASSETS, EDUCATION, HEALTH AND JOB OPPURTUNITIES.
  • 8. TYPES OF POVERTY RURAL POVERTY URBAN POVERTY
  • 9. Poverty line (BPL) Below Poverty Line is an economic benchmark and poverty threshold used by the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals and households in need of government assistance and aid.
  • 10. THANK YOU

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