National movement

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National movement

  1. 1. When India was being ruled by the British, it was the Indian National Movement that expressed the aspirations and demands of the people of India, bound together by their identity as a nation and the spirit of nationalism. Various factors had contributed to the growth of national consciousness in the country. The Nationalist Movement had started with the establishment of Indian National Congress.
  2. 2.  The British considered themselves superior to the Indian and followed a policy of racial discrimination. The British rule promoted the attitude of racial hatred and racial arrogance toward Indians. Railway compartments were reserved for Europeans and Indians were not allowed to enter restaurants and parks
  3. 3. Many political associations were formed in various parts of the country before the formation of Indian National Congress in 1885 but these organizations were localized and had limited participation and the need of an all-India political organization. Thus Indian National Congress was formed.

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