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Wikipedia as OER
 

Wikipedia as OER

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    Wikipedia as OER Wikipedia as OER Presentation Transcript

    • Wikipedia as OER: Literature review Ulises Hernandez Pino Maria del Pilar Saenz OER Researchers Karisma Foundation Bangalore - January 23, 2014
    • 1. What are the definitions about OER? ● ● ● ● ● ● UNESCO: "teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions". The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation: "teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others". OECD: "digitised materials offered freely and openly for educators, students, and selflearners to use and reuse for teaching, learning, and research". The Commonwealth of Learning (CoL): "materials offered freely and openly to use and adapt for teaching, learning, development and research". Wikieducator: "refers to educational resources that are freely available for use, reuse, adaptation, and sharing". OER Commons: "teaching and learning materials that you may freely use and reuse, without charge. OER often have a Creative Commons or GNU license that state specifically how the material may be used, reused, adapted, and shared". … OER definitions encompass far! Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_educational_resources http://wiki.creativecommons.org/What_is_OER%3F Wikipedia as OER: Initial justification
    • 2. Key elements in the definition of OER 1. Teaching or learning resources: Courseware, Texbook, Videos, Lesson plans, Quizzes, Syllabus, Simulations, Learning Objects, Software, Platforms, etc. 2. Access, use, adaptation and redistribution are permitted by authors: Creative Commons family licenses. www.unesco.org Jonathas Mello CC By 3. No-cost and No technical barriers: Access on Internet and use of standards. Wikipedia as OER: Initial justification
    • 3. Relationship between OER and Wikipedia 1. Encyclopedia is a summary of knowledge. 2. Articles licensed with Creative Commons Attribution – Share Alike and collaboratively edited. 3. No-cost Internet access and html standard commons.wikimedia.org Wikimedia All rights reserved Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopedia Wikipedia as OER: Initial justification
    • 4. Discussions about OER What are the educational resources? “The term educational is not unambiguous. Does it mean that only materials produced with the intention of being used within formal educational settings should be included? If so it would exclude resources produced outside schools or universities but used in formal courses, and materials produced inside such institutions but used for informal or non-formal learning outside” (Hylén, 2005, p. 2; OECD, 2007, p. 36). Wikipedia is used to learn inside and outside of the classroom Source: Downes (2007), Wikipedia as OER: Initial justification
    • 4. Discussions about OER ● How “open” is the resource? ● ● Foote defines "Four Freedoms: copy, modify, redistribute, redistribute modified versions” (Downes, 2007, p. 32). Daniel speaks of “the 4 As: accessible, appropriate, accredited, affordable” (Hylén, 2005, p. 2). Wiley identified four "R’s": Reuse, Redistribute, Revise, Remix (Hilton et al., 2011, p. 5) Wikipedia as resource is highly “open” Wikipedia as OER: Initial justification
    • 4. Discussions about OER ● How sustainable is to provide Nocost resources to users? ● ● Since distribution of educational resources on Internet is no-cost, it does not mean that production and creation are as well (Butcher, 2011, p. 14). The major cost in the production of educational resources was paying people. Costs can be reduced with the formation of a community of volunteers (Wiley, 2007, p. 6). There are different models for operating funds (Downes, 2007). Wikipedia has a community of volunteers and a donations model that works Wikipedia as OER: Initial justification
    • Relevant Literature about OER ● UNESCO (2012). País OER Declaration. Link ● Neil Butcher (2011). A Basic Guide to Open Educational Resources. CoL. Link ● ● Daniel et al. (2007). A Review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement. Hewlett. Link Jan Hylén (2005). Open Educational Resources: Opportunities and Challenges. OECD. Enlace ● Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams et al. (2009). Degrees of Openness. Link ● Hilton, Wiley et al. (2011). The Four R’s of Openness and ALMS Analysis. Link ● OECD. (2007). Giving Knowledge for Free: The emergence OER. Link ● Stephen Downes (2007). Models for Sustainable Open Educational Resources. Link ● ● David Wiley (2007). On the sustainability of Open Educational Resource Initiatives in Higher Education. OECD. Link Steve Foerster. (2013). Using Wikipedia Articles for Rapid Deployment of OER Textbooks. Link Wikipedia as OER: Initial justification
    • Questions? Ulises Hernandez Pino uhernandez@gmail.com María del Pilar Sáenz mapisaro@gmail.com The authors deliver this presentation with a license Creative Commons Attribution – Share Alike http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
    • Questions? Ulises Hernandez Pino uhernandez@gmail.com María del Pilar Sáenz mapisaro@gmail.com The authors deliver this presentation with a license Creative Commons Attribution – Share Alike http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/