Motivation
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Motivation

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    Motivation Motivation Presentation Transcript

    • MOTIVATION
    • Motivation The willingness to exert efforts towards organisational objectives, conditioned by the effort’s ability to fulfill personal needs
    • What is the importance of motivation in organisations???
    • Theories of Motivation Content theories: what workers want Process theories: how managers can use the knowledge
    • Content theories  Maslow’s need hierarchy theory 1. Physiological 2. Safety 3. Social 4. Esteem 5. Self-actualisation
    • Evaluation Departure from economic theories Changing motivations overtime Motivation as a constantly changing force Hierarchy does not exist. All needs are present all the time Hierarchy may not be same in all countries Many people stay content with lower order needs
    • Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory Motivating factors: achievement, recognition, responsibility, growth Hygiene factors: company policy, administration, salary, work conditions, security, inter-personal relations
    • Satisfaction---------------No satisfaction No Dissatisfaction------------------Dissatisfaction
    • ERG Theory Proposed by Aldelfer Three needs:    Existence Relatedness Growth
    • McClelland’s Theory of Need nAchievement nPower nAffiliation
    • Process Theories Expectancy theory Equity Theory Goal Setting Theory
    • Expectancy Theory Effort—Performance Performance---outcome Outcome– personal goals
    • Theory X and Theory Y Proposed by McGregor
    • Applications MBO Job enrichment Flexitime Flexibenefits Rewards-monetary, non monetary Telecommuting