Lan teorikoa ingelesez

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Lan teorikoa ingelesez

  1. 1. manufacturing processes and methods of components 4
  2. 2. PROXIMITY OF THE CITIZEN CONSTRUCTION = DIFFERENT INDUSTRY microprocesator ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS 1.1. DIFFERENTIALS ASPECTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY UNICITY OF EACH WORK ENTAILMENT TO THE LAND INST DEFICIENCY. OF COVERS USE OF STONY MATERIALS DIRTY ATMOSPHERE (WORK CLEANING) SPECIFIC ASPECTS Mat.stony “ Dirty” work
  3. 3. UNTIL NOW NO PROPOSAL EDIFICATORIA SEPARATED OF ITS OWN ATMOSPHERE HAS GOTTEN TO PROSPER (EXCEPTION DONE OF THE MOBILE-HOME) ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1.1. DIFFERENTIALS ASPECTS MECHANICAL PROCESSES CHENGE FOR THE PROCESSES MANUALS INCREASE OF THE YIELD GREATER PRODUCTION 1.2. HAND WORK AND FACTORY mechanic <ul><ul><li>manual </li></ul></ul>2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  4. 4. 2 GROUPS: 1-GROUPS OF PRODUCTION IN FACTORY ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES LESS WORK PROCESS REDUCTION OF THE COST EASY CONTROL MORE QUALITY MORE COMPLEX TO SECURE THE FINAL ELEMENT ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1.3. USE OF EQUIPMENT IN THE CONSTRUCTION MORE VERSATILE LIGHTER MORE EFFICIENT IT REDUCES THE EFFORT CHANGE OF ORGANIZATION DIFFICULT TO ARRANGE 2-GROUPS FOR THE EXECUTION AND WORK ASSEMBLY ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  5. 5. THE PRODUCTION IN FACTORY OBTAINS A YIELD SUPERIOR TO THE REALISED ONE IN WORK ONE IS DUE TO PROJECT SO THAT THE PRODUCTION IS REALISED IN FACTORY AND THE WORK IS THERE OF ASSEMBLY AND MECHANIZED IN WORK [LITTLE MANIPULATION, ONLY ELEMENTS WITH CONTINUITY] conductions isolations waterproof ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1.4. YIELD AND FACTORY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  6. 6. INDUSTRIALIZED COMPONENTS OR ELEMENTS COMPATIBLE: -INDEPENDENCE BETWEEN PRODUCTION AND FUTURE -ASSEMBLY SIMPLICITY -COMPATIBILITY (WITH MODULATION P.EJ) -AVAILABLE IN A CATALOGUE -A PERMANENT STOCK MUST EXIST -SIMPLICITY OF PUTTING IN WORK CONDITIONANTS: -DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS ADAPTED TO THE TRANSPORT -EASILY MANIPULABLE -WELL-KNOWN MATERIALS -NEW MATERIALS ENTER SLOWLY ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1.4. YIELD AND FACTORY “ THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF THE CONSTRUCTION MEANS THE ACTION TO CONSTRUCT BUILDINGS ACCORDING TO THE TYPICAL METHOD OF THE INDUSTRY” R. CRESPI “ INDUSTRIALIZATION EXISTS WHEN THE UNCONTROLLED, TYPICAL MARGIN OF ERROR IS EXCEEDED OF THE CRAFTSMANSHIP, TO ARRIVE AT THE SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF THE ASSEMBLY AND THE TOLERANCES IN THE ELABORATION” MARIO OLIVERI 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  7. 7. METHODS OR SYSTEMS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION 1. THE CLOSED SYSTEMS OR METHOD OF THE “MODELS” 2. THE OPEN SYSTEMS OR BY COMPATIBLE COMPONENTS -MECHANIZATION. -THE MASS PRODUCTION. -THE STANDARDISATION. -THE MODULATION. -THE AUTOMATIZATION. -THE ROBOTITATION. -THE CAD-CAM. PARALLEL DEVELOPMENT PARALLEL DEVELOPMENT ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS 1.4. YIELD AND FACTORY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  8. 8. - Greater capacity of production - Smaller dependency of human work Steam engine Watt 2.1.1 Century XVIII. Development of the mechanical machines ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.1. MECHANIZATION <ul><li>OLD MACHINERY </li></ul><ul><li>BIGGER ELEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>HEAVIER ELEMENTS </li></ul>LIGHTENED BY THE EVOLUTION SPECIALIZATION OF THE WORKER INCREASE OF PRODUCTIVITY <ul><li>INCREASE OF PRODUCTIVITY </li></ul><ul><li>ADJUSTMENT OF SECTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>- DIFERENTES DIMENSIONES </li></ul>GREATER YIELD 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  9. 9. The mass production: logical consequence of the introduction of industrial procedures. TAYLORISM _ Imposition of a proportional wage to the value that adds to the productive process. FORDISM _ Mass Production S. XIX, S. XX To improve of the yield: ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.2.MASS PRODUCTION Mass production WHEN THERE ARE MACHINES TO MAKE SPECIFIC JOBS SUBSTITUTION OF WORKERS BY MACHINES IMPROVEMENT OF THE TOTAL PROFIT 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  10. 10. 18TH CENTURY ENTRANCE OF THE TYPIFICATION AT PRODUCTIVITY - REPETITIVE ELEMENTS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE PROFITS Metallic sections Eiffel tower ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.3. TYPIFICATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  11. 11. THE MODULATION IS THE ARRAGEMENT OF SPACES AND DIMENSIONS BASED IN A STANDARD SIZE. THE MODULATION:IMPROVEMENT OF BUILDING SYSTEMATIZATION: STANDARIZATION OF MODULES. MODULATION SYSTEMS: GOLDEN NUMBER AND LE CORBUSIER’S MODULOR. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.4. MODULATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  12. 12. MODULATED FAÇADES ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.4. MODULATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  13. 13. EXAMPLES-STRUCTURES ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.4. MODULATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES <ul><li>PRIZE: THE EXPENSES AT THE PRODUCTION POINT ARE SMALLER. </li></ul><ul><li>DESIGN AND SIZE CHANGES: THE BUILDING CAN GROW AT HEIGHT AND SURFACE IN THE FUTURE. </li></ul><ul><li>EASY CARRYING: THE PREFABRICATION OF THESE MODULES AND THEIR RELATIVE LIGHTNESS ALLOWS AN EASY CARRYING WITH A SIMPLE TRUCK. </li></ul><ul><li>BUILDING SPEED; THE ASSEMBLY IN FACTORY ALLOWS REDUCTION OF BUILDING TIMES AND A HIGHER SECURITY ABOUT THE FINAL QUALITY OF ALL OF ITS COMPONENTS. </li></ul><ul><li>SMALLER ENVIROMENTAL HIT: THERE IS A SMALLER NUMBER OF BUILDING RESIDUES. </li></ul><ul><li>INNOVATION:NEW TECHNOLOGIES ARE BEING EXPLORED FOR THEIR APPLICATION IN THIS KIND OF BUILDINGS, MATERIALS, SHAPE VARIETY... </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.4. MODULATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  15. 15. “ Substitution of human work by machines” AIM: to improve the qualitative/quantitative profit ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.5. AUTOMATIZATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY HISTORY Simple machines changed an effort form in another managed by human being (to lift up a heavy weight with a pulley or a lever system) machines substituted human energy by natural ways of renewable energy (wind, tides, water flow...) Digital computers’ evolution too us the concept of practical automatization allowing the management of any kind of job
  16. 16. <ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitivitive </li></ul><ul><li>Closer quality controls </li></ul><ul><li>Higher effectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Integration at empresarial systems </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of the productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Work reduction </li></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>A need of a great capital </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>More maintenance and reparation will be needed </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.5. AUTOMATIZATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  17. 17. Robots role at building : Change of the human worker in dangerous jobs + Complementation of the work by the automatization of different processes, giving more power, resistance and accuracy, with the planification and the control of the worker “ Automatization´s evolution” AIM: a safe job and the improvement of the productivity and the quality of the processes Robot that lifts up climbing shutterings ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.6. ROBOTIZATION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  18. 18. CAD COMPUTER ASSISTED DESIGN CAM COMPUTER ASSISTED MAKING THERE IS NO NEED OF TAKING INFORMATION MANUALLY HUMAN INTERVENTION INTELECTUAL (DESIGN) Pieces design by computer ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.7. CAD-CAM PROCESSES 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  19. 19. <ul><li>CAD: COMPUTER ASSISTED DESIGN </li></ul><ul><li>CAM: COMPUTER ASSISTED MAKING </li></ul><ul><li>Great revolution at the production processes, reduction of unneeded steps. </li></ul><ul><li>Using CAD/CAM processes for production the productivity increases in a 35,5 percent comparing with the traditional system. </li></ul><ul><li>Metal-mechanic industry was the first using these technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The database developed during CAD is saved. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then the database is processed by CAM to get the needed information and instuctions to operate and to control the production machines, the material management team and the automatizated inspections to establish the quality of the product. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>- An important function of CAD/CAM in machine operations is the chance of putting the path of the tool for several operations as lathing or numerically controlled drilling. </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2.7. CAD-CAM PROCESSES Fabrication machine 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  20. 20. To give shape or to work a material, it is the oldest system. Its materials or tools are inespecific. Its an artisan job. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.1. CARVING 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  21. 21. MOLDING: it is the process by which pieces are got by throwing fused materials to a mold. Basic parts of a mold: ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  22. 22. Molding processes: <ul><li>Molding in dust </li></ul><ul><li>Molding in a unique operation </li></ul><ul><li>Jet molding </li></ul><ul><li>Melt molding </li></ul><ul><li>Inyected molding </li></ul><ul><li>Air inyection molding </li></ul><ul><li>Gum bag molding </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking molding </li></ul><ul><li>Transference molding </li></ul><ul><li>Before polymer molding </li></ul><ul><li>Rotatory molding </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  23. 23. <ul><li>Ceramic molding with lost wax </li></ul>It consists of straining metal in the cavity of the ceramic mold got by the fusion of a wax model. It allows to get aluminium, zamak or brass prototypes. It is useful to get a great variety of accurate pieces, small pieces and pieces with difficult shapes. <ul><li>STAGES: </li></ul><ul><li>Model working </li></ul><ul><li>Mold creation </li></ul><ul><li>Melting process </li></ul><ul><li>Desmolding and finishing </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  24. 24. Equestrian statue of Marco Aurelio ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING <ul><li>Ceramic molding </li></ul><ul><li>Molding with shell </li></ul><ul><li>Molding with pins </li></ul><ul><li>Plastificant inyection molding by screw </li></ul><ul><li>Pulp molding </li></ul><ul><li>Molding in an autoclave </li></ul><ul><li>Barbotine molding </li></ul><ul><li>Two times molding </li></ul><ul><li>Cold molding </li></ul><ul><li>Molding in cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Molding in metallic coupled mold </li></ul>2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  25. 25. <ul><li>Shell molding </li></ul>Used materials : - sand - resin - model plates for shell molding Advantages : - the surface finishing is very good - high mechanization, speed and uniformity - no necesita de mano de obra muy especializada - se pueden colar toda clase de metales Disadvantages : - it is only economical in great serial making - the pieces can’t be big - the model plates always are metallic Car industry   ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  26. 26. <ul><li>Shell molding </li></ul>Used materials : - sand - resin - model plates for shell molding Advantages : - the surface finishing is very good - high mechanization, speed and uniformity - specialized work is not needed - all kind of metals can be strained Disadvantages: - it is only economical in great serial making - the pieces can’t be big - the model plates always are metallic ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  27. 27. 1. To make the mixture 2 . To dust off the internal surface of the box with some kind of component that doesn’t allow the adherence of the sand. 3 . To fill and compact the sand at the both sides of the open box till they are full. 4 . To put the metallical soul in a box at the middle of the half-pin. 5 . To wet the surface of the half pins to make easier the joint of the sand of both. Then put one up the other. 6 . When it is dry, the half pins will be joint.. 7 . Then, the box will be opened and the pins will be withdrown. <ul><li>Molding with pins </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  28. 28. The autoclave consists of a high presure steam boiler with a automatic presure regulator and a security valve. It should have a heat escape valve that serves to eject all the steam presure remmanent at the end of the colding period. A pump of resin transference in front of an autoclave. The high capacity pump inyects resin in specific molds that are introduced in a furnace, in a autoclave or in the plates of a stuffing box. <ul><li>Autoclave </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  29. 29. Advantages: - when the pieces’ walls are thin and with the same thickness.. - it is a economic process for small productions.. 1 ) Preparation of a ceramic metal in dust and a in suspension liquid called barbotina. 2 ) The barbotine is poured out in a porous mold that allows the partial absortion. As far as the barbotine is eliminated, a cape of half-hard material is being formed at the surface of the mold. 3 ) When the ideal thickness is reached the process is finished and the excess of the barbotine is ejected. 4 ) The material should dry till the needed resistance is reached and it is removed from the mold. 5 ) To make the ovening to obtain the wanted properties and structure. <ul><li>Barbotine molding </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  30. 30. These machines usually are used to filter alloys with lead, tin or zinc base with until 450ºC fusion temperatures, are exceptionally for aluminum or magnesium. It got a fusion oven that form part of the machine and transfer automatically the liquid alloy to a foundation recipient where it stay in the same level of temperature. The fill up of the cavity of the mold is made with help of grafter mechanism, witch is totally or partially submerged in the liquid metal and graft with pressure of compressed air or plunger. The machine can be used by one person, making productions of 1000 pieces per hour in automatic machines an about 250 in semiautomatic machines. <ul><li>Hot camera machines : </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  31. 31. The grafter mechanism is colder than the temperature of liquid metal alloy and the contact with it is instantaneous, because it is melted in apart oven and it is filtered in compression compartment with a spoon or with the help of an automatic mechanism of feeding, witch only puts in the necessary quantity of alloy for each piece. Then a plunger grafts in to the cavity of mold with hydraulic pressure. <ul><li>Cold compartment machines : </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  32. 32. First, apply the polymer in a mold, an it is jellified in a hot bath, on a temperature about 200-230ºC. the time inside the bath depends of the required thickness. The non jellified polymer is extracted, finishing later the jellified of polymer inside the mold. Finally it is taken out of mold. The application for this process includes auto parts and masks. <ul><li>Mold in cavity : </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING <ul><li>Mold with connected metallic molds. ( Hydraulic press): </li></ul>2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  33. 33. Generic term for conformation techniques of plastic to produce objects of large and forms made of fusion of polyethylene dust, usually against the inside of a hoy mold. The procedure to form thermoplastic articles submerging a mold in a solution or dispersion of the resin and evaporation the dissolvent to make a plastic film affixed to the mold. <ul><li>Mold in one operation: </li></ul>The production of urethane plastic foam in witch the isocyanine, polio and the catalyst and other additives are mixed directly and is produced immediately the foam. <ul><li>Spurt mold: </li></ul>Mold method where the most part of the hot is apply to the material to mold when passes of a towel or spurt and not along a normal heating cylinder. <ul><li>Mold by dissolvents: </li></ul><ul><li>Mold with dust : </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  34. 34. This mold technique is the more used with polymeric materials. The popularity of this method is explained with the versatility of the pieces witch can be made, the fast fabrication, the impeccable design and the possibility to made hard geometries that will be impossible with other techniques. Discontinuous technique: the fill up of the mold with pressure. + cooling + take out the mold. Application: Crystalline and amorphous thermoplastic Hard plastics (full time in mold for reticulation) Plasterers ( full time in mold for reticulation) <ul><li>Mold by graft: </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  35. 35. Generic name for the conformation technique of plastics to produce objects with different forms and larges by means of the polyethylene dust fusion, usually against the inside of a hot mold. Method of conformation of refractory blocks in witch a mold that contains the weight prepared is shacked mechanically to consolidate the material. <ul><li>Mold by insufflated air graft: </li></ul>Mold procedure of plastic in witch form a hollow plastic tube by means of graft mold. <ul><li>Mold by gum bag: </li></ul>Plastic method over wood in curve forms in witch the pressure of liquid, working along a flexible surface, or bag, compress the material to mold against a hard die. <ul><li>Mold by shaking: </li></ul><ul><li>Mold by air graft: </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  36. 36. Urethane foam production system in witch one part of the poliol reacts previously with the isocyanine to form a liquid polymer with high viscosity an witch can be bombed; when it is mixed with a second mix that got more polio, catalyst or over heat agent, the two components react and they produced a foamy plastic. In this procedure, the materials in the rough are heated a liquated in a first cavity. Then, the material in liquid form is transferred to the mold by means of graft, where is compressed, and takes the form. During this, are aggregated the additives components to make better the physical properties, modify the color…the plastic takes the form in the mold where at the same time is produced the polymerization. This procedure is usually used to make objects of wood or metal recovered with plastic, like electric connectors or the recovered of Formica wood. <ul><li>Prepolymer mold: </li></ul><ul><li>Mold by transference: </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  37. 37. It is a technique to process the polymers that allows to make pieces of middle large to high larges with a shore quantity and good establishment of all materials. The rotational mold consists in a mold that makes turn in two surfaces simultaneity, this mold contains inside the plastisol or the liquid thermoplastics, witch takes form in the mold when turns, with the help of centrifugal force. <ul><li>Rotational mold </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.2. MOLDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  38. 38. It’s the oldest method to form metals. Automatically forging system Tool used in manual forging Egypt age objects In architecture, generally is used to decorate or in urban furniture. Railings, doors, fences…forges of Gaudi. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.3. FORGING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  39. 39. <ul><li>Hydraulic press: very used. </li></ul><ul><li>Pressing: partial deform of the piece. Utilities: screws. </li></ul><ul><li>In engraving: more modern and complex; control in the cooling time. Utilities: pieces. </li></ul>TYPE OF PROCESES: <ul><li>Free forge: most old technique. Utilities: hand tools. </li></ul>ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.3. FORGING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  40. 40. The forge can be worked in cold and heat, but the mechanical properties of the last one are better. MACHINERY OF TODAY MACHINERY TO FORGE IN HEAT MACHINERY TO FORGE IN COLD COOPER IRON LATER MATERIALS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.3. FORGING ADVANTAGES - Improvement of the properties with the orientation of the fibers. -To get the wanted form. -Is economical and competitive. - The apparition of cracking surfaces. -Incorrect volume -Radius in cavity -Wakes for tiredness Forge defects 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  41. 41. It’s a process to form plastic that means to pass a metal along the matrix. The material goes out from the matrix with a constancy section. It has three important parts in its process: the material to extrude, the matrix or block and the presses. It works to compression. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.4. EXTRUSSION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  42. 42. KINDS OF PROCESS DIRECT EXTRUSSION : The material gets out in the same way of the pressure. UNDIRECT EXTRUSSION FOR PRODUCING A SOLID SECTION. UNDIRECT EXTRUSSION FOR PRODUCING AN EMPTY SECTION. HYDROSTATIC EXTRUSSION: it is made in cold with a fluid of fragile pieces. In the undirect extrussion the material gets out in the opposite way of the pressure. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.4. EXTRUSSION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  43. 43. EXTRUSSION BY IMPACT: It could be made in a direct or indirect manner. EXTRUSSION IN HOT: It is utilized when it hasn´t got enough softness for being extruided in cold. EXTRUSSION IN COLD: More resistance than in hot. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.4. EXTRUSSION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  44. 44. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES _ HIGH PRODUCTIVITY _ A GREAT VARIETYOF SHAPES. _ HIGH MECHANICAL RESISTANCE. _ APPEARANCE OF SUPERFICIAL CRACKS _ FISH TAIL OR TUBE _ INTERNAL CRACKS _ PRECISION _ AN ACCURATE SUPERFICIAL FINISHING. _ LOW WASTE OF MATERIAL Funnel creation Tube creation ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.4. EXTRUSSION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  45. 45. Rubbing area Pressure graphic UTILITIES _ DIRECT EXTRUSSION: tubes, girder and estructural elements. _ EXTRUSIÓN INVERSA: tubes, girder… _ EXTRUSSION BY IMPACT: tubos plegables, botes … _ HYDROSTATIC EXTRUSSION: profiles ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.4. EXTRUSSION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  46. 46. 3.5.1 Plating processes There are several plate types: -Plane plating -Plating mills -Other operations -Plating in ring -Thread plating ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.5. PLATING PROCESS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  47. 47. 3.5.1.1 Plane plating In the plane plating two rollers are used to diminish the thickness of the used material. Here, The piece is introduced between the two rollers. The thickness is reduced and the width is increased by several repetitions. Types of plane plating Plane plate in cold Plane plating in hot ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.5. PLATING PROCESS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  48. 48. 3.5.1.1.1 Plane plating in cold This is the metalic plating in atmosphere temperature, for diminishing the thickness or endurecer the surface. In this way we obtein a good finishing and the better resistance against the fatigue. With this technique better tolerances than in hot are got. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.5. PLATING PROCESS Plating in cold 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  49. 49. 3.5.1.1.2. Plane plating in hot It’s a plating process when the bars, metalic plates are still hot. The pieces are heat up to quit the shells. After the plating, the pieces are being colded step by step for mantaining the properties. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.5. PLATING PROCESS Plating in hot 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  50. 50. 3.5.1.2 Plating mills The plating mill are clasificated by the number of the roller: Plating mill Types of plating mills Plating mills with two or three rollers. Plating mills with four rollers. 3.5.1.2.1. Plating mills with two or three rollers They are used in the plating in hot in the beggining of the process. The three times plated mill can change the direction diminishing the width. 3.5.1.2.2. Plating mills with four rollers They are utilized for diminishing the plating power with the smallest roller, for diminishing the width. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.5. PLATING PROCESS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  51. 51. 3.5.1.3. Other operations Other kinds of plating Plating mills with two or three rollers. Plating mills with four rollers. 3.5.1.3.1 Plating in ring They are utilized in the first phases of the hot plating. The plating mill with three phases can change the direction diminishing the width. 3.5.1.3.2. Thread plating This process is achieved in cold, and the straight and conical threads are plated. The form is given when it passes between the rollers (dados). Plating in ring, process Thread plating process ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.5. PLATING PROCESS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  52. 52. Advantages: -Escellent mechanical resistance -Great productivity -Precission in the obtention of the pieces (uniform fabrication) -It’s quite cheap but the machines are expensive. However, it’s quickly profitable. -A good finishing surface. Disadvantages: -Superficial faults, as shell, corrosion,stripes, bites and fissures. -wavy edges, because of the roller flexion. -Fissures 3.5.3 Plating advantages and disadvantages Typical platind faults: a) wavy edges. b) Fissures in the center of the piece with sharp form. c) Fissures in the edges. d) Skimmings 3.5.2 Plating properties -Reduction of the used material’s size. -Great resistance in corrosion -size toleration -rough of surface or wrinkled. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.5. PLATING PROCESS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  53. 53. Welding is a fabrication process where is made the alliance between two materials (generally metals or thermoplastics), normally archieved by the coalescence (unification). The pieces are welded defrosting and adding a defrosted charge material. Kind of Weld -By arch -by gas -by energy beam -by solid condition ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  54. 54. Welding by arch These processes use a power supply for the welding for creating and manteining a electric arch between a electrode and the base material for melting the metals in the welding point. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  55. 55. Welding by arch (coated electrode) The electric current is utilized for creating an arc between the base material and the rod of the consumable electrode, that is of steel and coated with a flux for protecting the welding area against the oxidation and contamination with the production of gas CO 2 during the welding process. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  56. 56. Arc welding (gas arc welding) Gas metal acr welding (GMAW) also known as inert metal gas welding or MIG welding, is an automatic or semiautomatic process which uses a continious supply wire as electrode and a mixture of inert gas to protect the soldation from the pollution. As the electrode is continious the welding speed is higher than the one reached with covered electrode welding. Because of the smaller size of the arc required the soldation in difficult possitions, as welding under the structure, becomes easier “ Soldadura por arco con nucleo de fundente “FCAW” Autor: Oscar Javier Herrera Melo http://www.monografias.com/trabajos46/soldadura-por-arco/soldadura-por-arco.shtml Work published in Monografias.com ” ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  57. 57. Arc welding (tungsten metalic gas arc) The tungsten gas arc welding, or the tungsten inert gas welding (TIG) (sometimes wrongly known as heliarc welding) is a manual solding process whic uses a continious tungsten electrode, a mixture of inert gas and a separated filling material. Specially usefull to weld thin materials, this method is characterized by a stable arc and a high quality welding, but needs a skilful operator and can only be made quite slowly. Arc welding (inmersed arc) This is a high production method in which the arc is inmersed under a layer covered with flow. This increasses the quality os the arc since the flow layer blockes the pollutants. The deposition of the welding is big, due to the slag left by the welding and the use of a continious wire supply. The working conditions are better than in the rest of arc welding processes since the flow hides the arc and it does not almost produce any smoke. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  58. 58. Gas welding The most common gas welding process is the oxygen-acetylene welding, also known as autogenous welding or oxy-fuel welding. It is one of the oldest and most versatile soldering processes, but lately has not been very popular in industrial applications. It is still very used to weld pipes and in repair works. The required equipment is slightly cheap and simple. Generally we use a combustion of acetilene and oxygen to produce a 3100ºC welding flame. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  59. 59. Electric resistance welding The resistance welding uses the heat generated by the electric current going through two or more metalic surfaces. As the current increasses (from 1.000 to 100.000 A) small metal pools appear on the weldin surface. The electric resistance welding processes are efficient and produce little pollution, but their applications are limited and the equipment could be expensive. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING Point welding http://www.inser-robotica.com/robotsPanasonic_S_Resistencia.htm This is a very common electric resistance welding method used up to 3 mm-s thic metalic sheets. Two electrodes are used concurrently to hold the metal sheets and make the current pass throuhg. The efficient use of the energy, high production, easy autamation and not to need filling materials are some of its advantages. The strenght of the welding is bit smaller than in other processes making this method only usefull for some applications. It is veri used in the car industry. 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  60. 60. Energy ray welding Energy ray welding methods, called laser beam welding and electron beam welding, are quite new precesses which have become very popular in high produccion aplications. Both precesses are very similar but they have a different energy source. The laser beam welding uses a very focused laser beam, while the electrone beam welding is made in vacuum. Both have a high energy density makin possible a deep welding and minimizing the welding area. These processes are very fast and easy to automate becomeing them hifhly produvtive. http://www.es.trumpf.com/206.img-cust/T_3087_big.jpg http://www.es.trumpf.com/206.img-cust/T_2885.jpg ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  61. 61. Solid state welding As the first welding process, forge welding, some modern welding methods do not involve melting of the materials being joined. one of the most popular, ultrasonic welding is used to connect thin sheets or wires made of metal or thermoplastic, making them vibrate at high frequency and under high pressure. The equipment and methods involved are similar to those of resistance welding, but instead of electric current, vibration is provided by power source. Welding metals with this process does not involve the melting of the material, the weld is formed by introducing mechanical vibrations horizontally under pressure. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.6. WELDING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  62. 62. PLANE DIE <ul><li>The die consists of: </li></ul><ul><li>basis of a matrix with more resistance than the blades that produce the piece </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaving or cutting strips . </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Functions : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>· cut_ either to delineate the outer shape or to Fabrice interior windows and openings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>· cleave _ to make folds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>· drill_ for easy tearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>· slitting_ perform a partial cut not to break through the piece . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gums. Thick blocks that are placed next to the blades. </li></ul><ul><li>Its function is to separate by cutting excess pressure. </li></ul>ROTARY DIE http://www.lobecor.com/piezas/troquel%20punzonador%20multiple.jpg http://www.esprint2006.com/unidades-aplicadoras-parches.html ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.7. PUNCHING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  63. 63. STAMP: Is the cold forming process which transforms a sheet into a form defined by a die cutting and benting with a hydraulic press. During this process the sheet should not change substantially in thickness. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.8. STAMP DRAWING: Cold forming process that transforms by pressure a sheet into a hollow body adapting it to the form defined by the matrix . It is a plastic deformation forming process, during which the sheet simultaneously undergoes stretching and washing up transformations. This produces variations in its thickness. 3.9. DRAWING 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  64. 64. MATRIX: Tool or mold used for make prints on materials such as metals and ceramics. 3.11. FOLDING FOLDING: Conformation of a metal piece, by pressure, to get a curbed or angular piece, or stretching or squeezing it along a curved path. METAL SHEET FOLDER www.panteco.com/catalogoFX.asp?idcat=448 ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.10. MATRIX 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  65. 65. Mecanic process in workshop transport to the work pre-assembly assembly Very few items are shipped to work after a mechanical process in the workshop, usually they are made of several components made mechanically through assembly processes. <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>reduce the tasks in the work </li></ul><ul><li>assembled immediately </li></ul><ul><li>efficient installation </li></ul><ul><li>reduction of labor </li></ul>copyright Alchemy LLC http://weehouse.com/flash/SFWA_index.html#/weehouses/marfa/1/ copyright Alchemy LLC http://weehouse.com/flash/SFWA_index.html#/weehouses/marfa/3/ ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.11. PRE-ASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  66. 66. 3.7. PREMONTAJE Y ENSAMBLADO www . dynamicarchitecture . net DYNAMIC TOWER (David Fisher) Uses modulation and the pre-mounting workshop. The 90% is produced in manufacturing, improving worker safety . Each plant is completed in just 3 days, when it is usually 3 weeks. Only 90 people are needed for assembly on site, instead of the 2,000 common. Construction time is reduced by 30%, making it possible to assemble a 22-month total. ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.11. PRE-ASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  67. 67. MECHANICAL PROCESS IN WORKSHOP TRANSPORTATION TO CONSTRUCTION SITE PRE-ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY OF SUBSETS 3.7. PREMONTAJE Y ENSAMBLADO TRANSPORTATION TO CONSTRUCTION SITE MECHANICAL PROCESS IN WORKSHOP Picture: Mecanicas Mallabi Picture: Sisteplant, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.11. PRE-ASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  68. 68. PRE-ASSEMBLY IN WORKSHOP PROGRAMMABLE AUTOMATONS AND ROBOTS Handle heavy elements Task that require precision The assembly is hard to mechanize. The incorporation of programmable automatons and robots is efective when series are big or the variety of tasks is limited. PRE-ASSEMBLY IN WORKSHOP reduces tasks in construction site guarantee of quality The subsets integrate elements produced by different manufacturer, but pre-assembly is only done by one workshop. The latter is the one that guarantees the final results of the product. advantages 3.7. PREMONTAJE Y ENSAMBLADO Mecanicas Mallabi Mecanicas Mallabi ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.11. PRE-ASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  69. 69. When there are factors that seriously impede the work mounting o or impossible to guarantee the quality of output is resorted for assembly of complex elements, authentic SPACE MODULE. Each modular element is considered a partial building that is built into a system. Puente ´´Arcos de Alconétar´´, en el Embalse de Alcántara (EIPSA) ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS http:// www . eipsa . net / Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3.12. COMPLEX PROCESSES 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  70. 70. It is difficult to assess the production processes due to the abundance of situations and high specificity. However this analysis is crucial to arrive at defining a system with high performance. SETTING THE PARAMETERS OF ASSESSMENT depending LEGAL REQUIREMENTS TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS AESTHETIC REQUIREMENTS ECONOMIC REQUIREMENTS ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 4. YIELDS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  71. 71. TRADITIONAL PROCESSES Petreos Hydraulic paste Few techniques Difficulty coordinating tasks Wide variety of multilayered composites Abundant technical Working in series -Materials and components: INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Ibermatica, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) Picture: Sisteplant, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) Picture: Ibermatica, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) Picture: Eroski (Berango) ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  72. 72. Little specialized They can reach the qualification through a slow process of training Specialists With high levels of qualification Superior Performance - Labour : Ibermatica, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) Mecanicas Mallabi ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS TRADITIONAL PROCESSES INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  73. 73. Mobile Machines (internal transport) Lease costs Investment account Higher yields - Auxiliary equipment : Small Tools Reduces scope for action Ibermatica, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) Ibermatica, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS TRADITIONAL PROCESSES INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  74. 74. Contractor: coordination with other providers Business and technical: Permanent analysis of all tasks - Organization : Ibermatica, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS TRADITIONAL PROCESSES INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  75. 75. KEY TO SUCCESS REDUCE COSTS Reduce the time of entry load, characteristic of concrete &quot;in situ&quot; Instant system's total resistance REDUCING LOAD LIMITS OF ENTRY INTO STRUCTURAL - Assembly and structural strength instant : Ibermatica, Derio (Bizkaiko Parke Teknologikoa) Ondarretako igerilekua,Donostia ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS TRADITIONAL PROCESSES INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  76. 76. With industrialized systems, we are allowed to make the partitions on buildings in a shorter time, and minimize the financial expenses. Quick and economic www.tectonica.es www.mundoseco.com ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 1. COMPARATIVE RESEARCH www.alumipro.com www.alumipro.com - Itxitura eta banaketa elementu industrializatuak : 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  77. 77. “ in situ” concrete structure -Wet processes: ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2. WET PROCESSES ≠ DRY CONSTRUCTION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  78. 78. -Dry costruction : Steel structure ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2. WET PROCESSES ≠ DRY CONSTRUCTION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  79. 79. - Prefabricated processes : Advantages: Energy saving, construction time reduction and compatibility with other traditional construction systems. www.mundoseco.com www.mundoseco.com www.mundoseco.com www.mundoseco.com ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 2. WET PROCESSES ≠ DRY CONSTRUCTION 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  80. 80. 1_Taking out: Factory manipulation: - Unit revision -Revision of the means of transport -Suitable manipulations -Security procedure 2_Transport: Factory – Construction place: - Instructions to the driver -Tour revision: − High tension power suply − Railway − Allowed gauge (…) - Special permission -Security procedure 3 _ Reception: Working manipulation: -Make sure that there is an elevation way -Working space -Compact and levelled floor -Suitable singposting -Security procedures 4_Elevation: Place in site: -To guaranty the cooperation between the transportist, the builder and the constructor -Suitable elevation way -Security procedures ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  81. 81. Stress generated during the manipulation and transport: Prefabricated units suffer fron stresses that, in most cases, are higher than the stress suffered while they are in use. Sucction and adhesion effects when the units are taken out of the mold, the dinamic powers and impacts during the transport and assembly have to be considered. Suction may change depending on the ending material of the units and the shape of the molds. Impact generadas generated during the manipulation and transport have to be absorved by the elevation elements. -Design considerations: http://grupos.unican.es/gidai http://grupos.unican.es/gidai http://grupos.unican.es/gidai ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  82. 82. Each unit demands a type of transport : Vehicles composed of a tractor unity and a tow tandem : It is used for the transport of prefabricated unities of great length. Platform tow : Is is used por pieces and prefabricated structures which dimensions are longer than 6000mm. Platform truck : For construction materials that are used in works and for pieces and prefabricated structures with standard length. - Vehicles of transport: http://grupos.unican.es/gidai http://grupos.unican.es/gidai ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  83. 83. Industrialized construction demmands little are for material storage . Short storage periods Machinery: elevation works and internal transport. Direct assembly http://grupos.unican.es/gidai http://grupos.unican.es/gidai http://grupos.unican.es/gidai http://grupos.unican.es/gidai http://grupos.unican.es/gidai ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  84. 84. www.mundoseco.com.ar www.a2a.com.ar blog.is-arquitectura.es www.mailxmail.com www.iesunibhi.com www.interempresas.net es.wikipedia.org Conformación por Moldeo II. Tecnología industrial I.E.S. “Cristóbal de Monroy”. Dpto. de Tecnología mx.geocities.com Tecnología mecánica. Fundición y modeo. Capítulo 5 www.sabelotodo.org Maestría en Ciencias de la Ingeniería.Mención Aeroespacial Mecánica de los Materiales Avanzada. Materiales Cerámicos y Vidrios Universidad nacional de cuyo. facultad de ingenieria Industrias y servicios. polipropileno www.interempresas.net www.infoacero.cl/catalogo/csh500_600.htm Libro Moldeo y conformación. Autor Heinrich Gerling www.museo-maquina-herramienta.com/   www.costaluminio.com.ar www.apm.com www .premio. terniumsiderar . com www.interempresas.net ITEM 4 MANUFACTURING PROCESSES AND METHODS OF COMPONENTS Authors: Ioritz Aginako, Izarne Elgezabal, Unai Etxebarria, Unai Jauregi, Iker Martínez, Gemma Martínez, Aitzol Perez, Ander Rodriguez BIBLIOGRAPHY www.grob-horgen.ch www.robóticade servicios.com www.monografías.com www.ropdigital.ciccp.es www.elmundo.es www.automatización.com www.wikipedia; tallado. www.tallamadera.com www.culturatradicionalgc.org www.tallerdelvidrio.com www.artesanos.info www.interempresas.net www.fumadi.com.ar www.geocities.com www.upv.es www.plasmatreat.es www.venezuelaenplastico.com www.forjasbolivar.com www.geocities.com/ www.forjascasadosl.com/ www.encarta.msn.com/ 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY
  85. 85. AUTHORS [2008-2009] Ianire Abad Eva Regatos Miriam Azpilicueta Itxaso Zudaire Alberto Castro Adur Ugartemendia Lorena Hernandez Lander Martínez Marina Maurtua Ana Ramirez AUTHORS [2009-2010] Ioritz Aginako Izarne Elgezabal Unai Etxeberria Unai Jauregi Iker Martínez Gemma Martínez Aitzol Perez Ander Rodriguez The intelectual property of each picture is attached to his/her author, all of the rest contents are under the Creative Commons by-sa 3.0 license. 2. CLASSICS FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT 3. BASIC SYSTEM COMPONENTS PRODUCTION 4. RELATIVE YIELDS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES CONSTRUCTION AS AN ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY 1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL AND INDUSTRIAL BUILDING PROCESSES 2. WET PROCESSES VS DRY CONSTRUCTION 3. TRANSPORT OF PREFABRICATED ELEMENTS 4. AUXIALIARY MEANS IN WORKS BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. THE WORK AND THE FACTORY

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