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Implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism in the Hindu Kush - Himalaya region - key challenges [Krishna Prasad Oli]
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Implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism in the Hindu Kush - Himalaya region - key challenges [Krishna Prasad Oli]

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Implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism in the Hindu Kush - Himalaya region - key challenges. Presented by Krishna Prasad Oli at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" …

Implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism in the Hindu Kush - Himalaya region - key challenges. Presented by Krishna Prasad Oli at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" conference in Perth, Scotland in September 2010.

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  • 1. Implementation of Access and Benefit Sharing Mechanism in the Hindu Kush - Himalaya region – key challenges By Krishna Prasad Oli and Eklabya SharmaInternational Centre for Integrated Mountain DevelopmentKathmandu, Nepal
  • 2. Hindu Kush Himalayan Region
  • 3. Biodiversity of the HKH region…has a wide variety of ecosystems, species, genes, andtraditional knowledge that contribute to the biodiversity
  • 4. Genetic resources and TK are vital tolivelihood Mountain communities are able to sustainably collect and market various biodiversity based products through livelihood diversification and pro-poor value chain interventions and market exchange
  • 5. Hindu Kush-Himalayas (“ICIMODregion”) – rich in biodiversity-and cultural diversity – many indigenous peoples and minorities – geo-politically complex – include very “poor countries” and top emerging economies – ...some very low in index of human development
  • 6. “problem statement”immense bio-cultural diversity & agro-biodiversity… crucial for identity, livelihood,security, food sovereignty……yet many poor people, low humandevelopment index, natural resourcesdepleting…outsiders taking advantage of geneticresources and traditional knowledge withoutcompensation and in non transparent,fraudulent ways.
  • 7. Broader Challenges…design ABS mechanism in such a way that:• it does NOT JUST facilitate access to genetic resource and traditional knowledge for business companies…• but it also safeguards the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities• it helps them in their own fight against poverty
  • 8. • it provides incentives to the conservation of bio-cultural diversity it benefits the countries and promotes friendly and mutually supportive relations among the people and policy and legal instruments are practically implemented for the benefits of People.
  • 9. ABS implementation approaches…building awareness of traditional knowledge and accessand benefit sharing
  • 10. Knowledge and cultural diversity “Respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and promote their wider application with the approval and involvement of the holders of such knowledge, innovations and practices …….” Source: CBD
  • 11. Key challenges in ABSimplementation in the HKH region• Practically free access to bioprospectors on GR and TK• Bioprospectors not willing to disclose the sources of origin• Ownership over GR and TK unclear and complex• Problems in identifying and recognising the single ownership of Indigeneous and local community
  • 12. • Restrictive and lengthy legal mechanisms(Concerns of sovereignty)• Uneasy relation between the biodiversity law and researchers.• Lack in harmonizing policies and laws within and among countries resulting poor governance• Conflicting institutional interests.
  • 13. Contd---- • Insufficient measures/incentives for TK promotion and protection • Lack of involvement of indigenous and local communities in negotiation and benefits sharing. • Flow of raw biological resources to user countries creating opportunities for bio piracy. Insufficient awareness about ABS at various levels.( Trainers Manual)
  • 14. Benefits from Conservation andmanagement approachesAccess and benefit sharing mechanisms Country providing genetic resources Country accessing genetic resources Seeking prior informed Government consent (PIC) National laws, (central, administrative measures, etc provincial/ local Access granted Contract finalised Companies, Seeking prior informed researchers Traditional consent (PIC) individuals, knowledge etc National laws, commercial holders and Mutually agreed terms practices, etc parties (MAT) involved Contract implementation Adapted from Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industries, and Japan Bioindustry Association ( 2006)
  • 15. ICIMOD publicationsDownload from: http://books.icimod.org/index.php/search/subject/2 …..and others and more than 500 on diverse topics
  • 16. Thank you

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