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Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine:                   Proactive and strategic conservation                       planni...
http://www.carpathianproject.eu/portal/map/index.php                                           Carpathian Biosphere Reserv...
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA):Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change   3
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/                                         commons/6/68/Lynx_lynx_poing.jpghttp://p-qu...
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA):Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change   5
Challenges -global and regional change                                                                ?  • Transformation,...
Challenges -global and regional change Regional socio-economic and demographic   changes    • decline in industrial and ag...
PrecipitationChallenges -                                               Annual temperatureglobal and regional change • Cli...
Open                                              Standards                                                for the        ...
Conservation                        Driving factors                        Direct threats                                 ...
But… All our knowledge is about and/or based on the past... but all our    decisions are about the future! • Changes! • Fu...
Old-growth forest conservation                                                          38%                               ...
Thank you!juliane.geyer@hnee.de ♦ cbr-rakhiv@ukr.net          http://cbr.nature.org.ua/
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Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine: proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change [Juliane Geyer]

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Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine: proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change. Presented by Juliane Geyer at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" conference in Perth, Scotland in September 2010.

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Transcript of "Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine: proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change [Juliane Geyer]"

  1. 1. Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, Ukraine: Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change Juliane Geyer, Lars Schmidt, Fedir Hamor, Lena Strixner, Vasyl Pokynchereda, Pierre L. Ibisch Yaroslav Dovhanych Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development Global Change and the Worlds Mountains 28th September 2010 Perth, ScotlandMountain Biosphere Reserves as learning sites for research, adaptation and mitigation in the context of global change
  2. 2. http://www.carpathianproject.eu/portal/map/index.php Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA):Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 2
  3. 3. Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA):Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 3
  4. 4. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/6/68/Lynx_lynx_poing.jpghttp://p-quadrat.co.at/images/wolf.jpg Bielzia coerulans Symphytum cordatum Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA):Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 4
  5. 5. Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA):Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 5
  6. 6. Challenges -global and regional change ? • Transformation, globalisation • Economic recovery & growth • Resource demand via global markets + • Unstable political situation • Low state budget • Decline in governmental control • Uncontrolled land privatisation = • Infrastructure development – tourism • Overexploitation of natural resources (forest) • Illegal logging & poaching Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA): Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 6
  7. 7. Challenges -global and regional change Regional socio-economic and demographic changes • decline in industrial and agricultural output  unemployment, low wages and work migration subsistance farming abandonment of traditional land use Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA): Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 7
  8. 8. PrecipitationChallenges - Annual temperatureglobal and regional change • Climate change – extreme events – heavy rains, droughts – calamities and diseases, esp. in spruce monocultures – warmer winters, less snow – forest succession of alpine grasslands Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA): Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 8
  9. 9. Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA):Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 9
  10. 10. Conservation Driving factors Direct threats targets High (increasing) Logging Forest wood demand Strategy Ecosystems Economic and Weaknesses of political situation forestry organisation Illegal logging of Ukraine and practice AlpineStrategy Lacking legal basis grasslands for protection Climate change Uncontrolled Insufficient Tourism infrastructure Large land-use planning activities development mammals and Strategy birds of prey Governance weaknesses Hunting Water Strategy and riperian ecosystems Subsistence of local population Poaching Habitat Cave fragmentation ecosystems Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA): Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 10
  11. 11. But… All our knowledge is about and/or based on the past... but all our decisions are about the future! • Changes! • Future analysis of driving factors • Look back • Adapt scope, targets & strategies • Monitoring & early warning system Future Past Future Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA): Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 11
  12. 12. Old-growth forest conservation 38% protected by CBR 62% (14500ha) unprotected (24000ha) Unsustainable Forest carbon stocks logging CO2 ‘savings‘ High Economic No legal basis (increasing) autonomy for protection wood demand of SFEs Voluntary Time carbon credit scheme Carpathian Biosphere Reserve (UA): Proactive and strategic conservation planning under regional and global change 12
  13. 13. Thank you!juliane.geyer@hnee.de ♦ cbr-rakhiv@ukr.net http://cbr.nature.org.ua/
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