A comparison of ecosystem services delivered by eleven long-term monitoring sites in the UK Environmental Change Network [Jan Dick]

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A comparison of ecosystem services delivered by eleven long-term monitoring sites in the UK Environmental Change Network. Presented by Jan Dick at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's …

A comparison of ecosystem services delivered by eleven long-term monitoring sites in the UK Environmental Change Network. Presented by Jan Dick at the "Perth II: Global Change and the World's Mountains" conference in Perth, Scotland in September 2010.

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  • 1. A comparison of ecosystem services delivered by eleven long- term monitoring sites in the UK Environmental Change Network Jan. Dicka, Chris Andrewsa, Deborah A. Beaumontb, Sue Benham c , David R. Brooks d, Stewart Corbette, Dylan Lloydf, Simon McMillang, Don T. Monteithh, Emma S.Pilgrimb, Rob Rose h, Andy Scott h, Tony Scott d, Rognvald.I. Smitha, Carol Taylori, Michele Taylorj Alex Turnerf, Helen. Watsoni 18 a Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh b North Wyke Research, c Forest Research, Alice Holt , d Rothamsted Research, e Porton Down, f Countryside Council for Wales, g ADAS UK Ltd., c/o Newcastle University, h Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster, i Macaulay Institute, j Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, 7Network sponsers: 10
  • 2. OutlineCharacteristics of ecosystem services of 11 UK sitesDistinction of mountain sitesBiodiversityUrban usageEcosystem dis-service
  • 3. Eleven long-term monitoring sites cover upland and lowland, agricultural and conservation landscapes in mainland UK Glensaugh (GLE) Allt aMharcaidh (CAI) Moor House (MOO) CAI GLE WythamSnowdon (SNO) Sourhope (SOU) SOU Drayton MOO (DRA) SNO DRA WHT ROT NOR ALI POR Wytham (WHT)North Wyke (NOR) Porton Down (POR) Rothamsted (ROT) Alice Holt (ALI)
  • 4. Three types of data were used in the analysis of ecosystem services at each ECN site(i) Data collected for the ECN to standard ECN protocol(http://www.ecn.ac.uk/protocols/index.asp),(ii) Data obtained by site managers from a wide variety of other sources and(iii) Expert knowledge of site managers
  • 5. Our approach was to numerate the components of the sites and compare sites using similarity and multivariate analysisProvision services Regulating services Cultural services Air quality Cultural diversityFood Climate regulation Spiritual and religiousFibre Water regulation Knowledge system XFuel Erosion regulation Educational valuesGenetic resources Water purification Inspiration XBiochemical Disease regulation Aesthetic valuesOrnamental services Pest regulation Social relationsFresh water Pollination Sense of place X Natural hazard Cultural heritage values Recreation and ecotourism X Supporting services Soil formation Photosynthesis Primary production Nutrient cycling Water cycling X It was not possible to estimate these parameters
  • 6. Minimum spanning trees and biplot ofthe eleven ECN sites and 73 variabalesShaded areas indicate clustering of siteswith similar land use;mountain sites (Cairngorm, Moorhouseand Snowdon).substantial forests (Alice Holt andWytham), primarily productive livestock farmland(Glensaugh, Sourhope and North Wyke),The ‘mixed use’ sites (Drayton,Rothamsted and Porton Down) were notso highly clustered.
  • 7. PCP biplot (68.34%) 0 0 -1 ROT 5 50 0 DRA 10 C_N_CarabidSpp 1 100 30 C_N_BirdSpp 15 SOU 2 25 30 POR 150 C_N_MothSpp CAI 150 C_N_ButterflySpp MOO 125 20 25 10 15 0 220 20 5 100 75 3 10 15 GLE 200 25 NOR 4 WYTVegetation 10 SNO ALI28% 250 30 5 C_N_CVS_classesC_N_Spp_Baseline C_N_BatSpp PC-1 (40.32%) Invertebrate 40%
  • 8. Species richness Birds 300 Spp in baseline survey 30 Species richness Species richness 250 200 20 150 Number of cultural activities 10 100 50 0 0 8 250 Total ECN spp richness Bats Species richness Species richness 6 200 150 4 100 2 50 0 0 200 Moths 30 CVS classes Number of classes Species richness 150 20 100 10 50 0 0 I T I T 40 Carabidae ALW Y GLE OU OR CA OO NO RA O POR S N M S D R Species richness 30 X Data 20 10 0 30 Butterflies Species richness Mountain 20Forest Farm Mixed use 10 0 R O SO E A NOU W I M I R YT O PO T AL CA RO DR L O SN G
  • 9. Biodiversity and human useMAY Grey Band =Median time spent in catchment August
  • 10. Urban use of the Cairngorms is not a new activity “……..At that point the rain abated leaving everything fresh and sparkling in the consequent bright sunshine. One could not but experience an exhilarating feeling of ‘joie de vivre, fitness, and sublime content with the scent of pine wood in ones nostrils and the fragrance of honeysuckle, bell heather, fox gloves and bracken all around.”Written ‘en route’ by James Nicoll Kerr Henderson (1908-1989) Edited and word-processedfrom the original by his son John Henderson in April, 2000 http://www.electricscotland.com/travel/tours/pics/ACairngormDiaryIllustrated24July1932.pdf
  • 11. Footfall data Allt Ruadh 140 120 Ecosystem dis-services Total footfall 100 “Then the forest gives way to moorland, swept 80 by a refreshing hill wind, which dispels our 60 extraordinary following of flies - troublesome 40 20 brutes” January March June Sept Decemeber 18000 0 16000 2008 14000 12000 10000Total Count 8000 6000 1000 Weekly midgie count 0 80000 2009 Kingussie 60000Total Count 40000 20000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 http://www.electricscotland.com/travel/tours/pics/ACairngormDiaryIllustrated24July1932.pdf 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 00 00 00 00 /09 /09 5/0 9 /09 /09 /09 /01 /03 /0 /07 /09 /11 01 01 01 01 01 01 Date Dr Alison Blackwell, Advanced Pest Solutions, midgie data from Kingnusses Working with CEH colleagues Kate Searle and Beth Purse who are studying potential for disease transmission
  • 12. “Really these hills and glens are gripping with their foregrounds ofplacid lochs, plunging waterfalls, rushing torrents and delicate tintsadding their influence to the constantly changing scenic tonescaused by the subtle effects of sun, mist and cloud. All within abackground of rugged grandeur - absolutely invincible!” JamesJames Nicoll Kerr Henderson (1908-1989)