The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) US Department of Commerce


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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) US Department of Commerce
Aerospace States Association
Dr. Howard Harary
Deputy Director for Manufacturing
NIST Engineering Laboratory

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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) US Department of Commerce

  1. 1. Aerospace States AssociationDr. Howard HararyDeputy Director for ManufacturingNIST Engineering Laboratory  March 22, 2011
  2. 2. NISTTo promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitivenessby advancing measurement science, standards, and technologyin ways that enhance economic security and improveour quality of life
  3. 3. NIST: Basic Stats and FactsMajor assets•  ~ 2800 federal employees•  ~ 2600 associates and facilities users/year•  ~ 1600 field staff in partner organizations (Manufacturing Extension Partnership)•  Two main locations, MD and CO•  Four collaborative Institutes (basic physics, biotech, quantum, marine) ©Robert RatheFY 2010 Appropriations $862 M FY 2010 Appropriations $862 M Scien&fic  and   $147 M Technical  Research   Services   $195 M $520 M Industrial  Technology   Services   Construc&on  of   Research  Facili&es  
  4. 4. NIST: Major Program AreasNIST Laboratories• Providing measurement solutions for industry and the NationHollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership• Nationwide network of resources helping smaller manufacturers compete globallyBaldrige Performance Excellence Program• Strengthening performance excellence in U.S. businessTechnology Innovation Program• Stimulating technological innovation to meet key societal challenges
  5. 5. Manufacturing ExtensionPartnership ProgramProviding small manufacturing companies the Training, Tools andConnections to ACCELERATE INNOVATION;Leading to new opportunities in domestic & export marketsToday, 59 centers with ~ 400 field locations •  System wide, Non-Federal staff is ~ 1,600 •  Contracting with over 2,400 third party service providersMEP System budget ~ $300M •  1/3 Federal, 2/3 State and Industry (fees for services)
  6. 6. The Technology Innovation Program Funding Transformational Research for Critical National Needs Key Features of TIPFY2009 Awards in Novel Purpose: address societalManufacture of Advanced challenges not being addressed in areasMaterials: of Critical National Need12 awards totaling $84 M Rich Teaming: businesses, academia,R&D (Federal share $41 M) national labs, nonprofit research institutions, and other organizations. Scientific & Technical Merit: high-risk, high-reward research Transformational Results: strong potential for advancing the state-of-the-art Societal Challenges: justifies government attention Clear Government Need: no other funding sources are reasonably available. 6
  7. 7. Baldrige National Performance Excellence Program Standard of Performance ExcellenceOrganizations are judged against the Baldrigecriteria in seven areas:•  leadership•  strategic planning•  customer and market focus•  measurement, analysis, and knowledge management•  workforce focus•  process management•  and results Three awards may be given annually in•  manufacturing •  education•  service •  health care•  small business •  and nonprofit
  8. 8. NIST Laboratories
  9. 9. Measurement SciencePhysical measurements•  Fundamental units•  Applied measurements•  Calibrations•  State weights & measures programsMaterial measurements•  Material composition & properties•  Validated methods & data•  Standard reference materials•  Laboratory accreditation (NVLAP)Performance Measurements•  Standards for function and interoperability•  Performance metrics•  Testing tools
  10. 10. NIST Measurement Services For over a century, the measurement services programs of NIST have ensured the accuracy and reliability of nearly all measurements in the United States.U.S. Industry and the Consumer SRM•  Over 1200 different Standard Reference Materials assure the accuracy of millions of measurements made daily in medical clinics, manufacturing plants, and industrial labs throughout the United States.•  18, 000 test for 600 unique customers provide the foundation for the traceability of measurements required for assuring product quality and international trade.Federal Agencies•  Critical measurement support for federal agencies DoD, DoE, FAA, EPA, and NASAState Agencies NIST calibrations underpinned more than 360,000 weights and measures calibrations done by state laboratories to assure equity in commerce
  11. 11. NIST and StandardsStandards solutions for Public Safety Communications: national priorities NIST and industry•  Smart Grid, electronic health develop conformity records, cybersecurity, advanced assessment manufacturing, cloud computing, national requirements for building codes … equipment interoperabilityResources•  Approx. 400 staff•  100 + technical committeesRoles Measurement Standards:•  Leadership/convening in ASME, NIST develops ASTM Intl., IEEE, ISO, IEC, etc. methodology for•  Technical underpinnings measuring energy•  Tools to promote standards quality consumption through testing and validationConformity assessment•  800 + laboratories accredited by NVLAP
  12. 12. Unique Measurement Capability: National FacilitiesCenter for Nanoscale Center for NeutronScience & Technology Research•  Collaborative research & •  Most productive & shared-access efficient neutron nanofabrication facility scattering facility in US•  Established 2007 •  Unique probe of atomic & molecular•  Large & growing industrial structure/dynamics use base •  Accounts for over 2/3 of neutron research in US
  13. 13. Engineering Laboratory at a GlanceTo promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness inareas of critical national priority by anticipating and meetingthe measurement science and standards needs fortechnology-intensive manufacturing, construction, andcyber-physical systems in ways that enhance economicprosperity and improve the quality of life.Divisions Staffing• Manufacturing Systems 263 NIST Staff Integration 160 Guest Researchers• Intelligent Systems Funding• Materials & Construction $86.3 M annual budget Research $64.8 M - NIST appropriations• Building Environment $21.5 M - Other Agency• Fire Research
  14. 14. Engineering Laboratory Organization
  15. 15. Manufacturing Drivers•  Increasing pace of technological change •  Product and process innovation •  Shorter time-to-market•  Growth of international trade and distributed manufacturing•  Continual push for higher quality, better performing customized products•  Increasing productivity and reducing costs•  Need to reduce environmental impacts•  New safety and security challenges
  16. 16. Key Challenges Facing Manufacturing•  Enhancing productivity at all levels; reducing waste and inefficiencies•  Distributed supply networks; industry fragmentation; innovation ecosystems•  Enabling innovation and competitiveness via: –  Better metrics for characterizing, monitoring, controlling, and optimizing performance –  Life-cycle performance (versus minimum first-cost) based investment options –  Technical basis and tools to support emerging standards, codes, and regulations –  Filling significant pre-competitive R&D gaps
  17. 17. EL Strategic GoalsMeasurement Science and Standards for:•  Smart Manufacturing, Construction, and Cyber-Physical Systems•  Sustainable and Energy-Efficient Manufacturing, Materials, and Infrastructure•  Disaster-Resilient Buildings, Infrastructure, and Communities
  18. 18. Manufacturing Matters – the EL Role•  Manufacturing is challenged by a changing world and more aggressive and adept competition•  Technology - to spur innovation and enhance quality and productivity - is a critical factor for the success of U.S. manufacturers•  EL helps manufacturers to innovate and compete more effectively by providing by providing measurement science to help advance technology and reduce risks of technology adoption
  19. 19. Partners Representing Manufacturing IndustryAgilent
  20. 20. EL Manufacturing Program PortfolioSmart Manufacturing, Construction, and Cyber-Physical SystemsStrategic Goal:•  Smart Manufacturing Processes and Equipment•  Next-Generation Robotics and Automation•  Smart Manufacturing and Construction Systems•  Systems Integration for Manufacturing and Construction ApplicationsSustainable and Energy-Efficient Manufacturing, Materials, andInfrastructure Strategic Goal:•  Sustainable Manufacturing•  Sustainable, High-Performance Infrastructure Materials•  Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings•  Embedded Intelligence in Buildings
  21. 21. Mechanisms used to Work with Industry•  Joint projects with Consortia or Individual Companies –  CRADAs –  Research Agreements –  Grants and Contracts•  Patent licensing•  NIST Associates (Guest Researchers)•  SBIR Program
  22. 22. Considerations in Working with Industry•  Is the work appropriate with respect to the NIST mission?•  Is the work appropriate with respect to the Laboratory mission?•  Does the Laboratory have the necessary competencies and equipment to succeed?•  Are required NIST capabilities and role unique?•  Does the work align well with existing or planned new technical programs and priorities?•  Does the nature of the project transcend the needs of an individual company, and is it infrastructural in nature?•  What will be the impact of the work, if successful?•  Are there sufficient resources to be successful?
  23. 23. Strategies used to Work with Industry•  Standards Engagement•  Competitions at NIST Test Arenas and other venues•  Performance Test Methods and Metrics•  "Plugfests" at tradeshows•  Testbeds at NIST and testing tools available to industry
  24. 24. Manufacturing Facilities and Testbeds•  Industrial Control System Networking and Security•  Smart and Wireless Sensors Laboratory•  Intelligent Mobility•  Robotics in Manufacturing and Safety•  Reference Test Arenas for Search and Bomb Disposal Robots•  Robot Test Facility for Developing Performance Characterization•  Advanced Manufacturing Systems and Networking•  Pulse-Heated Kolsky Bar Facility
  25. 25. Print me a Stradivarius
  26. 26. EL Confronts Challenges in Metal- Based Additive Manufacturing•  Rapid art-to-part capability of fabricating complex structures – revolutionary potential•  Key barriers in the widespread adoption of metal-based additive processes –  part accuracy –  surface finish –  process certification –  data formats –  process speed•  EL: –  Identified barriers and research needs –  Evaluated research on machine/process performance –  Helped form Standards Committee F42 on Additive Manufacturing Technologies (founded 2009)
  27. 27. ! ! Howard Harary!! ! Deputy Director 
! ! for Manufacturing
 !! ! !! ! 301 975 3400! ! ! !! !! ! ! ! ! ! !! ! The NIST Engineering Laboratory! ! !! ! 100 Bureau Drive Stop 8200! ! ! ! ! ! Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8200!! ! !