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  • 1. Building on StrengthAdvancing America’s Leadership in Aviation and Aerospace Aerospace States Association Survey Summary Robert Materna, PhD Center for Aviation & Aerospace Leadership Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University-Worldwide
  • 2. Purpose Assess the relative importance of aviation and aerospace-related activities across the states Collect and share information on – Policies and strategies that can make states more competitive – The scale and scope of alliances and aerospace development corporations – The effectiveness of aerospace clusters – STEM related activities across the states – Other best practices and activities that can create jobs Identify actions that can make ASA more effectiveAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 2 10/7/2012
  • 3. Q1. Please rate the importance of these manufacturingand service activities to your states economy. Military aviation R&D 4.33 Commercial aviation R&D 4.33 Other aircraft part or auxiliary equipment… 4.28 Aircraft engine and engine part… 4.28 General aviation R&D 4.22 Unmanned aerial systems manufacturing 4.18 Aircraft engine MRO services 4.17 Aircraft engine R&D 4.17 Commercial aviation MRO services 4.17 Commercial aviation aircraft manufacturing 4.17 General aviation MRO services 4.17 n=18 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0
  • 4. Q1. Please rate the importance of these manufacturingand service activities to your states economy. Military aviation R&D Commercial aviation R&D Other aircraft part or auxiliary equipment manufacturing Aircraft engine and engine part manufacturing General aviation R&D Unmanned aerial systems manufacturing Aircraft engine MRO services Aircraft engine R&D Commercial aviation MRO services Commercial aviation aircraft manufacturing General aviation MRO servicesAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 4 10/7/2012
  • 5. Q2. Please rate the importance of these missile andspace-related activities to your states economy. Military space R&D 4.06 Guided missile R&D 4.00 Commercial space R&D 3.94 Military space systems integration services 3.88 Military space vehicle manufacturing 3.81 Commercial space vehicle manufacturing 3.69 Military space vehicle propulsion… 3.63 Commercial space systems integration… 3.63 Guided missile propulsion manufacturing 3.63 Guided missile manufacturing 3.63 Commercial space vehicle propulsion… 3.44 Space flight simulator manufacturing 2.88 n=18 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0
  • 6. Q2. Please rate the importance of these missile andspace-related activities to your states economy. Military space R&D Guided missile R&D Commercial space R&D Military space systems integration services Military space vehicle manufacturing Commercial space vehicle manufacturing Military space vehicle propulsion manufacturing Commercial space systems integration services Guided missile propulsion manufacturing Guided missile manufacturing Commercial space vehicle propulsion manufacturingAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 6 10/7/2012
  • 7. Q3. Please rate the importance of these space-relatedservices and programs to your state’s economy. The Space Grant program 3.93 Commercial Space Launch services 2.93 Military Space Launch services 2.73 Commercial Space Ground services 2.67 Military Space Ground services 2.60 n=17 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 7 10/7/2012
  • 8. Q3. Please rate the importance of these space-relatedservices and programs to your state’s economy. Space grant program Commercial space launch services Military space launch services Commercial space ground services Military space ground servicesAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 8 10/7/2012
  • 9. Q4. Does your state have a Memorandum ofUnderstanding or some similar agreement with NASA? 6% 17% 78% Yes No Not Sure n = 18Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 9 10/7/2012
  • 10. Q 5. If "Yes" please, briefly describe its purposeand who to contact for more information. Found MOUs between NASA and – Ohio, 2010 – Hawaii, 2007 – Louisiana, 2007 Purpose and who to contact can be found on Internet. Numerous other MOUS with other organizations available on-line.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 10 10/7/2012
  • 11. Q 5. If "Yes" please, briefly describe its purposeand who to contact for more information.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 11 10/7/2012
  • 12. Q 6. Is one or more of youruniversities classified as a Space Grant institution? 44% 50% 6% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 12 10/7/2012
  • 13. Q 7. If "Yes” please name the university and describethe focus of its Space Grant work. Alaska Space Grant Program – a consortium of UniversitiesAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 13 10/7/2012
  • 14. Q 7. If "Yes” please name the university and describethe focus of its Space Grant work. University of HartfordAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 14 10/7/2012
  • 15. Q 7. If "Yes” please name the university and describethe focus of its Space Grant work. Washington NASA Space Grant ConsortiumAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 15 10/7/2012
  • 16. Q 7. If "Yes” please name the university and describethe focus of its Space Grant work. University of Wisconsin Space Grant ProgramAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 16 10/7/2012
  • 17. Q 8. In your opinion, what can be done to make theSpace Grant program more effective? Stable predictable funding to build fellowship pipeline More collaboration with small businesses Need to tie the NASA SBIR program to this program to leverage federal grant monies Need more information -- not familiar with the programAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 17 10/7/2012
  • 18. Q 9. Does your statehave a Challenger Learning Center? 17.6% 17.6% 64.7% Yes No Not Sure n = 17Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 18 10/7/2012
  • 19. Q 9. Does your statehave a Challenger Learning Center? Challenger Learning Center New MexicoAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 19 10/7/2012
  • 20. Q 10. Do you have oneor more aerospace clusters in your state? 12.5% 12.5% 75.0% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 20 10/7/2012
  • 21. Q 11. If "Yes" what is the primary focus of the cluster(s)?Check all that apply Commercial aircraft or aircraft part… 85% Aircraft engine or engine part manufacturing 62% Commercial aircraft MRO services 54% Unmanned aerial systems manufacturing 46% Aircraft engine MRO services 46% Military aircraft or aircraft part… 46% Space system integration services 31% Rotorcraft engine or rotorcraft engine part… 31% Military aircraft MRO servces 31% Rotorcraft or rotorcraft part manufacturing 23% n = 13 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
  • 22. Q 11. If "Yes" what is the primary focus of the cluster(s)?Check all that apply Commercial aircraft or aircraft part manufacturing Aircraft engine or engine part manufacturing Commercial aircraft MRO services Unmanned aerial systems manufacturing Aircraft engine MRO services Military aircraft or aircraft part manufacturing Space system integration services Rotorcraft engine or rotorcraft engine part manufacturing Military aircraft MRO services Rotorcraft or rotorcraft part manufacturingAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 22 10/7/2012
  • 23. Q 12. Please rate the effectiveness of your largestaerospace cluster on the following: Creating or maintaining jobs 4.55 Generating revenue for the local community 4.45 Creating higher paying jobs 4.36 Creating a positive brand image or… 4.18 Generating new patents 4.11 Creating new products and services for the… 4.10 Attracting R&D funds 4.10 Creating new businesses 4.09 Forging new alliances with partners in the… 4.00 Generating revenue for the state 4.00 Stimulating exports 4.00 n=13 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0
  • 24. Q 12. Please rate the effectiveness of your largestaerospace cluster on the following: Creating or maintaining jobs Generating revenue for the local community Creating higher paying jobs Creating a positive brand image or reputation for the local area or region Generating new patents Creating new products and services for the aviation and aerospace industries Attracting R&D funds Creating new businesses Forging new alliances with partners in the U.S. Generating revenue for the state Stimulating exportsAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 24 10/7/2012
  • 25. Q 13. List the major aerospace employers in your state.Acft Braking System Corp AerojetAir National Guard Alaska Aerospace CorporationAlcoa Applied EngineeringArerocet ATSBAE Systems Ball AerospaceBoeing BombardierCOLSA PPG Delta Air LinesDigital Globe Duncan Aviation-LincolnEADS SAIC Eaton,Empire Airlines EMS TechnologiesEsterline FedExFirth Rixson GEGE Aviation General DynamicsGeoEye GoodrichGoodrich Gulfstream AerospaceAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 25 10/7/2012
  • 26. Q 13. List the major aerospace employers in your state.Hamilton Sundstrand HoneywellITT Lockheed MartinMeggitt Northrop GrummanOrbital Sciences ParkerPCC Airfoils Pratt & WhitneyPrecision Castparts Corporation Precision HelicoptersQuest Aircraft Co RaytheonRaytheon Royal Engineered CompositesSikorsky SikorskyTECT TeledyneThe Freeman Company Triumph GroupUnitech United Launch AllianceWarner Robins Air Logistics Center Western Aircraft Inc.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 26 10/7/2012
  • 27. Q 14. Does your state have one or more aerospacealliances or aerospace development corporations? 37.5% 43.8% 18.8% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 27 10/7/2012
  • 28. Q 15. If "Yes" what is the organizations website? Alaska Aerospace Organization at www.akaerospace.com Arizona & Defense Arizona at azcommerce.com Aerospace Futures Alliance at www.afa-wa.com Georgia Center for Innovation at aerospace.georgiainnovation.org Idaho Aerospace Alliance at www.idaero.org Maine at http://www.mainemfg.com/ Pacific Northwest Alliance at www.pnaa.net Washington at www.washington-aerospace.com Wisconsin’s AeroInnovate at www.aeroinnovate.orgAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 28 10/7/2012
  • 29. Q 15. If "Yes" what is the organizations website?Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 29 10/7/2012
  • 30. Q 15. If "Yes" what is the organizations website?Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 30 10/7/2012
  • 31. Q 15. If "Yes" what is the organizations website?Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 31 10/7/2012
  • 32. Q 16. Please check those areas where the state ismaking major aviation or aerospace-related investments STEM education 73.3% Airports 60.0% University aerospace programs 40.0% Aerospace-related laboratories 40.0% Aerospace-related business 26.7% incubators Space launch facilities 13.3% n = 15 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 32 10/7/2012
  • 33. Q 16. Please check those areas where the state ismaking major aviation or aerospace-related investments STEM education Airports University aerospace programs Aerospace-related laboratories Aerospace-related business incubators Space launch facilitiesAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 33 10/7/2012
  • 34. Q 17. Does your state have other programs in-place toencourage aerospace manufacturing? 25.0% 50.0% 25.0% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 34 10/7/2012
  • 35. Q 18. If "Yes" briefly describe the nature of the program. The Georgia Center for Innovation in Aerospace – Acts a catalyst, creating opportunities for aerospace companies and their suppliers by connecting them to new technologies, university research, potential business collaborators and current industry information. – Advances recognition of Georgia’s strength in the global aerospace industry, and contributes to the entrepreneurial and educational ecosystems required for its continued growth.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 35 10/7/2012
  • 36. Q 18. If "Yes" briefly describe the nature of the program. The Ohio Aerospace Institute where our mission is to enhance our partners’ aerospace competitiveness through research and technology development, workforce preparedness, and engagement with global networks for innovation and advocacyAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 36 10/7/2012
  • 37. Q 18. If "Yes" briefly describe the nature of the program.Other programs included: Tax incentives for manufacturers Tax credits, workforce programs Advanced manufacturing initiative focused on needs of small and medium enterprisesAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 37 10/7/2012
  • 38. Q 19. Do you have STEM programs that encouragebusiness to collaborate with the schools in your state? 31.3% 62.5% 6.3% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 38 10/7/2012
  • 39. Q 20. If "Yes" what metrics do you use to measure thesuccess of your STEM policies or programs? Graduation rates Enrollments of in-state students in STEM related degrees in local universities Number of internships and/or full-time positions created. High schools students entering college for STEM studies (mostly engineering) Metrics are currently being designedSee next page . . .Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 39 10/7/2012
  • 40. Q 20. If "Yes" what metrics do you use to measure thesuccess of your STEM policies or programs?From one respondent’s website, the process typicallyincludes: Baseline data collected upon student entry into program. Student data and scores collected and used as a performance-based assessment tool to develop, translate and measure students progress. Data also collected to benchmark school/district graduation rates and student achievement data for math and science.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 40 10/7/2012
  • 41. Q 21. Does your statehave a STEM-related program for Veterans? 6.3% 25.0% 68.8% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 41 10/7/2012
  • 42. Q 22. If "Yes" please describe. Idaho State University has a Veterans Sanctuary Program that helps veterans transition back to educational programs.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 42 10/7/2012
  • 43. Q 22. If "Yes" please describe. California State at San MarcosAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 43 10/7/2012
  • 44. Q 23. Briefly describe other programs you may haveto encourage studies in STEM in secondary schools. Georgia supports the Technology Student Association, the Real World Design Challenge, and various other STEM programs throughout the year. The Center of Innovation for Aerospace also works with several organizations to deliver an Aerospace STEM Institute in the summer for local science teachers.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 44 10/7/2012
  • 45. Q 23. Briefly describe other programs you may haveto encourage studies in STEM in secondary schools. Senior Design Challenge at UCONN: The Entrepreneurship Senior Design Project (ESDP) program developed jointly with the School of Business.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 45 10/7/2012
  • 46. Q 23. Briefly describe other programs you may haveto encourage studies in STEM in secondary schools. Regional Center for Next Generation Manufacturing addresses the need for highly skilled workers in the manufacturing workplace by constructing programs that provide resources to educators and students interested in learning new technologies in manufacturing.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 46 10/7/2012
  • 47. Q 24. Briefly describe the major aviation or aerospace-related policy initiatives your state is working on? The Georgia Center of Innovation for Aerospace Policy Working Group develops initiatives and policies to present to state leaders that support local industry. The Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation is working on a cluster and supply chain analysis with the goal of developing a sector growth strategy. The Massachusetts Military Asset and Security Strategy Task Force is working to protect military bases. The National Composite Center is developing a R&D consortium of Ohio aerospace suppliers, incubators and universities to develop next-generation composite products for use in new Airbus aircraft.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 47 10/7/2012
  • 48. Q 24. Briefly describe the major aviation or aerospace-related policy initiatives your state is working on? NASA’s Glenn Research Center in Ohio is developing fuel cells for emissions-free aircraft, the International Space Station, reusable launch vehicles, a Mars airplane, and a Space Shuttle upgrade, as well as for systems to produce electricity and store energy on the Moon and Mars. Washington State is working on workforce training, retraining/job placement for veterans, STEM education, and public/private R&D initiatives.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 48 10/7/2012
  • 49. Q 24. Briefly describe the major aviation or aerospace-related policy initiatives your state is working on? Arizona is working on a new manufacturing refundable tax credit program for qualified facilities. Idaho has developed a new policy and law on sales taxes exemption for aircraft parts, components and materials. Not aware of any aerospace related policy initiatives in our state. (multiple similar responses)Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 49 10/7/2012
  • 50. Q 25. Does your state have a strategy for increasing itscompetitive position in the global aerospace market? 25.0% 56.3% 18.8% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 50 10/7/2012
  • 51. Q 26. If "Yes" please describe. Focusing on technology, workforce, and the business environment. Exploring opportunities and strategies in very new emerging industries. Capitalizing on our geographic location and proximity to Asia to advertise our state as an air crossroads. Investing in our aerospace corporation to make it a premier, competitive launch facility; deregulating air cargo transfer for global airlines; and serving as a test- bed for aerospace R&D.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 51 10/7/2012
  • 52. Q 26. If "Yes" please describe. Marketing ourselves as a regional Midwest supply chain with aerospace manufacturing assets. Ohio’s strategy is the Ohio Aerospace and Advisory Council initiative. State is focused on workforce training, STEM education, retraining/job placement for veterans, public/private R&D, national/international branding and marketing. Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) industry expansion.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 52 10/7/2012
  • 53. Q 26. If "Yes" please describe. State strategy built around the Maine Aerospace Alliance, where the mission is to: – Assist Maine companies to provide innovative products to the worldwide aerospace market – Grow that market by making their capabilities known and – Create a synergistic approach among Maine aerospace companies, their resources, and their customers.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 53 10/7/2012
  • 54. Q 27. Are there other actions ASA should be taking? 37.5% 56.3% 6.3% Yes No Not Sure n = 16Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 54 10/7/2012
  • 55. Q 28. If "Yes" please describe.* Apply pressure to create a more business friendly environment -- lower taxes, fewer regulations and less restrictive labor policies Apply for grants to implement actions discussed -- hard to implement new actions without additional funding Help create connectivity to foreign supply chains. Assist in opening marketing channels to foreign opportunities Apply pressure on NASA to increase the amount of work they do with local manufacturers Increase access to talent through STEM initiatives*Note: This question includes responses from both surveys.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 55 10/7/2012
  • 56. Q 28. If "Yes" please describe. Help more firms get involved with the Advanced Manufacturing initiative Reduce regulatory burdens Assist with financing Support small to medium firms through more collaborative efforts Help reduce costs Foster predictable federal policies – such as for R&D funding and procurementAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 56 10/7/2012
  • 57. Q 28. If "Yes" please describe. Simplify foreign trade rules (ITAR) Encourage regional or national supply chain consortia. Make ASA and its members known to the general population – need to advertise capabilities Emphasize importance of aerospace to member states. Continue to share best practices Help small firms and members of ASA gain more exposure Promote more participation by senior government officials Recognize we are in competition with better central planning elsewhereAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 57 10/7/2012
  • 58. Q 28. If "Yes" please describe. We are complacent or excessively dependent on military orders. Need direction for moving to commercial programs or will drift out of global relevance Offer more assistance to firms trying to enter foreign markets Help smaller firms keep abreast of Requests for Quotes Provide programs to help small firms continually adapt advanced technologies Provide support for smaller firms trying to implement lean manufacturing techniques Apply pressure on the FAA to streamline and reform their certification processAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 58 10/7/2012
  • 59. Summary R&D, manufacturing, and MRO all important Not many states have MOUs with NASA, but some do exist Almost half the states have Space Grant programs Few states have Challenger Learning Centers Three quarters have some type of aerospace cluster – Commercial aircraft or aircraft part manufacturing – Aircraft engine or engine part manufacturing – Commercial aircraft MRO services – Unmanned aerial systems manufacturingAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 59 10/7/2012
  • 60. Summary Aerospace clusters most effective at – Creating or maintaining jobs – Generating revenue for the local community – Creating higher paying jobs – Creating a positive brand image or reputation for the local area or region – Generating new patents – Creating new products and services for the aviation and aerospace industries – Attracting R&D funds – Creating new businesses and moreAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 60 10/7/2012
  • 61. Summary Over 40% of states have one or more aerospace alliances or aerospace development corporations States are making major investments in – STEM education – Airports – University aerospace programs – Aerospace-related laboratories – Aerospace-related business incubators – Space launch facilities 25% of states have other programs in-place to encourage aerospace manufacturingAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 61 10/7/2012
  • 62. Summary Over 60% have STEM programs that encourage business to collaborate with the schools in their state Different metrics are used to measure success of STEM programs Only one state had a STEM program targeted at Veterans Different programs exist to encourage studies in STEM in secondary schools Many different policies and initiatives being implemented to make states more competitiveAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 62 10/7/2012
  • 63. SummaryMany opportunities for ASA and States Lobby stakeholders to create more business friendly environment Pursue grants for aerospace-related initiatives Expand benchmarking to help states explore different ways to promote aerospace Develop and strengthen regional innovation clusters – within and across states Work with NASA, FAA, AIA and other government and non-government agencies where it makes senseAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 63 10/7/2012
  • 64. Summary Leverage and expand STEM activities across states Expand marketing and promote what states, ASA, and industry are doing Promote successful aerospace case studies in programs like the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, the Advanced, Manufacturing Initiative, SBIR, etc. Create national service to help small firms track Requests for Quotes Promote regional, national, and international supply chain capabilitiesAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 64 10/7/2012
  • 65. Summary Continue to capture and share lessons learned and best practices Engage more senior government officials Expand relationship with the International Trade Administration – Promote the National Export Initiative – Open up marketing channels – Organize and lead aerospace trade delegations, etc.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 65 10/7/2012
  • 66. Summary Organize programs to help small to medium manufacturers – Non-traditional financing techniques – Exporting and other market entry strategies – How to navigate ITAR and export controls – Case studies of successful aerospace joint ventures, licensing agreements, co-production arrangements – How to shift from the military environment to the commercial environment Take a wider view of the role for states and ASAAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 66 10/7/2012
  • 67. Demographics: States Represented Alaska Massachusetts Alabama Maine Arizona Nebraska Colorado Ohio Connecticut South Dakota Georgia Washington Idaho Wisconsin IndianaAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 67 10/7/2012
  • 68. For More InformationCharles H. Huettner, Executive DirectorAerospace States Association107 S. West Street, Suite 510Alexandria, VA 22314www.aerostates.orgPh: 202 257-4872Robert Materna, PhD, Professor of Business AdministrationCenter for Aviation & Aerospace LeadershipCollege of BusinessEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical University – WorldwideRobert.Materna@erau.eduPh: 770 722-4923 Aviation & Aerospace Survey SummaryAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 68 68 10/7/2012 10/7/2012
  • 69. Supplemental Information from Survey on Small to Medium-size Aerospace ManufacturersAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 69 10/7/2012
  • 70. Background Over 90% of firms that produce aircraft products and parts employ less than 500 people Firms with less than 500 people provide 10 % of the jobs Small firms account for approximately 25% of innovation The sales gap between large and small firms has increased Many of the parts that used to be produced by small firms in the U.S. are now being produced elsewhere Even though sales are increasing, we need to mind the gap and preserve this important sector of the economyAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 70 10/7/2012
  • 71. Growing Sales GapBetween Small and Large Firms as of 2Q12 Index 4Q 2000 = 100 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 Firms with Assets Equal to or Greater Than $25 Million 20 Firms with Assets Less Than $25 Million 0 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 4Q 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Source: US Census Bureau Quarterly Financial ReportAviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 71 10/7/2012
  • 72. Q 1. Top Global Challenges FacingSmall-to-Medium Aerospace Manufacturers Foreign competitors that receive foreign government subsidies. Limited access to markets due to excessive non-tariff barriers. Lack of knowledge about how to operate outside the U.S. High U.S. labor costs compared to labor costs in other countries. Competing with foreign firms with less restrictive labor practices.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 72 10/7/2012
  • 73. Q 2. Top Domestic Challenges FacingSmall-to-Medium Manufacturers Uncertainty created by cuts to federal and state budgets. Lack of U.S. workers with the right science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) skills. Pressure to reduce costs by customers. Lack of R&D funds for small-to-medium U.S. manufacturers. Current U.S. ITAR restrictions. Difficulty in obtaining financing for capital improvements.Note: last two items tie for fifth place.Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 73 10/7/2012
  • 74. Q 9. Do you think the U.S. aerospace industry isbecoming more dependent on foreign suppliers? 20.0% 46.7% 33.3% Yes No Not Sure n = 15Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 74 10/7/2012
  • 75. Q 11. Do you anticipate furtherconsolidation in the U.S. aerospace industry? 21.4% 7.1% 71.4% Yes No Not Sure n = 14Aviation & Aerospace Survey Summary 75 10/7/2012