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Study and Memory Skills
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Study and Memory Skills






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  • Learning and remembering require you to: 1. SELECT the important information. 2. UNDERSTAND that important information. 3. STORE it in organized "files." 4. RETRIEVE information for use.
  • SELECTIVE ATTENTION :You didn't pay attention to the sensory information.PSEUDO FORGETTING :You never really learned the information initially!You may have noticed the information and even held it briefly in your short-term memory.You never rehearsed the information for storage in long-term memory.                Think about a recent exam :              Was there anything you knew you had seen but just couldn't recall?              Maybe you read the material but didn't go back to review it. Or maybe you              reviewed it but didn't try to say it in your own words. Or maybe you              learned the formula but didn't use it enough.                Your learning was incomplete. You never really had it.DECAY THEORY :You didn't review or use the information, so it faded away.The neutral trace that formed the memory gradually decayed and disappeared.                Remembering requires frequent review.INTERFERENCE :Something you already know interferes with what you are trying to learn.Or what you are learning now makes you misremember something that you already know.                Interference gets you confused.              This happens a lot, especially with similar kinds of information that you             haven't totally digested.
  • Mnemonics - Every Good Boy Deserves FunRhymes -I before E, except after C & “weird” isjust weirdAcrostics - KISS = Keep It Simple StupidAcronyms R edO rangeYellowG reenB lueI ndigoViolet
  • Never Eat Shredded WheatHOMES – huron, ontario, michigan, erie, superior
  • Mnemonics - Every Good Boy Deserves FunRhymes -I before E, except after C & “weird” isjust weirdAcrostics - KISS = Keep It Simple StupidAcronyms R edO rangeYellowG reenB lueI ndigoViolet
  • Mnemonics - Every Good Boy Deserves FunRhymes -I before E, except after C & “weird” isjust weirdAcrostics - KISS = Keep It Simple StupidAcronyms R edO rangeYellowG reenB lueI ndigoViolet
  • Mnemonics - Every Good Boy Deserves FunRhymes -I before E, except after C & “weird” isjust weirdAcrostics - KISS = Keep It Simple StupidAcronyms R edO rangeYellowG reenB lueI ndigoViolet

Study and Memory Skills Study and Memory Skills Presentation Transcript

  • Study Skills: MemoryLearning to study, comprehend, and remember
  • Tips for Effective Studying Make studying a part of your daily routine. Manage your study time wisely. Collaborate with others. Make your learning style work for you. Be alert for external distractions. Get enough sleep. Follow a regular exercise program. Get a tutor.
  • Studying to Understand andRemember Pay attention to what you’re hearing or reading. “Overlearn” the material. Check the Internet. Be sure you have the big picture. Look for connections between your life and what’s going on in your courses. Get organized. Reduce stressors in your life.
  • Short Term vs. Long TermMemory Short-Term Memory Long-Term MemoryStores information for about 30 Procedural: remembering how to doseconds somethingCan contain from 5 to 9 chunks of Semantic: remembering facts andinformation at one time meaningsInformation either forgotten or moved Episodic: remembering the time andto long-term memory place of events
  • Information Processing Model How Does Information Get In And Out Of My Memory? http://bit.ly/ofGbnS
  • Why Do I Forget? Within one hour you can forget up to 50% of what you have just learned. WHY?  Selective Attention  Pseudo Forgetting  Decay Theory  Interference
  • What Techniques Do YOU Use to Remember Things?
  • Notable Notes from PPT  Slides from class  Syllabus as guide  Summarize lecture/lab notes  What are the key points?  Do you ask yourself questions?  Review tips:  Flash cards  Re-write  Note summary  Discuss  Teach – talk it out or explain
  • Taking Notes in Class What’s YOUR preferred method for note-taking?  Cornell Method
  • Deep Learning  Goal is to truly understand course material  Involves actively constructing learning experiences  Leads to better memory retention  Deep learners enjoy the process of learning for its own sake  Deep learners use more thinking skills
  • Memory Myths vs. Reality  Reality: Virtually anyone can Myth: Some people have improve the ability to bad memories remember and recall Myth: Some people have  Reality: Research shows that photographic memories these abilities result more Myth: Memory benefits from often from learned strategies long hours of practice  Reality: The way you practice Myth: Remembering too is more important than how much can clutter your mind long you practice Myth: People use only 10%  Reality: Your storage of their brain power capacity is unlimited. How you organize is more important than the quantity.  Reality: No evidence to prove how much we actually use
  • Remember THIS!  Elaborative rehearsal  Generation Effect  Dual Coding  State & context  Spacing Effect
  • Tips for Improving Your Memory Mnemonics  Acronyms – New words created from the first letters of several words.  Acrostics – A verse in which certain letters of each word or line form a message.  Rhymes or songs  Visualization – Use to associate words, concepts, or stories with visual images.
  • What Mnemonics Do You Use? Never Eat Shredded Wheat
  • Try a Word Web
  • More Memory Ideas…  Generation Effect  Define, summary, flash cards, teaching  Spacing  Repeat, repeat, repeat!  Review (cramming = bad)  Dual Coding  Narrative, linking, imagery, loci
  • Tips for Improving Your Memory  Using Review Sheets, Mind Maps and other tools  Review sheets – Use your notes to make lists of key terms and ideas that you need to remember.  Mind map – Like a review sheet, with a visual element.  Flash cards – Carry them with you everywhere!
  • Visualize with Mind Maps
  • Tips for Improving Your Memory Summaries  Predict a test question from your lecture notes.  Read all assignments, marking main ideas as you go.  Analyze and abstract. What is the purpose?  Connect main points and supporting details.  Select, condense, and order.  Write your ideas precisely in a draft.  Review your draft.  Test your memory.  Schedule time to review summaries, and double check your memory before the test.