Use it to avoid empty reading— reading, then realizing that no information has come across. Identify yourself completely in what the author is trying to say: throw yourself into his mind! Focus on identifying the main ideas and on understanding how supporting points reinforce those ideas. Review the material from each chapter at least once a week.
Scan the material to see what lies ahead. Consider the context for the assignment. Consider the length of the reading assignment and estimate how long it will take. Consider the structure and features of the reading to help you digest the material. Consider the difficulty and plan your time accordingly.
Visual guide Skimming first helps you see how the chapters fit together The “wheel structure” Branching map Outline format Lists, or chunking Flash cards
Skimming covers the content at a general level. It involves reading at about twice your normal rate. Focuses on introductory statements, topic sentences and boldface terms. Provides the chance for you to see what kind of information the assignment contains Enables you to gather the surface ideas if you don’t have enough time to read deeply.
Review to remember the main points of the material. Test yourself on your comprehension. Some ways to review: notes study questions flash cards visual maps outlines Make reviewing ever y week a study goal.
Read the preface, for ward, and introduction to the book It will tell you why they wrote it and what material it covers Some books have questions at the end of each chapter Use these in your study guide If the book doesn’t provide enough detail, go to the primar y source
College reading takes a great deal of concentration. Schedule time to read in a place where you won’t be interrupted. Find an environment in which you can concentrate best. If you must read in a noisy environment, consider wearing headphones with familiar instrumental music just loud enough to block distractions.
Find a quiet study location. Read in 50-minute blocks with breaks in between. Take notes, recite key ideas or jot down questions in the margins. Experiment with your reading rate. Focus on key issues in the text.
Consider the context around new and challenging words. Jot down unfamiliar terms and find the meaning using a dictionary. Analyze terms to discover the most meaningful part of the word. Take the opportunity to use new terms in your writing and speaking.
Read slowly Read things more than once Have two good dictionaries One in English One that links English to your primary language Look up every word you don’t know Practice thinking, writing, and speaking in English
Instructors do NOT always cover the reading material in lecture. You are expected to read the material and understand it on your own. Successful students complete assigned readings before class to help them understand the lecture. Connections and overlaps between lecture and reading reinforce learning. Also, reading ahead prevents you from being embarrassed when you are called on to discuss what you’ve read!
Practice a positive attitude. Make the author your companion. Pace yourself according to difficulty level. Take breaks to restore concentration.