What is personality?• The totality of an individuals behavioral and emotional characteristics (Webster’s).• A dynamic and organized set of characteristics possessed by a person that uniquely influences his or her cognitions, motivations, and behaviors in various situations (Ryckman 2004).• The word "personality" originates from the Latin persona, which means mask. Significantly, in the theatre of the ancient Latin speaking world, the mask was not used as a plot device to disguise the identity of a character, but rather was a convention employed to represent or typify that character (www.wikipedia.com).
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator• Carl Jung (Theory of Personality Type)• Myers-Briggs (Mother-Daughter) Assessment
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator• The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is to make the theory of psychological types described by C. G. Jung understandable and useful in people’s lives.• The essence of the theory is what seems to be random variation in behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the ways individuals prefer to use their perception and judgment (www.myersbriggs.org).
What is the MBTI®?• Most widely utilized personality preference instrument in the world• Based on Jung’s theory of personality types• Benefits: – Evaluate strengths and areas of development – Helps to understand personality differences in others and to use them constructively – Supports our learning about how to be more effective
What the MBTI® Reports Innate preferences for: – What energizes you – How you gather data – How you make decisions – How you approach life – Not ability, mental health, or intelligence
The groups…• Extravert or Introvert• Sensing or Intuitive• Feeler or Thinker• Judger or Perceiver16 different 4-letter combinationsWhich one are you?
Where do you get your energy?Extraversion Introversion
Extraverts versus Introverts Extravert and Introvert How do you get energy?Extraverts – energy flow is outward – preferred focus is on other people & things – prefer talking to communicate – use expression to work through thingsIntroverts – energy flow is inward – preferred focus is on ones own thoughts, ideas & impressions – prefer writing to communicate – use thinking, imagining & reflecting to work through things
How do you gather information?Sensing Intuition
Sensing versus INtuition Sensing and INtuition How do you prefer to take in information?Sensing – tend to focus on the present – prefer concrete, tangible information – prefer to receive data primarily from the five senses – like the detailsIntuitives – tend to focus on the future – view towards patterns and possibilities – prefer to receive data from the subconscious, or seeing relationships via insights – big picture people
How do you make decisions?Thinking Feeling Judging Function
Feeler versus Thinker Feeler and Thinker How do you make decisions?Thinkers – tend to base their decisions on logic – use "true or false, if-then" connections – objective analysis of cause and effect – just the factsFeelers – tend to base their decisions primarily on values – use "more or less & better-worse" evaluations – subjective evaluation of person centered concerns – take into account others.• It could be said that thinkers decide with their heads, while feelers decide with their hearts.
How do you live your life?Judging Perceiving When the world comes at you, how do you deal with it?
Judging versus Perceiving Judging and Perceiving How do you deal with the outer world?Judgers – tend to like a planned and organized approach to life – prefer to have things settled – love structurePerceivers – tend to like a flexible and spontaneous approach to life – prefer to keep their options open – love freedom• The terminology may be misleading for some—the term "Judging" does not imply "judgmental", and "Perceiving" does not imply "perceptive".
Estimate of the preferences found in the US population Population Breakdown ISTJ 11.6% ISFJ 13.8% INFJ 1.5% INTJ 2.1% ISTP 5.4% ISFP 8.8% INFP 4.4% INTP 3.3% ESTP 4.3% ESFP 8.5% ENFP 8.1% ENTP 3.2% ESTJ 8.7% ESFJ 12.3% ENFJ 2.4% ENTJ 1.8%
Interpreting Results• Your type consists of four letters – Represents your four preferences
Interpreting Results• Bars on graph illustrate clarity of preferences – Longer bars suggest more clarity of preference, shorter bars suggest less clarity
Does your type description sound like you? TONIGHT: Reflect in 200 WP blog post about your MBTI & how itdoes/does not reflect who you are.