Travel Behavior and Mobility ofOlder Adults: Evidence from theNational Household TravelSurveyJeremy MattsonSmall Urban & R...
Overview• National Household Travel Survey  • 2001 and 2009• Aging and disabilities• Ability to drive• Miles driven• Trip ...
Aging and Disabilities60%                                                               50%50%40%30%                      ...
Impact of Condition on Ability to Make Trips                                                              Age             ...
Percentage Who Drive               Male          Female  Age     2001    2009     2001   2009  19-64   95          94   91...
Average Annual Vehicle Miles Driven PerPerson, by Age and Gender                 Male               Female Age      2001  ...
Number of Trips per Day, by Age, Urbanvs. Rural4.5               4.4                        4.0      4.14.0   3.9         ...
Number of Trips per Day, by Age andGender5          4.2    4.0         3.84                      3.5      3.43            ...
Number of Trips per Day, by Age andMedical Condition5          4.2                      3.94                              ...
Number of Trips per Day, by Age, Driversvs. Non-Drivers5    4.2                3.94                                    3.4...
Men: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 20095    4.3         4.2          4.0         3.84                          ...
Women: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 20095    4.5          4.24                3.6   3.53                      ...
Drivers: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 20095    4.5          4.2   4.2                      3.94               ...
Non-Drivers: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 2009543   2.8          2.52               1.7   1.6      1.7      1....
Trip Distance by Age                   5th               95th Age     Mean   Percentile Median Percentile 19-33    9.8    ...
Trip Purpose by Age                                                 AgeTrip Purpose               19-33 34-49 50-64 65-74 ...
Percentage Stayed in Same Place All Day60%                                                    50%50%                      ...
Percentage Stayed in Same Place All Day70%60%                                           58%50%                            ...
Stayed in Same Place All Week18%                                                 16%16%14%                                ...
Stayed in Same Place All Week25%                                         23%20%15%                                12%10%  ...
Percentage Among Those Not Making Trip in LastWeek Who Would Like to Get Out More Often                          Urban   R...
Modes Shares• Automobile – Car, van, SUV, pickup truck• Transit – local public bus, commuter bus, charter/tour  bus, city ...
Automobile Mode Shares by Age, 2001and 200990%                   89.3%      88.5%                             88.4%       ...
Private Vehicle Trips Taken as Drivers100%   93%         93%            90%             83%                               ...
Transit Mode Shares by Age, 2001 and2009                            2.9% 2.9%3.0%2.5%          2.4%                       ...
Bicycle Mode Shares by Age, 2001 and20090.8%          0.7%0.7%                        0.6%0.6%                            ...
Walking Mode Shares by Age, 2001 and200912%             10.2%10%                                                 9.4% 9.7%...
Transit Mode Shares by Size of MetroArea5%                                                               4.6%4%3%2%       ...
Binary Logit Model Results   Dependent variable = No Trips During Travel Day/Week                                    Day  ...
Views on Transportation: Access toTransit70%                                                   60%60%                     ...
Views on Transportation: Lack ofWalkways60%                                                 55%50%                        ...
Views on Transportation: Safety Concerns60%                                                   51%50%                      ...
Conclusions• Increase in disabilities with age• Impact of disabilities on ability to make trips• Gaps exists between older...
Conclusions• Number of trips by non-drivers 85 or older, while  low, increased from 2001 to 2009• Older adults, women, and...
Conclusions• Average trip distances also decrease with age• Automobile mode shares for all age groups decreased  from 2001...
THANK YOUJeremy MattsonAssociate Research FellowSmall Urban & Rural Transit CenterUpper Great Plains Transportation Instit...
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Travel Behavior and Mobility of Older Adults: Evidence from the National Household Travel Survey

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SURTC researcher Jeremy Mattson presented findings from a recent study on travel behavior and mobility of transportation disadvantaged populations, specifically older adults and people with disabilities. The study examined 2009 National Household Travel Survey data on driving, trip frequency, staying in the same place all day or week, miles driven per year, mode choice, use of public transportation, trip purpose, trip distance, and issues and concerns regarding transportation. Differences between 2001 and 2009 were documented to identify trends in travel behavior.

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Travel Behavior and Mobility of Older Adults: Evidence from the National Household Travel Survey

  1. 1. Travel Behavior and Mobility ofOlder Adults: Evidence from theNational Household TravelSurveyJeremy MattsonSmall Urban & Rural Transit CenterUpper Great Plains Transportation Institute, North DakotaState UniversityInternational Conference on Aging, Mobility and Quality of LifeUniversity of MichiganJune 25, 2012
  2. 2. Overview• National Household Travel Survey • 2001 and 2009• Aging and disabilities• Ability to drive• Miles driven• Trip frequency• Stayed in same place• Would like to get out more often• Trip distance• Mode shares
  3. 3. Aging and Disabilities60% 50%50%40%30% 29%20% 19%10% 8% 3%0% <19 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Age Percentage Having a Condition Making it Difficult to Travel
  4. 4. Impact of Condition on Ability to Make Trips Age 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ -------------Percentage-------------Medical condition results in limiting 43 42 50 43driving to daytimeMedical condition results in using 24 23 19 21bus/subway less frequentlyMedical condition results in asking 61 53 58 67others for ridesMedical condition results in giving up 28 32 41 62drivingMedical condition results in using 14 13 13 14special transit servicesMedical condition results in using 7 6 6 6reduced fare taxiMedical condition results in reduced day- 81 83 84 87to-day travel
  5. 5. Percentage Who Drive Male Female Age 2001 2009 2001 2009 19-64 95 94 91 91 65-74 94 93 82 84 75-84 87 87 67 68 85+ 68 68 32 39
  6. 6. Average Annual Vehicle Miles Driven PerPerson, by Age and Gender Male Female Age 2001 2009 2001 2009 19-64 15,233 12,947 9,112 8,361 65-74 11,752 10,165 4,398 4,993 75-84 7,702 7,446 2,646 2,499 85+ 3,439 3,047 907 993
  7. 7. Number of Trips per Day, by Age, Urbanvs. Rural4.5 4.4 4.0 4.14.0 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.53.53.0 2.7 2.72.52.01.5 19-33 34-49 50-64 65-74 >74 Urban Rural
  8. 8. Number of Trips per Day, by Age andGender5 4.2 4.0 3.84 3.5 3.43 2.6 2.32 1.810 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Men Women
  9. 9. Number of Trips per Day, by Age andMedical Condition5 4.2 3.94 3.3 3.03 2.6 2.4 2.02 1.310 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Condition No condition
  10. 10. Number of Trips per Day, by Age, Driversvs. Non-Drivers5 4.2 3.94 3.43 2.8 2.52 1.6 1.6 1.110 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Driver Non-driver
  11. 11. Men: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 20095 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.84 3.4 3.43 2.5 2.3210 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  12. 12. Women: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 20095 4.5 4.24 3.6 3.53 2.8 2.62 1.8 1.510 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  13. 13. Drivers: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 20095 4.5 4.2 4.2 3.94 3.5 3.4 3.13 2.8210 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  14. 14. Non-Drivers: Number of Trips per Day, byAge, 2001 and 2009543 2.8 2.52 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.11 0.90 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  15. 15. Trip Distance by Age 5th 95th Age Mean Percentile Median Percentile 19-33 9.8 0.2 4 31 34-49 11.0 0.2 4 33 50-64 10.2 0.2 4 33 65-74 8.5 0.2 3 28 75+ 7.1 0.2 3 25
  16. 16. Trip Purpose by Age AgeTrip Purpose 19-33 34-49 50-64 65-74 75+ -------------------Percentage-------------------Work 23 24 23 10 5School/Daycare/Religious 7 3 3 4 5Medical/Dental 2 2 3 5 7Shopping/Errands 24 26 31 38 40Social/Recreational 18 15 16 18 18Family PersonalBusiness/Obligations 4 5 6 7 7Transport Someone 10 13 7 7 5Meals 11 10 10 11 13Other 1 1 1 1 1
  17. 17. Percentage Stayed in Same Place All Day60% 50%50% 39%40% 34%30% 23% 21%20% 16% 10% 11%10%0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Men Women
  18. 18. Percentage Stayed in Same Place All Day70%60% 58%50% 44%40% 37% 34% 29%30% 22%20% 16% 9%10%0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Condition No condition
  19. 19. Stayed in Same Place All Week18% 16%16%14% 12%12%10%8% 7%6%4% 3% 3% 2%2% 1% 1%0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Men Women
  20. 20. Stayed in Same Place All Week25% 23%20%15% 12%10% 9% 6% 6%5% 3% 0% 1%0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Condition No condition
  21. 21. Percentage Among Those Not Making Trip in LastWeek Who Would Like to Get Out More Often Urban Rural Age 19-33 79 59 34-49 72 51 50-64 69 57 65-74 55 50 >74 49 46 Gender Male 67 57 Female 56 50 Medical Condition Yes 67 53 No 51 52
  22. 22. Modes Shares• Automobile – Car, van, SUV, pickup truck• Transit – local public bus, commuter bus, charter/tour bus, city to city bus, shuttle bus, Amtrak/intercity train, commuter train, subway/elevated train, street car/trolley, ferry, special transit-people with disabilities• Walking• Bicycling• Other – motorcycle, RV, other truck, light electric vehicle, school bus, taxi, airplane, other
  23. 23. Automobile Mode Shares by Age, 2001and 200990% 89.3% 88.5% 88.4% 87.1% 86.8% 87.2% 84.9% 85.1%85%80%75% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  24. 24. Private Vehicle Trips Taken as Drivers100% 93% 93% 90% 83% 83% 77%75% 71% 65%50%25% 0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ Men Women
  25. 25. Transit Mode Shares by Age, 2001 and2009 2.9% 2.9%3.0%2.5% 2.4% 2.2% 2.0%2.0% 1.9% 1.7%1.5% 1.3%1.0%0.5%0.0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  26. 26. Bicycle Mode Shares by Age, 2001 and20090.8% 0.7%0.7% 0.6%0.6% 0.6%0.5% 0.5% 0.4%0.4%0.3% 0.3%0.2% 0.1% 0.1%0.1%0.0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  27. 27. Walking Mode Shares by Age, 2001 and200912% 10.2%10% 9.4% 9.7% 8.9% 8.9% 8.2% 8.4%8% 7.5%6%4%2%0% 19-64 65-74 75-84 85+ 2001 2009
  28. 28. Transit Mode Shares by Size of MetroArea5% 4.6%4%3%2% 1.4% 1.4%1% 0.6% 0.4% 0.5%0% Not in MSA <250,000 250,000 - 500,000 - 1 1-3 million 3 million or 500,000 million more
  29. 29. Binary Logit Model Results Dependent variable = No Trips During Travel Day/Week Day WeekVariable OR 95% CI OR 95% CIAge 1.015** 1.01-1.02 1.023** 1.02-1.03Male 0.809** 0.79-0.83 0.926* 0.86-1.00Condition/disability 2.499** 2.42-2.58 5.027** 4.62-5.47Rural 1.301** 1.27-1.34 1.229** 1.14-1.34Household size 1.037** 1.03-1.05 1.125** 1.09-1.16Household income 0.957** 0.95-0.96 0.929** 0.92-0.94(scale 1-18)Driver 0.337** 0.33-0.35 0.261** 0.24-0.28Transit user 0.667** 0.64-0.70 0.552** 0.47-0.64Note: OR = odds ratio; CI = confidence interval. *p < .05 **p < .01
  30. 30. Views on Transportation: Access toTransit70% 60%60% 51%50%40% 34%30% 26%20% 15% 14%10%0% Little Issue Moderate Issue Big Issue Medical condition No medical condition
  31. 31. Views on Transportation: Lack ofWalkways60% 55%50% 44% 41%40% 30%30%20% 15% 15%10%0% Little Issue Moderate Issue Big Issue Medical condition No medical condition
  32. 32. Views on Transportation: Safety Concerns60% 51%50% 44%40% 39% 36%30%20% 17% 13%10%0% Little Issue Moderate Issue Big Issue Medical condition No medical condition
  33. 33. Conclusions• Increase in disabilities with age• Impact of disabilities on ability to make trips• Gaps exists between older men and women drivers, but the percentage of women 85 or older driving has increased• While working-aged men drove less in 2009 than 2001, older men and women drove slightly more• Individuals with medical conditions or disabilities and those who do not drive make significantly fewer trips per day• Number of trips taken per day decreased for most age groups from 2001 to 2009 but increased for women 85 and older• Older men make more trips per day than older women, but the gap decreased slightly in 2009
  34. 34. Conclusions• Number of trips by non-drivers 85 or older, while low, increased from 2001 to 2009• Older adults, women, and those with a medical condition are more likely to stay in the same place all day or week• Individuals from rural areas and those with lower household income are also more likely to stay in the same place, while being a transit user significantly decreased the likelihood of not making a trip• Of those not making a trip in the last week, younger individuals and those with medical conditions are more likely to want to get out more often, though large percentages of all groups say they would like to get out more
  35. 35. Conclusions• Average trip distances also decrease with age• Automobile mode shares for all age groups decreased from 2001 to 2009• Transit mode shares for nearly all age groups in both urban and rural areas increased from 2001 to 2009, and transit mode shares are highest for the 85 or older group• People with disabilities or medical conditions are more likely to consider transportation issues to be important
  36. 36. THANK YOUJeremy MattsonAssociate Research FellowSmall Urban & Rural Transit CenterUpper Great Plains Transportation InstituteNorth Dakota State Universityjeremy.w.mattson@ndsu.eduwww.surtc.org701-231-5496
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