American Culture & Society Project: <ul><li>Member: </li></ul><ul><li>Nguyễn Thị Minh Tâm </li></ul><ul><li>Nguyễn Thị An Ly </li></ul><ul><li>Nguyễn Anh Đào </li></ul><ul><li>Lê An Phú </li></ul>Rock ‘n’ Roll
Contents <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Bands And Artists </li></ul><ul><li>Nowaday </li></ul>
History <ul><li>Most historians trace the beginning rock back to the year 1954, when a new type of music, then called Rock and Roll, appeared and revolutionized musical tastes </li></ul><ul><li>Rock and Roll resulted from the convergence of two musical styles, Rhythm and Blues and Country </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm and Blues developed from the Blues, and Rock and Roll developed from Rhythm and Blues (R&B). </li></ul><ul><li>Little Richard, one of the great innovators in 1950's rock music, has often said that "Rhythm and Blues had a baby and somebody named it rock and roll “ </li></ul>
History <ul><li>In the 1950's, records began to change with the development of new technology that led to both the 33 rpm record and the 45 rpm record </li></ul><ul><li>The advantage of the new technology was that more musical information could be put on a record, and it was of higher technical quality </li></ul><ul><li>There were now two markets for music, one for adults who bought mostly 33 rpm records and continued to play them on console phonographs and the other for young people, who bought mostly 45's and played them on small phonos in their rooms </li></ul>
During this period, the "transistor radio" was invented and became popular. This meant that radios became much smaller and much less expensive, and like the small phonographs soon found their way to young people's rooms Early transistor radios: the red Regency transistor released in 1954, and the green Sony transistor in 1955.
The patent for the Rickenbacker Frying Pan guitar issued in 1937. Concert poster for the Moondog Coronation Ball thrown by Alan Freed of the Moondog Radio Show, considered by some to have been the first rock and roll concert
Singer Jerry Lee Lewis, like his influence Little Richard, stands as he performs a lively rock and roll song, c. 1957.
Musician Chuck Berry, an early rock and roll star, performing the "duck walk" with his electric guitar. The vivacious Little Richard pounds the piano keys during a live performance, c. 1956.
Rock ‘n’ Roll Clothes Props which we will need for the music video include stereotypical thinks which are connected to the Rock genre, such as the electric and base guitars drums and also the microphone, which our band will need. To keep with the bands usual costume we will need to dress our "band" in Mutemaths style
<ul><li>For costume design we are going to try and keep it to Mutemaths style as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Their style is based on the Teddy boy style of clothing where young men would wear clothes inspired by the styles of the Edwardian period </li></ul><ul><li>The style started in London in the 1950s and rapidly spread across the UK, soon becoming strongly associated with American rock and roll </li></ul><ul><li>To modernise this style, bands such as Mutemath, have added and taken away from the "Teddy" style. </li></ul>
In the mid 1950's when rock & roll started and Edwardian dress came back into fashion with the teddy boy era, Kornbluths was back supplying clothing that it knew from the days when it first began, and it continues to this day
Skinny Pants, Menswear Vests, Motorcycle Jackets, Zipper Detailing, Ankle Boots, Concert T-Shirts, Schoolboy Blazers - all of these (and more) combine to form a foundation wardrobe for the Rock and Roll girl .
Bands & Artists Date of Birth: 8 January 1935, Tupelo, Mississippi, USA more Date of Death: 16 August 1977, Memphis, Tennessee, USA Biography: Elvis Aaron Presley was born on January 8, 1935 in East Tupelo, Mississippi... more Trivia: Mother Gladys bought him his first guitar at age 12 (1947) Awards: 5 wins & 6 nominations Elvis Presley is the best selling solo artist In U.S. History Elvis charted more songs on Billboard's Hot 100 than any other artist. (149) Elvis spent more weeks at the top of the charts than any other artist. (80) Elvis had the greatest number of consecutive #1 hits. Elvis is second only to the Beatles in total of #1 hits. Elvis Presley
<ul><li>Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, Presley at the age of 13 moved with his family to Memphis, Tennessee. He began his career there in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was one of the originators of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country and rhythm and blues. </li></ul><ul><li>He became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll with a series of network television appearances and chart-topping records. </li></ul><ul><li>His energized interpretations of songs, many from African American sources, and his uninhibited performance style made him enormously popular—and controversial. </li></ul><ul><li>After two years of military service that began in 1958, Presley relaunched his recording career with some of his most commercially successful work. </li></ul><ul><li>He staged few concerts, however, and, guided by Parker, proceeded to devote most of the 1960s to making unmemorable Hollywood movies and soundtrack albums. In 1968, after seven years away from the stage, he returned to live performance in a celebrated comeback television special that led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of profitable tours. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1973, Presley staged the first global live concert via satellite, Aloha from Hawaii, seen by approximately 1.5 billion viewers—the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in television history. </li></ul><ul><li>Prescription drug abuse severely compromised his health, and he died suddenly in 1977 at the age of 42. </li></ul><ul><li>Presley is regarded as one of the most important figures of 20th-century popular culture. </li></ul>
Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998) <ul><li>Carl Lee Perkins was an American rockabilly musician who recorded most notably at Sun Records Studio in Memphis, Tennessee beginning during 1954. </li></ul><ul><li>His best known song is "Blue Suede Shoes". </li></ul><ul><li>Perkins' songs were recorded by artists (and friends) as influential as Elvis Presley, The Beatles, and Johnny Cash, which further cemented his place in the history of popular music. </li></ul><ul><li>Called "the King of Rockabilly", he was inducted into the Rock and Roll, the Rockabilly, and the Nashville Songwriters halls of fame; and was a Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipient. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known by the stage name Little Richard, is an American singer, songwriter, pianist and recording artist </li></ul><ul><li>His frantically charged piano playing and raspy, shouted vocals on such classics as "Tutti Frutti", "Long Tall Sally" and "Good Golly, Miss Molly" defined the dynamic sound of rock and roll.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Richard began his recording career in 1951 by imitating the gospel-influenced style of late-40s jump blues artist Billy Wright, but did not achieve commercial success until 1955, </li></ul><ul><li>He was subsequently among the seven initial inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986 and was one of only four of these honorees (along with Ray Charles, James Brown, and Fats Domino) to also receive the Rhythm and Blues Foundation's Pioneer Lifetime Achievement Award. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1957, while at the height of stardom, Penniman abruptly quit rock and roll music and became a born-again Christian. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960 and one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1962 the group consisted of John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals) and Ringo Starr (drums, vocals). </li></ul><ul><li>The group came to be perceived as the embodiment of progressive ideals, seeing their influence extend into the social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s. </li></ul><ul><li>With an early five-piece line-up of Lennon, McCartney, Harrison, Stuart Sutcliffe (bass) and Pete Best (drums), The Beatles built their reputation in Liverpool and Hamburg clubs over a three-year period from 1960. </li></ul><ul><li>Sutcliffe left the group in 1961, and Best was replaced by Starr the following year. Moulded into a professional outfit by music store owner Brian Epstein after he offered to act as the group's manager, and with their musical potential enhanced by the hands-on creativity of producer George Martin, </li></ul><ul><li>The Beatles achieved UK mainstream success in late 1962 with their first single, "Love Me Do". Gaining international popularity over the course of the next year, they toured extensively until 1966, then retreated to the recording studio until their breakup in 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>Each then found success in an independent musical career. McCartney and Starr remain active; Lennon was shot and killed in 1980, and Harrison died of cancer in 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly four decades after their breakup, The Beatles' music continues to be popular. The Beatles have had more number one albums on the UK charts, and held down the top spot longer, than any other musical act. </li></ul>
Nowaday <ul><li>Cultural impact </li></ul><ul><li>The social effects of rock and roll were worldwide and massive. </li></ul><ul><li>Far beyond simply a musical style, rock and roll influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, rock and roll may have helped the cause of the civil rights movement because both African American teens and white American teens enjoyed the music. </li></ul><ul><li>It also gave rise to many other styles, including psychedelic rock, progressive rock, glam rock, alternative rock, punk and heavy metal. </li></ul>
Elvis Presley – A well-known Rock n Roll Artist
<ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>The combination of elements of white and black music in rock and roll, inevitably provoked strong reactions within the US, with many condemning its breaking down of barriers based on colour. </li></ul><ul><li>On the other side of the argument rock and roll has been seen as both appropriating African American music for a white audience and white performers, and conversely, in opening the door for many black performers to reach a wider audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Many observers saw rock and roll as heralding the way for desegregation, in creating a new form of music that encouraged racial cooperation and shared experience </li></ul>
Chuck Berry invented Rock n' Roll. Most people do not know the founder of Rock n' Roll is black. Richard Penniman, known as Little Richard, helped influence rock performance styles. His first major success came in 1955 with "Tutti Frutti."
<ul><li>Teen culture </li></ul><ul><li>Rock and roll is often identified with the emergence of teen culture among the first baby boomer generation, who had both greater relative affluence, leisure and who adopted rock and roll as part of a distinct sub-culture. </li></ul><ul><li>This involved not just music, absorbed via radio, record buying, jukeboxes and T.V. programmes like American Bandstand, but it also extended to film, clothes, hair, cars and motorbikes, and distinctive language. </li></ul><ul><li>Rock and roll has been seen as reorientating popular music towards a teen market, often celebrating teen fashions, as in Carl Perkins' "Blue Suede Shoes" (1956), or Dion and the Belmonts "Teenager in Love" (1960). </li></ul>
<ul><li>Dance styles </li></ul><ul><li>From its early-1950s inception through the early 1960s, rock and roll music spawned new dance crazes. </li></ul><ul><li>Teenagers found the irregular rhythm of the backbeat especially suited to reviving the jitterbug dancing of the big-band era. </li></ul><ul><li>"Sock hops," gym dances, and home basement dance parties became the rage, and American teens watched Dick Clark's American Bandstand to keep up on the latest dance and fashion styles. </li></ul><ul><li>From the mid-1960s on, as "rock and roll" yielded gradually to "rock," later dance genres followed, starting with the twist, and leading up to funk, disco, house and techno. </li></ul>