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World War II
 

World War II

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Great resource for World War II, this is a combination of several presentations...it has leaders, battles, maps, Atomic Bomb, etc

Great resource for World War II, this is a combination of several presentations...it has leaders, battles, maps, Atomic Bomb, etc

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    World War II World War II Presentation Transcript

    • World War II Leaders Battles Maps  
    • Joseph Stalin
        • Born in Gori, Georgia in 1879.
        • Last name means ‘steel’ in Russian.
        • Seized power in USSR after Lenin’s death in 1924.
        • Ruled with an iron fist.
          • Millions of Russians were purged
        • Rapidly industrialized the Soviet Union during the 30’s.
        • What was the cost of this?
          • USSR became a police state and people lost rights.
    • Benito Mussolini
        • Born in Italy in 1883
        • Established the Fascist Party in Italy in 1921.
        • Known as “Il Duce” or the Leader
        • Why was Mussolini able to seize absolute power?
          • Economic problems in Italy
          • Fear of communism
          • Promise of national glory
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    • Adolf Hitler
        • Hitler followed a path similar to Mussolini.
        • His NAZI party had total power in Germany.
        • Known as Der Fuehrer
        • Used poor economic conditions to establish the 3rd Reich.
          • How long was it supposed to last?
            • 1000 years
    • Rome-Berlin Axis Alliance between Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) in 1936. These fascist dictators believed that the world would revolve around the “Rome-Berlin Axis”.
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    • Munich Conference
    • Oops…..
        • “ My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time.”
    • Imperial Japan
        • Japanese military leaders had increased control in post WW I Japan.
        • Emperor Hirohito
        • General Hideki Tojo was Prime Minister.
        • Admiral Yamamoto planned the attack on Pearl Harbor.
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    • Non-aggression pact
        • Germany and Soviet Union sign in 1939.
        • Agree not to attack one another.
        • This shocked the world:
          • WHY? Fascists and communists work together .
        • Secret provision was the dividing of Poland.
        • However, Hitler knew he would eventually invade Soviet Union.
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    • The Concept of Blitzkrieg
        • Airforce attacks enemy front-line and rear positions, main roads, airfields and communication centers. At the same time infantry attacks on the entire frontline (or at least at main places) and engages enemy.
        • This restrains the enemy from knowing where the main force will attack and makes it impossible to prepare any defenses.
        • Concentrated tank units breakthrough main lines of defense and advance deeper into enemy territory, while following mechanized units pursuit and engage defenders preventing them from establishing defensive positions.
        • Infantry continues to engage enemy to misinform and keep enemy forces from withdrawing and establishing effective defense .
        • Infantry and other support units attack enemy flanks in order to link up with other groups to complete the attack and eventually encircle the enemy and/or capture strategic position.
        • Mechanized groups spearhead deeper into the enemy territory outflanking the enemy positions and paralyzing the rear preventing withdrawing troops and defenders from establishing effective defensive positions.
        • Main force links up with other units encircling and cutting off and killing the enemy
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    • Selective Training and Service Act
        • Passed by Congress on September 14, 1940 becoming the first peacetime draft in US history.
        • This Selective Service Act required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards.
          • Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men aged 18 to 45 were made liable for military service
    • Election of 1940 Roosevelt = 54.7% (449) Willkie = 44.7% (82)
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    • August 1941 This meeting between Winston Churchill and FDR set the basis for the United Nations.
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    • Battle of Stalingrad
        • July 1942 – February 1943
        • Bloodiest battle in the history of warfare
          • 2 million casualties
        • German commander Paulus surrendered in Jan 1943.
        • Importance of German loss:
          • Turning point of the war in Eastern Europe
          • Germany would never go on offensive again against the USSR
    • Important Generals
    • Operation Torch
        • November 1942 – Allied invasion of Axis controlled North Africa led by American Gen. Eisenhower.
        • German Afrika Korps led by Field Marshall Erwin ‘Desert Fox’ Rommel surrenders in May 1943
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        • Allies attack the so called ‘soft under belly’ of Hitler’s Europe = Italy.
        • Invasion of Sicily in 1943
        • Allies controlled Sicily by August of 1943 and then started the drive up the Italian peninsula.
        • When will all of Italy be liberated? END OF WAR
      Operation Husky
    • Tuskegee Airmen
        • First African American military aviators in the US armed forces.
        • 332nd fighter group; Col. Benjamin O. Davis was commander.
        • Excellent record as fighter escorts in European Theatre.
        • “ Redtail Angels” or “Black Birdmen”
    • Nisei Battalion
        • 442nd Regimental Combat Team of the US Army
        • Was an Asian American unit composed of mostly Japanese Americans who fought in Europe.
        • The families of many of its soldiers were subject to internment.
        • The unit became the most highly decorated regiment in the history of the United States Armed Forces, including 21 Medal of Honor recipients .
    • Navajo Code Talkers
        • Served in the Marine Corps in WW II.
        • Used Navajo language to transmit messages.
        • The Navajo code talkers took part in every assault the U.S. Marines conducted in the Pacific from 1942 to 1945.
        • The Japanese never were able to break the code.
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    • Doolittle’s Raid
        • The April 1942 air attack on Japan, launched from the aircraft carrier Hornet.
        • Led by Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle, was the most daring operation yet undertaken by the US in the young Pacific War.
        • Importance:
          • It demonstrated that Japan was vulnerable to air attack and provided an opportunity for U.S. retaliation for Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
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    • The Battle of Coral Sea
        • The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought between the Japanese and Allied navies from May 4 through May 8, 1942 in the Coral Sea, about 500 miles northeast of Australia. 
        • Occurring only six months after the surprise attack at Pearl Harbor, it was one of the first naval battles fought in the Pacific during World War II.
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    • The Battle…..
        • In the spring of 1942, Japanese forces planned to invade southern New Guinea, a move designed to knock Australia and New Zealand out of the war. 
        • The Allies, including the United States, Australia , and Great Britain , gathered a large fleet to thwart the invasion. 
        • That evening, with the battle roughly a draw, both sides retreated but would meet again a month later at the decisive Battle of Midway, 3,000 miles away in the Hawaiian Islands .
      The most significant Allied loss during the battle was the sinking of the American carrier, USS Lexington .
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    • Significance
        • The Battle of the Coral Sea was important for several reasons.
          • It was the first pure carrier-vs-carrier battle in history as neither surface fleet sighted the other. 
          • Though a draw, it was an important turning point in the war in the Pacific because, for the first time, the Allies had stopped the Japanese advance.
    • Battle Of Midway
        • Decisive US victory –June 1942 at Midway Atoll
        • American codebreakers were able to determine the date + location of attack.
        • Four Japanese aircraft carriers were sunk in exchange for one American.
        • The heavy losses in carriers and aircrews permanently weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy.
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    • Kamikaze
        • Means “Divine Wind”
        • Suicide attacks by warplanes from the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign.
        • First used at Battle of Leyte Gulf (Philippines)
        • A total of 57 ships were sunk by the Kamikazes.
    • Battle Of Iwo Jima
        • Key island that could provide airbases to begin bombing Japanese mainland.
        • The battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign .
        • Of the more than 18,000 Japanese soldiers present at the beginning of the battle, only 216 were taken prisoner.
        • Americans killed (6800) greater than the total on D-Day
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    • Battle Of Okinawa
        • Largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater.
        • April – June 1945.
        • 110,000 Japanese soldiers were killed.
        • What is this an indicator of?
          • How hard an invasion of mainland Japan would be.
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    • Manhattan Project
        • Codename for a project conducted during WW II to develop the first atomic bomb.
        • The project's roots lay in fears that Nazi Germany was developing nuclear weapons of its own.
        • Eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion.
        • It resulted in the creation of production and research sites that operated in secret.
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    • Project Leaders
        • Under control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves.
        • The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer.
    • Project Success
        • The Manhattan Project will eventually produce 3 bombs: The Gadget, Little Boy and Fat Man
    • Trinity Test
        • The first test of an atomic weapon. (Successful)
        • Conducted by the United States on July 16, 1945.
        • White Sands, New Mexico
        • Oppenheimer quote:
          • Now I become Death, the destroyer of worlds .
        • Birth of the Atomic Age.
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    • Hiroshima
        • August 6, 1945.
        • B-29 Superfortres the Enola Gay drops 1st atomic bomb in history.
        • Codenamed Little Boy .
        • Col. Paul Tibbets
        • Destroyed about 70% of the city.
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    • Nagasaki
        • August 9, 1945
        • B-29 Superfortress Bockscar , flown by Major Charles W. Sweeney, carried the bomb code-named "Fat Man“.
        • Original target was Kokura, switched because of cloud cover.
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    • Japanese Surrender
        • September 2, 1945
        • Tokyo Bay, Japan.
        • Aboard the USS Missouri
        • The Japanese delegation surrendered to Gen Douglas MacArthur .
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