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World War II

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Great resource for World War II, this is a combination of several presentations...it has leaders, battles, maps, Atomic Bomb, etc

Great resource for World War II, this is a combination of several presentations...it has leaders, battles, maps, Atomic Bomb, etc

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • 1. World War II Leaders Battles Maps  
  • 2. Joseph Stalin
      • Born in Gori, Georgia in 1879.
      • Last name means ‘steel’ in Russian.
      • Seized power in USSR after Lenin’s death in 1924.
      • Ruled with an iron fist.
        • Millions of Russians were purged
      • Rapidly industrialized the Soviet Union during the 30’s.
      • What was the cost of this?
        • USSR became a police state and people lost rights.
  • 3. Benito Mussolini
      • Born in Italy in 1883
      • Established the Fascist Party in Italy in 1921.
      • Known as “Il Duce” or the Leader
      • Why was Mussolini able to seize absolute power?
        • Economic problems in Italy
        • Fear of communism
        • Promise of national glory
  • 4.  
  • 5. Adolf Hitler
      • Hitler followed a path similar to Mussolini.
      • His NAZI party had total power in Germany.
      • Known as Der Fuehrer
      • Used poor economic conditions to establish the 3rd Reich.
        • How long was it supposed to last?
          • 1000 years
  • 6. Rome-Berlin Axis Alliance between Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) in 1936. These fascist dictators believed that the world would revolve around the “Rome-Berlin Axis”.
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. Munich Conference
  • 10. Oops…..
      • “ My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time.”
  • 11. Imperial Japan
      • Japanese military leaders had increased control in post WW I Japan.
      • Emperor Hirohito
      • General Hideki Tojo was Prime Minister.
      • Admiral Yamamoto planned the attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. Non-aggression pact
      • Germany and Soviet Union sign in 1939.
      • Agree not to attack one another.
      • This shocked the world:
        • WHY? Fascists and communists work together .
      • Secret provision was the dividing of Poland.
      • However, Hitler knew he would eventually invade Soviet Union.
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19. The Concept of Blitzkrieg
      • Airforce attacks enemy front-line and rear positions, main roads, airfields and communication centers. At the same time infantry attacks on the entire frontline (or at least at main places) and engages enemy.
      • This restrains the enemy from knowing where the main force will attack and makes it impossible to prepare any defenses.
      • Concentrated tank units breakthrough main lines of defense and advance deeper into enemy territory, while following mechanized units pursuit and engage defenders preventing them from establishing defensive positions.
      • Infantry continues to engage enemy to misinform and keep enemy forces from withdrawing and establishing effective defense .
  • 20.
      • Infantry and other support units attack enemy flanks in order to link up with other groups to complete the attack and eventually encircle the enemy and/or capture strategic position.
      • Mechanized groups spearhead deeper into the enemy territory outflanking the enemy positions and paralyzing the rear preventing withdrawing troops and defenders from establishing effective defensive positions.
      • Main force links up with other units encircling and cutting off and killing the enemy
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23. Selective Training and Service Act
      • Passed by Congress on September 14, 1940 becoming the first peacetime draft in US history.
      • This Selective Service Act required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards.
        • Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men aged 18 to 45 were made liable for military service
  • 24. Election of 1940 Roosevelt = 54.7% (449) Willkie = 44.7% (82)
  • 25.  
  • 26. August 1941 This meeting between Winston Churchill and FDR set the basis for the United Nations.
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30. Battle of Stalingrad
      • July 1942 – February 1943
      • Bloodiest battle in the history of warfare
        • 2 million casualties
      • German commander Paulus surrendered in Jan 1943.
      • Importance of German loss:
        • Turning point of the war in Eastern Europe
        • Germany would never go on offensive again against the USSR
  • 31. Important Generals
  • 32. Operation Torch
      • November 1942 – Allied invasion of Axis controlled North Africa led by American Gen. Eisenhower.
      • German Afrika Korps led by Field Marshall Erwin ‘Desert Fox’ Rommel surrenders in May 1943
  • 33.  
  • 34.
      • Allies attack the so called ‘soft under belly’ of Hitler’s Europe = Italy.
      • Invasion of Sicily in 1943
      • Allies controlled Sicily by August of 1943 and then started the drive up the Italian peninsula.
      • When will all of Italy be liberated? END OF WAR
    Operation Husky
  • 35. Tuskegee Airmen
      • First African American military aviators in the US armed forces.
      • 332nd fighter group; Col. Benjamin O. Davis was commander.
      • Excellent record as fighter escorts in European Theatre.
      • “ Redtail Angels” or “Black Birdmen”
  • 36. Nisei Battalion
      • 442nd Regimental Combat Team of the US Army
      • Was an Asian American unit composed of mostly Japanese Americans who fought in Europe.
      • The families of many of its soldiers were subject to internment.
      • The unit became the most highly decorated regiment in the history of the United States Armed Forces, including 21 Medal of Honor recipients .
  • 37. Navajo Code Talkers
      • Served in the Marine Corps in WW II.
      • Used Navajo language to transmit messages.
      • The Navajo code talkers took part in every assault the U.S. Marines conducted in the Pacific from 1942 to 1945.
      • The Japanese never were able to break the code.
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42.  
  • 43.  
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46. Doolittle’s Raid
      • The April 1942 air attack on Japan, launched from the aircraft carrier Hornet.
      • Led by Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle, was the most daring operation yet undertaken by the US in the young Pacific War.
      • Importance:
        • It demonstrated that Japan was vulnerable to air attack and provided an opportunity for U.S. retaliation for Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • 47.  
  • 48. The Battle of Coral Sea
      • The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought between the Japanese and Allied navies from May 4 through May 8, 1942 in the Coral Sea, about 500 miles northeast of Australia. 
      • Occurring only six months after the surprise attack at Pearl Harbor, it was one of the first naval battles fought in the Pacific during World War II.
  • 49.  
  • 50. The Battle…..
      • In the spring of 1942, Japanese forces planned to invade southern New Guinea, a move designed to knock Australia and New Zealand out of the war. 
      • The Allies, including the United States, Australia , and Great Britain , gathered a large fleet to thwart the invasion. 
      • That evening, with the battle roughly a draw, both sides retreated but would meet again a month later at the decisive Battle of Midway, 3,000 miles away in the Hawaiian Islands .
    The most significant Allied loss during the battle was the sinking of the American carrier, USS Lexington .
  • 51.  
  • 52. Significance
      • The Battle of the Coral Sea was important for several reasons.
        • It was the first pure carrier-vs-carrier battle in history as neither surface fleet sighted the other. 
        • Though a draw, it was an important turning point in the war in the Pacific because, for the first time, the Allies had stopped the Japanese advance.
  • 53. Battle Of Midway
      • Decisive US victory –June 1942 at Midway Atoll
      • American codebreakers were able to determine the date + location of attack.
      • Four Japanese aircraft carriers were sunk in exchange for one American.
      • The heavy losses in carriers and aircrews permanently weakened the Imperial Japanese Navy.
  • 54.  
  • 55. Kamikaze
      • Means “Divine Wind”
      • Suicide attacks by warplanes from the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign.
      • First used at Battle of Leyte Gulf (Philippines)
      • A total of 57 ships were sunk by the Kamikazes.
  • 56. Battle Of Iwo Jima
      • Key island that could provide airbases to begin bombing Japanese mainland.
      • The battle produced some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign .
      • Of the more than 18,000 Japanese soldiers present at the beginning of the battle, only 216 were taken prisoner.
      • Americans killed (6800) greater than the total on D-Day
  • 57.  
  • 58. Battle Of Okinawa
      • Largest amphibious assault in the Pacific Theater.
      • April – June 1945.
      • 110,000 Japanese soldiers were killed.
      • What is this an indicator of?
        • How hard an invasion of mainland Japan would be.
  • 59.  
  • 60. Manhattan Project
      • Codename for a project conducted during WW II to develop the first atomic bomb.
      • The project's roots lay in fears that Nazi Germany was developing nuclear weapons of its own.
      • Eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly $2 billion.
      • It resulted in the creation of production and research sites that operated in secret.
  • 61.  
  • 62. Project Leaders
      • Under control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves.
      • The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer.
  • 63. Project Success
      • The Manhattan Project will eventually produce 3 bombs: The Gadget, Little Boy and Fat Man
  • 64. Trinity Test
      • The first test of an atomic weapon. (Successful)
      • Conducted by the United States on July 16, 1945.
      • White Sands, New Mexico
      • Oppenheimer quote:
        • Now I become Death, the destroyer of worlds .
      • Birth of the Atomic Age.
  • 65.  
  • 66.  
  • 67. Hiroshima
      • August 6, 1945.
      • B-29 Superfortres the Enola Gay drops 1st atomic bomb in history.
      • Codenamed Little Boy .
      • Col. Paul Tibbets
      • Destroyed about 70% of the city.
  • 68.  
  • 69. Nagasaki
      • August 9, 1945
      • B-29 Superfortress Bockscar , flown by Major Charles W. Sweeney, carried the bomb code-named "Fat Man“.
      • Original target was Kokura, switched because of cloud cover.
  • 70.  
  • 71. Japanese Surrender
      • September 2, 1945
      • Tokyo Bay, Japan.
      • Aboard the USS Missouri
      • The Japanese delegation surrendered to Gen Douglas MacArthur .
  • 72.  
  • 73.  
  • 74.  

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