• Definition:  – Strong support of a political party and    their policies.
• Parties act as  ‘watchdogs’ over the  conduct of the  people’s business.• When is this  particularly true?  – When a par...
Loyal Opposition• Definition:  – Opposed to the party in power but loyal    to the people and the nation.
• Argument over the  ratification of the  new Constitution.1. Federalists2. Anti-Federalists  –   Democratic-Republicans
• Definition:  – The largest number of    votes for an office.  – NOTE: a plurality need    not be a majority (which is   ...
• Definition:  – When both major political parties work    together on an issue.
One-Party System• The one-party system is really a NO PARTY system.• Usually found in dictatorships today.
• Formed around Alexander  Hamilton.• Appealed to  financial, manufacturing and  commercial interests.• Wanted a strong na...
• Key leader Thomas Jefferson.• Appealed to  shopkeepers, laborers, farmer  s and planters.• Wanted a limited national  go...
• Jefferson’s election in 1800 marked the beginning of  Democrat domination until the Civil War.• The Whig Party were able...
• Starting with Lincoln, the GOP dominated the national  scene for 75 years.• Who did the Republicans get support from?   ...
Republicans   DemocratsCandidateSupporters  Issues
• The Great Depression returned the Democrats to  national prominence until 1968.• What was their new electoral base?  – S...
• What issues did the Democrats struggle with in 1968?  – Civil Rights, Vietnam War, social issues• Define Divided Governm...
• Minor parties are  numerous in America.• Often short lived, but  can play an important  role in the American  political ...
Particular set of beliefs =               What is this   view of social, economic, and                                    ...
Focus on one                        issue                      and their                     Name is key    (3)           ...
Rooted in                  periods of                  economic                    unrest   Regional       Economic      D...
parties that                 have split                 away from                  MAJOR                 Splinter         ...
Political Party Unit
Political Party Unit
Political Party Unit
Political Party Unit
Political Party Unit
Political Party Unit
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Political Party Unit

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Visual resources for Unit on Political Parties in America

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Political Party Unit

  1. 1. • Definition: – Strong support of a political party and their policies.
  2. 2. • Parties act as ‘watchdogs’ over the conduct of the people’s business.• When is this particularly true? – When a party is out of power (does not control the executive branch)
  3. 3. Loyal Opposition• Definition: – Opposed to the party in power but loyal to the people and the nation.
  4. 4. • Argument over the ratification of the new Constitution.1. Federalists2. Anti-Federalists – Democratic-Republicans
  5. 5. • Definition: – The largest number of votes for an office. – NOTE: a plurality need not be a majority (which is more than half of all votes cast)
  6. 6. • Definition: – When both major political parties work together on an issue.
  7. 7. One-Party System• The one-party system is really a NO PARTY system.• Usually found in dictatorships today.
  8. 8. • Formed around Alexander Hamilton.• Appealed to financial, manufacturing and commercial interests.• Wanted a strong national government and executive.• What was their view of the Constitution? – Liberal (loose) interpretation
  9. 9. • Key leader Thomas Jefferson.• Appealed to shopkeepers, laborers, farmer s and planters.• Wanted a limited national government where Congress would have more power.• What was their view of the Constitution? – Strict interpretation
  10. 10. • Jefferson’s election in 1800 marked the beginning of Democrat domination until the Civil War.• The Whig Party were able to win 2 presidencies because they ran war heroes: – William Harrison 9th and Zachary Taylor 12th
  11. 11. • Starting with Lincoln, the GOP dominated the national scene for 75 years.• Who did the Republicans get support from? – Business/financial interests and newly freed slaves
  12. 12. Republicans DemocratsCandidateSupporters Issues
  13. 13. • The Great Depression returned the Democrats to national prominence until 1968.• What was their new electoral base? – Southerners, unions, big-city political machines, minorities
  14. 14. • What issues did the Democrats struggle with in 1968? – Civil Rights, Vietnam War, social issues• Define Divided Government – One party controls Executive Branch (Presidency), other party controls the Legislative Branch (Congress)
  15. 15. • Minor parties are numerous in America.• Often short lived, but can play an important role in the American political process• There are (4) distinct types of minor parties in America….
  16. 16. Particular set of beliefs = What is this view of social, economic, and political matters type of party based on? Ideological partyExamples: Don’t get many Socialist, Votes and areCommunist Short lived
  17. 17. Focus on one issue and their Name is key (3) Free SoilMajor party Know Nothing“borrows” Right to Life their idea Single issue Party (2) (1) Fail to Events pass attract Them by.. voters
  18. 18. Rooted in periods of economic unrest Regional Economic Disgusted parties: West or Protest with Major South Parties PartiesGreenback Party Where is Real or imagined their anger enemies = bankers or Populist Party focused? monetary system
  19. 19. parties that have split away from MAJOR Splinter Parties Centeredusually fades aroundwhen leader steps aside Strong Personality

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