• Definition: – Strong support of a political party and their policies.
• Parties act as ‘watchdogs’ over the conduct of the people’s business.• When is this particularly true? – When a party is out of power (does not control the executive branch)
Loyal Opposition• Definition: – Opposed to the party in power but loyal to the people and the nation.
• Argument over the ratification of the new Constitution.1. Federalists2. Anti-Federalists – Democratic-Republicans
• Definition: – The largest number of votes for an office. – NOTE: a plurality need not be a majority (which is more than half of all votes cast)
• Definition: – When both major political parties work together on an issue.
One-Party System• The one-party system is really a NO PARTY system.• Usually found in dictatorships today.
• Formed around Alexander Hamilton.• Appealed to financial, manufacturing and commercial interests.• Wanted a strong national government and executive.• What was their view of the Constitution? – Liberal (loose) interpretation
• Key leader Thomas Jefferson.• Appealed to shopkeepers, laborers, farmer s and planters.• Wanted a limited national government where Congress would have more power.• What was their view of the Constitution? – Strict interpretation
• Jefferson’s election in 1800 marked the beginning of Democrat domination until the Civil War.• The Whig Party were able to win 2 presidencies because they ran war heroes: – William Harrison 9th and Zachary Taylor 12th
• Starting with Lincoln, the GOP dominated the national scene for 75 years.• Who did the Republicans get support from? – Business/financial interests and newly freed slaves
• The Great Depression returned the Democrats to national prominence until 1968.• What was their new electoral base? – Southerners, unions, big-city political machines, minorities
• What issues did the Democrats struggle with in 1968? – Civil Rights, Vietnam War, social issues• Define Divided Government – One party controls Executive Branch (Presidency), other party controls the Legislative Branch (Congress)
• Minor parties are numerous in America.• Often short lived, but can play an important role in the American political process• There are (4) distinct types of minor parties in America….
Particular set of beliefs = What is this view of social, economic, and political matters type of party based on? Ideological partyExamples: Don’t get many Socialist, Votes and areCommunist Short lived
Focus on one issue and their Name is key (3) Free SoilMajor party Know Nothing“borrows” Right to Life their idea Single issue Party (2) (1) Fail to Events pass attract Them by.. voters
Rooted in periods of economic unrest Regional Economic Disgusted parties: West or Protest with Major South Parties PartiesGreenback Party Where is Real or imagined their anger enemies = bankers or Populist Party focused? monetary system
parties that have split away from MAJOR Splinter Parties Centeredusually fades aroundwhen leader steps aside Strong Personality