Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory1. Physiological Needs2. Safety and Security needs3. Social needs4. Esteem5. Self Actualisation Needs1. Physiological Needs Basic Human needs such as food clothing and shelter and other bodily needs come in this category. These are such needs which cannot be neglected, so it occupies the base and the largest part of the Maslow’s hierarchy triangle. According to Maslow such needs are to be satisfied first prior to other needs.2. Safety And security needs Along with the basic human needs, the feeling of safety and security is also important. This includes security and protection from physical and emotional harm. Humans have always thrived for a safe environment for the protection of themselves and their families.3. Social Needs
Human beings feel the need to belong to a group or community. They prefer to be loved and cared by others i.e. their family members, work mates, friends and superiors. This includes affection, belongingness, acceptance and friendship. Nobody would prefer to live in isolation from the rest of the society or group. The social needs can be fulfilled by being in social organisations, and also by organising events like picnics, parties, events etc. This gives them a feeling of social security.4. Esteem Needs This refers to internal factors such as ego, self respect, autonomy, achievement. This also includes external factors like external factors such as status, recognition and attention. Esteem needs can be fulfilled by providing better status, appreciation from superiors, etc. Ego needs facilitates promotion at work, status and society.5. Self-Actualisation Needs These needs lie at the highest level of hierarchy of needs. Such needs induce a person to accomplish something special which others have n or done or cannot do.
It includes growth, achieving one’s potentialand self fulfilment.It enables a person to realize his/her fullpotential and drives the person to achieve thebest at any work.The need for highest level of promotion, theneed to be a leader, the need to accomplishdifficult goals etc. can be included in self-actualisation needs.