Statistics 0.5 kg per capita waste production daily ½ kg waste /person/day 1.3 Million population in Metro Cebu (2001) 650 metric tons waste / day or 19, 500 metric tons / month 237,250 metric tons/year 2001 Metro Cebu 2004 Mandaue 420 metric tons/day 13,020 metric tons/month 153,300 metric tons/year
FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE SOLID WASTE PROBLEM MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE SPIRALING POPULATION GROWTH RATES RAPID URBANIZATION CHANGING LIFESTYLES PUBLIC INDIFFERENCE CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
Hazards in open dumps “ shall refer to the liquid produced when waste undergo decomposition and when water percolate through solid waste undergoing decomposition. It is a contaminated liquid that contains dissolved and suspended materials” Leachate…..
Potential Environmental and Health Hazards of Improper Waste Management Burning Cellophane
releases toxic gases which causes air pollution and contriutes rapid destruction of the ozone layer
Results - high incidence of skin and eye diseases on humans and so as to livestocks and marine animals Burning Releases carbon dioxide Accumulates in the atmosphere Absorbs the heat coming from the sun Contributes to rapid global warming
Unmanaged Garbage DUMPING Breeding places of rats, cockroaches, flies, etc Harbor harmful fungi/bacteria Pollution to rivers/seas Bad odor Carriers of deadly diseases Produce leachate Death/deplete marine species Contribute air pollution Contaminate water sources Causes vomiting/ discomfort Cause amoebiasis, dysentery, etc .
Indiscriminate dumping of garbage Indiscriminate dumping of garbage in sidewalks, open canals, esteros leads to clogging of drainage system contributes flash flooding scavenging streets become messy/foul smelling
“ We are part of the problem because we produce garbage ourselves. But we can be part of the solution by reducing the waste we produce daily”.
RA 9003 Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 An Act Providing for an Ecological Solid Waste Management Program, Creating the Necessary Institutional Mechanisms and Incentives, Declaring Certain Acts Prohibited and Providing Penalties, Appropriating Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes
Pagbukas, pag-operate o pagsara ng bukas na tambakan nang di naaayon sa Sek. 37 ng RA 9003
First Offense - Multa -P500,000 + 5-10% ng net income niya sa nakaraang taon
Mga susunod na paglabag - Kulong - 1-3 taon, dagdag sa multa
TYPES OF SOLID WASTES Municipal Waste CONSIST OF HOUSEHOLD WASTE , CONSTRUCTION WASTE DEMOLITION DEBRIS, SANITATION RESIDUE AND WASTE FROM STREETS
Hospital or Biomedical or Infectious Wastes Sharps, solid wastes, human excreta, disposable wastes, anatomical wastes, discarded medicines etc. disposable, syringes, swabs, bandages, body fluids etc.
Industrial or Hazardous Wastes Household wastes - Old batteries, shoe polish, paint tins, old medicines and medicine bottles. Hospital wastes – formaldehyde and phenols, mercury Industrial Sector – metal, chemical, paper, pesticide, dye, refining and rubber good industries.
TYPE OF LITTER WE GENERATE AND APPROXIMATE TIME IT TAKES TO GENERATE undetermined Glass bottles one million years? Plastic bags 100–500 years Tin, aluminum, and other metal items such as cans 1 year Woolen items 10–15 years Wood 2–5 months Cotton cloth 10–30 days Paper a week or two. Organic waste such as vegetable and fruit peels, leftover foodstuff, etc. Approximate time it takes to degenerate the litter Type of litter
DISPOSAL OF WASTE Open Dumps Refer to uncovered areas that are used to dump solid waste of all kinds. The waste is untreated, uncovered and not segregated. It is the breeding ground of flies, rats and insects that spread the disease
dopt a stream, park or roadside to clean up and keep beautiful. ring your lunch to school in a lunch box with reusable containers are for toys so they will last longer. onate clothes that you have outgrown to a needy person or someone smaller than you. HOW YOU CAN HELP…
latten empty cans, boxes and other containers so they don't take up so much space et in the habit of turning off the water when you brush your teeth. Turn it on only to wet your brush and to rinse. elp save paper by always using both sides. ncourage others to join you in collecting glass, newspaper, cans and plastic containers to be recycled.
nsist on buying products in recyclable containers og, walk, skate or ride your bike from place to place to save energy. eep a jug of fresh water in the refrigerator so you won't have to run fresh water to get it cold. ook for the recycled symbol on products you buy
ake note pads from used pieces of scrap paper. ever litter. Always put your trash in a trash can and recyclables in their bins. pen the blinds in the winter to let in the sun for warmth. Close the blinds in the summer to keep out the warmth. lant a tree to stop soil erosion, give you shade and give birds a home
uit buying products that have a lot of packaging wrappings. educe the amount of water you use to keep clean. Take showers, not baths ave energy by asking your parents to turn down the thermostat. A few degrees will save a lot of energy. urn off lights if you are the last person to leave a room. Turn off appliances if you are not using them.
se products made to be used many times, such as sponges or cloth towels alue and appreciate the environment. Realize that you can make a difference, and be proud of your contribution. atch what you pour down the drain. Hazardous waste can get into ground water and pollute your drinking water. e amine labels before using products. Certain household cleaners can be dangerous.
earn to do what you can to help the environment. Grow up to be an adult who takes active interest in the future. ip to close doors and windows if they are opened when the heater or air conditioner is on.