Kelley Berg<br />Grace Lee<br />Hanna Linstadt<br />Shannon Skelton<br />Elephant Trekking and Tourism Sustainability in K...
Asia Safari Khao Lak, Thailand<br />Est. 2001<br />Elephant Trekking<br />Zoo<br />Orchid Garden <br />Restaurant<br />
Origins<br />Elephants from Surin, in family since 1955 elephant roundup <br />Trekking is a community tradition, brought ...
Elephant situation<br />Deforestation<br />60% to 20% in 50 years<br />Disappearing populations<br />In 100 years the numb...
Elephants<br />12 Indian elephants, all female<br />Average weight is 3 tons<br />3 month training period once 7 years old...
Well Being<br />Training<br />“broken in” since birth, but questionable methods for trekking preparation<br />Chain on leg...
^ Day: chained under a large awning when not trekking<br />&gt; Night: chained in an uncovered hilly area<br />
Resource Use<br />Water<br />150 L/day/elephant<br />From the river adjacent to the complex<br />Food<br />300 kilos/day/e...
Waste<br />Poop<br />Runs into nearby stream<br />Primarily grass due to lack of thorough digestion<br />Ends up in ocean ...
Water Quality Test<br />Waterfall<br />pH: 5.0 -- acidic<br />PO43-: 0.024 mg/L<br />Creek<br />pH: 4.5 -- acidic<br />PO4...
Course Mapping<br />Rubber trees and processing facility<br />Fruit trees<br />
Trail<br />Natural trail, widened by humans<br />No trees were cut down<br />Biodiversity<br />Elephants scare away small ...
Rubber Trees<br />Artificially planted<br />Supplementary income to buy pineapple<br />Only small area of property<br />Sp...
Asia Safari: Ecotourism?<br />Surveyed community for business approval out of respect and “code”<br />Owner’s main goals w...
Social Research<br />“What is your motivation for coming on an elephant trek?”<br />Adventure, Cost, Nature, Culture, Supp...
Interviewed owner of Asia Safari with pair-wise ranking and anthropocentric/biocen-tric circles<br />Most important for el...
Indicators of Sustainability<br />Compost<br />Organic garden<br />Intergenerational skill<br />Community involvement<br /...
Part Deux: CBT/Homestay<br />Ban Nam Sai<br />May, Lue, Sai-Rung, Fiew, Babua<br />Kenan Institute Asia from University of...
CBT Benefits<br />People<br />Communities<br />Tour Operators<br />Tourists<br />Environment<br />Conservation Fund<br />N...
Homestay<br />Ban Nam Sai built in 2007, free housing for tsunami victims<br />Princess’s project<br />We stayed in an ent...
Ban Nam Sai Personal Story<br />Interview with May<br />Owned restaurant and home, destroyed by tsunami<br />3 family memb...
Success of Ban Nam Sai’s CBT<br />Adequate accommodation<br />Rooms not finished<br />Great service<br />Food<br />Laundry...
Conclusions<br />We experienced a fledgling CBT community and saw what goes into making it a reality<br />We now know the ...
Team Joom!<br />
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Elephant Presentation

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Elephant Presentation

  1. 1. Kelley Berg<br />Grace Lee<br />Hanna Linstadt<br />Shannon Skelton<br />Elephant Trekking and Tourism Sustainability in Khao Lak, Thailand<br />
  2. 2. Asia Safari Khao Lak, Thailand<br />Est. 2001<br />Elephant Trekking<br />Zoo<br />Orchid Garden <br />Restaurant<br />
  3. 3. Origins<br />Elephants from Surin, in family since 1955 elephant roundup <br />Trekking is a community tradition, brought to Khao Lak and taught to some village locals<br />
  4. 4. Elephant situation<br />Deforestation<br />60% to 20% in 50 years<br />Disappearing populations<br />In 100 years the number of wild elephants in Thailand dropped from 100,000 to 2,000<br />3,000 captive elephants in Thailand today<br />Technology takes logging jobs away from captive elephants<br />Government project to have 99 out of 300 of Bangkok street elephants and handlers protect national parks from poachers and illegal loggers<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Elephants<br />12 Indian elephants, all female<br />Average weight is 3 tons<br />3 month training period once 7 years old<br />Restrictions:<br />Pregnancy <br />(after 1 year 2 mo.)<br />Too young<br />
  7. 7. Well Being<br />Training<br />“broken in” since birth, but questionable methods for trekking preparation<br />Chain on leg<br />Switch legs daily<br />Do not walk elephants through water for toenails<br />Hook + spikey metal ring<br />Ear infection<br />Vet every 2 months<br />No deaths <br />4 45 min. treks (uphill) per day in high season<br />
  8. 8. ^ Day: chained under a large awning when not trekking<br />&gt; Night: chained in an uncovered hilly area<br />
  9. 9. Resource Use<br />Water<br />150 L/day/elephant<br />From the river adjacent to the complex<br />Food<br />300 kilos/day/elephant<br />Pineapple, banana (take elephants up mountain to collect bananas), bamboo, coconut leaves, grass<br />Bought out pineapple farm 5 km away<br />
  10. 10. Waste<br />Poop<br />Runs into nearby stream<br />Primarily grass due to lack of thorough digestion<br />Ends up in ocean as nutrients for sea life (?)<br />Water quality testing<br />Compost<br />Poop (from cleaning enclosure every day) and leftover pineapple stems and grass<br />Fertilize fruit trees and rubber trees<br />Sell fertilizer as supplementary income<br />
  11. 11. Water Quality Test<br />Waterfall<br />pH: 5.0 -- acidic<br />PO43-: 0.024 mg/L<br />Creek<br />pH: 4.5 -- acidic<br />PO43-: 0.018 mg/L<br />Runoff<br />pH: 6.0<br />PO43-: 0.25 mg/L -- too high, promotes algae growth<br />Ocean<br />pH: 6.5 -- acidic for ocean<br />PO43-: 0.00 mg/L<br />
  12. 12. Course Mapping<br />Rubber trees and processing facility<br />Fruit trees<br />
  13. 13. Trail<br />Natural trail, widened by humans<br />No trees were cut down<br />Biodiversity<br />Elephants scare away small animals<br />“No squirrel no more”<br />
  14. 14. Rubber Trees<br />Artificially planted<br />Supplementary income to buy pineapple<br />Only small area of property<br />Specific staff positions for rubber tree care<br />20 year life span<br />Need to cut everything down and plow to replant<br />Not sustainable<br />
  15. 15. Asia Safari: Ecotourism?<br />Surveyed community for business approval out of respect and “code”<br />Owner’s main goals were to conserve nature and support locals<br />Pairwise ranking<br />Environmentally friendly = attractive to tourists<br />Included in community<br />How socio-ecologically sustainable is elephant trekking?<br />What are the indicators of this sustainability?<br />
  16. 16. Social Research<br />“What is your motivation for coming on an elephant trek?”<br />Adventure, Cost, Nature, Culture, Support Locals, Education<br />6 tourists of different backgrounds<br />Pair-wise ranking<br />Nature (4); Culture (1); Education (1)<br />Shows company needs to sustain natural environment to keep customers<br />Phuket vs Khao Lak<br />Limitations:<br />Confusing method!<br />Low season<br />Limited categories<br />
  17. 17. Interviewed owner of Asia Safari with pair-wise ranking and anthropocentric/biocen-tric circles<br />Most important for elephant trekking company?<br />Conserve Nature (3), Support Locals (3), Elephant Well-Being (2), Make Profit (2)<br />Integrates nature and community into his business<br />Interviewed community members and their business is not affected by Asia Safari<br />
  18. 18. Indicators of Sustainability<br />Compost<br />Organic garden<br />Intergenerational skill<br />Community involvement<br />Elephants’ and Nature’s <br /> well being (debatable)<br />Precautionary Principles<br />More natural = more customers = sustainability both economically and environmentally<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Part Deux: CBT/Homestay<br />Ban Nam Sai<br />May, Lue, Sai-Rung, Fiew, Babua<br />Kenan Institute Asia from University of North Carolina CBT presentation<br />Investigated what goes into starting a CBT program and what the benefits are<br />Birthday Party<br />English Lesson<br />
  21. 21. CBT Benefits<br />People<br />Communities<br />Tour Operators<br />Tourists<br />Environment<br />Conservation Fund<br />National Park<br />More Sustainable than Hotel/Resort<br />Profit<br />Income for community and Tour Operators<br />*Courtesy of Kenan Institute Asia<br />
  22. 22. Homestay<br />Ban Nam Sai built in 2007, free housing for tsunami victims<br />Princess’s project<br />We stayed in an entire house instead of within someone’s home<br />Capacity for versatility<br />Large groups or individuals<br />Limitation for research<br />Not enough time<br />Schedule conflict<br />
  23. 23. Ban Nam Sai Personal Story<br />Interview with May<br />Owned restaurant and home, destroyed by tsunami<br />3 family members died: Lue’s dad, 3 year old nephew and 13 year old niece<br />May and family were out of town at a funeral<br />CBT inspired by volunteers staying in tsunami victims homes<br />Community decided they could make a business out of what they were doing <br />We were 2nd guests<br />Unsure of foreigners affect on community<br />Naked people<br />Drunk people<br />
  24. 24. Success of Ban Nam Sai’s CBT<br />Adequate accommodation<br />Rooms not finished<br />Great service<br />Food<br />Laundry<br />Cleaning<br />Transportation<br />Close to beach<br />Welcoming community<br />Need more activities<br />Need website and link to network of travel agencies<br />UNC brochure<br />1 day out of a 14 day stay = success<br />
  25. 25. Conclusions<br />We experienced a fledgling CBT community and saw what goes into making it a reality<br />We now know the origins, benefits and complications of CBT<br />We learned that the resources are there for successful eco and community tourism to be successful but it is still getting off the ground<br />Service provided to Asia Safari: suggest ways to improve sustainability<br />Improve compost/waste disposal<br />Overcrowding in zoo<br />Service provided to homestay: guinea pigs for their homestay program<br />Helped with brochure<br />Feedback<br />
  26. 26. Team Joom!<br />
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