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Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
Elephant Presentation
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Elephant Presentation

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  • 1. Kelley Berg<br />Grace Lee<br />Hanna Linstadt<br />Shannon Skelton<br />Elephant Trekking and Tourism Sustainability in Khao Lak, Thailand<br />
  • 2. Asia Safari Khao Lak, Thailand<br />Est. 2001<br />Elephant Trekking<br />Zoo<br />Orchid Garden <br />Restaurant<br />
  • 3. Origins<br />Elephants from Surin, in family since 1955 elephant roundup <br />Trekking is a community tradition, brought to Khao Lak and taught to some village locals<br />
  • 4. Elephant situation<br />Deforestation<br />60% to 20% in 50 years<br />Disappearing populations<br />In 100 years the number of wild elephants in Thailand dropped from 100,000 to 2,000<br />3,000 captive elephants in Thailand today<br />Technology takes logging jobs away from captive elephants<br />Government project to have 99 out of 300 of Bangkok street elephants and handlers protect national parks from poachers and illegal loggers<br />
  • 5.
  • 6. Elephants<br />12 Indian elephants, all female<br />Average weight is 3 tons<br />3 month training period once 7 years old<br />Restrictions:<br />Pregnancy <br />(after 1 year 2 mo.)<br />Too young<br />
  • 7. Well Being<br />Training<br />“broken in” since birth, but questionable methods for trekking preparation<br />Chain on leg<br />Switch legs daily<br />Do not walk elephants through water for toenails<br />Hook + spikey metal ring<br />Ear infection<br />Vet every 2 months<br />No deaths <br />4 45 min. treks (uphill) per day in high season<br />
  • 8. ^ Day: chained under a large awning when not trekking<br />&gt; Night: chained in an uncovered hilly area<br />
  • 9. Resource Use<br />Water<br />150 L/day/elephant<br />From the river adjacent to the complex<br />Food<br />300 kilos/day/elephant<br />Pineapple, banana (take elephants up mountain to collect bananas), bamboo, coconut leaves, grass<br />Bought out pineapple farm 5 km away<br />
  • 10. Waste<br />Poop<br />Runs into nearby stream<br />Primarily grass due to lack of thorough digestion<br />Ends up in ocean as nutrients for sea life (?)<br />Water quality testing<br />Compost<br />Poop (from cleaning enclosure every day) and leftover pineapple stems and grass<br />Fertilize fruit trees and rubber trees<br />Sell fertilizer as supplementary income<br />
  • 11. Water Quality Test<br />Waterfall<br />pH: 5.0 -- acidic<br />PO43-: 0.024 mg/L<br />Creek<br />pH: 4.5 -- acidic<br />PO43-: 0.018 mg/L<br />Runoff<br />pH: 6.0<br />PO43-: 0.25 mg/L -- too high, promotes algae growth<br />Ocean<br />pH: 6.5 -- acidic for ocean<br />PO43-: 0.00 mg/L<br />
  • 12. Course Mapping<br />Rubber trees and processing facility<br />Fruit trees<br />
  • 13. Trail<br />Natural trail, widened by humans<br />No trees were cut down<br />Biodiversity<br />Elephants scare away small animals<br />“No squirrel no more”<br />
  • 14. Rubber Trees<br />Artificially planted<br />Supplementary income to buy pineapple<br />Only small area of property<br />Specific staff positions for rubber tree care<br />20 year life span<br />Need to cut everything down and plow to replant<br />Not sustainable<br />
  • 15. Asia Safari: Ecotourism?<br />Surveyed community for business approval out of respect and “code”<br />Owner’s main goals were to conserve nature and support locals<br />Pairwise ranking<br />Environmentally friendly = attractive to tourists<br />Included in community<br />How socio-ecologically sustainable is elephant trekking?<br />What are the indicators of this sustainability?<br />
  • 16. Social Research<br />“What is your motivation for coming on an elephant trek?”<br />Adventure, Cost, Nature, Culture, Support Locals, Education<br />6 tourists of different backgrounds<br />Pair-wise ranking<br />Nature (4); Culture (1); Education (1)<br />Shows company needs to sustain natural environment to keep customers<br />Phuket vs Khao Lak<br />Limitations:<br />Confusing method!<br />Low season<br />Limited categories<br />
  • 17. Interviewed owner of Asia Safari with pair-wise ranking and anthropocentric/biocen-tric circles<br />Most important for elephant trekking company?<br />Conserve Nature (3), Support Locals (3), Elephant Well-Being (2), Make Profit (2)<br />Integrates nature and community into his business<br />Interviewed community members and their business is not affected by Asia Safari<br />
  • 18. Indicators of Sustainability<br />Compost<br />Organic garden<br />Intergenerational skill<br />Community involvement<br />Elephants’ and Nature’s <br /> well being (debatable)<br />Precautionary Principles<br />More natural = more customers = sustainability both economically and environmentally<br />
  • 19.
  • 20. Part Deux: CBT/Homestay<br />Ban Nam Sai<br />May, Lue, Sai-Rung, Fiew, Babua<br />Kenan Institute Asia from University of North Carolina CBT presentation<br />Investigated what goes into starting a CBT program and what the benefits are<br />Birthday Party<br />English Lesson<br />
  • 21. CBT Benefits<br />People<br />Communities<br />Tour Operators<br />Tourists<br />Environment<br />Conservation Fund<br />National Park<br />More Sustainable than Hotel/Resort<br />Profit<br />Income for community and Tour Operators<br />*Courtesy of Kenan Institute Asia<br />
  • 22. Homestay<br />Ban Nam Sai built in 2007, free housing for tsunami victims<br />Princess’s project<br />We stayed in an entire house instead of within someone’s home<br />Capacity for versatility<br />Large groups or individuals<br />Limitation for research<br />Not enough time<br />Schedule conflict<br />
  • 23. Ban Nam Sai Personal Story<br />Interview with May<br />Owned restaurant and home, destroyed by tsunami<br />3 family members died: Lue’s dad, 3 year old nephew and 13 year old niece<br />May and family were out of town at a funeral<br />CBT inspired by volunteers staying in tsunami victims homes<br />Community decided they could make a business out of what they were doing <br />We were 2nd guests<br />Unsure of foreigners affect on community<br />Naked people<br />Drunk people<br />
  • 24. Success of Ban Nam Sai’s CBT<br />Adequate accommodation<br />Rooms not finished<br />Great service<br />Food<br />Laundry<br />Cleaning<br />Transportation<br />Close to beach<br />Welcoming community<br />Need more activities<br />Need website and link to network of travel agencies<br />UNC brochure<br />1 day out of a 14 day stay = success<br />
  • 25. Conclusions<br />We experienced a fledgling CBT community and saw what goes into making it a reality<br />We now know the origins, benefits and complications of CBT<br />We learned that the resources are there for successful eco and community tourism to be successful but it is still getting off the ground<br />Service provided to Asia Safari: suggest ways to improve sustainability<br />Improve compost/waste disposal<br />Overcrowding in zoo<br />Service provided to homestay: guinea pigs for their homestay program<br />Helped with brochure<br />Feedback<br />
  • 26. Team Joom!<br />

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