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Elephant Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Kelley Berg
    Grace Lee
    Hanna Linstadt
    Shannon Skelton
    Elephant Trekking and Tourism Sustainability in Khao Lak, Thailand
  • 2. Asia Safari Khao Lak, Thailand
    Est. 2001
    Elephant Trekking
    Zoo
    Orchid Garden
    Restaurant
  • 3. Origins
    Elephants from Surin, in family since 1955 elephant roundup
    Trekking is a community tradition, brought to Khao Lak and taught to some village locals
  • 4. Elephant situation
    Deforestation
    60% to 20% in 50 years
    Disappearing populations
    In 100 years the number of wild elephants in Thailand dropped from 100,000 to 2,000
    3,000 captive elephants in Thailand today
    Technology takes logging jobs away from captive elephants
    Government project to have 99 out of 300 of Bangkok street elephants and handlers protect national parks from poachers and illegal loggers
  • 5.
  • 6. Elephants
    12 Indian elephants, all female
    Average weight is 3 tons
    3 month training period once 7 years old
    Restrictions:
    Pregnancy
    (after 1 year 2 mo.)
    Too young
  • 7. Well Being
    Training
    “broken in” since birth, but questionable methods for trekking preparation
    Chain on leg
    Switch legs daily
    Do not walk elephants through water for toenails
    Hook + spikey metal ring
    Ear infection
    Vet every 2 months
    No deaths
    4 45 min. treks (uphill) per day in high season
  • 8. ^ Day: chained under a large awning when not trekking
    > Night: chained in an uncovered hilly area
  • 9. Resource Use
    Water
    150 L/day/elephant
    From the river adjacent to the complex
    Food
    300 kilos/day/elephant
    Pineapple, banana (take elephants up mountain to collect bananas), bamboo, coconut leaves, grass
    Bought out pineapple farm 5 km away
  • 10. Waste
    Poop
    Runs into nearby stream
    Primarily grass due to lack of thorough digestion
    Ends up in ocean as nutrients for sea life (?)
    Water quality testing
    Compost
    Poop (from cleaning enclosure every day) and leftover pineapple stems and grass
    Fertilize fruit trees and rubber trees
    Sell fertilizer as supplementary income
  • 11. Water Quality Test
    Waterfall
    pH: 5.0 -- acidic
    PO43-: 0.024 mg/L
    Creek
    pH: 4.5 -- acidic
    PO43-: 0.018 mg/L
    Runoff
    pH: 6.0
    PO43-: 0.25 mg/L -- too high, promotes algae growth
    Ocean
    pH: 6.5 -- acidic for ocean
    PO43-: 0.00 mg/L
  • 12. Course Mapping
    Rubber trees and processing facility
    Fruit trees
  • 13. Trail
    Natural trail, widened by humans
    No trees were cut down
    Biodiversity
    Elephants scare away small animals
    “No squirrel no more”
  • 14. Rubber Trees
    Artificially planted
    Supplementary income to buy pineapple
    Only small area of property
    Specific staff positions for rubber tree care
    20 year life span
    Need to cut everything down and plow to replant
    Not sustainable
  • 15. Asia Safari: Ecotourism?
    Surveyed community for business approval out of respect and “code”
    Owner’s main goals were to conserve nature and support locals
    Pairwise ranking
    Environmentally friendly = attractive to tourists
    Included in community
    How socio-ecologically sustainable is elephant trekking?
    What are the indicators of this sustainability?
  • 16. Social Research
    “What is your motivation for coming on an elephant trek?”
    Adventure, Cost, Nature, Culture, Support Locals, Education
    6 tourists of different backgrounds
    Pair-wise ranking
    Nature (4); Culture (1); Education (1)
    Shows company needs to sustain natural environment to keep customers
    Phuket vs Khao Lak
    Limitations:
    Confusing method!
    Low season
    Limited categories
  • 17. Interviewed owner of Asia Safari with pair-wise ranking and anthropocentric/biocen-tric circles
    Most important for elephant trekking company?
    Conserve Nature (3), Support Locals (3), Elephant Well-Being (2), Make Profit (2)
    Integrates nature and community into his business
    Interviewed community members and their business is not affected by Asia Safari
  • 18. Indicators of Sustainability
    Compost
    Organic garden
    Intergenerational skill
    Community involvement
    Elephants’ and Nature’s
    well being (debatable)
    Precautionary Principles
    More natural = more customers = sustainability both economically and environmentally
  • 19.
  • 20. Part Deux: CBT/Homestay
    Ban Nam Sai
    May, Lue, Sai-Rung, Fiew, Babua
    Kenan Institute Asia from University of North Carolina CBT presentation
    Investigated what goes into starting a CBT program and what the benefits are
    Birthday Party
    English Lesson
  • 21. CBT Benefits
    People
    Communities
    Tour Operators
    Tourists
    Environment
    Conservation Fund
    National Park
    More Sustainable than Hotel/Resort
    Profit
    Income for community and Tour Operators
    *Courtesy of Kenan Institute Asia
  • 22. Homestay
    Ban Nam Sai built in 2007, free housing for tsunami victims
    Princess’s project
    We stayed in an entire house instead of within someone’s home
    Capacity for versatility
    Large groups or individuals
    Limitation for research
    Not enough time
    Schedule conflict
  • 23. Ban Nam Sai Personal Story
    Interview with May
    Owned restaurant and home, destroyed by tsunami
    3 family members died: Lue’s dad, 3 year old nephew and 13 year old niece
    May and family were out of town at a funeral
    CBT inspired by volunteers staying in tsunami victims homes
    Community decided they could make a business out of what they were doing
    We were 2nd guests
    Unsure of foreigners affect on community
    Naked people
    Drunk people
  • 24. Success of Ban Nam Sai’s CBT
    Adequate accommodation
    Rooms not finished
    Great service
    Food
    Laundry
    Cleaning
    Transportation
    Close to beach
    Welcoming community
    Need more activities
    Need website and link to network of travel agencies
    UNC brochure
    1 day out of a 14 day stay = success
  • 25. Conclusions
    We experienced a fledgling CBT community and saw what goes into making it a reality
    We now know the origins, benefits and complications of CBT
    We learned that the resources are there for successful eco and community tourism to be successful but it is still getting off the ground
    Service provided to Asia Safari: suggest ways to improve sustainability
    Improve compost/waste disposal
    Overcrowding in zoo
    Service provided to homestay: guinea pigs for their homestay program
    Helped with brochure
    Feedback
  • 26. Team Joom!