Sydney’s energy revolution
Building a low carbon city
Allan Jones MBE

Chief Development Officer, Energy & Climate Change
...
Monday, 4 November 13
In NSW, $18 billion is
being spent on grid
network upgrades over
the next five years

Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
70%

missions
uction in e
red

Monday, 4 November 13
40%
energy
to the
grid

natural gas

electricity
heated
water

5%

Monday, 4 November 13

en
erg
yl
os
t

eration
trigen

...
ity cts
c
je
ro
p

Monday, 4 November 13

building energy and water efficiency
retrofits
20% reduction in emissions so far...
LED street lights
Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
Environmental Upgrade Agreements
$ saved on utility
bills contribute to
the Environmental
Upgrade Charge

Commercial
funds...
cture plan
infrastru
green
tion masterplan
trigenera
gy masterplan
renewable ener
ment masterplan
nced waste treat
adva
at...
2010 POTABLE WATER
CONSUMPTION

Monday, 4 November 13
2030 POTABLE WATER
CONSUMPTION WITH
DECENTRALISED
WATER NETWORK

Monday, 4 November 13
2030 RECYCLED WATER
CONSUMPTION WITH
DECENTRALISED WATER
NETWORK

Monday, 4 November 13
Recycled water diversity of sources

Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
Moving to a
low carbon energy
future cannot be
achieved through
a conventional
view of cities and
city planning.

Monday, ...
Total electricity
consumption
on a building by
building scale
MWh/YEAR
0–1
1–5
5–10
10–50
50–100
100–500
500–1,000
1,000–2...
Total thermal energy
(heating, cooling and
hot water) consumption
on a building by
building scale
MJ/YEAR
0–10,000
10,000–...
MEGAWATTS OF
TRIGENERATION
ENERGY SUPPLY

3.

By 2030, 65% of
commercial, 50%
of retail and 30%
of residential floor
space...
MEGAWATTS OF
TRIGENERATION
ENERGY SUPPLY
By 2030, 65% of
commercial, 50%
of retail and 30%
of residential floor
space will...
Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
2006
EMISSIONS

Monday, 4 November 13
2030
EMISSIONS
TRIGEN

Monday, 4 November 13
Master Plan Content
1. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
– 
– 
– 
– 
– 

Why Things Have to Change
Technology Solutions for Sydne...
GERMANY’S RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES ACT
REPLACING FOSSIL FUELS & NUCLEAR ENERGY WITH
NON-INTERMITTENT RENEWABLE ENERGY

Mon...
TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS FOR SYDNEY
BUILDING SCALE RENEWABLE
ELECTRICITY & HEAT WITHIN CITY
OF SYDNEY LGA

PRECINCT SCALE RENE...
ren
ele ewa
res ctri ble
ou city
ap rce
s
;

Monday, 4 November 13

E
b
t
r
p
2
2
30% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY TARGET
BY TECHNOLOGY (2030)

Monday, 4 November 13
ren
gasewa
res es ble
ma our & fu
p ces els
;

Monday, 4 November 13

E
b
t
r
p
2
2
23 / Insert footer

Monday, 4 November 13
RENEWABLE(GAS(GRID(INJECTION(TECHNOLOGIES(

Monday, 4 November 13
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION SAVINGS FROM RENEWABLE GAS GRID
INJECTION COMPARED TO LOCAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION ONLY

Monday, 4...
Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
Monday, 4 November 13
MARGINAL SOCIAL COST OF ABATEMENT: CENTRAL SCENARIO, 2020
(DOLLARS PER TONNE OF CO2e OF EMISSIONS ABATEMENT)

27

Monday, ...
10,000

Monday, 4 November 13
20,000

SAVINGS ACHIEVED

SOLAR PV

LED LIGHTING

ENERGY RETROFIT

30,000

-14%

-10%
-10%
-...
Tracking 2030 - Greenhouse Gas Emissions
City of Sydney Local Government Area 15/5
Trigeneration c/w 20% Renewable Energy ...
32
Monday, 4 November 13
BUILDING SCALE TECHNOLOGIES

Monday, 4 November 13
PRECINCT SCALE TECHNOLOGIES

Monday, 4 November 13
UTILITY SCALE TECHNOLOGIES

Monday, 4 November 13
RENEWABLE GASES

Monday, 4 November 13
Enabling Actions – London Plan Renewable Energy Policies
Contribution by Main Renewable Energy and CHP Technologies in Stu...
‘POWER TO GAS’ TECHNOLOGIES
OVERCOMING THE INTERMITTENCY OF SOLAR & WIND

Monday, 4 November 13
HOW$RENEWABLE$ELECTRICITY,$HEAT$AND$GAS$CAN$BE$INTEGRTATED$TO$
PROVIDE$A$100%$NON8INTERMITTENT$RENEWABLE$ENERGY$SYSTEM$

M...
North Sea Power to Gas Platform

41

Monday, 4 November 13
RENEWABLE ENERGY MINING
AND EXPORTS

Monday, 4 November 13
http://www.sydney2030.com.au/
development-in-2030/city-wideprojects/powering-sydney-allan-jones

Monday, 4 November 13
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Water and Energy Efficiency for a Hotter, Drier Climate: Sustainable Local Water and Energy Resources in Cities

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An Oppenheim Lecture featuring Allan Jones, Chief Development Officer, Energy and Climate Change, City of Sydney.

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Water and Energy Efficiency for a Hotter, Drier Climate: Sustainable Local Water and Energy Resources in Cities

  1. 1. Sydney’s energy revolution Building a low carbon city Allan Jones MBE Chief Development Officer, Energy & Climate Change City of Sydney Monday, 4 November 13
  2. 2. Monday, 4 November 13
  3. 3. In NSW, $18 billion is being spent on grid network upgrades over the next five years Monday, 4 November 13
  4. 4. Monday, 4 November 13
  5. 5. 70% missions uction in e red Monday, 4 November 13
  6. 6. 40% energy to the grid natural gas electricity heated water 5% Monday, 4 November 13 en erg yl os t eration trigen 45% energy to the grid cooling hot water gy lost ener
  7. 7. ity cts c je ro p Monday, 4 November 13 building energy and water efficiency retrofits 20% reduction in emissions so far output performance specfication guaranteeing further 23% reduction in energy and water consumption and 24% reduction in emissions trigeneration renewable energy: - 5 photovoltaic installations - 14 solar hot water heating - 1.25MWp photovoltaics program LED street lighting - 51% reduction in emissions utilities information management system electric & alternative fuelled vehicles environmental upgrade agreements better buildings partnership removal of regulatory barriers to DE
  8. 8. LED street lights Monday, 4 November 13
  9. 9. Monday, 4 November 13
  10. 10. Monday, 4 November 13
  11. 11. Environmental Upgrade Agreements $ saved on utility bills contribute to the Environmental Upgrade Charge Commercial funds provided to building owner for retrofit Monday, 4 November 13 Environmental Upgrade Charge collected by City of Sydney City of Sydney passes on repayment to lender
  12. 12. cture plan infrastru green tion masterplan trigenera gy masterplan renewable ener ment masterplan nced waste treat adva ater masterplan decentralised w cy masterplan energy efficien adaptation plan climate change Monday, 4 November 13
  13. 13. 2010 POTABLE WATER CONSUMPTION Monday, 4 November 13
  14. 14. 2030 POTABLE WATER CONSUMPTION WITH DECENTRALISED WATER NETWORK Monday, 4 November 13
  15. 15. 2030 RECYCLED WATER CONSUMPTION WITH DECENTRALISED WATER NETWORK Monday, 4 November 13
  16. 16. Recycled water diversity of sources Monday, 4 November 13
  17. 17. Monday, 4 November 13
  18. 18. Moving to a low carbon energy future cannot be achieved through a conventional view of cities and city planning. Monday, 4 November 13
  19. 19. Total electricity consumption on a building by building scale MWh/YEAR 0–1 1–5 5–10 10–50 50–100 100–500 500–1,000 1,000–2,000 2,000–5,000 > 5,000 Monday, 4 November 13
  20. 20. Total thermal energy (heating, cooling and hot water) consumption on a building by building scale MJ/YEAR 0–10,000 10,000–15,000 15,000–20,000 20,000–50,000 50,000–100,000 100,000–500,000 500,000–1,000,000 1,000,000–5,000,000 5,000,000–10,000,000 > 10,000,000 Monday, 4 November 13
  21. 21. MEGAWATTS OF TRIGENERATION ENERGY SUPPLY 3. By 2030, 65% of commercial, 50% of retail and 30% of residential floor space will be connected to a low carbon zone 4. Monday, 4 November 13 CBD NORTH & BARRANGAROO 130 MW CBD SOUTH & WILLIAM ST 130 MW PYRMONT & BROADWAY 80 MW
  22. 22. MEGAWATTS OF TRIGENERATION ENERGY SUPPLY By 2030, 65% of commercial, 50% of retail and 30% of residential floor space will be connected to a low carbon zone Monday, 4 November 13 GREEN SQUARE 20 MW
  23. 23. Monday, 4 November 13
  24. 24. Monday, 4 November 13
  25. 25. 2006 EMISSIONS Monday, 4 November 13
  26. 26. 2030 EMISSIONS TRIGEN Monday, 4 November 13
  27. 27. Master Plan Content 1. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES –  –  –  –  –  Why Things Have to Change Technology Solutions for Sydney Evaluating the Options Technology Shortlist Renewable Energy Mining 2. RE-THINKING RENEWABLE ENERGY –  –  –  –  –  Transforming Our Energy Securing Our Energy Back-Up Power and Intermittency What is the Cost of Renewable Energy? Cost of Carbon Abatement 3 RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR CITY OF SYDNEY –  What is the Master Plan Proposing? –  –  –  –  1. Building Scale Renewables within the City of Sydney LGA 2. Precinct Scale Renewables within the City of Sydney LGA 3. Utility Scale Renewables beyond the City of Sydney LGA 4. Renewable Gases from Waste and Biomass 4 PERFORMANCE MEASURES –  –  –  –  –  –  Summary of Key Technologies Tracking Toward Our 2030 Targets Financial and Economic Viability Cost of Renewable Electricity Cost of Renewable Gas Economic Analysis 5. ENABLING THE MASTER PLAN –  16 Enabling Actions 6. CASE STUDIES - 30 World Renewable Energy Best Practice Case Studies TECHNICAL APPENDICES - Monday, 4 November 13 3 Technical Appendices
  28. 28. GERMANY’S RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES ACT REPLACING FOSSIL FUELS & NUCLEAR ENERGY WITH NON-INTERMITTENT RENEWABLE ENERGY Monday, 4 November 13
  29. 29. TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS FOR SYDNEY BUILDING SCALE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY & HEAT WITHIN CITY OF SYDNEY LGA PRECINCT SCALE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY WITHIN CITY OF SYDNEY LGA UTILITY SCALE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY BEYOND CITY OF SYDNEY LGA RENEWABLE GASES FROM WASTE & BIOMASS WITHIN & BEYOND CITY OF SYDNEY LGA Monday, 4 November 13
  30. 30. ren ele ewa res ctri ble ou city ap rce s ; Monday, 4 November 13 E b t r p 2 2
  31. 31. 30% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY TARGET BY TECHNOLOGY (2030) Monday, 4 November 13
  32. 32. ren gasewa res es ble ma our & fu p ces els ; Monday, 4 November 13 E b t r p 2 2
  33. 33. 23 / Insert footer Monday, 4 November 13
  34. 34. RENEWABLE(GAS(GRID(INJECTION(TECHNOLOGIES( Monday, 4 November 13
  35. 35. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION SAVINGS FROM RENEWABLE GAS GRID INJECTION COMPARED TO LOCAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION ONLY Monday, 4 November 13
  36. 36. Monday, 4 November 13
  37. 37. Monday, 4 November 13
  38. 38. Monday, 4 November 13
  39. 39. Monday, 4 November 13
  40. 40. MARGINAL SOCIAL COST OF ABATEMENT: CENTRAL SCENARIO, 2020 (DOLLARS PER TONNE OF CO2e OF EMISSIONS ABATEMENT) 27 Monday, 4 November 13
  41. 41. 10,000 Monday, 4 November 13 20,000 SAVINGS ACHIEVED SOLAR PV LED LIGHTING ENERGY RETROFIT 30,000 -14% -10% -10% -9% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (OUTSIDE LGA 20% RET) RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (INSIDE LGA 16.7%) -4% 2030 TARGET AUSGRID LED 15/5 RENEWABLE GASES 40,000 15/5 TRIGENERATION 50,000 PORTFOLIO CHANGE +5% DOMESTIC RENEWABLE GAS 2006 BASELINE Tonnes C02e Tracking 2030 - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Council Operations - 15/5 TRIGENERATION 20-May 2013 update 60,000 -7% -13% -5% -4% -11% -13% NO DEFICIT 70% reduction of 2006 emissions by 2030
  42. 42. Tracking 2030 - Greenhouse Gas Emissions City of Sydney Local Government Area 15/5 Trigeneration c/w 20% Renewable Energy Target + Renewable Gases for Trigeneration 7m 17-May 2013 update 14% 6m TARGET WASTE -5% City of Sydney target to reduce 2006 emissions by 70% by 2030 increases by 2030 Business and Usual ( BAU) due to growth. Australia's 20% Renewable Energy target will deliver 801 GWh/year by 2020 due to reduced electricity demand brought about by trigeneration. Monday, 4 November 13 4% TRANSPORT 0m 2% RENEWABLE GASES 1m 13% 15/5 TRIGENERATION 2m 2030 BAU 3m 22% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (BEYOND LGA - 20% RET) 4m 13% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (INSIDE LGA) ENERGY EFFICIENCY 5m 2006 BASELINE Million Tonnes C02e per annum 11%
  43. 43. 32 Monday, 4 November 13
  44. 44. BUILDING SCALE TECHNOLOGIES Monday, 4 November 13
  45. 45. PRECINCT SCALE TECHNOLOGIES Monday, 4 November 13
  46. 46. UTILITY SCALE TECHNOLOGIES Monday, 4 November 13
  47. 47. RENEWABLE GASES Monday, 4 November 13
  48. 48. Enabling Actions – London Plan Renewable Energy Policies Contribution by Main Renewable Energy and CHP Technologies in Study (147 applications) Ground Gas- Fuel fired cell Biomass Wind 10 CHP 94 CHP 6 CHP 6 2,735 25,331 5,575 6,946 2.6 12.4 3.0 0.3 3.5 0 8.0 0 1.2 3.0 3.5 2.6 20.4 3.0 1.5 228 567 159 1,047 1,239 1,834 4,567 108 31 22 274 269 929 1,158 Biomass number of installations tonnes CO2 saved MW reported MW estimated source heating/ Photo- Solar boilers 74 cooling 31 voltaics 55 thermal 26 11,695 3,351 1,718 560 28.6 5.8 0.9 21.7 8.9 2.1 50.3 14.7 233 158 0 MW9 TOTAL (reported and estimated) tonnes CO2 saved per MW specified tonnes CO2 saved per installation Monday, 4 November 13
  49. 49. ‘POWER TO GAS’ TECHNOLOGIES OVERCOMING THE INTERMITTENCY OF SOLAR & WIND Monday, 4 November 13
  50. 50. HOW$RENEWABLE$ELECTRICITY,$HEAT$AND$GAS$CAN$BE$INTEGRTATED$TO$ PROVIDE$A$100%$NON8INTERMITTENT$RENEWABLE$ENERGY$SYSTEM$ Monday, 4 November 13
  51. 51. North Sea Power to Gas Platform 41 Monday, 4 November 13
  52. 52. RENEWABLE ENERGY MINING AND EXPORTS Monday, 4 November 13
  53. 53. http://www.sydney2030.com.au/ development-in-2030/city-wideprojects/powering-sydney-allan-jones Monday, 4 November 13
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