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Water and Energy Efficiency for a Hotter, Drier Climate: Sustainable Local Water and Energy Resources in Cities
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Water and Energy Efficiency for a Hotter, Drier Climate: Sustainable Local Water and Energy Resources in Cities

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An Oppenheim Lecture featuring Allan Jones, Chief Development Officer, Energy and Climate Change, City of Sydney.

An Oppenheim Lecture featuring Allan Jones, Chief Development Officer, Energy and Climate Change, City of Sydney.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 1. Sydney’s energy revolution Building a low carbon city Allan Jones MBE Chief Development Officer, Energy & Climate Change City of Sydney Monday, 4 November 13
  • 2. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 3. In NSW, $18 billion is being spent on grid network upgrades over the next five years Monday, 4 November 13
  • 4. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 5. 70% missions uction in e red Monday, 4 November 13
  • 6. 40% energy to the grid natural gas electricity heated water 5% Monday, 4 November 13 en erg yl os t eration trigen 45% energy to the grid cooling hot water gy lost ener
  • 7. ity cts c je ro p Monday, 4 November 13 building energy and water efficiency retrofits 20% reduction in emissions so far output performance specfication guaranteeing further 23% reduction in energy and water consumption and 24% reduction in emissions trigeneration renewable energy: - 5 photovoltaic installations - 14 solar hot water heating - 1.25MWp photovoltaics program LED street lighting - 51% reduction in emissions utilities information management system electric & alternative fuelled vehicles environmental upgrade agreements better buildings partnership removal of regulatory barriers to DE
  • 8. LED street lights Monday, 4 November 13
  • 9. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 10. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 11. Environmental Upgrade Agreements $ saved on utility bills contribute to the Environmental Upgrade Charge Commercial funds provided to building owner for retrofit Monday, 4 November 13 Environmental Upgrade Charge collected by City of Sydney City of Sydney passes on repayment to lender
  • 12. cture plan infrastru green tion masterplan trigenera gy masterplan renewable ener ment masterplan nced waste treat adva ater masterplan decentralised w cy masterplan energy efficien adaptation plan climate change Monday, 4 November 13
  • 13. 2010 POTABLE WATER CONSUMPTION Monday, 4 November 13
  • 14. 2030 POTABLE WATER CONSUMPTION WITH DECENTRALISED WATER NETWORK Monday, 4 November 13
  • 15. 2030 RECYCLED WATER CONSUMPTION WITH DECENTRALISED WATER NETWORK Monday, 4 November 13
  • 16. Recycled water diversity of sources Monday, 4 November 13
  • 17. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 18. Moving to a low carbon energy future cannot be achieved through a conventional view of cities and city planning. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 19. Total electricity consumption on a building by building scale MWh/YEAR 0–1 1–5 5–10 10–50 50–100 100–500 500–1,000 1,000–2,000 2,000–5,000 > 5,000 Monday, 4 November 13
  • 20. Total thermal energy (heating, cooling and hot water) consumption on a building by building scale MJ/YEAR 0–10,000 10,000–15,000 15,000–20,000 20,000–50,000 50,000–100,000 100,000–500,000 500,000–1,000,000 1,000,000–5,000,000 5,000,000–10,000,000 > 10,000,000 Monday, 4 November 13
  • 21. MEGAWATTS OF TRIGENERATION ENERGY SUPPLY 3. By 2030, 65% of commercial, 50% of retail and 30% of residential floor space will be connected to a low carbon zone 4. Monday, 4 November 13 CBD NORTH & BARRANGAROO 130 MW CBD SOUTH & WILLIAM ST 130 MW PYRMONT & BROADWAY 80 MW
  • 22. MEGAWATTS OF TRIGENERATION ENERGY SUPPLY By 2030, 65% of commercial, 50% of retail and 30% of residential floor space will be connected to a low carbon zone Monday, 4 November 13 GREEN SQUARE 20 MW
  • 23. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 24. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 25. 2006 EMISSIONS Monday, 4 November 13
  • 26. 2030 EMISSIONS TRIGEN Monday, 4 November 13
  • 27. Master Plan Content 1. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES –  –  –  –  –  Why Things Have to Change Technology Solutions for Sydney Evaluating the Options Technology Shortlist Renewable Energy Mining 2. RE-THINKING RENEWABLE ENERGY –  –  –  –  –  Transforming Our Energy Securing Our Energy Back-Up Power and Intermittency What is the Cost of Renewable Energy? Cost of Carbon Abatement 3 RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR CITY OF SYDNEY –  What is the Master Plan Proposing? –  –  –  –  1. Building Scale Renewables within the City of Sydney LGA 2. Precinct Scale Renewables within the City of Sydney LGA 3. Utility Scale Renewables beyond the City of Sydney LGA 4. Renewable Gases from Waste and Biomass 4 PERFORMANCE MEASURES –  –  –  –  –  –  Summary of Key Technologies Tracking Toward Our 2030 Targets Financial and Economic Viability Cost of Renewable Electricity Cost of Renewable Gas Economic Analysis 5. ENABLING THE MASTER PLAN –  16 Enabling Actions 6. CASE STUDIES - 30 World Renewable Energy Best Practice Case Studies TECHNICAL APPENDICES - Monday, 4 November 13 3 Technical Appendices
  • 28. GERMANY’S RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES ACT REPLACING FOSSIL FUELS & NUCLEAR ENERGY WITH NON-INTERMITTENT RENEWABLE ENERGY Monday, 4 November 13
  • 29. TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS FOR SYDNEY BUILDING SCALE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY & HEAT WITHIN CITY OF SYDNEY LGA PRECINCT SCALE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY WITHIN CITY OF SYDNEY LGA UTILITY SCALE RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY BEYOND CITY OF SYDNEY LGA RENEWABLE GASES FROM WASTE & BIOMASS WITHIN & BEYOND CITY OF SYDNEY LGA Monday, 4 November 13
  • 30. ren ele ewa res ctri ble ou city ap rce s ; Monday, 4 November 13 E b t r p 2 2
  • 31. 30% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY TARGET BY TECHNOLOGY (2030) Monday, 4 November 13
  • 32. ren gasewa res es ble ma our & fu p ces els ; Monday, 4 November 13 E b t r p 2 2
  • 33. 23 / Insert footer Monday, 4 November 13
  • 34. RENEWABLE(GAS(GRID(INJECTION(TECHNOLOGIES( Monday, 4 November 13
  • 35. GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION SAVINGS FROM RENEWABLE GAS GRID INJECTION COMPARED TO LOCAL ELECTRICITY GENERATION ONLY Monday, 4 November 13
  • 36. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 37. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 38. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 39. Monday, 4 November 13
  • 40. MARGINAL SOCIAL COST OF ABATEMENT: CENTRAL SCENARIO, 2020 (DOLLARS PER TONNE OF CO2e OF EMISSIONS ABATEMENT) 27 Monday, 4 November 13
  • 41. 10,000 Monday, 4 November 13 20,000 SAVINGS ACHIEVED SOLAR PV LED LIGHTING ENERGY RETROFIT 30,000 -14% -10% -10% -9% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (OUTSIDE LGA 20% RET) RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (INSIDE LGA 16.7%) -4% 2030 TARGET AUSGRID LED 15/5 RENEWABLE GASES 40,000 15/5 TRIGENERATION 50,000 PORTFOLIO CHANGE +5% DOMESTIC RENEWABLE GAS 2006 BASELINE Tonnes C02e Tracking 2030 - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Council Operations - 15/5 TRIGENERATION 20-May 2013 update 60,000 -7% -13% -5% -4% -11% -13% NO DEFICIT 70% reduction of 2006 emissions by 2030
  • 42. Tracking 2030 - Greenhouse Gas Emissions City of Sydney Local Government Area 15/5 Trigeneration c/w 20% Renewable Energy Target + Renewable Gases for Trigeneration 7m 17-May 2013 update 14% 6m TARGET WASTE -5% City of Sydney target to reduce 2006 emissions by 70% by 2030 increases by 2030 Business and Usual ( BAU) due to growth. Australia's 20% Renewable Energy target will deliver 801 GWh/year by 2020 due to reduced electricity demand brought about by trigeneration. Monday, 4 November 13 4% TRANSPORT 0m 2% RENEWABLE GASES 1m 13% 15/5 TRIGENERATION 2m 2030 BAU 3m 22% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (BEYOND LGA - 20% RET) 4m 13% RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY (INSIDE LGA) ENERGY EFFICIENCY 5m 2006 BASELINE Million Tonnes C02e per annum 11%
  • 43. 32 Monday, 4 November 13
  • 44. BUILDING SCALE TECHNOLOGIES Monday, 4 November 13
  • 45. PRECINCT SCALE TECHNOLOGIES Monday, 4 November 13
  • 46. UTILITY SCALE TECHNOLOGIES Monday, 4 November 13
  • 47. RENEWABLE GASES Monday, 4 November 13
  • 48. Enabling Actions – London Plan Renewable Energy Policies Contribution by Main Renewable Energy and CHP Technologies in Study (147 applications) Ground Gas- Fuel fired cell Biomass Wind 10 CHP 94 CHP 6 CHP 6 2,735 25,331 5,575 6,946 2.6 12.4 3.0 0.3 3.5 0 8.0 0 1.2 3.0 3.5 2.6 20.4 3.0 1.5 228 567 159 1,047 1,239 1,834 4,567 108 31 22 274 269 929 1,158 Biomass number of installations tonnes CO2 saved MW reported MW estimated source heating/ Photo- Solar boilers 74 cooling 31 voltaics 55 thermal 26 11,695 3,351 1,718 560 28.6 5.8 0.9 21.7 8.9 2.1 50.3 14.7 233 158 0 MW9 TOTAL (reported and estimated) tonnes CO2 saved per MW specified tonnes CO2 saved per installation Monday, 4 November 13
  • 49. ‘POWER TO GAS’ TECHNOLOGIES OVERCOMING THE INTERMITTENCY OF SOLAR & WIND Monday, 4 November 13
  • 50. HOW$RENEWABLE$ELECTRICITY,$HEAT$AND$GAS$CAN$BE$INTEGRTATED$TO$ PROVIDE$A$100%$NON8INTERMITTENT$RENEWABLE$ENERGY$SYSTEM$ Monday, 4 November 13
  • 51. North Sea Power to Gas Platform 41 Monday, 4 November 13
  • 52. RENEWABLE ENERGY MINING AND EXPORTS Monday, 4 November 13
  • 53. http://www.sydney2030.com.au/ development-in-2030/city-wideprojects/powering-sydney-allan-jones Monday, 4 November 13

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