Elections:Who Decides

243 views
171 views

Published on

Presentation for the ALA GODORT/ACRL-LPSS Preconference: "Got Elections? Informing the Public"
Held Saturday,

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
243
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research – have to be a member to download; anyone can search the holdings
  • P20 = unit of analysis is households not individuals; but you can see how many households have children over 18.
    P table = population
    PCT
    P12 vs. PCT 12 age grouping vs. year by year
  • County totals, Congressional, , by city
  • Elections:Who Decides

    1. 1. Elections: Who DecidesElections: Who Decides Voter Demographics,Voter Demographics, Registration and TurnoutRegistration and Turnout
    2. 2. Government Sources:Government Sources: Decennial CensusDecennial Census Current Population Survey,Current Population Survey, November SupplementNovember Supplement Report of RegistrationReport of Registration (Secretary of(Secretary of State, County Registrar)State, County Registrar) Statement of VoteStatement of Vote (Secretary of(Secretary of State, County Registrar)State, County Registrar) 
    3. 3. Non-governmental SourcesNon-governmental Sources News SourcesNews Sources (LexisNexis, NYT,(LexisNexis, NYT, LA Times, etc.)LA Times, etc.) Opinion PollsOpinion Polls (Roper Center iPoll)(Roper Center iPoll) SurveysSurveys (other than CPS, ICPSR)(other than CPS, ICPSR)
    4. 4. The research question:The research question: How many Latinos in Los Angeles areHow many Latinos in Los Angeles are eligible to vote?eligible to vote?  GeographyGeography   Time periodTime period   Population and Units ofPopulation and Units of AnalysisAnalysis   Los Angeles cityLos Angeles city  Current 2000-2008Current 2000-2008  Individuals 18 andIndividuals 18 and older, race/ethnicity =older, race/ethnicity = hispanichispanic
    5. 5. Creating a Voter ProfileCreating a Voter Profile  Who are the electorate?Who are the electorate?  What do they look like demographically?What do they look like demographically?  Who is the "typical" Democrat/Republican.Who is the "typical" Democrat/Republican.  Who seems to be the "typical" voter?Who seems to be the "typical" voter?
    6. 6. Defining the Research QuestionDefining the Research Question  GeographyGeography:: Physical areas, GovernmentPhysical areas, Government units, Political boundaries, Other – schoolunits, Political boundaries, Other – school districts, etc.districts, etc.  Time periodTime period:: “Current”, Historical, Over time“Current”, Historical, Over time  Population & Units of analysisPopulation & Units of analysis:: Gender,Gender, age, etc.Race, ethnicity, ancestry,etc.age, etc.Race, ethnicity, ancestry,etc. Persons, Households, Other – schools,Persons, Households, Other – schools, hospitals, etc.hospitals, etc.
    7. 7. Defining the Research QuestionDefining the Research Question  Questionnaire:Questionnaire: What was asked? WhatWhat was asked? What information was collected?information was collected?  Variables in the dataset:Variables in the dataset: How are theHow are the responses organized? What are theresponses organized? What are the response categories?response categories?  Context:Context: What is your hypothesis? What willWhat is your hypothesis? What will the data tell you?the data tell you?
    8. 8. Research Discovery ContinuumResearch Discovery Continuum (Mapping the Questions to Sources)(Mapping the Questions to Sources)  Statistical Sources-Statistical Sources- compilations or publishedcompilations or published statistics by an agency - summary statistics; maystatistics by an agency - summary statistics; may not have all the geographies but will help younot have all the geographies but will help you determine the source of the data; often going todetermine the source of the data; often going to the agency responsible for collecting the data,the agency responsible for collecting the data, you can get statistics, aggregate data, and inyou can get statistics, aggregate data, and in many cases microdata.many cases microdata.  News ArticlesNews Articles - newspapers will report- newspapers will report statistics, sometimes at a local level; good forstatistics, sometimes at a local level; good for finding out votes cast, turnout immediately andfinding out votes cast, turnout immediately and the source of the data.the source of the data.
    9. 9. Research Discovery ContinuumResearch Discovery Continuum (Mapping the Questions to Sources)(Mapping the Questions to Sources)  Scholarly ArticlesScholarly Articles - studies that examine a particular- studies that examine a particular question and utilized standard data sources or createquestion and utilized standard data sources or create their own; a good way to find out source survey andtheir own; a good way to find out source survey and microdatamicrodata  Data SourcesData Sources - using a source that indexes surveys and- using a source that indexes surveys and microdata, likemicrodata, like ICPSRICPSR can help you locate studycan help you locate study detailes, questionnaires, codebooks and variables thatdetailes, questionnaires, codebooks and variables that cover what you study, especially if the publishedcover what you study, especially if the published statistics from a government agency does not collect thestatistics from a government agency does not collect the information. Reading the codebooks, questionnaires,information. Reading the codebooks, questionnaires, and other documentation will help you determine whichand other documentation will help you determine which datasets you can use, if the information collected willdatasets you can use, if the information collected will cover the variables you want.cover the variables you want.
    10. 10. Who is Eligible to Vote?Who is Eligible to Vote?  U.S. CitizenU.S. Citizen  18 years or older18 years or older  Specific State LawsSpecific State Laws Criminal HistoryCriminal History ResidencyResidency Mental competencyMental competency Loyalty OathLoyalty Oath
    11. 11. Voter Demographics via theVoter Demographics via the Decennial CensusDecennial Census  Most comprehensive source on theMost comprehensive source on the demographics and socio-economic statusdemographics and socio-economic status of the American people for multipleof the American people for multiple geographies.geographies.  Does not collect political party or religiousDoes not collect political party or religious affiliations (see questionnaires)affiliations (see questionnaires)  Tables by age, by citizenship statusTables by age, by citizenship status  Fact Finder is aggregate dataFact Finder is aggregate data
    12. 12. Source – 2000 Decennial CensusSource – 2000 Decennial Census via American Fact Findervia American Fact Finder
    13. 13. Fact Sheets in Fact Finder Total number of people 18 and older
    14. 14. Summary FilesSummary Files SF 1 and SF 2SF 1 and SF 2  100% Data – Short Form100% Data – Short Form  All geographies in US and PuertoAll geographies in US and Puerto RicoRico  Basic population and housingBasic population and housing variables:variables:  AgeAge  SexSex  RaceRace  Hispanic or Latino OriginHispanic or Latino Origin  Household TypeHousehold Type  RelationshipRelationship  Group QuartersGroup Quarters  Tenure: Own or RentTenure: Own or Rent  Vacancy StatusVacancy Status  SF 2 provides “many” detailedSF 2 provides “many” detailed race variablesrace variables  SF 3 and SF 4SF 3 and SF 4  Sample Data 1 in 6 – LongSample Data 1 in 6 – Long FormForm  All Geographies except forAll Geographies except for Blocks in US and Puerto RicoBlocks in US and Puerto Rico  Detailed population, housing,Detailed population, housing, socio-economic variablessocio-economic variables  SF 4 provides 336 race,SF 4 provides 336 race, ethnicity, and ancestryethnicity, and ancestry variablesvariables
    15. 15. Ability to speak English Ancestry Citizenship status Class of worker Disability Farm Residence Educational attainment Employment status Grandparents as caregivers Income in 1999 Industry Journey to work (commuting) Language spoken at home Marital status Migration Occupation Place of birth Place of work Poverty status in 1999 School enrollment Veteran status Work status in 1999 Year of entry SF 3 Population Variables
    16. 16. Making TablesMaking Tables Quick TablesQuick Tables  Data TablesData Tables  Custom TablesCustom Tables  Geographic Comparison TablesGeographic Comparison Tables
    17. 17. SF 1 Tables by AgeSF 1 Tables by Age  P5 Race for the population 18 years and overP5 Race for the population 18 years and over  P6 Hispanic or Latino, and not Hispanic or Latino by raceP6 Hispanic or Latino, and not Hispanic or Latino by race for the population 18 years and overfor the population 18 years and over  P12, P12A- I Sex by age (race variable) groupingsP12, P12A- I Sex by age (race variable) groupings  PCT 12, 12A-O Sex by Age (race variable) single yearPCT 12, 12A-O Sex by Age (race variable) single year  PCT 13, 13A-I Sex by age (People in Households, racePCT 13, 13A-I Sex by age (People in Households, race variable)variable)  P20 Households by age of householder by householdP20 Households by age of householder by household type by presence of own children*type by presence of own children*  P38 Group quarters population by sex by age by groupP38 Group quarters population by sex by age by group quarters type (institutionalized and non)quarters type (institutionalized and non)  PCT 17, 17A-17I Group quarters population by sex byPCT 17, 17A-17I Group quarters population by sex by age by group quarters type (institutionalized and non,age by group quarters type (institutionalized and non, race variablerace variable
    18. 18. SF2 Tables By AgeSF2 Tables By Age Fewer tables, more race and ethnicityFewer tables, more race and ethnicity variablesvariables  PCT 3 Sex by age (individual year)PCT 3 Sex by age (individual year)  PCT 5 Sex by age (groupings)PCT 5 Sex by age (groupings)  PCT 11 Households by age ofPCT 11 Households by age of householder by household type byhouseholder by household type by presence of own childrenpresence of own children
    19. 19. (selected) SF 3 Tables by Age(selected) SF 3 Tables by Age  P8 Sex by Age (individual years up to 21; groupings 22-P8 Sex by Age (individual years up to 21; groupings 22- 24 and over)24 and over)  P19 Age by language spoken at home by ability toP19 Age by language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and overspeak English for the population 5 years and over  P39 Sex by age by armed forces status by veteranP39 Sex by age by armed forces status by veteran status for the population 18 years and overstatus for the population 18 years and over  P87 Poverty status in 1999 by ageP87 Poverty status in 1999 by age  PCT23 Sex by school enrollment by age for thePCT23 Sex by school enrollment by age for the population 3 years and overpopulation 3 years and over  PCT24 Sex by college or graduate school enrollment byPCT24 Sex by college or graduate school enrollment by age for the population 15 years and overage for the population 15 years and over  PCT25 Sex by age by educational attainment for thePCT25 Sex by age by educational attainment for the population 18 years and overpopulation 18 years and over  Other tablesOther tables
    20. 20. (selected) SF4 Tables by Age(selected) SF4 Tables by Age  PCT3 Sex by age (individual year)PCT3 Sex by age (individual year)  PCT5 Sex by age for the population inPCT5 Sex by age for the population in householdshouseholds  PCT35 Sex by marital status by age for thePCT35 Sex by marital status by age for the population 15 years and overpopulation 15 years and over  PCT38 Age by language spoken at home byPCT38 Age by language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5ability to speak English for the population 5 years and overyears and over  PCT44 Sex by age by citizenship statusPCT44 Sex by age by citizenship status  PCT62 Sex by school enrollment by age for thePCT62 Sex by school enrollment by age for the population 3 years and overpopulation 3 years and over
    21. 21. Heating Fuel Bedrooms Kitchen facilities Mortgage status Plumbing Real estate taxes Rooms Selected monthly owner costs (utilities, insurance, fuel costs) Telephone service Units in structure Value of home or monthly rent paid Vehicles available Year moved into residence Year structure built SF3 Housing Variables
    22. 22. Ancestry Citizenship status Disability Educational attainment Employment status Grandparents as caregivers Households and families Income in 1999 Industry, occupation, and class of worker Journey to work (commuting) Language and ability to speak English Marital status Migration Place of birth Place of work Poverty status in 1999 School enrollment Veteran status Work status in 1999 Year of entry SF 4 Population Variables
    23. 23. Bedrooms Heating Fuel Kitchen facilities Mortgage status Plumbing facilities Real estate taxes Rooms Selected monthly owner costs (utilities, insurance, fuel costs) Telephone service Units in structure Value of home or monthly rent paid Vehicles available Year moved into structure Year structure built SF3 Housing Variables
    24. 24. Other FilesOther Files  Congressional District Summary FilesCongressional District Summary Files  State Legislative District Summary FileState Legislative District Summary File  P.L. 94-171 Redistricting Summary FileP.L. 94-171 Redistricting Summary File
    25. 25. CPS – November SupplementCPS – November Supplement  Aggregate data and microdata from aAggregate data and microdata from a surveysurvey  CPS collected every March, VoterCPS collected every March, Voter Supplement in November since 1960Supplement in November since 1960  Reports gives geography down to state;Reports gives geography down to state; microdata down to county and principalmicrodata down to county and principal cities.cities.
    26. 26. CPS Report VariablesCPS Report Variables  Registered populationRegistered population  VotedVoted  NonVotersNonVoters  CitizenshipCitizenship (consistently since(consistently since 1994)1994)  Reasons for notReasons for not registeringregistering Geographies:Geographies:  U.S.U.S.  StateState  RegionRegion
    27. 27. CPS Report VariablesCPS Report Variables  TenureTenure  Duration at ResidenceDuration at Residence  Veteran StatusVeteran Status  SexSex  AgeAge  RaceRace  Hispanic or LatinoHispanic or Latino  Nativity StatusNativity Status  Marital StatusMarital Status  Educational AttainmentEducational Attainment  Family IncomeFamily Income  Employment StatusEmployment Status
    28. 28. CPS Microdata FileCPS Microdata File  See questionnaire for questions askedSee questionnaire for questions asked and codebook for variablesand codebook for variables  Richer study of the data – can cross-Richer study of the data – can cross- tabulate variablestabulate variables  Geography down to the city levelGeography down to the city level  No party affiliationNo party affiliation
    29. 29. Voter Registration Search Information available for a voter registered in Los Angeles County is the person's name, political party, birth date/place, mailing address if provided, and whether the registration is active or canceled. Pursuant to State law the voter's residence address is confidential. The general public is welcome to call or come into the office noted below and access this information free of charge. Telephone inquiries are limited to three names. Persons coming in the office are required to sign a User's Log. If you are unable to come into the office, you may mail in a written request for voter record information. There is a $5 non-refundable voter file record search fee charge per name and year checked. A certified copy of a voter record can be obtained for $6.50, which includes the search fee. A written request for a record must include the person's name and birth date.

    ×