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Vietnam Docu Script Vietnam Docu Script Presentation Transcript

  • Lessons from the Vietnam War : “ The other side of history” By Shigeaki Uchiyama
    • “ If God will allow the United States to lead the
    • world in the 21 st century again,
    • it must be because America paid its dues
    • in sweat, tears and blood during those days
    • in Vietnam.”
  • Chapter 1 Recollection by the Vietnam veteran Scenario #1 through #5 Scenario starts with recollection by the Vietnam veteran. View slide
  • Chapter 1
    • Scenario # 1
    • On location documentary image Former North Vietnamese army colonel Viten
    • Amidst busy days, Vietnam veteran is taking a brief break relaxing at the terrace watching TV. . Option plan B; His wife appears and says to the veteran, “----- will be here in any minute”  Former North Vietnamese army colonel Viten is testifying on TV. The veteran fixes his eyes on to the TV screen. Take a close up view of the TV screen and switch to stop motion.
    View slide
  • Chapter 1
    • Scenario # 2-1
    • Documentary image March 29th 1973 Saigon, Tanson Nhat airport The last American military advisory group is leaving the place.
  • Chapter 1
    • Scenario # 2-2
    • Documentary image March 29th, 1973. Saigon Tanson Nhat airport. Viten sending off   US troops.
    • Focus on Viten and switch to slight stop motion.
  • Chapter 1
    • Scenario # 3
    • Edited image Airspace above Hanoi Sally, bombardment, evacuation.
    • Flash back of veteran's memories.   By using the editing technique used in making the film ”Titanic”, show the veteran and the documentary image one after the other and continue that from scenario 3 through 5.In short, insert the image of the veteran's face in between scenario 3 and 4, 4 and 5, 5 and 6.
  • Chapter 1
    • Scenario # 4
    • Documentary image April 30th, 1975 Saigon South Vietnam Presidential Office Building North Vietnamese army tanks and soldiers breaking the gate open and rushing into the South Vietnam Presidential Office Building.
  • Chapter 1
    • Scenario # 5
    • On location documentary image Washington DC, Vietnamese monuments
  • Chapter 2
    • Vietnam War history
    • Scenario #6 through #26
    • Rush of Vietnam War records,
    • Vietnam War   history.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 6
    • Documentary image Tonkin gulf, North Vietnamese torpedo boat Tonkin gulf incident
    • Scenario 6 through 26 is going to be a rush of documentary images without any narrations.In short, displaying brief history of the Vietnam War in form of veteran's recollection.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 7
    • Documentary image August 7th, 1964 US Congress Tonkin gulf resolution
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 8
    • Documentary image Tonkin gulf Yankees station Carrier based planes taking off of aircraft carriers.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 9
    • Documentary image February 7th, 1965 Pleiku city, South Vietnam Pleiku City being attacked by the South Vietnam National Liberation Front.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 10
    • Documentary image March 1965 North Vietnam Bombing of North Vietnam. (Rolling Thunder).
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 11
    • Documentary image March 8th, 1965 Danang, South Vietnam US Marines lands in Danan
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 12
    • Documentary image March 30th, 1965 Saigon US embassy US embassy bombed and destroyed by the South Vietnam National Liberation Front.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 12
    • Documentary image March 30th, 1965 Saigon US embassy US embassy bombed and destroyed by the South Vietnam National Liberation Front.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 13
    • Documentary image South Vietnam farm villages Mopping up operations by the US forces Vietnamese villages burnt away
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 14
    • Documentary image South Vietnam US army Search and destroy operations
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 15
    • Documentary image South Vietnam South Vietnam National Liberation Front Guerilla troops moving forward along the waterway.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 16
    • Documentary image Ho Chi Min route Infantry troops head south along the Ho Chi Min route.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 17
    • Documentary image Washington DC Anti-war demonstrations
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 18
    • Documentary image 1968 Kesan An offensive and defensive battle in Kesan
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 19
    • Documentary image February 1968 Saigon US embassy Teto acting on the offensive. Fighting over US embassy.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 20
    • Documentary image March 16th, 1968 Sonmi, South Vietnam Sonmi village incident
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 21
    • Documentary image March 31th, 1968 White House, United States President Johnson President Johnson calling for peace talks and declaring not to run for the election.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 22
    • Documentary image June 8th, 1969 Midway islands President Nixon and President Nguyen Van Tieu. Vietnamizing policy by President Nixon
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 23
    • Documentary image January 27th, 1973 France, Paris. Paris Peace Treaty
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 24-1
    • Documentary image March 29th 1973 Saigon, Tanson Nhat airport The last American military advisory group is leaving the place.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 24-2
    • Documentary image March 29th, 1973. Saigon Tanson Nhat airport. Viten sends off his troops.
    • Focus on Viten and switch to slight stop motion.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 25-1
    • Documentary image April 1975 Vietnam Ho Chi Min operations, North Vietnamese Forces making an attack
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 25-2
    • Documentary image April 1975 Vietnam The fall of Saigon
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 25-3
    • Documentary image April 1975 Vietnam US troops evacuating
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 26-1
    • Documentary image April 30th, 1975 South Vietnam Immediately after the liberation, the people of Saigon welcome the Liberation Army.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 26-2
    • Documentary image April 17th, 1975 Phnom Penh Immediately after the liberation, the people of Phnom Penh welcome the Liberation Army.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 26-3
    • Documentary image April 30th, 1975 South Vietnam Immediately after the liberation, the people of Saigon welcome the Liberation Army.
    Repeatedly, show the picture of Saigon citizens welcoming the Liberation Army and then switch the picture in slow motion, and if the picture is in color, switch that to monochrome picture of the boat people.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 26-4
    • Documentary image Vietnam Boat people
    • Switch the image to stop motion.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 26-5
    • Documentary image April 17th, 1975 Phnom Penh Immediately after the liberation, the people of Phnom Penh welcome the Liberation Army.
    • Repeatedly, show the picture of Phnom Penh citizens welcoming the Liberation Army and then switch the picture in slow motion, and if the picture is in color, switch that to monochrome picture of the Auto-Genocide.
  • Chapter 2
    • Scenario # 26-6
    • Documentary image Cambodia Victims of the Auto-Genocide
    • Switch the image to stop motion.
  • Chapter Three The question to the Vietnam War view Scenario #27 through #28 Raises the question to the Vietnam War view that sees Hanoi’s victory in the war as a liberation from neo colonialism.
  • Chapter 3
    • Scenario # 27
    • Documentary image Vietnam Boat people The excitement of the victory that wrapped the world became a bitter memory.Wasn’t that a glorious liberation from the neo colonialism and a giant step forward that will lead the future of mankind? If it wasn’t, and indeed it wasn’t, why were they (Hanoi) nevertheless able to win a victory?
    • For the sake of easier view, take into account the method of moving the transcripts from the bottom of the screen to the top. Project the transcripts onto the images of the boat people and read them out in narration.  (Narration, narrator A, male,English)  “The excitement of the victory that wrapped the world became a bitter memory. Wasn’t that a glorious liberation from the neo colonialism and a giant step forward that will lead the future of mankind?  If it wasn’t, and indeed it wasn’t, why were they (Hanoi) nevertheless able to win a victory?”  (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “Don’t you think it’s strange? Why did the peoples liberation lead to the boat people and auto-genocide?”
  • Chapter 3
    • Scenario # 28-1
    • Documentary image April 30th, 1975 South Vietnam Immediately after the liberation, the people of Saigon welcome the Liberation Army.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  Switch to the next images of the boat people by synchronizing with the lines.   “For example, images of the boat people whose numbers reached a million after the liberation of Vietnam.”
  • Chapter 3
    • Scenario # 28-2
    • Documentary image Vietnam Boat people
  • Chapter 3
    • Scenario # 28-3
    • Documentary image April 17th, 1975 Phnom Penh Immediately after the liberation, the people of Phnom Penh welcome the Liberation Army.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male : Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)   Switch to the next images of the Auto-Genocide by synchronizing with the lines. “Images of the Auto-Genocide when much as two million people were slaughtered after the liberation of Cambodia.”
  • Chapter 3
    • Scenario # 28-4
    • Documentary image Cambodia Victims of the Auto-Genocide
  • Chapter 3
    • Scenario # 28-5
    • Documentary image Vietnam Boat people
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “The situation was that against such a tyranny, a counter attack war that derived from within the society was crucial. Yes indeed, a war for liberation was crucial but such a war never existed. According to the Vietnam myth in the 1960s, wherever there’s tyranny and atrocity, there’s always a liberation war, but such a liberation war never existed where it supposed to exist. So why is this!? This is because the revolutionary power that carries out and develops the liberation war wasn’t there.”
  • Chapter Four The analytical viewpoint of the Vietnam War Scenario #29 through #50 Explanations on the revolutionary power that is the analytical viewpoint of the Vietnam War through the historical experience of Coalition Red Army incident in Japan. Through the concrete analysis of the political purge incident that is the Coalition Red Army incident, analyze Marxism-Leninism and the revolutionary power and armed communist revolution. Because I think that Marxism-Leninism is the one that caused the revolutionary power and Vietnam War, boat people, and auto genocide as well.
  • Chapter 4
    • There will be no liberation war
    • without the revolutionary power.
    • background:black
    • Transcripts:white
    • Scenario # 29
    • Edited image
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “There will be no liberation war without the revolutionary power. How many of the people in those days understood the meaning of this phrase? Mr.Veteran, how much did you know about the revolutionary power you fought against in Vietnam?” (Lines, C, Veteran, Male, English.) “Revolutionary power!?” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “That’s right, the revolutionary power.” After a brief moment of silence, switch to the next image.
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • So what is this view on the
    • Vietnam War lacking this most
    • important factor ?
    • Transcripts:white
    • Scenario # 30
    • Edited image
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “So what is this view on the Vietnam War lacking this most important factor?” ---a moment of silence--- “As for the revolutionary power, we may have more knowledge about it.”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 31
    • Documentary image 1973 Japan Coalition Red Army purge incident At the excavation site of the victims, a white string that lines in a shape of a human remains on the floor of the hole.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male, Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “In 1973, Japan, the purge incident and the killings of its fellow members carried out by the Coalition Red Army gave a great shock on the Japanese society. “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 32-1
    • Documentary image 1966~1970 Japan The campus dispute and strike The campus dispute and strike in University of Tokyo
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “The campus dispute and strike .”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 32-2
    • Documentary image October 21th, 1968, Shinjuku, Japan. Rout incident in Shinjuku
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Anti Vietnam War, rout incident in Shinjuku .”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 32-3
    • Documentary image September 1971 Sanri-zuka, Japan Three casualties. Kanagawa Prefecture Police Department Hotta battalion destroyed.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Sanri-zuka, Kanagawa Prefecture Police Department destroyed. “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 32-4
    • Documentary image July 19 Japan Coalition Red Army established.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line. But, the underlined parts should be read in Japanese.) “In the anti establishment movements, the two most radical revolutionary sectors merged in July of 1971 to form the Coalition Red Army. They were the first ones in Japanese revolutionary history to have used guns in the revolutionary movement and have performed full-scale armed battle. “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 33
    • Documentary image 1973 Japan Coalition Red Army Incident At the excavation site of the victims, a white string that lines in a shape of a human remains on the floor of the hole.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “They found their base of operation in the mountainous region and there they conducted the killing and torture of 12 fellow members. Both male and female of 12 youths were mercilessly killed in the name of revolution. “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 34
    • Documentary image Police investigative report on Coalition Red Army.
    • When reading out the underlined part of the below transcript, focus the light on that particular part of the report. (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “According to the report, a horrendous world where younger brother slaughtering his elder brother and a man killing his girlfriend took place. The sense of purpose and the conducts that drove themselves and others for the sake of revolution were what caused the great shock on the Japanese society. “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 35
    • Documentary image Sokatsu (Punishment) of tortured death Insert reenacting images into the police reports.   Reenacting images film showing the victim being frantically stabbed by an ice pick. Blood sprays all over in slow motion. Closing up on the ice pick just about to strike.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “Don’t you think it’s strange? Why did they have to carry out this bloody purge as they are told to? Don’t you think it’s strange? Why didn’t they follow their own conscience before obeying their orders? “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 36
    • Documentary image Coalition Red Army soldier being arrested.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “However during the same period, another Coalition Red Army soldier who was arrested during another activity stated, ”I’m safe now”. “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 37
    • Documentary image 1972 Japan The remains of Coalition Red Army mountain base
    • ( Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “The world of the Coalition Red Army. What was that world like? “
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • It isn’t a breakdown.
    • Scenario # 38
    • Transcript : white
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “It was a world of revolution where the Marxism-Leninism had reached. It was a world where every aspect of the Marxism-Leninism had been revealed behind closed doors of secret operation bases in mountainous regions.” (Transcript; D, male, English) “But they were supposed to be comrades who stood up together for the sake of revolution. ““Why did they have to kill their fellow members?” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Yes, indeed they were comrades. That is why they practiced revolution to its full capacity and eventually killed their fellow members
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • No resolution is reached unless the revolutionary
    • class gains victory and therefore anti revolutionary
    • class must be defeated.
    •  
    • As for its ideological structure, this is logic of war.
    • Scenario # 39-1
    • Transcript : white
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “What is the Marxism-Leninism all about?The idea of this doctrine is to perceive present era as an era of classes, and to think of it as an era where revolutionary class and anti revolutionary class are fiercely fighting against one another for their lives. And by perceiving this battle as a battle which revolutionary class and anti revolutionary class are both risking their lives, the idea is to think that no resolution is reached unless the revolutionary class gains victory and therefore anti revolutionary class must be defeated. As for its ideological structure, this is logic of war. “
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • No resolution is reached unless the revolutionary
    • class gains victory and therefore anti revolutionary
    • class must be defeated.
    •  
    • As for its ideological structure, this is logic of war.
    • Scenario # 39-2
    • Edited image plus inserted image
    • Click the screen after reading narration 39-1.
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 39-3
    • Edited transcript
    • Return to the black screen.
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • Any kind of conduct is pardoned and must
    • Be pardoned in order to defeat the
    • Anti revolutionary class and to lead the
    • Revolution to its success.
    • As for its nature,it is also an ethic of war.
    • Scenario # 40-1
    • Edited transcript Transcript : white
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “What is the Marxism-Leninism all about? The whole idea of it is to think that any kind of conduct is pardoned and must be pardoned in order to defeat the anti revolutionary class and to lead the revolution to its success. It is to think that for the sake of sacred revolution, everything from lies, fraud, demagogue, robbery, and even murder by terrorism must be pardoned and be used. As for its nature, it is also an ethic of war .”
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • Any kind of conduct is pardoned and must
    • Be pardoned in order to defeat the
    • Anti revolutionary class and to lead the
    • Revolution to its success.
    • As for its nature,it is also an ethic of war.
    • Scenario # 40-2
    • Edited image plus inserted image Transcript : white
    • Click the screen after reading narration 40-1.
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 40-3
    • Edited image
    • Return to the black screen.
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • Only by denying the one
    • that the other will be affirmed.
    • This philosophical structure is the nature of
    • the Marxism-Leninism and
    • also the philosophical structure of war itself.
    • Scenario # 41-1
    • Transcript : white
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Only by denying the one that the other will be affirmed. This philosophical structure is the nature of the Marxism-Leninism and also the philosophical structure of war itself. Because the world was like this, a little squabble of mutual distrust and suspicion grew enormously and eventually changed into unimaginable hostility.”
  • Chapter 4
    • background:black
    • Only by denying the one
    • that the other will be affirmed.
    • This philosophical structure is the nature of
    • the Marxism-Leninism and
    • also the philosophical structure of war itself.
    • Scenario # 41-2
    • Edited image plus inserted image Transcript : white
    • Click the screen after reading narration 41-1.
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 41-3
    • Edited image Red mist Black screen
    • Return to the black screen surrounded by a red mist.
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 42-1
    • Edited image Picture of a canteen Red mist Black screen Coalition Red Army incident, Police reports Canteen
    • (Lines; Female E, Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, female e, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “The fact that not bringing the canteen lead to the criticism against the revolutionary leftists threatening them of the possibilities of having an impact on their political future and it had a tone of defeating the revolutionary leftists to make them surrender to the Red Army.”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 42-2
    • Edited image Picture of the ring Red mist Black screen Coalition Red Army incident, Police report Ring
    • (Lines; Female E, Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, female e, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “I criticized “how could you serve as a revolutionary soldier still wearing those rings from legal era?”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 43
    • Edited report Red mist Black screen Coalition Red Army incident Police reports Reproduction image Snow covered dry riverbed, a woman is washing clothes in the river under a man’s surveillance.
    • Insert the reproduction image in the police reports of Coalition Red Army incident. (Lines; Female E, Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, female e, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)    “The man ordered the woman to wash wildly and yelled at her slow actions and forced her to obey him. But it was a sort of bullying and a sprouting of violent Sokatsu (punishment).”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 44
    • Edited image Red mist Black screen Coalition Red army incident, Police reports Reproduction image The man demands ultimate Sokatsu (veneration) and keeps on beating the woman.
    • Insert the reproduction image in the police reports of Coalition Red Army incident. (Lines, Male F, Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, male f, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)   “Surpass the limits of conventional Sokatsu (veneration) demands and beat in order to truly make the person to Sokatsu (venerate). Beating is to give guidance. Beat them until they become unconscious and teach them communism after awakening. They will be able to absorb communism with fresh spirit after awakening.”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 45
    • Edited image Red mist Black screen Coalition Red Army incident, Police Reports Reproduction image; The duel by two men
    • Insert the reproduction image in the police reports of Coalition Red Army incident. (Lines; Female E, Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, female e, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “In short, by making them fight like Mr.Shibano who faced up squarely against the police in December 18th conflict never showing his back even when he was pointed at by a gun, the idea was to make them overcome opportunism of Mr.Ozaki. Mr.Ozaki blushed his pale face, displayed his fighting spirit by taking off his jacket and socks,tightly shut his mouth and jumped on Mr.Sakaguchi. This duel lasted for quite a while.” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “These criticism, self-denial, and retort of hostility made the soldiers feel lonely and afraid of anxieties and eventually changed them into naked individuals that had lost their reason to fight against the Party Leader.And yet, those external and radical acts of deforming the human character lead to extracting even more violent tendencies out of them. “
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 46
    • Edited image Red mist Black screen Coalition Red Army incident Police reports Reproduction image The Sokatsu (punishment) of death Stabbing the tied up victim fiercely with an ice pick.
    • Insert the reproduction image in the police reports of Coalition Red Army incident. (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “This is how the revolutionary violence spread out in the mountainous bases and insidiously revolutionary hostile relationships were steadily being formed in the backgrounds of daily battles. And then the first victim had been killed.”   The narration ends here and at the same time flash a blue light onto the screen.
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 47
    • Edited image Red mist Black screen The police reports of Coalition Red Army incident Reproduction image; The Sokatsu (punishment) of tortured death is being performed in front of the Party Leader. Over the shoulder of the Party Leader facing backwards, focus the camera on the eyes of the soldier carefully watching the Party Leader. Project the underlined part of the narration onto the bottom of the screen.
    • Insert the reproduction image in the police reports of Coalition Red Army incident. (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “The Sokatsu will still be carried out in Japanese and be read in Japanese. The Sokatsu is the ritual that leads to death. For the Party Leader, it is unbelievable. It is unbelievable that an ordinary flesh and blood human can be so obedient and without any hesitation kill his political opponent whom was named as a class enemy along with himself. No, I can’t believe myself. How long can I remain in power as the Party Leader? There is no telling when the members that are disguising as obedient will rebel any minute now. What is the way to survive? You must constantly display your revolutionary leadership as the Party Leader. Slightest shadows of rebellion among the soldiers must propel you to Sokatsu (punish) of death he or she as enemies of the class. This is the only way for the Party Leader to survive and live as the Party Leader.”
    • You must constantly display your revolutionary
    • leadership as the Party Leader.This is the only way for the
    • Party Leader to survive and live as the Party Leader.
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 48
    • Edited image Red mist Black screen Reproduction image Continued from scenario No.47, rotate the camera 180 degrees from No.47 and change focus to the Party Leaders’ eyes. Soldiers practicing Sokatsu (punishment) of death are lined up in the front and the Party Leader is located behind the soldiers behind the soldiers Project the underlined part of the narration onto the bottom.
    • Insert the reproduction image in the police reports of Coalition Red Army incident. “You can instinctively feel being looked at by those suspicious eyes. What is it all about to live in the world of the Marxism-Leninism where you are being looked at in those ways and where of the screen.those rails leading to Sokatsu (punishment) of tortured death is being founded? It means to vigorously push forward with the revolutionary movement and to devote yourself fully to the Party Leader.” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “How about the soldiers that swore obedience? A person tends to understand about himself through others. You can instinctively feel being looked at by those suspicious eyes. What is it all about to live in the world of the Marxism-Leninism where you are being looked at in those ways and where those rails leading to Sokatsu (punishment) of tortured death is being founded? It means to vigorously push forward with the revolutionary movement and to devote yourself fully to the Party Leader.”
  • Chapter 4
    • Amidst carrying out what you are told to do like
    • beating and tying, you are free from sentimental
    • feelings towards the victim wondering whether
    • the victim will die or will the victim is feeling
    • the pain because you have no fear of being the
    • target of Sokatsu (punishment) of death.
    • 吉野正邦
    • Scenario # 49
    • Edited image The letter that an arrested Coalition Army soldier sent to his lawyer. Project the underlined part of the narration onto the bottom of the screen.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “A Coalition Red Army soldier Masakuni Yoshino who had taken part in the purge of his girlfriend having his child later wrote in the letter he sent to his lawyer.”   (Transcript; Male G, Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, male g will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)   “Amidst carrying out what you are told to do like beating and tying, you are free from sentimental feelings towards the victim wondering whether the victim will die or will the victim is feeling the pain because you have no fear of being the target of Sokatsu (punishment) of death.”
  • Chapter 4
    • Scenario # 50
    • Edited image March 1972 Japan At the excavation site of the body of the victims
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “That is why this Sokatsu (punishment) of tortured death always ended up in a bloody aftermath and the revolutionary power structure that made these soldiers fight to that extent was established for sure. This is how this determination that could be resembled as an ignition device for an engine of this revolutionary power that motivates itself to conquer the whole world had been created. The determination that never gives a second thought to sacrificing oneself and orders to fight for the sake of revolution, and the power to guarantee that. “
  • Chapter Five Japan,Vietnam and Cambodia Scenario #51 through #58 Revolutionary power being the axis, Japan, Vietnam and Cambodia integrate into one by transcending time and space. In short, it forms a single world and we are going to weave that.
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 51
    • Documentary image March 1972 Japan
    • From the Asama mountain villa shootout to the torture incident resolution, rush images in accordance with the length of each speech lines.  (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “After that, the Coalition Red Army was arrested as a result of this shootout, and whether we wanted or not, we came to understand the whole aspect of this incident especially the whole aspect of the Marxism-Leninism movement and the revolutionary power that derived from it. 1972, March, winter. The incident took place in Japan. But at that time, how many of the Coalition Red Army soldiers were aware of the truth concerning this revolution? Probably, not even one of them was aware. “
    Asama mountain villa shootout    At the excavation site of the body of the victims
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 52-1
    • Documentary image September 30th, 1999 Tokai village, Japan. Tokai Nuclear Power Plant accident.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Therefore that series of incidents reminds me of the nuclear power plant accident occurred in Japan's Tokai village in September 1999.” The blue flash runs in the screen as the narration ends.
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 52-2
    • Documentary image November 30th, 1999 Tokai village, Japan. Tokai Nuclear Power Plant accident. Press conference by JCI.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  Q: “Were you aware that these operations were dangerous?”A: “ No. ”Q: ”Were you having enough education in advance on learning the risks of potential accidents concerning these nuclear reactors?”A: “ No. ”
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 53
    • Edited image March 1972 Japan At the excavation site of the body of the victims
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “I suppose the situation in the Coalition Red Army was somewhat the same. They talked about the revolution in various words but we must admit that they were naïve and so ignorant of the fact that this revolution even exploits its own words as a trap. That is why I think this Coalition Red Army was a tragedy in a sense that if the people involved had known the truth in advance, they would have fought against the revolutionary power as their enemy, but on the contrary they were deceived by the words and had to contribute to the revolution as servants of the revolutionary power. It was a tragedy that resulted from passively understanding everything in form of words such as revolution and liberation that are harmonious and easy on the ear.”
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 54
    • Documentary image 1954 Vietnam A transport ship filled with soldiers heading north.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “The same could be said to the Viet Minh soldiers that gathered in the north as a result of 1954's Geneva Treaty.  As a matter of fact, for the majority of the soldiers, I guess the revolution only meant something like an event in a fog until the initiation of the Land Reform Movement by Ho Chi Min.”
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 55-1
    • Documentary image May 7th, 1954 Dien Bien phu Victory flag fluttering high in the sky
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “In 1954, after gaining victory over Dien Bien Phu .”
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 55-2
    • Documentary image July 21th, 1954 Geneva Geneva conference.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Placing North Vietnam under his ruling due to the Geneva Treaty.”
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 55-3
    • Documentary image North Vietnam Land Reform Movement Peoples’ court
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)   “Ho Chi Min resolutely carried out their people’s trial in the name of Land Reform Movement that was barbarous in its character resembling something like a kangaroo court, and induced North Vietnamese people to join the revolutionary hostile relationships. They never acted like bandits. Although by using guns, they mobilize the people to form an organization that judge against their cruel landlords. Then they gradually spread the range of targets that they portray as people's enemies from ones that disobey the Party to ones that don’t aggressively participate in the revolution. “
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 56
    • Coverage image of the refugees (escapees from North Vietnam in 1954 through 1959). Coverage film of the refugees in 1954, that had actually observed and experienced the revolutionary movement in North Vietnam and the ones that had actually escaped afterwards.   Coverage points; Making them testify the actual atmosphere of the peoples’ court, the reality of the revolutionary movement, and especially the way the circle of hostile relations and the range of targeted enemies expanded gradually.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Insidious revolutionary hostile relations were steadily being formed in the backgrounds of the people’s court and other such conflicts.”   (Testimony by the witness, H Vietnamese: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, he will overlay it with English narration) ----- Testimony given by a Vietnamese refugee -----
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 57
    • Documentary image Since November 1956. Newspaper and magazine articles that report about the refugee in Vietnam.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “Cruel political ruling and political violence. That is what caused the rioting of farmers against the Vietnam Communist Party in Guan province in North Vietnam in November 1956. Ho mobilized the National Liberation Army and suppressed this rioting. It is said that he had put 40 to 50 thousand people on bloody purge.”
  • Chapter 5
    • Scenario # 58
    • Documentary image Refugees from the north.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “This resulted in sending a herd of millions of refugees from the north. This is not a story about Vietnam after the fall of Saigon in 1975.  This is a story about the days when not a clue about the Vietnam War was available.”
  • Chapter Six The ruling war by the revolutionary power Scenario #59 through #81 Reexamine the records of Vietnam War. Vietnam War view reconsidered from the viewpoint of ruling war by the revolutionary power.
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 59
    • Edited image Hanoi members when the nation was established. Several English transcripts at the bottom of the screen You must constantly display your revolutionary leadership as the Party Leader.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “But once the revolutionary hostile relations began to take action, it didn’t seem to have liberated the Hanoi leaders from their impulse of conquering the land. It is likely that the endless threat from the people rebellion and the uprising of the southern remaining party members that have stayed in the south after the Geneva Treaty that have no idea of the miserable situations in the north due to the Land Reform Movement by Ho Chi Min , lead to the conquest of South Vietnam on January 13th 1959, that is the resolution of the South Vietnam liberation. This was the beginning of the ruling war that later became to be called the Vietnam War. If it is in the people’s minds where a war breaks out, ruling is something that starts in the revolutionary hostile relation that attracts and never leaves people’s hearts. In short, the cruel standpoint of an offender against that of the people makes ruling as it is.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 60
    • Documentary image January 13th, 1959 North Vietnam Vietnam Labor Party Convention
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “January 13th 1959. Vietnam Labor Party Convention. (Vietnam Communist Party) In that convention, there were two strategic moves that were resolved and put into practice immediately.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 61
    • Documentary image December 20th, 1960 South Vietnam South Vietnam National Liberation Front
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “One was the coalition of the South Vietnam National Liberation Front that greatly contributed to creating a pose as a people's rebellion war against the corrupt president Jiem and the US superpower that gives him support.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Hanoi/Vietnam Labor Party,
    •    (political department)
    •                Highest advisor
    •               COSVN
    • South Vietnam
    • National Liberation Front
    • ( People's Revolution Party)
    • Scenario # 62
    • Handwritten images Testimony by the former extraordinary revolutionary government cabinet minister Chuon Nyutan.
    • (Testimony; Witness I, Male: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, male I, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.)   “Two strings are stretching out to southern liberation front from the Vietnam Labor Party that is the Communist Party. One of them is reaching into the liberation front and is connected to the people's revolutionary party that is the core of the liberation front.” Synchronizing with this testimony, stretch the arrow from Vietnam Labor Party to reach the people's revolutionary party.   “The other string leads to COSVN.COSVN is an agency that belongs to the political agencies of Hanoi and is in a sense the “Southern spy agency”. Synchronizing with this testimony, stretch the arrow from Vietnam Labor Party to reach the COSVN. “This COSVN operated as the highest advisor to the liberation front and offered guidance from the sidelines.” Synchronizing with this testimony, stretch the arrow from COSVN to reach the. liberation front. “At the Liberation Front coalition convention held in December 1960, COSVN deployed Nguyen Van Linh as its delegate.Linh later became a political agency official in Hanoi.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 63
    • Documentary image Chairman of the South Vietnam National Liberation Front Nguyen・Huu・Tho
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Chairman of the South Vietnam National Liberation Front Nguyen Huu Tho had been abducted soon after the coalition and was put to his position.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 64
    • Documentary image Images from the NHK broadcast. Scenes from the conference held by the South Vietnam National Liberation Front. Testimony by the former extraordinary revolutionary government cabinet minister Chuon Nyutan.
    • (Testimony; Witness I, Male: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, Male i, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.)  “As it was always the case with these important conferences, everything was kept in absolute secret and all the security measures had been taken. In case of myself, the secret agents suddenly came and took me to the convention site. Until you reach there, you have no idea of the destination or the term of the convention. (Even if you are a former extraordinary revolutionary government cabinet minister!) This hovel system was made so that the members will not be able to see each other and not be aware of who else was attending the convention.”  (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “This is how Hanoi gained its initiative as the leader of South Vietnam National Liberation Front by cutting off horizontal connection and by establishing vertical chain of command as a legitimate reason for maintaining secrecy. “
    Participants attend the conference   wearing masks.
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 65-1
    • Documentary image Former Soviet leader Khrushchev’s speech at the United Nations. Khrushchev endorsing support for people liberation movement
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  During the narration, display screens 65-1 through –4.   “The other strategy was to construct the Ho Chi Min route that delivered to the south, a large amount of weapons, ammunitions etc taken out from China and Soviet Union by taking advantage of the cold war situations. These assistance materials were certainly setting off US logistics in the battlefield.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 65-2
    • Documentary image Ho Chi Min route Delivering troops of North Vietnam going south on Ho Chi Min route.
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 65-3
    • Documentary image South Vietnam Images of the firearms that had been confiscated.
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 65-4
    • Diagram image The transition bar graph that compares the aid volume by the US with that by China and Soviet Union combined by setting the volume (or the amount) donated by China and Soviet Union as 1. Aid compared transition bar graph
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 66
    • Edited image North Vietnam Prime Minister Pham・Van・Dong
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)   “And lastly, it was a grandeur lie as a part of these strategies.”“The North that supports the people liberation in the South.” (Testimony; Witness J Male: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, male j, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.) “We don’t want be seen as having that kind of an absurd and crime like scheme of trying to forcibly absorb the south by using our military force.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 67
    • Edited image Paris convention, North Vietnam delegates advisor. Le・Duc・Tho
    • (Testimony; Witness K Male: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, male k, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.) “There is no possibility that we will force the people of the south to adopt communism.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 68
    • Edited image Guen Tei Dein, the rebellion leader from the Benchen province where first of the people uprisings occurred in former South Vietnam.
    • (Testimony; Witness L, Female: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, female l, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.) “All three of the villagers who rebelled were originally Labor Party members. Every uprising in the south was performed under the perfect command of the northern parties. At the times, they especially propagated the people uprising in order to keep the US from joining the war.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 69
    • Diagram image Annotation, the accurate numbers will be confirmed later and then be filed out. The graph showing the number of assassination cases occurred in the former South Vietnam. 1960s diagram.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “However, no matter how it was obtained, violence was violence.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 70
    • Documentary image Scenery of a village in 1960s South Vietnam.
    • (Testimony; Witness M, Female: Start out with French and a few moments later, female m, will testify the same line in English and layover the French line.) “Despite the propaganda that the terrorist movement being organized by the agents of corrupt President Giem, 85% of those that were killed in the terrorist attack were these people that had nothing to do with the Giem government. The weapons that terrorists possessed were exquisitely manufactured as the latest weapons from the Czech Republic.  What we could understand from examining this terrorist conducts and the terrorists that had been captured is that although it is propagated as a people’s natural rebellion against the corrupt president, the terrorists themselves were total strangers to the community and the way they killed was cruel beyond description.  In developed countries where even streets and phones are scarce and where villages are scattered and covered in a jungle, small group of well-equipped and well-trained terrorists is capable of causing significant damages.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 71
    • Coverage image People from former South Vietnam farmlands in the early 1960s, terrorist attacks in the liberation front, testimony by the witness of the destruction. Annotation, coverage points : as for the reality of the assassinations, draw answers by asking well-arranged questions.
    • (Testimony; Witness N: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, n will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.)
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 72
    • Diagram image Displaying the transition by overlaying it with the graph No.69. The graph showing the number of assassination cases occurred in the former South Vietnam from 1960 to 1963.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “The number of assassinations carried out by the liberation front. In the 1960 ----- cases. In the 1961-----cases. In the 1962-----cases. In the 1963-----cases. At this point, the goal for the liberation front was focused on building acquiescence among the people by escalating its activities from the terrorist attacks against the government supporters and sympathizers to retaliatory terrorist attacks against the neuter that will not sympathize with the liberation force and its rebellions.  As a result, the shadow of death spreading across the land changed the whole landscape of the south by unstoppable power of the wandering revolutionary violence.”  (Testimony; Witness N: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, n will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.)  “There is nothing for it to be done.” ( Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line. )   “ This is how the Liberation Front gained people's acquiescence at each places.”
    • Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy
    • Scenario # 73-1
    • Documentary image
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “The US was being cornered.”   After this, insert the commitments made by three generations of Presidents, Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy for the South Vietnam that had been exposed to Hanoi’s ruling war.
    Chapter 6
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 73-2
    • Documentary image January 2th 1963 Abubaku, South Vietnam The battle of Abudaku, US helicopter that had been shot down.
    • Following scenario 73-1, insert images from the battle of Abubaku, scenario 73
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 73-3
    • Documentary image August 7th, 1964 US Congress Tonkin Gulf resolution demanding speech by President Johnson
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “They were cornered into the Tonkin Gulf.” After this, insert the Tonkin Gulf resolution demanding speech by President Johnson.
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 74
    • Documentary image Testimony by Mr Rock Johnson, the former National Security Agency member and the present politics professor at Georgia University. An image of a nuclear explosion
    • (Testimony; witness O,male,English) “There was constant fear within the government that a full scale intervention will result in World War Ⅲ. Therefore we had no other option but to always deploy the US forces little by little, one by one.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 75
    • Documentary and diagram image Bargraph showing US troops casualties in Vietnam.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “As he mentioned in his testimony, under the Cold War situations in those days, the US did not have the authority to directly destroy the war machine of Hanoi that is the Vietnam Labor Party, unless having the determination and preparation for engaging in a full-scale military conflict with China and the Soviet Union.  As a result, the US had to squash down all the forces that Hanoi has to offer in the southern battlefields by sacrificing a great amount of their own forces.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 76
    • Documentary image South Vietnam People's eyes filled with hatred.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Then it was the South Vietnam National Liberation Front. Simple and unaffected nationalism and anti-US emotions that grew in the southern battlefields fell into the hands of the South Vietnam National Liberation Front that is Hanoi.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 77
    • Edited image June 197 The Department of Defense confidential report. Move the questions and answers from the bottom of the screen to the top synchronizing with the narration.
    • Synchronize with the testimony given below and focus lights on them in due order.   ( Testimony;Question, P-1 witness, male Answer, P-2 witness, male English )   Q: If there will be no changes in the US policy or its military forces, how do you see the situation in South Vietnam to develop in the next 10 months? A: It is impossible for the either side to gain complete victory within 10 months. Q: In cases of increasing the US forces to say 50 thousand, 100 thousand or 200 thousand, what kind of strategy do you think the communists will take in the next 10 months? A: I think the communists will continue the war. They still have the room for increasing their military forces in either North or South Vietnam. As long as we continue our current operations, there is no possibility of ending this war in a short time   even by increasing our forces nor there will be any possibility of wearing down the fighting spirit of Hanoi. We have only developed a gridlock by engaging in this expensive intervention.
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 78
    • Documentary image 1972 Chanban village, South Vietnam Defoliation operation. Children running away from wrong targeted attacks by napalm bomb.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “This stagnated battle became somewhat like a genocide war against Vietnam by the US. “
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 79
    • Documentary image March 16th, 1968 Sonmi, South Vietnam
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Then the people's battle strategies of Hanoi which takes the people of South as shields has made antagonistic relations with US army and South Vietnamese people.”  (Testimony: former US corps soldier, male, English)  “Last week or so, a half of the corps were killed and injured due to Viet Cong snipers and landmines and when we came near the village we were shot from some barracks and many of the soldiers were infuriated.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 80-1
    • Documentary image 1968, battle over Teto South Vietnam Execution performed on streets of Saigon.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “And it was an outrageous act of war. These outrageous acts being aired on TV, lead to growing a gap between the US and the free world.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 80-2
    • Documentary image Washington Anti-war movement
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “It was a historical tragedy that cannot be found anywhere else in the US history that people that would have recognized Hanoi as their enemy if they had known the truth of the Vietnam War had somehow adopted this strange joint struggle relationship with Hanoi.”
  • Chapter 6
    • Scenario # 80-3
    • Documentary image Ho Chi Min with a smile on his face.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Everything was all in the plot for Hanoi.”
  • Chapter 6
    • background: black
    • transcript: white
    • The one with the best strategies, tactics, and troops
    • is the one that wins the war.
    • It is not a matter of justice or injustice
    • but a matter of whether that is effective
    • or ineffective for winning. 
    • However, people often tend to misunderstand this point.
    • Scenario # 81
    • Edited image
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “The one with the best strategies, tactics, and troops is the one that wins the war. It is not a matter of justice or injustice but a matter of whether that is effective or ineffective for winning. However, people often tend to misunderstand this point.”
  • Chapter Seven The revival of US Scenario #82 through #97 Reconsidering Vietnam War from yet another viewpoint. That is reconfirming the Vietnam War and its historical meaning as a part of the confinement policy. That means the revival of the US.
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 82
    • Documentary image From the Vietnam War created by American TV station GW Boston. Image of a North Vietnamese boy arriving with a thick mud on the sole of his shoes.
    • (Transcript, Veteran, male, English.) “Then we were defeated!” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “Indeed at that time, it could be said that the US was defeated by the ruling will of Hanoi that outfaced enormous number of casualties.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 83
    • Edited image Excerpts from the film “Apocalypse now”.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “In the directed film “Apocalypse now”, F. Coppola makes colonel Carts played by Marlon Brando say,” ( (Transcript, male Q , English)  “I felt a sense of defeat towards the liberation front when they chopped one arm off of all the vaccinated Vietnamese children as a warning. ---- that was pure -----and stronger human than we are ---- a true power so strong like that of God's.” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “That is in short, as group of superior human circle perceiving them as better than themselves that live in a same world. To be sure, that is one way to see it.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 84
    • Documentary image 1972 Japan Battle at Asama cottage
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “For example, the Coalition Red Army that for the first time in Japanese history brought guns into revolutionary movement and performed a shootout against more than 1200 policemen with only 5 members, was in a sense a true Godlike power or a group ----- that was pure ----- and stronger human than we are ----- that acted in an incredible inhuman way for the sake of the revolution. But it doesn’t mean that we think of them as human or groups that are superior to us. “
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 85-1
    • Documentary image 1972 Japan The excavation ruins of the victims
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “Because we have found out the truth of history in a form of the torturous murder carried out in the mountain bases.” As soon as the narration above ends, switch the screen with a flashing blue light.
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 85-2
    • Documentary image Cambodia Records of the victims.
  • Chapter 7
    • ① What is this Vietnam War controversy
    • that lacks its core element?
    • ② But just because of that,
    • why do they say that the US had been defeated?
    • I cannot understand that.
    • Scenario # 86
    • Edited image Background: black Transcript: white
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  Keep silence between 1 and 2.   “What is this Vietnam War controversy that lacks its core element? But just because of that, why do they say that the US had been defeated? I cannot understand that.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 87
    • Edited image Foreign affairs. X paper. Containment policy.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “US have a long history of relationship with Vietnam. We should find the origin of it in the containment policy. 『 US lead Western aligned nations must adopt the containment policy to protect themselves from the expansion of communism. 』 That is with the containment policy proposed by George Kenan that contains the revolutionary power and waits for the revival of the revolutionary society itself.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 88
    • Documentary image Edit the transition of the Square's scenery (people's outfits, atmosphere etc) in a timeframe of every 10 years (or by every leader) from immediately after the revolution until now.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “More than 80 years from the Russian revolution and 60 plus years from the Chinese revolution. In every society, time mercilessly promoted the exchange of generations. Since the expansion of the communism came from the position of an offender within the revolutionary movement, the generational exchange of the people concerned had a decisive meaning.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 89
    • Documentary image Testimony of Chuon nyu tan
    • (Testimony; witness I, male: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, i male, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.) “The communist party thinks that the only trustworthy generation is the one that was born to a communist party official's family and the one that was educated and trained by the official themselves.” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “In short, rewritten textbooks were distributed to naïve children. And they taught them that uncle Ho Chi Min was their liberator.But ironically, the revolutionary hostile relationship that had been supporting them slacks there. After all, perhaps all that the next generation is able to inherit is the anonymous report system or the privileges that had been protected by the secret police. It is too difficult to imagine that the boys and girls will inherit the position of people's brutal offenders, that is the position of bloody handed slaughters. In short, I think that from the moment of gaining authority their privileges only work to transfer their nature as party members to that of the parasite classes of the society. Just like the Noman Tektura of the former Soviet Union. From there on is divided into two.”
    A boy named Pioneer, a Red Guard.
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 90-1
    • Documentary image December 1989 Romania President Ceausescu and his wife executed.
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “One is like Ceausescu of Romania in 1989 that was hated by his people and destroyed.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 90-2
    • Documentary image China, the trial of gang of four The gang of four being put on trial
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “Or like the gang of four of China that tried to reproduce the revolutionary hostile relationship (the Great Cultural Revolution) again but was self-destructed by their own grave- diggers.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 90-3
    • Documentary image November 1985 Geneva Gorbachev
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Another one will be the options made by the former Soviet Union leader Gorbachev. In short, when the generation exchanged and the revolutionary hostile relationship weathered, the ruling movements of the nuclear age that is the end of Cold War and the so-called Eastern alliance went the course of self-destruction. The red wave of communism that covered the world since the Russian revolution was after all only a coincidence of history and never a consequence.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 91-1
    • Documentary image Coalition Red Army convention
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  Synchronizing with the narration below, switch the image of 91-1 to that of 91-2.   “In that sense, it could be said that the Coalition Red Army in 1972 Japan was Ho Chi Min and his propaganda corps that were never blessed with the luck that history’s coincidence has to offer and eventually failed.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 91-2
    • Documentary image Vietnam March 1972 Japan Coalition Red Army soldier being hauled.
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 92
    • Documentary image Cambodia Auto-Genocide Vietnam Boat people
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “What if in those days Japan possessed a terrene border and a sacred region, what would have happened to Japan? What if in those days Japan had supply of weapons from that sacred region, what would have happened to Japan? What if in those days, ----”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 93
    • Coverage image Vietnam Images of the streets of former Saigon (Ho Chi Min city).
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Perhaps it is just a matter of time when Vietnam will head the direction of withdrawing from socialism. That probably will be redefined by the Vietnamese people eventually. What was the Vietnam War all about? What did Ho Chi Min mean to us?”
  • Chapter 7
    • The sorrow of war,
    • a title translated into English,
    • 米国に対する勝利は、たぶん
    • 正義が勝ったということだろう。
    • そうゆうことにしておこう。
    • Scenario # 94
    • Edited image “The sorrow of war” books Insert Vietnamese sentence
    • (Testimony, witness R, male, Vietnamese)   In this screen, the lines below will be written out in Vietnamese and narrated in Vietnamese. In short, there will be no English translation.   “The victory against US is maybe because the justice has won. Let it be now as it is.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 95-1
    • Documentary image Images of the Russian revolution,
    • The image from 95-1 to 95-3 will be in between below narration.  (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “The 20th Century was a century of ruling by the Marxism-Leninism and also a century of its tragedy.” (According to a theory, from the Russian revolution through the Cambodian revolution, the number of revolutionary atrocities victims reaches about 10 million.)  “If we had left everything up to them, there is no question that they would have ruled the world by now. Because they possessed a superior political technology capable of penetrating into people, ruling them and exploiting them, and adding to that, they possessed within themselves an irresistible situation that forced them to do so by the revolutionary movement.”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 95-2
    • Documentary image Images of the Chinese revolution. Mao Zedong
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 95-3
    • Documentary image Images of the Vietnam revolution
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 96-1
    • Documentary image Images of Berlin airlift operations
    • The image from 96-1 to 96-6 will be in between below narration. (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “But, half a century from Kenan's containment policy, US with its sweat, blood and tears, gained enough time for the world to make a transition.  It could be said that the Vietnam War that lasted 10 years impoverished Hanoi and the communist block and definitely hastened the destruction of the Eastern alliance.  It could be said that 58191 grave posts saved the 21st Century’s world. As a matter of fact, in those days, who else but the US were able to bear that much of a burden?”
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 96-2
    • Documentary image Images of Korean War
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 96-3
    • Documentary image Images of Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 96-4
    • Documentary image Vietnam War
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 96-5
    • Documentary image The collapse of Berlin Wall
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 96-6
    • Documentary image Images of Arlington cemetery
  • Chapter 7
    • Scenario # 97
    • Edited image
    • (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “I am not a Christian, but I can say this. If God allowed the US to lead the world in the 21st century as well, it must be because the US kept on dripping sweat, shedding blood and tears during those days in Vietnam.”“ Thank You America Thank You Veterans“
  • Chapter Eight New understanding Scenario #98 through #99 New understandings of the Vietnam War by the veteran, the revival of the veteran.
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 98
    • On location. Documentary image
    • Veteran wakes up and watches intently at the testimony by Viten in TV again. (Testimony; witness S, male: Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, s male, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.) “Vietnam War was an empty victory. It was a war for Ho Chi Min and the communist party. Come back America! There is no reason that the US has no obligation to support Vietnam again. But assistance will promote the democracy in Vietnam. This is what the US had intervened in South East Asia in the first place.” (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.) “It is your victory, isn’t that right?”  (Transcript, Veteran, male, English.) “It is our victory ----- maybe.”
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-1
    • Edited image Land Reform Movement of Northern Vietnam People’s court
    • Again rearrange flash images from 99-1 through 99-23.
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-2
    • Edited image Refugees to the South
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-3
    • Edited image Resolution of the southern military ruling Hanoi, Labor Party convention
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-4
    • Edited image Ho Chi Min route North Vietnam troops heading south.
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-5
    • Edited image The formation of the South Vietnam National Liberation Front
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-6
    • Edited image Scenery of a village in 1960s South Vietnam
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-7
    • Edited image The battle of Abubaku
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-8
    • Edited image The convention of Tonkin Gulf
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-9
    • Edited image The bombing of the North
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-10
    • Edited image US marines landing on Danan
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-11
    • Edited image The bombing of the US embassy
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-12
    • Edited image Search and destroy operation
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-13
    • Edited image The battle of Kesan
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-14
    • Edited image The excavation site of the remains of the atrocities carried out by Teto, Hue, and the communist troops in 1968.
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-15
    • Edited image The declaration of not running by President Johnson
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-16
    • Edited image The war becoming Vietnamese Chu and Nixon Conference
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-17
    • Edited image Christmas bombings by B52 bombers.
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-18
    • Edited image Paris Peace Conference
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-19
    • Edited image Tanson Nhat airport
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-20
    • Edited image The fall of Saigon
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-21
    • Edited image Boat people
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-22
    • Edited image Auto-Genocide
  • Chapter 8
    • Scenario # 99-23
    • Edited image The collapse of Berlin Wall
  • Chapter 8
    • The sorrow of war
    •  
    • Victory against the US
    • probably means that
    • the justice had won.
    • Let’s leave it that way.
    • Scenario # 99-24
    • Edited image “The sorrow of war” book
    • (Testimony; witness R , male : Start out with Vietnamese and a few moments later, r male, will testify the same line in English and layover the Vietnamese line.)  “Victory against the US probably means that the justice had won. Let’s leave it that way.”----- after one breath, refrain -----.“Let’s leave it that way.”  (Lines; Narrator B, Male: Start out with Japanese and a few moments later, narrator b, male, will narrate the same line in English and layover the Japanese line.)  “Victory won by America. Please recollect that in those days you fought in the Vietnam War. Please don’t forget that in those days you fought in the Vietnam War. And please engrave into your heart that you have completed the protection of the history of mankind.”
  • Chapter Nine The revival of the veteran Scenario #100 through #101 It is a reunion of revived veteran and the United States.
  • Chapter 9
    • Scenario # 100
    • On location edited image
    • Veteran recollects the Vietnam monument that crosses his mind and about the fellow soldiers that pops up in his mind.   (Transcript, Veteran, English.) “Our victory. Maybe you can say that. However…”
  • Chapter 9
    • Scenario # 101
    • On location documentary image
    • A baseball suddenly rolls at his feet and a boy running for it. Veteran stops recollection and picks up the ball.  (Transcript, T boy, English.) “What were you doing?” Veteran with a bitter smile throws the ball back to a boy. (Transcript, Veteran, English.) “I was just thinking, little boy, do you know what Vietnam War is ?” A boy catches the ball with a strange expression on his face. (Transcript, T boy, English.) “What's that ? Thank you.” A boy runs away. Veteran sees him off. A boy turns around while running and says, " Thank you." (Transcript, T boy, English.) “Thank you.”