UC Davis Summer Abroad, Turkey "Classical & Underwater Archaeology
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With a backdrop of gorgeous beaches, lively resort towns, and the Mediterranean Sea, this program will introduce students to a variety of fascinating archaeological sites found along the western and ...

With a backdrop of gorgeous beaches, lively resort towns, and the Mediterranean Sea, this program will introduce students to a variety of fascinating archaeological sites found along the western and southern coastlines of Turkey. These include ancient Greek settlements (of Ionia and the Dorian Hexapolis), well-preserved Roman cities (in the imperial provinces of Asia, Lycia and Pamphylia), indigenous kingdoms (Phrygian, Carian, Lycian), as well as sunken cities and shipwrecks. Lectures will cover the history, mythology, religion, and art history of Asia Minor, as well as techniques of terrestrial and underwater excavation. Students will explore over 30 famous archaeological sites, with an end-of-course tour of historical Istanbul. The abundance of archaeological material in western Turkey provides an opportunity to study the wide range of archaeological approaches being used today, as well as to ponder controversial interpretations of Classical, Near Eastern, and underwater archaeological discoveries. http://summerabroad.ucdavis.edu

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UC Davis Summer Abroad, Turkey "Classical & Underwater Archaeology Presentation Transcript

  • 1. UC Davis Summer Abroad 2014 “The Turkish Riviera: Classical and Underwater Archaeology along the Mediterranean Coast of Anatolia” Program Description This course will focus on introducing students to the most interesting archaeology of southwestern Turkey today. This region of Anatolia has a fascinating mixture of ancient Greek settlements (Ionia and the Dorian Hexapolis), Roman colonies (the Roman imperial provinces of Asia, Lycia and Pamphylia), and indigenous kingdoms (Phrygian, Carian, Lycian). Although most of the exciting material culture of the region dates to the heyday of Greece and Rome, monuments from as early as the Bronze Age to as late as the Ottoman period may also be seen. The abundance of archaeological material in this region provides an opportunity to view the gamut of archaeological approaches and techniques used in Mediterranean archaeology today. It also provides the opportunity to ponder controversial interpretations of archaeological material, for instance: What is truly Greek? What is Roman? What is Anatolian / Near Eastern? To what degree did western classical cultures influence those of the Near East - and how much did the Near Eastern cultures influence the west? Did indigenous cultures retain their native traditions after the Greeks and Romans settled in the region? Ancient society was multicultural, just as our world is today, and many of the same issues that are now being examined in our society were relevant then. The program will be divided into thirds, based on the three primary categories of archaeology that are noteworthy in this region: Classical, Underwater, and Near Eastern. The first third of the program is designed to give students a basic knowledge of Greco-Roman history and archaeology in Asia Minor (southwestern Turkey is home to some of the most impressive Greco-Roman sites in the ancient world, e.g. Ephesus, Pergamum). The lectures (many of them on-site) will introduce students to the history, mythology, religion, and art history of the region, as well as to techniques of land excavation. The second segment (with some overlap) will focus on the specific techniques and potential of underwater archaeology, which has notable origins in Bodrum. Nautical sites and subject matter may date to all time periods. The last third will cover the archaeology of indigenous cultures in the region, for the most part focusing on the classical period. In this segment, it is hoped that students will develop an awareness of the neglected and often misunderstood history and archaeology of the indigenous Anatolians, whose legacy has frequently been overshadowed (and even appropriated) by that of Greece and Rome.
  • 2. Bodrum
  • 3. Day 1 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 10:00 am: Orientation and Lecture 1: “Greek and Roman History in Anatolia” in the hotel conference room ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦ Afternoon: Walking tour of Bodrum and environs (optional) ◦ 6:00 pm: GULET TOUR of the Bodrum coastline with WELCOME DINNER
  • 4. Gulet at sunset
  • 5. Day 2 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 10:00 am Lecture 2: “Classical Art & Architecture” in the hotel conference room ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦ 2:00 pm Lecture 3: “Archaeological Field Methods and Techniques” in the hotel conference room ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum
  • 6. View of Bodrum from St. Peter’s Castle
  • 7. Day 3 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 9:30 am DEPART BODRUM ◦ 11:30 am DIDYMA On-site lecture: “Oracles” Visit to the monumental Hellenistic temple at Didyma, site of one of the most famous oracles of the ancient world ◦ 12:30 pm lunch near Didyma ◦ 2:00 pm PRIENE On-site lecture: “Ancient City Planning” Visit to the ancient city of Priene, the textbook model generally used to explain city planning and architecture of the Hellenistic period ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum
  • 8. DIDYMA
  • 9. PRIENE
  • 10. Day 4 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum DAY OFF / OPTIONAL: VILLAGE ◦ TOUR ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum OPTIONAL: VILLAGE TOUR $ 25 per person (based on 10 passenger minimum) Description: Visit to a local village where carpets are made by hand. Village baked bread and lunch included.
  • 11. Halikarnas Disco, Bodrum
  • 12. Day 5 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 10:00 am Lecture 4: “Classical Mythology” in the hotel conference room ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦ 2:00 pm Lecture 5: “Religion & Cult in Anatolia” in the hotel conference room ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum
  • 13. Bardakçı Beach, Bodrum
  • 14. Day 6 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 8:30 am DEPART BODRUM ◦ 11:30 am lunch near Selçuk ◦ 12:30 pm EPHESUS MUSEUM On-site lecture: “The Mother Goddess” Visit to the Ephesus Archaeological Museum and the famous cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus ◦ 1:30 pm EPHESUS On-site lecture: “The Ancient Theater” Tour of the best-preserved classical city of the Eastern Mediterranean, includes library, terrace houses, brothel, and a theater that holds 25,000, ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum
  • 15. EPHESUS
  • 16. Castle of St. Peter Museum of Underwater Archaeology
  • 17. Day 7 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 10:00 am Lecture 6: SPECIAL LECTURE by John D. Littlefield, M.A., R.P.A.: “History and Methodologies of Underwater Archaeology” (tentative) ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦ 2:00 pm BODRUM MUSEUM OF UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGY Lecture 7: SPECIAL LECTURE & TOUR by Dr. Donald Frey, Former President of the Institute of Nautical Archaeology: “Shipwreck Excavations of the Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology” ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum Uluburun shipwreck excavation
  • 18. ULUBURUN
  • 19. Day 8 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 10:00 am BODRUM INSTITUTE OF NAUTICAL ARCHAEOLOGY Special Tour & Lecture by Tuba Ekmekci, Director of the INA Bodrum Research Center: The conservation laboratory and Turkish headquarters of the Institute of Nautical Archaeology (Texas A & M University) Lecture 8: “Conservation of Underwater Archaeological Finds” ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦ Afternoon: free ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum
  • 20. INA conservation laboratory
  • 21. Day 9 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum DAY OFF/ OPTIONAL: GULET ◦ TOUR ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum OPTIONAL: FULL DAY GULET TOUR Extra: $35 per person based on occupancy. Description: Cruise along the Turquoise coast for a day. Lunch and drinks included. Swimming, sailing, snorkling.
  • 22. Institute of Marine Science & Technology, DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY, Izmir
  • 23. Day 10 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 7:00 am DEPART BODRUM ◦ UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGY CONFERENCE organized by the Institute of Marine Science & Technology, DOKUZ EYLUL UNIVERSITY, Izmir ◦ 10:30 am LECTURE 9 “Introduction to Marine Science” Asst. Prof. Dr. Mümtaz Tiraşin ◦ 11:30 am coffee break ◦ 12:00 pm LECTURE 10 “Introduction to Nautical Archaeology” Asst. Prof. Dr. Harun Özdaş Afternoon ◦ 1:00 pm Lunch in Izmir ◦ 2:30 pm LECTURE 11 “Acoustic Survey Techniques in Underwater Archaeology” Dr. Nilhan Kızıldağ 3:30 pm coffee ◦ 4:00 pm LECTURE 12 “Shipwreck Surveys along the Aegean Sea Coast of Turkey” Asst. Prof. Dr. Harun Özdaş ◦ Dinner and overnight at hotel in Izmir
  • 24. Day 11 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Izmir ◦ 10:00 am RV K. PIRI REIS Acoustic demo and practice with the Dokuz Eylul Piri Reis research vessel in Izmir Bay near the Institute of Marine Science & Technology ◦ Lunch in Izmir ◦ Afternoon free in Izmir ◦ Dinner and overnight at hotel in Izmir
  • 25. K. Piri Reis Research Vessel
  • 26. Day 12 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Izmir ◦ 9:00 am DEPART IZMIR ◦ 10:00 am CESME SHIPWRECK SITE Visit to the Corinthian columncapital shipwreck site with the Dokuz Eylul marine archaeology team. Snorkling and beach time. ◦ Lunch in Cesme ◦ 2:00 pm CESME MUSEUM Visit to Cesme’s museum, housed in a 14th century Genoese fortress ◦ Dinner and overnight at hotel in Izmir
  • 27. Day 13 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Izmir ◦ 9:00 am DEPART IZMIR ◦ 12:00 pm Lunch in Bergama ◦ 1:30 pm PERGAMUM ASCLEPIUM On-site lecture: “Ancient Medicine” Visit to the Asclepium, Pergamum’s famous medical center and spa where patients were divinely healed via dream incubation ◦ 2:30 pm PERGAMUM On-site lecture: “The Ancient Acropolis” Visit to the impressive acropolis of Pergamum, home to one of Anatolia’s most powerful Hellenistic dynasties ◦ Dinner and overnight at thermal hotel and spa in Pamukkale, thermal baths (hot springs / mineral baths) within the hotel.
  • 28. PERGAMUM
  • 29. PAMUKKALE
  • 30. Day 14 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Pamukkale ◦ 9:00 am DEPART PAMUKKALE ◦ 10:30 am APHRODISIAS ” Visit to the classic Roman city of Aphrodisias, the best place in Anatolia to view Roman portrait sculpture and sarcophagi, not to mention an impressive Roman city Lecture 13: SPECIAL LECTURE by Dr. Esen Öğüş, Assistant Professor of Ancient Mediterranean Art History, Texas Tech University: “Roman Sarcophagi” ◦12:00 pm APHRODISIAS MUSEUM Visit to the on-site archaeological museum Lecture 14: SPECIAL LECTURE by Dr. Christopher Hallett, Professor & Chair, History of Art Department, University of California, Berkeley: “Roman Portrait Sculpture” ◦ Lunch near Geyre ◦ Afternoon visit to Pamukkale travertines and thermal baths ◦ Dinner at hotel in Pamukkale
  • 31. APHRODISIAS
  • 32. Day 15 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Pamukkale ◦ 10:00 am HIERAPOLIS On-site lecture: “The Necropolis” Visit to the ancient city of Hierapolis, located above the Pamukkale travertines, with its Roman theater, Plutonium (sanctuary to the underworld), and the most extensive and impressive necropolis of Anatolia. ◦ Lunch near Pamukkale ◦ Drive to Bodrum ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum
  • 33. HIERAPOLIS
  • 34. Day 16 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum DAY OFF/ OPTIONAL: Ferry to ◦ KOS ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum OPTIONAL: FERRY TO KOS (unguided) Extra: 35 euro per person Description: Visit the Greek island of Kos for the day. Ferry docks next to old town and most sights are within walking distance.
  • 35. KOS
  • 36. Hellenistic theater of Halicarnassus Day 17 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum DAY OFF/ACCESS TO INA ◦ LIBRARY ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum ACCESS TO INA ARCHAEOLOGICAL LIBRARY FOR PROJECT AND PAPER
  • 37. Bodrum at night
  • 38. Day 18 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 10:00 am Lecture 15: “Indigenous Cultures of Anatolia” in the hotel conference room ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦ 2:00 pm Lecture 16: “Anatolian Art & Architecture” in the hotel conference room ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum
  • 39. Nereid Monument, British Museum
  • 40. Day 19 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 10:30 am Visit to the site of the MAUSOLEUM OF HALICARNASSUS On-site lecture: “Monumental Tombs” Visit to the excavation site and museum of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. ◦ Lunch in Bodrum ◦AFTERNOON FREE / OPTIONAL: TRIP TO LABRAUNDA, the sanctuary and burial place of the Carian royalty ◦ Dinner at hotel in Bodrum OPTIONAL: VISIT TO THE SANCTUARY AT LABRAUNDA, guided Cost based on group size: 10 students = $67 pp, 15 students=$54 pp, 20 students=$42 pp Description: Guided visit to the indigenous Carian sanctuary at Labraunda, 4th c BC
  • 41. LABRAUNDA
  • 42. Day 20 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Bodrum ◦ 9:00 am DEPART BODRUM ◦ Lunch in Dalyan ◦ 1:30 pm CAUNUS On-site lecture: “Tomb Cult” Visit by fishing boat to the ancient Carian city of Caunus, site of some of the most spectacular indigenous temple-type cliff tombs in Anatolia. This is where the film the “African Queen” (Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn) was filmed. ◦ Dinner and overnight in hotel in FETHIYE (ancient Telmessus)
  • 43. CAUNUS
  • 44. Day 21 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Fethiye ◦ Lunch in Patara ◦ 8:30 am DEPART FETHIYE ◦ Afternoon at the beach at Patara (an ancient Roman harbor city) ◦ 9:30 am PINARA On-site lecture: “The Lycian League” Visit to the ancient site of Pinara, an unexcavated 4th c BC Lycian settlement in the mountains surrounded by cliffsides decorated with accessible temple-type, house-type, and pigeon-hole cliff tombs ◦ 11:00 am XANTHUS On-site lecture: “Hero Cult vs. Ruler Cult” Visit to the ancient capital of Lycia, famous for its unusual pillar tombs. The original site of the Nereid Monument (now in the British Museum) ◦ Dinner in KAŞ (ancient ANTIPHELLUS) ◦ Overnight at hotel in Kaş
  • 45. PINARA
  • 46. XANTHUS
  • 47. PATARA
  • 48. Patara Beach
  • 49. Day 22 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Kaş ◦ 9:30 am DEPART KAŞ ◦ Lunch in Simena ◦ 1:00 pm KEKOVA SUNKEN CITY Visit Simena’s Lycian necropolis of ogival tombs, Byzantine fortress, and then take a boat trip to Kekova island to visit and snorkel around the sunken remains of Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine settlements. The entire region sank after a series of historic earthquakes. ◦ Dinner in Kaş ◦ Overnight at hotel in Kaş
  • 50. KEKOVA
  • 51. Day 23 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Kaş ◦ 9:30 am DEPART KAŞ ◦ Lunch in Finike ◦ 1:00 pm ARYKANDA On-site lecture: “Roman or Lycian?” Visit to the spectacular Lycian mountainside settlement of Arykanda to see an interesting indigenous interpretation of Roman architecture and city planning. ◦ Overnight and dinner at treehouse hotel in Olympos
  • 52. ARYKANDA
  • 53. Day 24 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Olympos ◦ 10:00 am OLYMPOS On-site lecture: “Lycian Ancestor Cult” Visit to this largely unexcavated Greco-Roman city in the jungle near Lycian Mount Olympos, where examples of Lycian letter oracles can be found. Beach time. ◦ lunch in Olympos ◦ Afternoon: FREE beach time ◦ Dinner at treehouse hotel ◦ Overnight in treehouse hotel in Olympos ◦ 7:00 pm CHIMAERA Evening hike to the Chimaera, a famous historical and mythological site in the mountains where fire has been continually coming out of the mountaintop for thousands of years
  • 54. LYCIAN MT. OLYMPOS
  • 55. THE CHIMAERA
  • 56. Day 25 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Olympos ◦ 10:00 am DEPART OLYMPOS ◦ Lunch in Antalya ◦ AFTERNOON OFF/OPTIONAL: MUSEUM ◦ Dinner in Antalya (*not included) ◦ Overnight in hotel in Old Town, Antalya OPTIONAL: ANTALYA ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM Extra: Taxi to museum $20 (can be split), entrance fee $9 pp Description: Optional visit to Antalya Archaeological Museum for final paper research
  • 57. ANTALYA
  • 58. Day 26 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Antalya ◦ 8:30 am DEPART ANTALYA ◦ 9:00 am ASPENDUS Visit to the monumental Roman theater at Aspendus ◦ Transfer to airport ◦ 11:00 am FLIGHT TO ISTANBUL ◦ Lunch in Istanbul ◦ 2:30 pm CHORA CHURCH Visit to the Byzantine Chora Church, a museum of frescoes and mosaics considered to be masterpieces of the Byzantine renaissance ◦ 4:00 pm HAGIA SOPHIA Visit to the world’s oldest basilica, originally built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian in the 6th c AD and converted into a mosque in the Ottoman period ◦ 5:00 pm BYZANTINE CISTERNS Visit to the underground cisterns of Byzantium ◦ Dinner in Sultanahmet, Ista nbul ◦ Overnight in Ortaköy
  • 59. ASPENDUS
  • 60. CHORA CHURCH
  • 61. HAGIA SOPHIA
  • 62. THE CISTERNS
  • 63. Day 27 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Istanbul ◦ 9:00 am ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM On-site lecture: “Final Summary” Visit to the Istanbul Archaeological Museum to wrap up the archaeological history of Anatolia ◦ 10:00 am TOPKAPI PALACE Visit to the 15th century Ottoman Topkapi Palace, including Treasury and Harem ◦ Lunch in Sultanahmet ◦ 1:00 pm BLUE MOSQUE Visit to the classical Ottoman mosque across from Hagia Sophia, known as “Sultanahmet Mosque” or the “Blue Mosque”. The only mosque built with six minarets ◦ 2:00 pm GRAND BAZAAR Visit to the Grand Bazaar for lastminute shopping ◦ 4:00 pm CAĞALOĞLU HAMAM Bathe in a real Turkish Hamam ◦Dinner and overnight in Ortaköy
  • 64. Alexander Sarcophagus Istanbul Archaeological Museum
  • 65. TOPKAPI PALACE
  • 66. THE BLUE MOSQUE
  • 67. CAGALOGLU HISTORICAL HAMAM
  • 68. Day 28 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Istanbul ◦ Morning and early afternoon FREE ◦ 5:00 pm GRAND BAZAAR for last minute shopping ◦ 6:00 pm FAREWELL DINNER in Istanbul ◦ Overnight at hotel in Ortaköy
  • 69. THE GRAND BAZAAR
  • 70. Day 29 ◦ Breakfast at hotel in Istanbul ◦ Transfer Istanbul airport -OR- ADD-ON TOURS for family and friends through Neyzen (see syllabus): -7 day Gulet Tour of the Turkish Riviera & Greek Island of Symi -3 day Istanbul Tour -2 day Cappadocia Tour