Facilitating National Open Data Ecosystem -Case: Finland            OKFestival 2012, Helsinki              #OKFest in Twit...
Shortly about the speaker• nethunt (a) Twitter• Making PhD in University of Jyväskylä, Unit of Sociology    – Netcrowds: s...
Index of the presentation•   Shortly about the speaker•   Concepts of ’ecosystem’ and ’facilitation’•   Glimpse to Finnish...
The concept of an ’ecosystem’•   An ’ecosystem’ is a wholeness around some topic or issue, where various    actors offer (...
A portion of Finnish Open Data Ecosystem by issues                  Antti Poikola, Teemo Tebest, Juuso Koponen © 2011
A portion of Finnish Open Data Ecosystem by persons andinterests                      Antti Poikola, Juuso Koponen, Teemo ...
The concept of a (Internet) fasilitator• ”A facilitator is someone who helps a group of people understand  their common ob...
Paul Baran (1962): types of networks (or ecosystems)• (this paper of Baran was actually the concept of the Internet)      ...
A brief history and examples of facilitatingOpen Data Ecosystem in Finland•   Chargeability of government produced data in...
Some possible explanations to the living ecosystem without    the formal leadership in Finland•   Strong tradition for nat...
• Thanks!• Contact me and the Finnish Open Data Ecosystem :)• kari . hintikka (a) gmail . com• nethunt@Twitter• Finnish Op...
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OKFestival #OKFest 120920 Facilitating Finnish Open Data Ecosystem

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This is a presentation in OKFestival, Helsinki 20.9.2012.

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OKFestival #OKFest 120920 Facilitating Finnish Open Data Ecosystem

  1. 1. Facilitating National Open Data Ecosystem -Case: Finland OKFestival 2012, Helsinki #OKFest in Twitter 20.9.2012 Kari A. Hintikka University of Jyväskylä
  2. 2. Shortly about the speaker• nethunt (a) Twitter• Making PhD in University of Jyväskylä, Unit of Sociology – Netcrowds: self-organizative and collective minds on the Internet• 1st prize in the Concept -category in Apps4Finland (2011)• One of the writers of Public data -guide book (2011) with Antti Poikola and Petri Kola – English version: http://julkinendata.fi• The head of jury of 1st Apps4Finland -competition (2009)• Researcher in SOMUS group 2009-2010• A member of Tutkimusparvi - open science swarm 2008-2010
  3. 3. Index of the presentation• Shortly about the speaker• Concepts of ’ecosystem’ and ’facilitation’• Glimpse to Finnish Open Data Ecosystem• Paul Baran (1962): types of networks (or ecosystems)• A brief history of facilitating Open Data Ecosystem in Finland• Some possible explanations to the successful and living ecosystem without the formal leadership of steering committees in Finland
  4. 4. The concept of an ’ecosystem’• An ’ecosystem’ is a wholeness around some topic or issue, where various actors offer (data) without mutual reciprocity, in a way which benefits all parties involved (Poikola & Kola & Hintikka 2011)• Ecosystem consists large diversity of actors, in Finland including – Grass-root level single developers and citizen activities – Diversity of open data providers, like National Land Survey of Finland (NLS) – Ministries and other regulators, like Traffic and Communication; Employment and the Economy – National and regional networkers and integrators, like Helsinki Region Infoshare (HRI) – Politicians, like ministers and MPs – Big companies, like IBM – Small business developers, like HILA Oy, Veropuu Oy – Big and small traditional (and new) media, like Helsingin Sanomat, YLE and Jyväskylän ylioppilaslehti – Universities and other research and educational organizations – Associations, like Finland’s Internet Democracy Association abd Tieke
  5. 5. A portion of Finnish Open Data Ecosystem by issues Antti Poikola, Teemo Tebest, Juuso Koponen © 2011
  6. 6. A portion of Finnish Open Data Ecosystem by persons andinterests Antti Poikola, Juuso Koponen, Teemo Tebest © 2011
  7. 7. The concept of a (Internet) fasilitator• ”A facilitator is someone who helps a group of people understand their common objectives and assists them to plan to achieve them without taking a particular position in the discussion.” (Wikipedia)• Internet facilitation (or ’nannying’) means to help (and coordinate) large open crowds and networks (and ecosystem) to collectively – Innovate – Solve problems – Co-operate – Collaborate and – Achieve (sometimes self-agreed) goals
  8. 8. Paul Baran (1962): types of networks (or ecosystems)• (this paper of Baran was actually the concept of the Internet) Commercial mobile Model of Finland Typical grass-root ’ecosystem’, like Apple in Open Data movement network
  9. 9. A brief history and examples of facilitatingOpen Data Ecosystem in Finland• Chargeability of government produced data in Finland was based on the Act on Criteria for Charges Payable (1992) – Pay-per-cost principle so. approximate payment of copying data with copying machine and sending papers with mail or telefax• Since 2009 have been started several activities for example among ministries and grass-root networks without any central leadership in charge – In 2009 there was no formal leader or organization of ecosystem or governmental board, like national ’Program’ or ’Strategy’ of open data (e.g. decentralized network) – Still, after three years, there is no national formal body steering the activities• An yearly joint-effort Apps4Finland -competition (2009-)• Finnish Open Data Ecosystem -group in facebook (2009-) – The hub or back channel for the ecosystem (over 700 members in August 2012)• Regional facilitation, like in Helsinki area (HRI 2009-), Jyväskylä, Tampere etc• Data repositories by Suomi.fi (State Treasury) and others• A guide book for national public sector (2010/2011)• Masinated grass-root campaign to defend National Land Survey of Finland against Ministry of Treasure (2012)
  10. 10. Some possible explanations to the living ecosystem without the formal leadership in Finland• Strong tradition for national collaboration and crowdsourcing (’talkoot’) – Open data is felt national goal undependent of organizations and individuals – Also, Finland is small country compared to many others, easy to co-operate• Open hub or back channel for the ecosystem: low organizational barriers – In Finland: Finnish Open Data Ecosystem -group in facebook (2009) – From ministries to single developer: everyone interested can get same info at the same time, comment others, announce interesting stuff and get (basically) easily networked straight away without organizational barriers – Everyone (in facebook) can join• Some ministries have had quite ’open’ approach for a long time – 1st national Information Society strategy in 1994/1995 in Finland – The (partial) culture of ’openness’ and collaboration of the state of Finland • on the other hand, there are still barriers, like Ministry of Treasure• Spinning aka open facilitation by several individuals and organizations – Diversity of activities, ”something for everyone”, stakeholders ’owning’ projects – As much various initiatives as possible (like Googles way to start and kill new services)
  11. 11. • Thanks!• Contact me and the Finnish Open Data Ecosystem :)• kari . hintikka (a) gmail . com• nethunt@Twitter• Finnish Open Data Ecosystem facebook-group: – https://www.facebook.com/groups/fi.okfn/• Open Democracy Finland facebook-group: – https://www.facebook.com/groups/OpenDemocracyFinland/

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