Name: 서인준 Seoinjun Student number: 2010110135
Homework 1 (Due Monday 15 before class)
The Structure of Language
1. (Page 15) What is a phoneme?
A phoneme is a unit of language that signals a change in meaning.
2. (Page 15) What is a morpheme?
Morphemes are pieces of meaning.
3. (Page 16) What is phonetics?
Phonetics is the general study of the characteristics of speech sounds.
4. (Page 17) Bilabials: Which parts of the mouth do we use?
We use both upper and lower lips.
5. (Page 17) Labiodentals: Which parts of the mouth do we use?
We use the upper teeth and the lower lip.
6. (Page 18) Dentals: Which parts of the mouth do we use?
We use the tongue tip behind the upper front teeth.
7. (Page 18) Alveolars: Which parts of the mouth do we use?
We use the front part of the tongue on the alveolar ridge, which is the rough, bony ridge
immediately behind and above the upper teeth.
8. (Page 18) Palatals: Which parts of the mouth do we use?
We use tongue and the palate.
9. (Page 19) Velars: Which parts of the mouth do we use?
We use the back of the tongue against the velum.
10. (Page 19) Glottals: Which parts of the mouth do we use (if any!)
We don’t use the parts of the mouth.
Language & the Brain
1. (Page 21) What is neurolinguistics?
Neurolinguistics is the study of the relationship between language and the brain.
2. (Page 22) Where are the most important parts of the brain for language?
The most important parts are in areas above the left ear.
3. (Page 23) If you damage Broca’s area, what will you have difficulty doing?
We will have difficulty in producing speech.
4. (Page 23) If you damage Wernicke’s area, what will you have difficulty doing?
We will have speech comprehension difficulties.
5. (Page 23) What does the motor cortex do?
Motor cortex controls the articulatory muscles of the face, jaw, tongue and larynx.
6. (Page 24) Define Aphasia
Aphasia is defined as an impairment of language function due to localized brain damage
that leads to difficulty in understanding and/or producing linguistic forms.