PERU Water and Sanitation
Presentation Outline: <ul><li>Background Water & Sanitation in Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Water and Sanitation Situation in Pe...
PER U  CANADA <ul><li>Total Area </li></ul><ul><li>1,285,220 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Pop 26,749,000  </li></ul><ul><li>72 %...
Availability of Water In Peru <ul><li>5 % of the water in the world... but  </li></ul><ul><li>Coast - Mountains (Pacific B...
Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru <ul><li>Most water utilities lack financial, technical and human resources </li></...
Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru <ul><li>In rural areas, 49% of the population lack domestic water services and 60%...
Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru In urban areas, more than 2 million people lack domestic W&S services, including m...
Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru  <ul><li>GOAL   </li></ul><ul><li>To improve health and living conditions ...
Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru 550,000 beneficiaries with improved health and s...
Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Focus Areas <ul><li>Engineering:  Infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance ...
Focus Area: <ul><li>Infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
Project  Results  2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>6 municipal water utilities </li></ul>...
Project  Results  2000-2004 <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>5 water utilities </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>10 rural...
<ul><li>Focus Area:   Management & Administration of W&S Services </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
Project  Results  2000-2004 <ul><li>5 Service utilities </li></ul><ul><li>With improved management & administration   </li...
Project  Results  2000-2004 <ul><li>10 rural communities  (with formalized User’s Associations) </li></ul><ul><li>With imp...
<ul><li>Focus Area:   Community Training (Awareness and Education) </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
Project  Results  2000-2004 <ul><li>6 Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>200 peri-urban and/or rural communities </li></u...
Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru 1,650 families gained access to domestic water a...
Project  Results  2000-2004 <ul><li>8 Young Canadian Professional s  and  9 Canadian  Student  Interns  with practical exp...
Methodology of Team Work <ul><li>Project teams comprised of counterpart and WUSC personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Experienced  ...
Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Learning While Doing   <ul><li>Strengthening Municipalities as providers o...
Lessons Learned Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>Project requests from counterparts often do not ha...
Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>Risk Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of institutional and legal...
Linking results and sustainability Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>Sound & proven project manageme...
COST SHARING AND LEVERAGE Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Thank you for your attention Questions?
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  • - As you may already know, WUSC is a Canadian NGO who has been working in the water and sanitation sector in Peru for more than 20 years.
  • On the Road

    1. 1. PERU Water and Sanitation
    2. 2. Presentation Outline: <ul><li>Background Water & Sanitation in Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Water and Sanitation Situation in Peru </li></ul><ul><li>WUSC Water & Sanitation Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodology & Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lessons Learned </li></ul>
    3. 3. PER U CANADA <ul><li>Total Area </li></ul><ul><li>1,285,220 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Pop 26,749,000 </li></ul><ul><li>72 % Urban </li></ul><ul><li>28 % Rural </li></ul><ul><li>54% Poor </li></ul><ul><li>15% Living in extreme poverty </li></ul>9,982,220 km 2 31,947,000 70 % 30 % 16 %
    4. 4. Availability of Water In Peru <ul><li>5 % of the water in the world... but </li></ul><ul><li>Coast - Mountains (Pacific Basin with 100 km strech of desert with less than a mm of rain per year) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5 % of the water available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Titicaca Basin 0.5 % </li></ul><ul><li>Jungle (Atlantic Basin) 98 % </li></ul><ul><li>20 million people living in the Coast-Mountain region </li></ul>
    5. 5. Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru <ul><li>Most water utilities lack financial, technical and human resources </li></ul><ul><li>More than 6.6 million Peruvians lack household water and sanitation services. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru <ul><li>In rural areas, 49% of the population lack domestic water services and 60% of lack sanitation services. </li></ul><ul><li>68% of rural water systems are considered unsustainable </li></ul>
    7. 7. Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru In urban areas, more than 2 million people lack domestic W&S services, including more than 1 million in Lima, the nation’s capital.
    8. 8. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>GOAL </li></ul><ul><li>To improve health and living conditions in peri-urban and rural communities . </li></ul><ul><li>HOW? </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening the capacity of municipalities and/or their water utilites to improve: </li></ul><ul><li>1. W&S infastructure and operation and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>2. Management and administration of W&S services </li></ul><ul><li>3. The capacity to provide assistance to peri-urban and rural communities in the: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planning and execution of W&S projects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administration of rural services </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement of household drinking water quality and sanitary conditions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru 550,000 beneficiaries with improved health and sanitary conditions <ul><li>As a Result of: </li></ul><ul><li>Improved access to W&S services </li></ul><ul><li>Improved infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Improved operation and maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Improved water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Training in health, basic sanitation, water purification and proper water storage </li></ul>WUSC /CIDA total contribution as of June 2004: $ 5.4M Leveraged amount from counterparts & other donors: $ 4.8M
    10. 10. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Focus Areas <ul><li>Engineering: Infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Management and Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Community Awareness & Education </li></ul>
    11. 11. Focus Area: <ul><li>Infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    12. 12. Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>6 municipal water utilities </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>6 rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>With Improved W&S Infrastructure </li></ul>
    13. 13. Project Results 2000-2004 <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>5 water utilities </li></ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>10 rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>With improved operation and maintenance systems: </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    14. 14. <ul><li>Focus Area: Management & Administration of W&S Services </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    15. 15. Project Results 2000-2004 <ul><li>5 Service utilities </li></ul><ul><li>With improved management & administration </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    16. 16. Project Results 2000-2004 <ul><li>10 rural communities (with formalized User’s Associations) </li></ul><ul><li>With improved capacity in the administration of their W&S services </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    17. 17. <ul><li>Focus Area: Community Training (Awareness and Education) </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    18. 18. Project Results 2000-2004 <ul><li>6 Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>200 peri-urban and/or rural communities </li></ul><ul><li>With improved capacity in the planning and execution of W&S projects with community participation and co-financing </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    19. 19. Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru 1,650 families gained access to domestic water and/or sewer services 53,250 families with improved water and/or sanitation services 24,410 families with improved water quality 200 communities with improved capacity to plan and execute W&S projects with community participation
    20. 20. Project Results 2000-2004 <ul><li>8 Young Canadian Professional s and 9 Canadian Student Interns with practical experience in their chosen field of study, improved written and verbal skills in Spanish, and the opportunity to work with Peruvian professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>16 Young Peruvian Professionals with practical experience in their chosen field of study and the opportunity to work with Canadian professionals and student interns. </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    21. 21. Methodology of Team Work <ul><li>Project teams comprised of counterpart and WUSC personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Experienced P eruvian p rofessionals </li></ul><ul><li>Recent C anadian and P eruvian university graduates </li></ul><ul><li>Short term C anadian and P eruvian student interns </li></ul><ul><li>Local volunteers </li></ul>Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    22. 22. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Learning While Doing <ul><li>Strengthening Municipalities as providers of W&S services: Diagnostics, Designs, Equipment Materials, Training, Technical Support, Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening Municipalities as providers of Orientation and Assistance to Peri-Urban and Rural Populations: Identify, organize & fund local projects, donations of materials, purification equipment, technical plans, training, education, administration of W&S services </li></ul>Methodology of Learning by Doing
    23. 23. Lessons Learned Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>Project requests from counterparts often do not have sound technical, economic or social justification. </li></ul><ul><li>Counterparts must demonstrate their committement (political will) to the project by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soliciting our assistance. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Committing to financing part of the project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In kind contribution and unskilled labour. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical solutions alone do not give sustainability to the system. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of Training and Education in community: Management & Execution capacity, household water storage and quality control techniques, basic hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of W&S project and on-going consultation (monitoring) with the community, counterpart, prior, during and after work </li></ul><ul><li>Promote , with counterpart, community, civil society associations, local committees, project objectives, methodologies and results </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of blueprints for key infrastructure projects can lead to the leverage of large scale funding </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s participation not only allows us to meet our goals, but gives sustainability to the projects. </li></ul>Project requests are often politically motivated or required to meet federal regulations that are inappropriate to the community
    24. 24. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>Risk Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of institutional and legal framework for W&S </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political interference in staffing and budgeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High staff turn-over at all levels at counterpart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of saving capacity of users </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mitigating Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular consultation with counterpart and beneficiaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renegotiate terms of agreements wherever possible particularly with new administartion after elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terms and duration of agreements tocoincide with municipal terms of office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counterparts and benificiaries encouraged to provide in-kind contributions: personnel, office space,lodging, transportation, materials, unskilled labour </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Linking results and sustainability Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru <ul><li>Sound & proven project management best practices (Project Management, RBM, LFA & Risk Management) </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of counterpart : demonstration of commitment, capacity and real needs of the counterpart/ community </li></ul><ul><li>Learning while doing & Team work Approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Ownernship / Empowerment: Involve community,stakeholders from start of project </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain on-going consultation and communication with beneficiaries and community </li></ul><ul><li>On-going education and training for counterpart and community </li></ul><ul><li>Involve women in all aspects of project </li></ul><ul><li>Post Impact Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging with community, beneficiaries, agencies, international donors </li></ul>
    26. 26. COST SHARING AND LEVERAGE Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    27. 27. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Thank you for your attention Questions?

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