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  • - As you may already know, WUSC is a Canadian NGO who has been working in the water and sanitation sector in Peru for more than 20 years.

Transcript

  • 1. PERU Water and Sanitation
  • 2. Presentation Outline:
    • Background Water & Sanitation in Peru
    • Water and Sanitation Situation in Peru
    • WUSC Water & Sanitation Project
      • Goal
      • Methodology & Approach
      • Results
    • Lessons Learned
  • 3. PER U CANADA
    • Total Area
    • 1,285,220 km 2
    • Pop 26,749,000
    • 72 % Urban
    • 28 % Rural
    • 54% Poor
    • 15% Living in extreme poverty
    9,982,220 km 2 31,947,000 70 % 30 % 16 %
  • 4. Availability of Water In Peru
    • 5 % of the water in the world... but
    • Coast - Mountains (Pacific Basin with 100 km strech of desert with less than a mm of rain per year)
      • 1.5 % of the water available
    • Titicaca Basin 0.5 %
    • Jungle (Atlantic Basin) 98 %
    • 20 million people living in the Coast-Mountain region
  • 5. Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru
    • Most water utilities lack financial, technical and human resources
    • More than 6.6 million Peruvians lack household water and sanitation services.
  • 6. Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru
    • In rural areas, 49% of the population lack domestic water services and 60% of lack sanitation services.
    • 68% of rural water systems are considered unsustainable
  • 7. Situation of Water & Sanitation in Peru In urban areas, more than 2 million people lack domestic W&S services, including more than 1 million in Lima, the nation’s capital.
  • 8. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    • GOAL
    • To improve health and living conditions in peri-urban and rural communities .
    • HOW?
    • Strengthening the capacity of municipalities and/or their water utilites to improve:
    • 1. W&S infastructure and operation and maintenance
    • 2. Management and administration of W&S services
    • 3. The capacity to provide assistance to peri-urban and rural communities in the:
            • Planning and execution of W&S projects
            • Administration of rural services
            • Improvement of household drinking water quality and sanitary conditions
  • 9. Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru 550,000 beneficiaries with improved health and sanitary conditions
    • As a Result of:
    • Improved access to W&S services
    • Improved infrastructure
    • Improved operation and maintenance
    • Improved water quality
    • Training in health, basic sanitation, water purification and proper water storage
    WUSC /CIDA total contribution as of June 2004: $ 5.4M Leveraged amount from counterparts & other donors: $ 4.8M
  • 10. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Focus Areas
    • Engineering: Infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance
    • Management and Administration
    • Community Awareness & Education
  • 11. Focus Area:
    • Infrastructure, Operation & Maintenance
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 12. Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    • 6 municipal water utilities
    • AND
    • 6 rural communities
    • With Improved W&S Infrastructure
  • 13. Project Results 2000-2004
    • .
    • 5 water utilities
    • AND
    • 10 rural communities
    • With improved operation and maintenance systems:
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 14.
    • Focus Area: Management & Administration of W&S Services
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 15. Project Results 2000-2004
    • 5 Service utilities
    • With improved management & administration
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 16. Project Results 2000-2004
    • 10 rural communities (with formalized User’s Associations)
    • With improved capacity in the administration of their W&S services
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 17.
    • Focus Area: Community Training (Awareness and Education)
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 18. Project Results 2000-2004
    • 6 Service Providers
    • 200 peri-urban and/or rural communities
    • With improved capacity in the planning and execution of W&S projects with community participation and co-financing
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 19. Project Results 2000-2004 Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru 1,650 families gained access to domestic water and/or sewer services 53,250 families with improved water and/or sanitation services 24,410 families with improved water quality 200 communities with improved capacity to plan and execute W&S projects with community participation
  • 20. Project Results 2000-2004
    • 8 Young Canadian Professional s and 9 Canadian Student Interns with practical experience in their chosen field of study, improved written and verbal skills in Spanish, and the opportunity to work with Peruvian professionals.
    • 16 Young Peruvian Professionals with practical experience in their chosen field of study and the opportunity to work with Canadian professionals and student interns.
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 21. Methodology of Team Work
    • Project teams comprised of counterpart and WUSC personnel
    • Experienced P eruvian p rofessionals
    • Recent C anadian and P eruvian university graduates
    • Short term C anadian and P eruvian student interns
    • Local volunteers
    Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 22. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Learning While Doing
    • Strengthening Municipalities as providers of W&S services: Diagnostics, Designs, Equipment Materials, Training, Technical Support, Construction
    • Strengthening Municipalities as providers of Orientation and Assistance to Peri-Urban and Rural Populations: Identify, organize & fund local projects, donations of materials, purification equipment, technical plans, training, education, administration of W&S services
    Methodology of Learning by Doing
  • 23. Lessons Learned Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    • Project requests from counterparts often do not have sound technical, economic or social justification.
    • Counterparts must demonstrate their committement (political will) to the project by:
      • Soliciting our assistance.
      • Committing to financing part of the project.
      • In kind contribution and unskilled labour.
    • Technical solutions alone do not give sustainability to the system.
    • Importance of Training and Education in community: Management & Execution capacity, household water storage and quality control techniques, basic hygiene
    • Awareness of W&S project and on-going consultation (monitoring) with the community, counterpart, prior, during and after work
    • Promote , with counterpart, community, civil society associations, local committees, project objectives, methodologies and results
    • Preparation of blueprints for key infrastructure projects can lead to the leverage of large scale funding
    • Women’s participation not only allows us to meet our goals, but gives sustainability to the projects.
    Project requests are often politically motivated or required to meet federal regulations that are inappropriate to the community
  • 24. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    • Risk Factors
      • Lack of institutional and legal framework for W&S
      • Political interference in staffing and budgeting
      • High staff turn-over at all levels at counterpart
      • Lack of saving capacity of users
    • Mitigating Strategies
      • Regular consultation with counterpart and beneficiaries
      • Renegotiate terms of agreements wherever possible particularly with new administartion after elections
      • Terms and duration of agreements tocoincide with municipal terms of office
      • Counterparts and benificiaries encouraged to provide in-kind contributions: personnel, office space,lodging, transportation, materials, unskilled labour
  • 25. Linking results and sustainability Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
    • Sound & proven project management best practices (Project Management, RBM, LFA & Risk Management)
    • Selection of counterpart : demonstration of commitment, capacity and real needs of the counterpart/ community
    • Learning while doing & Team work Approaches
    • Ownernship / Empowerment: Involve community,stakeholders from start of project
    • Maintain on-going consultation and communication with beneficiaries and community
    • On-going education and training for counterpart and community
    • Involve women in all aspects of project
    • Post Impact Assessment
    • Leveraging with community, beneficiaries, agencies, international donors
  • 26. COST SHARING AND LEVERAGE Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru
  • 27. Strengthening Municipal Capacity in W&S in Peru Thank you for your attention Questions?