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Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
Siena: Carbon Free 2015
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Siena: Carbon Free 2015

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  • 1. 6,(1$ &$5%21 )5(( 6WUDWHJLHV IRU FOLPDWH FKDQJH5 3$2/2 $635,1,(19,5210(17$/ 32/,,(6 6(725 ,5(725+$03 7XUNX HFHPEHU
  • 2. 6,(1$ 3529,1( $1 ,76 7(55,725 Siena 6XUIDFH 3.821 kms ,QKDELWDQWV 270.000 0XQLFLSDOLWLHV 36 8QHPSORHPHQW 4% 0DLQ DFWLYLWLHV Agricolt ure / Tourisme / Services 81(62 VLWHV Siena/ San Gimignano / Pienza / Val d’Orcia
  • 3. 6,(1$ 3529,1( $0,1,675$7,21 281,/ 35(6,(17 200,77(( 6(5(7$5,$7 ,5(7,21 (3$570(176 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES NATURAL RESERVES AND FAUNISTIC RESOURCES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RURAL DEVELOPMENT SCHOOL CULTURE AND WELFARE TRAINING AND WORK /RFDO DXWKRULW PUBLIC WORKS AND TERRITORY ASSESTMENT (PSORHHV STUDIES AND RESERCHES INSTITUTIONAL MATTERS 7HUULWRULDO SODQQLQJ IXQFWLRQV GENERAL MATTERS FINANCIAL AND HUMAN RESOURCES TRANSPORTS PROVINCIAL POLICE
  • 4. 6,(1$ 3529,1((19,5210(17$/ (57,),$7,2166LHQD 3URYLQFH REWHLQHG PDQ LQWHUQDWLRQDO UHFRQJQLWLRQVIRU LWV HQYLURQPHQWDO SHUIRUPDQFHV ,62 (19,5210(17$/ (57,),$7,21 since 2003 (0$6 5HJLVWUDWLRQ since 2006 ,62 %$/$1( *5((1 +286( *$6 since 2008 (first cert ificat ion on dat a 2006) ,62 (1(5* (57,),$7,21 – in progress
  • 5. Managing Urban Europe 25 proj ect Cities involved: involved: Provincia di Siena Comune di Ancona Balatonfüred Kaunas, Växjö, Lahti, Ascha, Berlin-Lichtenberg, Donaueschingen, Ludwisburg, Neu- Ulm, Paderborn, Tübingen, Wiesbaden, Würzburg, County ofOrganizations involved: involved: Nordhausen, Leeds, Lewes,8%,/(, Luwisburg, Oslo, Riga,Siauliai,8QLYHUVLW RI :HVW (QJODQG %ULVWRO81(3 *5, ± $UHQGDO Siofok, Stoccolma, Turku%RGHQVHH6WLIWXQJ/DNH %DODWRQ HYHORSPHQW $JHQF $5(QHUJLH LWHV $66855( ,06 DQDOVLV WR EXLOW DQ (XURSHDQ PRGHO IRU VXVWDLQDEOH FLWLHV
  • 6. ,(( 6XVWDLQDEOH QRZ SURMHFW 6XVWDLQDEOH 12: (XURSHDQ 6XVWDLQDEOH (QHUJ RPPXQLWLHV (IIHFWLYH ,QWHJUDWHG /RFDO (QHUJ $FWLRQ 7RGDCit ies and organizat ionsinvolved: HYHORS FDSDFLW t o st rengt hen t he role of local andBourgas, Rosignano Marit t imo, provincial government s as polit ical and administ rat iveLudwisburg, Miskolc, Munich, bodies guiding communit ies in t he sust ainable energyBologna, Woking BoroughCouncil, Trecodome, Alleanza UHDWH LQVWUXPHQWV t hat build on st at e-of-t he-artdel Clima, Coordinament o Local Energy Act ion Plan (LEAP)Agenda 21 locali it aliane, 0DNH WKH UHVXOWV ZLGHO DYDLODEOH t hrough t heEcovision GmbH, Banca European Sust ainable Cit ies and Towns CampaignPopolare Et ica *XLGH /($3 LPSOHPHQWDWLRQ in select ed learning communit ies
  • 7. CHAMPlogoThe obj ect ives for t he CHAMP proj ect are:• To considerably cont ribut e t o fulfilling t he EU environment al and climat e change commit ment s, legislat ions and t arget s in a cost -effect ive way by support ing local level t hrough a compet ence development package on Int egrat ed Management Syst ems (IMS).• To creat e nat ional hubs t o support local and subregional aut horit ies in t heir st rive t o cont ribut e t o t he reduct ion of EU green house gases t rough implement at ion of IMS.• To raise t he awareness on t he IMS as an effect ive inst rument t o combat climat e change among nat ional aut horit ies, EMAS compet ent bodies, EMAS audit ors, subregional and local aut horit ies as well as t he public.• To demonst rat e low-carbon foot print proj ect management and implement at ion and t o secure t he cont inuat ion of t he proj ect processes t hrough t he launch of an IMS net work.
  • 8. CHAMPlogoITALIAN CITIES INVOLVED OBSERVATORS GROUPEXPERT GROUP BERGAMO PROVINCESIENA PROVINCE PISTOIA PROVINCEFERRARA PROVINCE MUNICIPALITY OF:AATO LAGUNA VENEZIA CALTANISSETTAMUNICIPALITY OF: DESIO/ MEDAANCONA FAVARAMANTOVA AREA FIORENTINAPADOVA TRAINING GROUP PERUGIA PROVINCE MUNICIPALITY OF: ASTI LA SPEZIA PAVIA CESANO MADERNO FIRENZE
  • 9. :+ 6,(1$ $5%21 )5(( • 2 HPLVVLRQV DUH RQH RI WKH ELJ HQYLURQPHQWDO SUREOHPV LQ WKH ZRUOG• ,W LV DQ DEVROXWH SULRULW WR ORZHU WKH OHYHO RI 2 HPLVVLRQV• (YHU FRPPXQLW VKRXOG IHHO UHVSRQVLEOH IRU HPLVVLRQV DQG WDNH DFWLYH PHDVXUHV WR WKHP
  • 10. 7+( 5($6216 )256,(1$ $5%21 )5(( (7+,$/$QVZHULQJ WKH HPHUJHQF WR GR VRPHWKLQJ QRZ WR UHGXFHHPLVVLRQV32/,7,$/,QYROYLQJ WKH GLYHUVH FRPSRQHQWV RI VRFLHW(19,5210(17$/+DYLQJ SRVLWLYH HIIHFWV RQ GLIIHUHQW HQYLURQPHQWDOFRPSRQHQWV7(+1,$/7KH SURMHFW LV PHDVXUDEOH DQG SUHVXSSRVHV WKHGHYHORSPHQW RI WHFKQRORJLHV DQG VROXWLRQV
  • 11. +2: 7+( 352-(7 :$6 %251´7KHUH DUHQ·W IDYRXUDEOH ZLQGVIRU WKRVH ZKR GRQ·W NQRZ ZKHUH WKH DUH JRLQJµ 6HQHFD ODWLQ ZULWHU
  • 12. 6WHSV WRZDUG 6LHQD DUERQ )UHH
  • 13. *+* ,19(67,*$7(GHG of Kyot o Agreement invest igat ed• R FDUERQ GLR[LGH• K PHWKDQH• 1R QLWUJHQ R[LGHThese gas are not invest igat ed because in t he sieneset errit ory t here is not a big elect ronic indust ry sect or• +)• 3)• 6)*+* (0,66,216 $5( $/8/$7( ,1 W 2) 2(48,9$/(17 86,1* 7+( */2%$/ :$50,1* 327(17,$/
  • 14. *+* (0,66,216 ,19(17257+( 0(7+22/2* ,3 *XLGHOLQHV IRU 1DWLRQDO *UHHQKRXVH *DV,QYHQWRULHV,3 ,QWHUJRYHUQPHQWDO 3DQHO RQ OLPDWH KDQJH ,18675 (1(5* :$67( $)2/8 352(66(6 1(7 (0,66,216 2 (48
  • 15. 0$526(7256 $1 6285(2) (0,66,21 ,19(67,*$7( 9Elect ric energy 9Oil product s • (QHUJ 9incinerat or (0,66,216 • ,QGXVWU 9Indust ry processes 9Dump • :DVWH 9Compost 9Effluent wat ers 9Soil use5($%62537,21 • $JULFROWXUH )RUHVW DQG 9Agricolt ure$1 (0,66,216 /DQG XVH $)2/8
  • 16. 9Breeding 9Forest absorpt ion
  • 17. 7+( %$/$1( 5(68/76 2, 000, 000 ¢ ¤ § ¨ ¨ ¦ £ ¢ ¥ ¥ ¦ £ ¢   £¦ ¢ ¤ ¢ ¦§ ¦ £   ¢ ¥ ¦  ¡ ¢ £¦   1, 500, 000 2006 ¢ 2007 2008 1, 000, 000 2009 ¤    ¡ £ £ ¥ §  ¦ £¦ ¢ ¢ 500, 000 § ¨ ¥ £¡ £t CO 2eq ¢ § ¥ ¢ ¤ © ¥   0 2006 -500, 000 2007 2008 2009 -1, 000, 000 ¢ ¡§ ¥ ¨ ¦ ¢ ¦   § ¦¤ ¦   ¢   £ ¢ ¦¥ ¤ ¤ ¦ ¢ ¦ ¢ § § © ¦   ¢   ¢ -1, 500, 000 Gross emissions Removal by t rees Net emissions
  • 18. 2 5($%62537,21 WRGD DQG WKH IXWXUH 120, 00 100, 00 80, 005($%62537,21 5($/ $7$ 60, 00 35(9,286 $7$ 40, 00 20, 00 0, 00 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 ($56
  • 19. )($6,%,/,772 5(6(7 2 (0,66,216 ,1 $FWLRQV WR UHDFK RI UHDEVRUSWLRQ IURP WR 6(725 2) ,17(59(17,21 6,(1$ *2$/6 (8 *2$/6Energy by renewable energy source product ion Energy for heat ing and light ing Energy for t ransport Forest development and fire prevent ion Emissions reduct ion
  • 20. )($6,%,/,7 72 5(6(7 2 (0,66,216 ,1 3UHYLVLRQDO GDWD WR JR RQ HPLVVLRQV LQ 120, 00 WHUULWRU HPLVVLRQV IDOOHQ100 , 00 Siena 80, 00 Province 60, 00 Tuscany It aly 40, 00 Europe 20, 00 World § § § § 0, 00 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 ($56 6,(1$ $5%21 )5(( 352-(7 ,6 $%62/87(/ 5(3/,( ,1 27+(5 28175,(6
  • 21. $5%21 )5(( ),1$/ ())(76 E.Prod. MWh/ y less t CO2/ y Var 2007-2015 2011 579.350EL from RES - cogen. e hydr. 10,50 1,00 71.500 39.584EL from RES - phot ovolt aic 22,00 27,00 28.750 15.917EL from RES - eolic 8,00 0,00 16.000 8.858EL from RES - biomas 17,50 9,00 108.000 59.792EL from RES - geot hermy 40,00 32,00 299.200 165.645EL from WASTE 10,40 10,40 55.900 30.948 less TEP/ yES from public building -4,50% -7.411 17.298ES from privat e building -4,50% -52.500 122.540ES from fact ory building -4,50% 2.007ES from t ransport -2,50% 18.522Increasing forest surface 180 1.469less emission less t CO2 eq/ y 481.110more reabsorpt ion less t CO2 eq/ y 1.469BALANCE IN 2015final emission t CO2 eq/ y 1.135.068final reabsorpt ion t CO2 eq/ y 1.145.187final balance t CO2 eq/ y -10.119 5($%62537,21
  • 22. 0$526(725 2) ,17(59(17,21• (QHUJ IURP 5HQHZDEOH (QHUJ 6RXUFH SURGXFWLRQ• ,QFUHDVLQJ RI HQHUJ VDYLQJ• (QHUJ HIILFLHQF LQ EXLOGLQJV• 7UDQVSRUW FRQVXPSWLRQV UHGXFWLRQ• 3URWHFWLRQ DQG GHYHORSPHQW RI %LRGLYHUVLW DQG )RUHVW VXUIDFH
  • 23. ),5( 35(9(17,21Siena Province has a dry climat e t hen it is subj ect t o forest fire, fort his reason it has an KHDY IRUHVW ILUH FRQWURO DFWLYLW t o prot ectLandscape, Biodiversit y and limit CO2 emissions 7KH ILUH FRQWURO DFWLYLW LV YHU HIIHFWLYH KD LV WKH IRUHVW DUHD RQO KD FRPEXVWHG LQ HDU Q ILUH IRUHVW DUHD KD QR IRUHVW DUHD KD ILUH DUHD KD IRUHVW DUHD ILUHIRUHVW DUHD 2006 40 28,4 42,9 71,2 0,018 2007 37 28,3 148 176,3 0,018 2008 23 21,8 33,2 55 0,014 2009 27 5,6 6,6 12,3 0,004 2010 17 5,2 17,5 22,8 0,003)RUHVW DUHD ILUHIRUHVW DUHD 6,(1$ 3529,1( 3529,(6 72 7+( 5()25(67$7,21 2) 20%867( )25(67 $5($6
  • 24. %,2,9(56,7 3527(7,21In Siena Province t here are• 70.000 ha of prot ect ed areas• 14 Nat ural Reserves (10.000 ha)• 18 sit es (60.000 ha) Nat ure Syst em2000 (European Communit yInt erest sit es and Special Prot ect ion Areas) Siena Province values t he prot ect ed species of European communit yFLO3.jpg 159 species of animals 77 veget ables 23 habit at
  • 25. 21752/6 21 5(6,(17,$/ 7+(50$/ 3/$176By cont rols on t hermal plant s on t he t errit ory, SienaProvince cont ribut es t o t he improvement of CO2reduct ion, energy efficiency and cit izens safet y HDU Q WKHUPDO SODQWV FRQWROOHG NJ 2 DYRLGHGHDUOHYHU WKHUPDO SODQW ZHOO FRQWUROOHG 2007 54.678 2008 57.884 ; WKHUPDO SODQWV LQ WKH 2009 86.589 WHUULWRU NJ 2 DYRLGHG W 2 HTHDU DYRLGHG %RLOHU QRW %RLOHU HIILFLHQW HIILFLHQW VDYLQJ RI SURGXFWLYLW SURGXFWLYLW HIILFLHQW ERLOHU
  • 26. demand 11.200 kWh/ year 11.200 kWh/ year =Mc 1356 1200 - 156 Mc/ yearmet hane/ year 343 kg / year CO2CO2 2.983 kg/ year 2.640 kg/ year fallen
  • 27. (1(5* $8,7 21 5($/ (67$7(• Monit oring dat a on energy and wat er consumpt ions• Analysis on efficiency of energy t ransformat ions and on use of energy sources• Planning t o improve an efficiency use of energy• Opt imum condit ions of furnit ures• Consumpt ions indicat ors t o compare before/ aft er and verify• Specific int ervent ions: regulat ing elect rical plant s, bet t er efficiency heat ing plant s, renewable energies… Real est at es of Province of Siena audit 400.000 m3
  • 28. 3$57,,3$7,21Siena Carbon Free 2015 proj ectinvolves local administ rat ors, The main act ions are:st akeholders, companies,associat ions and cit izens •,QIRUPDWLRQ DQG VHQVLWL]DWLRQEvery cit izen has t o be involvedin daily act ions t o reduce CO2 •(QYLURQPHQWDOemissions HGXFDWLRQ LQ VFKRROV DQG WUDLQLQJ IRUThe communicat ion act ivit y is ZRUNHUVfounded on educat ion aboutenergy saving, energy • ,QYROYHPHQWefficiency and RES energy • 5HFRJQLWLRQ
  • 29. 20081,7,1)250$7,21• 5HSRUW RQ HQYLURQPHQWDO VWDWXV• (QHUJ :HHN• ([KLELWLRQ RQ HQHUJ SURMHFWV• :HE VLWHV• 9LGHR RQ ORFDO WHOHYLVLRQ• (QHUJ IURQW RIILFH LQ HDFK 0XQLFLSDOLW WR LQIRUP DERXW RSSRUWXQLWLHV WR LQVWDOO 5(6 SODQWV• (QYLURQPHQWDO (GXFDWLRQ LQ VFKRROV
  • 30. 7+( ,192/90(17 2) 67$.(+2/(566,(17,), $1 7(+12/2*, 32/(2) 5(1(:$%/( (1(5*,(6$:$56 %(67 35$7,(6 21 25(87,21%5$1 6,(1$ $5%21 )5((7+( ,167,787( )25 5(6
  • 31. :$67( 0$1$*(0(17• The wast e management is managed by one company• Goals:• 5HGXFWLRQ RI ZDVWH SURGXFWLRQ• LIIHUHQWLDWHG FROOHFWLRQ• 0DWHULDO DQG (QHUJ UHFRYHU• 2 HPLVVLRQV IURP ODQGILOO UHGXFWLRQ• )LQDO GLVSRVDO
  • 32. (1(5* )520 :$67(($5 3URGXFWLRQ 0:K
  • 33. 2008 5.426,902009 21.944,92 2011 26.701,73Unt il 30.6.2011
  • 34. (QHUJ IURP ZDVWH%,2*$6ENERGY FROM BIOGAS5.158,518 MWh2011 dat a unt il 30.6.2011
  • 35. 7KH LPSRUWDQFH RI,))(5(17,$7( :$67( 2//(7,212 HPLVVLRQV ZLWKZLWKRXW GLIIHUHQWLDWHG ZDVWH FROOHFWLRQLQ 6LHQD 3URYLQFH350.000300.000250.000200.000150.000100.000 50. 000 0 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 t CO2eq considerando la raccolta dif ferenziata t CO2eq considerando che non ci f osse la raccolta diff erenziata,Q 6LHQD 3URYLQFH GLIIHUHQWLDWHG ZDVWH FROOHFWLRQ
  • 36. 5(6 (1(5*62/$5 3+27292/7$,Siena Province allows t heinst allat ion of RES plant sin sit es compat ible wit h t helandscape conservat ionTo inst all phot ovolt aic plant s t here were researched lowenvironment al level areas like landfills, decommissionedmines, indust rial buildingsPhot ovolt aic pannels t hat will be inst alled in t hese areaswill cover a VXUIDFH RI KD on 382.000 ha wit h apower of 0:S.
  • 37. ,1(17,9(6 )25 3+27292/7$, 3/$176Siena Province gives founds t o inst all small sizephot ovolt aic pannels7KH UHVXOWV WRGD DIWHU WZR HDUV•Commit t ed resources 1.803.950,04•Invest ement s 18.518.349,38•Power kWp 3.419,03•Product ion MWh/ year 4.273,79•CO2 avoid t / year 2.350,58•Plant s incent ivat ed 546
  • 38. 39 3/$176 ,1 6,(1$ 3529,1( 30 25 20 39 3/$1760:S 15 10 5 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 ($56
  • 39. 5(6 (1(5*$JULFROWXUH ELRPDVVIn Siena t errit ory biomass plant s forenergy are inst alled t o recoveragricolt ural biomass9 MWp inst alled now 17,50 MWp inst alled in t he fut ure SODQWV 0:S $QDHURELF GLJHVWRUV *DVVLILFDWLRQ RPEXVWLRQ
  • 40. The great resource of Siena Province*(27+(5035287,21 0:+($5$OPRVW 2) 727$/ 2) (/(75, 2168037,21The geot hermy in Siena Province was exploit ed for XIXcent ury.The geot hermal energy is due t o t he hot vapour of t heeart h.This shows it self increasing t emperat ure of rocks by deep(medium 3° C per 100m of deep).Some areas, as well as Siena Province, have more t hant he medium (9° C-12° C per 100m) because of geologicalanomalies or volcanos.Thermal energy in t he soil is available by fluid vect ors(wat er or vapour) t hat drain from t he geot hermalreservoir t o t he surface spont aneously (geyser, fumarole,t hermal springs) or delivered art ificially by mechanicperforat ion (geot hermal well).
  • 41. *(27+(50 SRVVLEOH XVHVKLJK PHGLXP ORZ KHDW FRQWHQW
  • 42. ORZ KHDW FRQWHQW
  • 43. 7+( *(27+(50 (175$/6
  • 44. (1(5* 2168037,216RQVXPSWLRQV 7(3
  • 45. IRU KHDWLQJ LQ 6LHQD 3URYLQFH160000140000 @9 56 78 6120000 A C 9B EFD100000 $XWRPRWLYH FRQVXPSWLRQV80000 7(3
  • 46. LQ 6LHQD 3URYLQFH600004000020000 160000 0 140000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 120000 # 100000 ! G (P H IR % 80000 G 2 ( HIP Q H Q R % P I ST IU G ( 60000 40000 20000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 $% 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 ( )0 0 2 1 )0 34
  • 47. 3/$11,1* (/(75,$/ (1(5* )520 5(6 ($5 ($5
  • 48. ($5 (1(5* (1(5* (1(5* 32:(5 0: 32:(5 0: 32:(5 0: 0:+ 0:+ 0:+*(27+(50$/ 39 %,20$66 +(2/, :$67( 2*(1(5$7,21KGU 727$/ (/ (1 5(6 (/(75 (1(5* 2168037,21 5(6 (/(75 (1(5*
  • 49. $)7(5 6,; 0217+6
  • 50. 7+( *2$/ 6,(1$ $5%21 )5(( (/(75,$/ (1(5* 0:K
  • 51. 352-(7 ,6 $%62/87(/ 200000 0 5(3/,( ,1 27+(5 28175,(6 180000 0‰ € 160000 0‘ ’ “” 140000 0ˆ ‰ € …  120000 0 YX a` Xb `d x ` g VW V W Vc V e e V† € ‡ 100000 0 YX a` Xb `d Xf hg af VW V W Vc V e c ip Y c y … 80000 0„ ƒ 60000 0y € y  ‚ ƒ 40000 0 20000 0 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Vb ` g qr r qr e us vw t 6,(1$ 3529,1( :,// (;3257 ,76 /($1 (1(5*
  • 52. 0DQ WKDQNV IRU RXUDWWHQWLRQFRQWDFWV3DROR DVSULQL6LHQD 3URYLQFH (QYLURQPHQW 3ROLFLHV 6HFWRU9LD 0DVVHWDQD 6LHQD ² ,WDO3KRQH )D[ (PDLO FDVSULQL#SURYLQFLDVLHQDLW:HE ZZZSURYLQFLDVLHQDLW

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