smart card and typrs of smart card

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smart card and typrs of smart card

  1. 1. PREPARED BY UBAID UR REHMAN 
  2. 2.          What is Smart Card? History Design Types of smart cards Applications Security with smart cards Benefits Problems References
  3. 3.     Small plastic card embedded with an IC chip. Chip can be either a memory or microprocessor type. Useful for storing and transacting data. Data is associated with either value, information, or both.
  4. 4.      In 1968 & 1969, German engineers Helmut Grőttru & Jűrgen Dethloff filed patents for automated chi card. French inventor Roland Moreno patented the memory card concept in 1974. Michel Ugon from Honeywell Bull invented the first microprocessor smart card in 1977. Until mid 80s most of the work on Smart Cards w at the research and development level. First commercial use was French debit cards.
  5. 5. CLK RST VCC RFU GND RFU VPP I/O
  6. 6. Based on the way the smart card interacts with the Card Reader, smart cards are of three types: Contact Smart Cards Contactless Hybrid Smart Cards Cards
  7. 7.      Defined in ISO 7810 standard. Have contact area of approx. 1 cm2 This area comprises of several gold-plated contact pads. Pads provides electrical conductivity. Power is supplied by card reader.
  8. 8.     Uses RF induction technology to communicate and to be powered. Defined in ISO 14443 standard. Communicates at data rates of 106-848 kbps. Requires an antenna to communicate.
  9. 9.  Implements former two interfaces on a single card.  On developing stage.  Example is Andante, Porto’s multiapplication transport card.
  10. 10. • • • • • Financial > As ATM cards, Fuel cards, SIMs. > As electronic wallet. Identification (Dude! Be Smart.) Public Transit. Educational Institutes. > Tracking Student attendance. > As an electronic purse to pay various bills. > Access control of some buildings. In healthcare.
  11. 11. The standard security goals like  Authentication  Confidentiality  Integrity  Non-repudiation can easily be provided by using smart cards..
  12. 12.       Easy to use. Individuals gain increased convenience. Multiple tasks can be done by a single card. An important key in Egovernance. Enhanced security. A handsome way to deal with the things.
  13. 13.  High probability for damage of card.  Malware can break smart card security model.  Lack of standards for functionality & security.

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