Solar System


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Solar System

  1. 1. The Solar System By Ahmed, Youseff, Hannah, Ayah
  2. 2. Planet’s Formation <ul><li>The planets were formed by the Big Bang Theory, which was when all sorts of gases combined in one place, and a huge explosion occurred. Rocks formed, over a million of years they cooled down, and became planets, that was considered billions of years before any life was in the universe. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Order of Planets from the sun <ul><li>1.Mercury 2.Venus 3.Earth 4.Mars 5.Jupitor 6.Saturn 7.Uranus 8.Neptune </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mercury <ul><li>Types of temperature in </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury, the nearest planet form the sun, are </li></ul><ul><li>totally different than any other planets. The temperature </li></ul><ul><li>rises to 450 degrees Celsius, and at night it </li></ul><ul><li>goes to -180 degrees Celsius. Mercury is 58 million </li></ul><ul><li>kilometers away from the sun </li></ul><ul><li>and orbits around the sun for 88 </li></ul><ul><li>days. Mercury’s equator is about 3,024 miles, </li></ul><ul><li>and it takes 58.6 days to turn on its axis. </li></ul><ul><li>There is cliffs which are 2 </li></ul><ul><li>miles high, it shows that this had been </li></ul><ul><li>formed three billion years ago. Its surface is </li></ul><ul><li>filled with thousands of craters which was made of </li></ul><ul><li>meteors crashing into Mercury. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Venus <ul><li>Venus is a very interesting planet. Its </li></ul><ul><li>about the same size as Earth, and much </li></ul><ul><li>hotter than Mercury with about a difference </li></ul><ul><li>of 30 degrees Celsius. </li></ul><ul><li>The distance from the </li></ul><ul><li>sun is 108 million kilometers, and </li></ul><ul><li>255 days to have a full </li></ul><ul><li>circle around the sun, its equator is </li></ul><ul><li>about 7.504 miles, and it takes 243 days to </li></ul><ul><li>Turn on its axis. . Its very </li></ul><ul><li>hard to see through the clouds </li></ul><ul><li>of Venus, they almost kept every </li></ul><ul><li>part of Venus hidden. The most </li></ul><ul><li>interesting part is that Venus actually </li></ul><ul><li>has thousands of volcanoes, and they may be </li></ul><ul><li>erupting right now! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Our Home Planet <ul><li>Earth is the is the biggest rocky planet in </li></ul><ul><li>the Solar System, and also the only planet that </li></ul><ul><li>Has life on it, at least </li></ul><ul><li>that what we know until </li></ul><ul><li>now. Earth is similar to </li></ul><ul><li>other planets, it has </li></ul><ul><li>craters, which is similar to </li></ul><ul><li>Mercury, and it has similarities </li></ul><ul><li>with Venus such as the volcanoes. Earth is </li></ul><ul><li>150 million kilometers from the sun, and orbits </li></ul><ul><li>around for 365 days. Its equator is 7,909 </li></ul><ul><li>Miles. Earth is the nearest planet to the sun </li></ul><ul><li>which has a moon orbit around it. Earth has </li></ul><ul><li>about 70% of water, that’s one of the reasons we can </li></ul><ul><li>live in this planet. Also Earth has 21% oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>, and 78% nitrogen, all sorts of organisms </li></ul><ul><li>depend on them. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mars <ul><li>If you saw Mars you would say its a </li></ul><ul><li>desert while its much </li></ul><ul><li>bigger than that. The </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere is mainly </li></ul><ul><li>carbon dioxide. The </li></ul><ul><li>temperatures rise to </li></ul><ul><li>20 degrees Celsius, but </li></ul><ul><li>usually it lowers lesser </li></ul><ul><li>than -23 degrees Celsius. </li></ul><ul><li>Mars billion years ago it was very different </li></ul><ul><li>, the atmosphere was much more thicker, there </li></ul><ul><li>was erupting volcanoes, and there is several </li></ul><ul><li>volcanoes now located in the northern </li></ul><ul><li>hemisphere, but there are not erupting no longer. Some </li></ul><ul><li>Astronomers believe there would be microscopic </li></ul><ul><li>Organisms living there! Mars's equator is 4,213 miles </li></ul><ul><li>,and 228 million kilometers from the sun. It takes 24.6 </li></ul><ul><li>hours to spin on its axis, and it takes 1.88 years to </li></ul><ul><li>orbit the sun. Mars got two moons. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Jupiter <ul><li>Jupiter is the largest planet </li></ul><ul><li>in our Solar System. The </li></ul><ul><li>planet has winds that goes </li></ul><ul><li>to 400 kilometers per hour! </li></ul><ul><li>It has amazing clouds, which </li></ul><ul><li>are made of frozen water </li></ul><ul><li>crystals, its atmosphere is </li></ul><ul><li>made of helium, and </li></ul><ul><li>hydrogen. If you compare </li></ul><ul><li>Earth with Jupiter, Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>would be 11 times bigger! </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter’s gravity is very strong </li></ul><ul><li>because of it’s humongous mass. It has </li></ul><ul><li>a thin unclear ring around it, and made of </li></ul><ul><li>fine dust! Jupiter’s equator is 88.650 miles, </li></ul><ul><li>482 million miles from the sun, It takes </li></ul><ul><li>9.9 hours to spin on its axis, and it takes </li></ul><ul><li>11.8 years to have a full orbit around the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Jupiter has the largest number of moons in </li></ul><ul><li>the Solar System, 28 moons! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Saturn <ul><li>Saturn is second largest planet in the Solar </li></ul><ul><li>System. It consists of liquid and gas. Saturn </li></ul><ul><li>has fierce winds that </li></ul><ul><li>goes 992 miles per hour. </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn has extraordinary </li></ul><ul><li>rings they consist of rock, </li></ul><ul><li>frozen water, and dust altogether. </li></ul><ul><li>About every 5 years the position of </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn changes, it goes up then down. </li></ul><ul><li>Its equator is 80,389 miles, 885 million miles </li></ul><ul><li>from the sun, 10.5 hours to spin on its axis, </li></ul><ul><li>It takes 24.46 years to orbit around the sun </li></ul><ul><li>, and it has 24 moons attached to it. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Uranus