7 wonders of the World


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7 wonders of the World

  2. 2. For many nations since the ancient times number seven has been considered to be special
  3. 3. The Giza Necropolis is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cair, Egypt.
  4. 4. It is the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.
  5. 5. The sculptor Hares was creating Colossus for 12 years. Colossus of Rhodes stood on a white marble pedestal, slightly leaning back. A statue of the god rose at the entrance to the harbour of Rhodes, and was visible from nearby islands.
  6. 6. In November stood for The Colossus2008 it was announced about the sixty-five years. In 222 BC. reconstruction of the the earthquake destroyed statues in the form of the statue. lighting installations.
  7. 7. COLOSSEUM The construction of the amphitheater was started by Emperor Vespasian, after his victories in Asia in 72 AD.
  8. 8. Inistheinteresting fact year of 405 It an AD The Colosseum that in the Colosseum the shooting battles of had fallen into Bruce Lee and was disrepairand Chuck Norris from the movie destroyed before "The Return of the 1740. Dragon“ took place.
  9. 9. The city of ancient America is located in Peru, at the top of the ridge at an altitude of 2450 meters.
  10. 10. There is only a mention of Nebuchadnezzar’s wife Amyitis about Hanging Gardens. However, it is possible that cuneiform texts on the Hanging Gardens may yet be found. There is some controversy as to whether the Hanging Gardens were an actual construction or a poetic creation, owing to the lack of documents in modern Babylonian sources.
  11. 11. The river flowed east of its current position during the time of Nebuchadnezzar II, and therefore little is known about the western portion of Today archaeological evidence hasn't been found at Babylon for the Hanging Gardens. It is possible that this evidence exists beneath the Euphrates, which cannot be excavated safely at present.
  12. 12. Modern scientists believe that the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were actually constructed by the Assyrian king Sennacherib for his palace at Nineveh.
  13. 13. Was built between 280 and 247 BC on the island of Pharos at Alexandria in Egypt. Its purpose was to guide sailors into the harbour at night. Its height was 450 meters.
  14. 14. By the XII century Alexandrian harbour silted up, the ships could not use it. The lighthouse went into decline. In the XIV century, the lighthouse was destroyed by an earthquake.
  15. 15. In the V century BC. the citizens of Olympia decided to build the temple of Zeus. The majestic building was errected between 466 and 456 years BC It was built of huge stone blocks, and surrounded by massive columns.
  16. 16. The architect Phidias was sculpting the statue of Zeus in the temple for 21 years. It was beautiful & magnificent. It was made The Earthquake destroyed the statue almost completely in of gold, the II century BC. diamonds and emeralds!
  17. 17. The temple was built in the middle of the VI century BC. A statue of the goddess Artemis was made of gold and ivory.
  18. 18. But in 356 BC. Herostratus burnt the temple, wishing to become famous such a way. The temple was a financial and business centre of Ephesus.
  19. 19. The Monument of carian ruler Mausolus. Artemisia II ordered to build it in the middle of the IV century BC in Halicarnassus. The Mausoleum was constructed by the great Greek architects, such as Satyr, Pytheas, Leohar, Scopas, Timotheus and Briaksid.
  20. 20. In the XIII century the mausoleum was destroyed by an earthquake. In 1846 the expedition of the British Museum explored the ruins.
  21. 21. The construction of the first wall began in the III century BC The length of the wall The wall was built is 9800 kilometers long . to protect China's borders from attacks of the barbarians
  22. 22. Until the 20th century the wall was gradually There is a legend that the foundation of being destroyed by sandstorms. the walls was made of a mixture of However, on June 25, 1899 there appeared builders’ bodies and rice porridge with a a rumour about demolition of the Great Wal mixture of slaked lime. of China in American newspapers. After this event the reconstruction of the wall began.
  23. 23. Petra was an ancient city, the capital of Idumea, and later the capital of the Nabataean kingdom. Located in Jordan.
  24. 24. Petra was located at the crossroads of the two major trade routes. Hundreds of years of trade brought great wealth to Petra. But when the Romans discovered the sea routes to the East, overland spice trade came to naught, and Petra was gradually exhausted, lost in the sands.
  25. 25. Taj Mahal is a mausoleum-mosque, located in Agra, India, on the banks of the river Yamuna. Built on the order of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died in child-birth.
  26. 26. Taj Mahal is considered to be the best example of Mughal architecture style, which combines the elements of Persian, Indian and In 1983, the Taj Mahal Islamic architectural styles. was named a «pearl of Muslim art in India, one of the recognized masterpieces of heritage, which is admired throughout the
  27. 27. Chichen Itza was a political and cultural centre of the Maya in the north of the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico). The holy city of the itza people is located 120 kilometers east of the city of Merida.
  28. 28. The city was founded in the VII century AD. At the time of the Spanish conquest of Chichen Itza it was a ruin. The remains of the city can be divided into two groups. The first includes buildings, dating from the VI-VII centuries and relating to the period of Mayan culture. The second group of buildings relates to the period of Toltec X-XI centuries.
  29. 29. The Statue of Christ the Redeemer is the famous statue of Christ with outstretched arms at the top of Corcovado mountain in Rio de Janeiro. It is a symbol of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. The statue is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone.
  30. 30. In 1921 the approaching centenary of national independence inspired Brazil's city fathers to build a monument of Christ the Redeemer. The magazine "O Cruzeiro" announced a fundraiser for a subscription to the construction of the monument. As a result of the campaign there were collected 2.2 million reals. The construction of the statue went on for about nine years from 1922 to 1931. October 12, 1931 is the date of the grand opening and consecration of the monument