Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Chapter 6:   Social Work Practice           withAgencies and the Community   Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Col...
Empowering Programs with Resources that Enhance Social Work Education     Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole P...
Social Work: A Competency-           Oriented Education Council on Social Work Education (CSWE)  - Defines Educational Po...
Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 The Textbook – - “Helping Hands” icons call attention to content that relates to Practice ...
Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 (cont’d) The Practice Behaviors Workbook developed  with the text provides assignable exer...
Generalist practice• Also applies at exosystem and macrosystem levels• Assistance to individuals and families can often be...
Social work with communitiesCommunities:• Can be conceptual rather than geographic• May be defined as spaces, interactions...
Social work roles in communities       • broker                    ● advocate       ● enabler                   ● activist...
Community practice approaches•   Neighborhood and community organizing•   Organizing functional communities•   Community, ...
Basic definitions • Community organizing – social work practice   method and field of practice • Community practitioners –...
Effective Community Organizer• Familiar with community customs and traditions,  social networks, and values• Capable leade...
Effective Community Organizer (cont’d)• Skilled in evaluative and participatory research• Aware of self and personal stren...
Policy practiceSocial welfare policyActions that government takes (or chooses not totake) that have an impact on the quali...
Values that impact social welfare policy● Judeo-Christian charity ● Patriarchy● Democratic egalitarianism      ● Individua...
Policy choices•    Who should benefit from the policy?•    What should those who benefit get?•    How should what they get...
Models of Policy Analysis•    Institutional model•    Process model•    Group theory model•    Elite theory model•    Rati...
Practitioner’s Role in Social Welfare Policy• Know impact of policy on clients, social workers,  and agency you work for• ...
Administration and delivery of social welfareservicesAgency administrators are charged with bringingresources, opportuniti...
Operational questions for administrators• How should the agency be organized?• What staff should be hired and how should t...
Operational questions for administrators• How should sensitive information be kept?• How is the administrator accountable ...
History of social welfare agencies• Private voluntary sector emerged in 1700’s• Programs and services expanded with waves ...
Contemporary agency structures•   Private non-profit social agencies•   Faith-based organizations•   Private for-profit so...
Research Practice• Role more important in era of accountability• Profession needs evidence-based practice to  strengthen w...
Status of macro social work practice• Social work shares key roles with many other  groups• Profession needs to play stron...
Professional statusProfessional status depends on the presence of twoconditions:• Recognized body of knowledge capable of ...
Career opportunities in macro practice• BSW program focuses on generalist practice,  incorporating macro practice• Many MS...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Chapter 6 Preparation for Generalist Practice

567

Published on

Chapter 6 addresses the roles of social workers in generalist practice at the exo- (community) and macro- (societal) levels of the environment, including agency administration, community organization, policy development, and research.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
567
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Chapter 6 Preparation for Generalist Practice"

  1. 1. Chapter 6: Social Work Practice withAgencies and the Community Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  2. 2. Empowering Programs with Resources that Enhance Social Work Education Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  3. 3. Social Work: A Competency- Oriented Education Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) - Defines Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAs) - Developed 10 “Core Competencies” and 41 Related “Practice Behaviors” Every student should master the Practice Behaviors and Core Competencies before completing the program Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  4. 4. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 The Textbook – - “Helping Hands” icons call attention to content that relates to Practice Behaviors and Competencies - “Competency Notes” at the end of the chapter help put the Practice Behaviors and Competencies in practical context Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  5. 5. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 (cont’d) The Practice Behaviors Workbook developed with the text provides assignable exercises that assist in mastering the Practice Behavior and Competencies Additional on-line resources can be found at: www.cengage.com/socialwork Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  6. 6. Generalist practice• Also applies at exosystem and macrosystem levels• Assistance to individuals and families can often be more effective if changes are made at community or societal level rather than on a case-by-case basis• Sound plans for community change, social welfare policies, and agency administration must be based on empirical research EP 2.1.8b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  7. 7. Social work with communitiesCommunities:• Can be conceptual rather than geographic• May be defined as spaces, interactions, and identifications that people share with others in place-specific and non-place specific locations EP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  8. 8. Social work roles in communities • broker ● advocate ● enabler ● activist ● negotiator ● educator ● analyst/evaluator ● facilitator ● general manager ● mediator ● initiator/coordinatorEP 2.1.1a, 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  9. 9. Community practice approaches• Neighborhood and community organizing• Organizing functional communities• Community, social, and economic development• Program development and community liaison• Political and social action• Coalition building• Social movements EP 2.1.3b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  10. 10. Basic definitions • Community organizing – social work practice method and field of practice • Community practitioners – engage in community planning and development to improve the quality of life for community members EP 2.1.3b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  11. 11. Effective Community Organizer• Familiar with community customs and traditions, social networks, and values• Capable leaders• Knowledgeable about political systems• Aware of past organizing strategies• Skilled in developing critical consciousness and empowermentEP 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  12. 12. Effective Community Organizer (cont’d)• Skilled in evaluative and participatory research• Aware of self and personal strengths and limitations• Skilled in program planning and development• Understanding of power• Curious• Able to dream and imagineEP 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  13. 13. Policy practiceSocial welfare policyActions that government takes (or chooses not totake) that have an impact on the quality of thecitizenryEP 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  14. 14. Values that impact social welfare policy● Judeo-Christian charity ● Patriarchy● Democratic egalitarianism ● Individualism● Protestant work ethic ● Social Darwinism● Capitalism ● New Puritanism● Marriage and nuclear family ● “American ideal” EP 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  15. 15. Policy choices• Who should benefit from the policy?• What should those who benefit get?• How should what they get be delivered?• How will what they get be financed? EP 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  16. 16. Models of Policy Analysis• Institutional model• Process model• Group theory model• Elite theory model• Rational model• Incremental model EP 2.1.8a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  17. 17. Practitioner’s Role in Social Welfare Policy• Know impact of policy on clients, social workers, and agency you work for• Advocate for policies that assist clients in improving the quality of their lives EP 2.1.1a, 2.1.8b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  18. 18. Administration and delivery of social welfareservicesAgency administrators are charged with bringingresources, opportunities, and goals together toaccomplish mission of agency, meet needs of clientsthe agency servesEP 2.1.9b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  19. 19. Operational questions for administrators• How should the agency be organized?• What staff should be hired and how should they be supported?• What roles can volunteers play and how should they be recruited and supported?• Which programs should be offered and how should they be delivered?EP 2.1.9b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  20. 20. Operational questions for administrators• How should sensitive information be kept?• How is the administrator accountable to the agency board, funding sources, and accrediting/licensing organizations?• How should funding be secured to enable the agency to grow and thrive?• How can agency programs and services be evaluated? EP 2.1.9b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  21. 21. History of social welfare agencies• Private voluntary sector emerged in 1700’s• Programs and services expanded with waves of immigration in 1800’s• Federal government role limited until the Great Depression• Federal role peaked with War on Poverty in 1960’s and has declined since thenEP 2.1.9a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  22. 22. Contemporary agency structures• Private non-profit social agencies• Faith-based organizations• Private for-profit social agencies• Government agencies• “Hybrids” increasingly common EP 2.1.9a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  23. 23. Research Practice• Role more important in era of accountability• Profession needs evidence-based practice to strengthen work with clients• Types of research• Understanding of the relationship between factors is critical since causal connections are hard to prove EP 2.1.6a, 2.16b Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  24. 24. Status of macro social work practice• Social work shares key roles with many other groups• Profession needs to play stronger role in macro practice arena advocating for under-served populations and client needs EP2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  25. 25. Professional statusProfessional status depends on the presence of twoconditions:• Recognized body of knowledge capable of being transmitted to others• Defined and legitimized area of activity EP 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  26. 26. Career opportunities in macro practice• BSW program focuses on generalist practice, incorporating macro practice• Many MSW programs have specializations in macro practice areas• Careers exist with activist organizations; legislators, Congress, and other elected officials; local, federal and state government agencies EP 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×