Chapter 5 Social Work Practice with Individuals, Familie and Groups

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In Chapter 5 we identify the components and characteristics of generalist practice methods that are used with individuals, families, and groups.

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Chapter 5 Social Work Practice with Individuals, Familie and Groups

  1. 1. Chapter 5: Generalist Practice withIndividuals, Families, and Groups Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  2. 2. Empowering Programs with Resources that Enhance Social Work Education Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  3. 3. Social Work: A Competency- Oriented Education Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) - Defines Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAs) - Developed 10 “Core Competencies” and 41 Related “Practice Behaviors” Every student should master the Practice Behaviors and Core Competencies before completing the program Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  4. 4. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 The Textbook – - “Helping Hands” icons call attention to content that relates to Practice Behaviors and Competencies - “Competency Notes” at the end of the chapter help put the Practice Behaviors and Competencies in practical context Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  5. 5. Resources Aligned to EPAS 2008 (cont’d) The Practice Behaviors Workbook developed with the text provides assignable exercises that assist in mastering the Practice Behavior and Competencies Additional on-line resources can be found at: www.cengage.com/socialwork Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  6. 6. Generalist practice• Both a process and a method• Involves orderly sequence of stages in engaging clients/client systems• Creative use of techniques and knowledge that guide intervention process• Based on client involvement• Emphasizes use of client resources• Focuses on planned change and solutionsEP 2.1.7a, 2.1.10a-l Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  7. 7. Preparation for generalist practice with individuals, families, and groups • Knowledge about human behavior /diversity • Use of ecological/systems framework and theory to guide intervention • Understanding of and adherence to social work values • Planned process of interventionEP 2.1.7a, 2.1.7b, 2.1.10a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  8. 8. Planned process of intervention• Social study• Assessment• Goal setting• Contracting• Intervention• EvaluationEP 2.1.10d-g, 2.1.10i, 2.1.10m Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  9. 9. The social worker-client relationship• Relationship is key to successful intervention• Helping relationship is based on: - Self-determination - Confidentiality - Individualization and acceptance - Nonjudgmental attitude - Freedom of expressionEP 2.1.10c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  10. 10. Development of practice skills• Conceptual skills• Interviewing skills - Informational interview - Diagnostic/assessment interview - Therapeutic interview• Recording skillsEP 2.1.10a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  11. 11. Beginning social workersBeginning social workers need to be aware that:• Not all clients are equally motivated to engage in the planned change process, no matter how good the social worker• Adequate resources may not be available to fully meet client needsEP 2.1.10a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  12. 12. Practice theories and skillsIndividuals and families• Ecological/systems framework• Ego psychology• Problem-solving approach• Cognitive behavioral approaches• Reality therapyEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  13. 13. Practice theories and skills (cont’d)Individuals and families• Task-centered method• Family systems approach• Other approaches: - Client-centered therapy - Feminist therapy - Solution-focused therapyEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  14. 14. Practice theories and skills (cont’d)Groups• Form of social organization whose members identify and interact with one another on a personal basis and have a shared sense of the group as a social entity• Types of groups: - Natural groups - Primary groups - Planned groupsEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  15. 15. Group work• Seeks to strengthen positive personal functioning and social skills through structured group interaction• Roots are in settlement house movement• Types of planned groups: - Recreation - Recreation-skill - Educational - Socialization - Self-helpEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  16. 16. Effective group development• Purposefulness• Leadership• Selection of group members• SizeEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  17. 17. Theory for group practice• Theory is used as framework for guiding group interaction and achieving goals• Practice theories used with individuals and families are also applicable to groupsEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  18. 18. Group work as a practiceSocial workers leading groups must:• Ensure dignity and worth of all members• Develop articulated understanding of group’s purpose, roles, and “rules”• Assess problems and needs of individual members and group as a whole• Help group develop its own identityEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  19. 19. Group work as a practice (cont’d)Social workers leading groups must:• Facilitate development of communication among members• Facilitate planning and implementation of relevant activities that promote positive group and individual functioning and advancement of the group’s purpose• Prepare group for terminationEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  20. 20. Stages of groupsEach stage of group development is important foroptimal group functioning:• Beginning• Norm development• Conflict phase• Relationship phase• TerminationEP 2.1.7a, 2.1.10l Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  21. 21. Group settings• Recreational settings• Settlement houses• Community centers• Family and child service agencies• Schools• Treatment centersEP 2.1.7a Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  22. 22. Group termination• Social workers must be sensitive to needs of the group at termination• Not ideal to terminate a group because of dysfunction• Groups are usually terminated because they are time-limited or purpose of group has been metEP 2.1.10l Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  23. 23. Practice effectiveness• Professional practice with individuals, families, and groups must include an evaluation process: - What could have increased client growth and change? - What were the positive achievements of the client or client system? - What implications for change are suggested?• Evaluation is on-goingEP 2.1.10a-l Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  24. 24. Supervisors of generalist practitionersPlay a vital role in the helping process:• Ensure effective, appropriate intervention• Enrich the skills of those they supervise• Regulate the flow of cases• Provide accountabilityEP 2.1.1f Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  25. 25. BSW social workers• Generalist practitioners• Most are employed in direct practice settings with individuals, families, and groups• Can provide basic counseling and case management, facilitate groups, and link clients with community resources• Practice in many community settingsEP 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .
  26. 26. MSW social workers• Possess advanced skills• Demonstrate a specialization that is built on generalist practice• Can provide psychotherapy and intensive counseling• Are often employed in highly clinical settingsEP 2.1.1c Copyright © 2012 Cengage Learning, Brooks/Cole Publishing .

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