Presentation skills in english


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Presentation skills in english

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Presentation skills in english

  1. 1. Presentation Skills in English • Fonts, Colors, and Layout • Delivery and Structure • Supporting Material and Multi-media • Language and Useful Expressions
  2. 2. Emk1 knockdown inhibits lumen formation in MDCK cells: -RT-PCR: EMK1 is effectively knocked down in MDCK cells 24 hours after transfection with PSUPER (control) or P-SUPER-siEMK1 plasmid; knockdown confirmed on the right with antibodies to EMK1. - Collagen overlay assay: cells cultured 24 h on collagen I before being overlaid with additional collagen on the apical surface, analyzed 24 h later. Note the lack of lumen in EMK1-KO cultures. - Ca switch: control or EMK1-KO cells were plated in low Ca medium 24 h upon transfection with pSUPER or pSUPER-KO. After 12 h, cultures were switched to normal medium for 24 h. Transmission EM of cells sectioned perpendicular to the substratum shows lack of microvilli in EMK1-KO cells.
  3. 3. Of course, it is far to confusing and a clear take-home message does not come across ! This presentation will take you through a strategy for presenting the data in a clear and logical way.
  4. 4. Presentation basics: 1. What font to use Use a Sans Serif font: This font is Arial. This font is Comic Sans. This font is Papyrus. Serif fonts take longer to read… This font is Times New Roman. This font is Courier. This font is Didot.
  5. 5. Presentation basics: 1. What font to use Some fonts look really good in boldface: Arial vs. Arial bold Comic Sans vs. Comic Sans bold Papyrus vs. Papyrus bold
  6. 6. Presentation basics: 1. What font to use Type size should be 18 points or larger: 18 point 20 point 24 point 28 point 36 point * References can be in 14 point font
  7. 7. Presentation basics: 1. What font to use AVOID USING ALL CAPITAL LETTERS BECAUSE IT’S REALLY HARD TO READ!
  8. 8. Presentation basics: 2. Color Dark letters against a light background work.
  9. 9. Presentation basics: 2. Color Light letters against a dark background also work.
  10. 10. Presentation basics: 2. Color Many experts feel that a dark blue or black background works best for talks in a large room.
  11. 11. Presentation basics: 2. Color Dark letters against a light background are best for smaller rooms and for teaching.
  12. 12. Presentation basics: 2. Color Avoid red-green combinations because a significant fraction of the human population is red-green colorblind.
  13. 13. Presentation basics: 2. Color Avoid red-green combinations because a large fraction of the human population is red-green colorblind. Lots of people can’t read this – and even if they could, it makes your eyes hurt.
  14. 14. Presentation basics: 2. Color Other color combinations can be equally bad:
  15. 15. Presentation basics: 2. Color View your slides in grayscale to ensure that there is adequate color contrast in each slide.
  16. 16. Presentation basics: 3. Layout Keep the layout and style as consistent as possible Every slide should have a heading. Sentences are preferred if it’s possible to make a statement.
  17. 17. Presentation basics: 3. Layout The reason for limiting text blocks to a few lines is that when the text block goes on and on forever, people in the audience are going to have to make a huge effort to read the text, which will preclude them from paying attention to what you are saying. Every time you lose their focus, your presentation suffers!
  18. 18. Presentation basics: 3. Layout Lists should contain no more than 3 items: • Item 1 • Item 2 • Item 3
  19. 19. Presentation basics: 3. Layout It is often effective to “unveil” your list one by one: You can do this using the “Slide show” - “animations” -”custom” - option • Point 1 • Point 2 • Point 3
  20. 20. Presentation basics: 3. Layout Avoid sublists! • Item 1 - Item 1a - Item 1b - Item 1c • Item 2 - Item 2a - Item 2b • Item 3
  21. 21. Powerpoint basics: 3. Layout Be generous with empty space.
  22. 22. Presentation basics: 4. Delivery Use your Voice ! Use your Body Language !
  23. 23. Presentation basics: 4. Delivery Speak slooowly & care-ful-ly. Your presentation is NOT Formula 1 Don't be afraid to.....pause. Give your audience time to think. No one will interrupt you & it's much better than saying “uumm..., ahhh...”
  24. 24. Presentation basics: 4. Delivery STRESS the important adjectives, verbs & nouns Success is not final, Failure is not fatal: It is the courage to continue that counts. Winston Churchill Help your audience to understand and feel the contrasts you make by using your voice and body language.
  25. 25. Presentation basics: 4. Delivery The BEST presentation tells a story to an enGAGED & CAPtivated audience
  26. 26. The structure of a good talk: start broad, get specific, and end broad
  27. 27. JazZ
  28. 28. The structure of a good talk: start broad, get specific, and end broad The middle is the meat of the talk…
  29. 29. …but talks are delivered to audiences with limited attention spans Audience attention curve
  30. 30. The middle is also the time at which the audience tends to “zone out”
  31. 31. The structure of a good talk: start broad, get specific, and end broad Focus now on conclusions
  32. 32. There is more to giving a good talk than showing good slides Do face the audience and make eye contact Do be enthusiastic and vary the tone of your voice, Don’t pace up and down but also don’t stand rigid! Don’t wave your pointer all over the slide Don’t take lots of drinks- it is distracting and unprofessional
  33. 33. Here are some of the things many listeners want from a talk: CONTENT Conveys new information Poses an interesting question Conveys how people in other fields think Describes important ideas Novel discovery STYLE AND DELIVERY Keeps me awake Varies voice Conveys enthusiasm Doesn’t stay in one place Friendly and approachable CLARITY AND ORGANIZATION Understandable Avoids jargon Uses clear and simple visual aids Well organized Enables me to catch up if I space out Doesn’t run over time EXPERTISE Credible Inspires trust and confidence Answers questions clearly
  34. 34. Presentation Phrases Introduction Greeting Good morning/afternoon, ladies and gentlemen/everyone. Thank you for coming/having me here to speak today. I’d like to introduce myself. My name is … I work as a ..............(job) for ................(organisation)
  35. 35. Presentation Phrases Introduction Today, I’m going to talk about... I’m going to present /inform you about /describe ...
  36. 36. Presentation Phrases Introduction Outline (Signposting) My presentation will consist of ... Firstly/First of all ....................I will ... Secondly/then/next/ after that/later ................ I would like to ... Finally/lastly/last of all I’d like to analyze/discuss/look at/consider/explain ...
  37. 37. Presentation Phrases Body Giving causes and reasons This caused/resulted in/ created/ had the effect of … This is due to /caused by / a result of / a consequence of …
  38. 38. Presentation Phrases Body Making transitions Let's move onto ... Now I'd like to talk about ... We've looked at … now lets look at …
  39. 39. Presentation Phrases Body Referring to visuals Take/Have a look at ... I’d like you to look at this graph/ table/ diagram/ chart... I’d like to draw your attention to ... This shows/represents ... As you can see ... The next slide/picture/graph shows ...
  40. 40. Presentation Phrases Questions Inviting and clarifying questions I’d be glad to answer any questions at the end of my talk. If you have any questions, please feel free to interrupt. Are there any questions? If I understand you correctly, you'd like to know ...
  41. 41. Presentation Phrases Questions Avoiding giving answers Perhaps we could deal with that later. I don’t have the figures on that with me. I’m sure Mr/Ms/Dr ... could answer that question. I’ll get back to that if time permits.
  42. 42. Presentation Phrases Conclusion Closing In conclusion ... I’d like to conclude by saying ... I’d like to leave you with the following thought/idea.... Thank you for your attention /being so attentive/listening. It has been a pleasure talking to you ...