“When a learner earns rewards for attaining high standards, this creates a positive feedback loop, which increases interest and involvement, leads to high personal evaluations of performance, results in increased competence, and builds intrinsic motivation.”<br />Cameron, Pierce, Banko, & Gear, 2005; Hidi, 2001; Jinks & Lorsbach, 2003.<br />
Research<br />Relatively small incentives may help students overcome procrastination problems by providing immediate rewards for meeting concrete goals. <br />
A study of merit scholarships found evidence of substantial test score gains and positive externalities such as improved teacher attendance and positive peer effects among students leading to an overall increase in classroom effort. <br />(Kremer, Miguel and Thornton, 2008)<br />
Retention Studies<br />Program and Outcome Highlights<br />Opening Doors<br />Source: “Rewarding Persistence” by Richburg-Hayes et al, MDRC, 2009<br /><ul><li>Increased student course registration by 7%.
Increased persistence. Students 30% more likely to re-enroll.
Increased # of credits earned by 3.5 credits.</li></ul>Incentives And Services For College Achievement<br />Source: “Incentives and Services for College Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Trial”by Angrist et al, American Economic Journal, 2009<br /><ul><li>Students had higher GPAs and earned more credits.
Outcomes persisted even when incentives not offered.
Incentives increased the rate at which students sought academic support.</li></li></ul><li>Behavior Change– Social Assistance<br />