How to diagnose, treat and help an athlete out of a                    mental slump      (In relation to anxiety and motiv...
It can happen                                                                 Decrease in performance            at any ti...
Step 1                            Diagnosis Of Problem• Create a discussion• Bring them to there “happy  place”• Form a bo...
Case study 1                     Anxiety• John Fitzgerald• 18 year old swimmer• Recently broken into the Australian swimmi...
Negative                                                                              There are           emotional state ...
Diagnosis of problem• Cognitive: doubtful of own ability• Somatic: Increased breathing and heart rateWeinberg, S., Gould. ...
Williams, J.M., Landers, D.M., Boutcher, S.H., (1993). Arousal-Performance Relationships, Applied SportPsychology; Persona...
Step 2        Provide a treatment  Cognitive reconstruction therapy   • A technique used to identify and correct  negative...
Relaxation and mindfulness       • Is the promotion of rest in the muscle and         mind while in a meditative state.   ...
Case Study 2                Lack of Motivation•   Michael Sutherland•   24 year old golfer•   Was once ranked in the top t...
Direction and intensity of                                                                        Determined by three sets...
Diagnosis of problem      “ Goal orientation in sports questionnaire ”      Michael has a higher ego orientated way of    ...
Step 2                                       Provide a treatment                                         Mental Imagery   ...
Situation changeBringing in a retired professional golfer that heused to watch when he was a child can help re-motivate hi...
Step 3                     Reviewed and Debriefing• It is the coach’s job to consistently assess and debrief with the  ath...
If No Improvement is madetechniques and methods may have to        be revised and change  It is common for step two, to be...
REMEMBERThe problem needs to be diagnosed            Discussed     Treated with a method            Reviewed
For Further information• http://carlhynescoachingpedagogy.blogspot.c  om.au/2013/03/motivation-about-  me.html?showComment...
References•   Jones, G. (2002) What is this thing called mental toughness? An investigation of Elite Sports Performers, Jo...
Picture References•   McCarthy, M. (2012) Beating the slump using sports psychology, (online)    http://www.stack.com/2012...
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Coaching 101: How to diagnose, treat and help an athlete out of a mental slump (In relation to anxiety and motivation)

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Coaching 101: How to diagnose, treat and help an athlete out of a mental slump (In relation to anxiety and motivation)

  1. 1. How to diagnose, treat and help an athlete out of a mental slump (In relation to anxiety and motivation) McCarthy, M. (2012) Beating the slump using sports psychology, (online) http://www.stack.com/2012/07/10/beat-the-slumps/, accessed the 9/4/13
  2. 2. It can happen Decrease in performance at any time Can cause frustration What is a mental Slump?!? Created by mental instability It can happen at any age Created by Physical Can cause disruption confidence dropJones, G. (2002) What is this thing called mental toughness? An investigation of Elite Sports Performers, Journal of Applied Sports Psychology,volume 14, issue 3
  3. 3. Step 1 Diagnosis Of Problem• Create a discussion• Bring them to there “happy place”• Form a bond of trust• Listening is key• Positive body language and eye contact Lazarus, R. (2000) How Emotions Influence Performance in Competitive Sports, The Sports Psychologist, 14, 229-252(Picture) The daily quotes, (2012) Be Positive, (online) http://thedailyquotes.com/post/1943, accessed the 9/4/13
  4. 4. Case study 1 Anxiety• John Fitzgerald• 18 year old swimmer• Recently broken into the Australian swimming squad.• Times have dramatically decreased after suffering 2 close defeats• Symptoms: confidence drop, increased heart rate and breathing rate, over aroused, negative thoughts, slow start• Diagnosis: his problem to be directly linked with anxiety.
  5. 5. Negative There are emotional state two kinds of anxiety Negative thoughtsButterflies inthe stomach What is anxiety!?! Cognitive anxiety Characterized by worries, apprehension & Somatic anxiety nervousnessSwain, A.B.J. and Jones, G. (1996) Explaining performance variance: the relative contribution of intensity and direction dimensions ofcompetitive state anxiety, Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal, 9, 1-18
  6. 6. Diagnosis of problem• Cognitive: doubtful of own ability• Somatic: Increased breathing and heart rateWeinberg, S., Gould. D., (2011) Foundations of Sports and Exercise Psychology, fifth addition, pg. 51 & 78 (Text Book)
  7. 7. Williams, J.M., Landers, D.M., Boutcher, S.H., (1993). Arousal-Performance Relationships, Applied SportPsychology; Personal Growth to Peak Performance, pgs. 170-184, 2The inverted U Hypothosis
  8. 8. Step 2 Provide a treatment Cognitive reconstruction therapy • A technique used to identify and correct negative thinking patterns otherwise known as mind over mood. • The technique involves altering negative automatic thoughts that occur in anxiety- provoking situationsHazlet, H, Craske, G, (2004) Handbook of Brief Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, (part of the Scandinavian Journal ofBehaviour Therapy), Chapter 1
  9. 9. Relaxation and mindfulness • Is the promotion of rest in the muscle and mind while in a meditative state. • In other words it can be known as mind over muscles.Humara, M. (1999) The relationship Between Anxiety and performance: A Cognitive – Behavioural Perspective, The Online Journal of Sports Psychology,Volume 1, issue 2, 1 – 10(picture) Still mindfulness, (2013) Mindfulness and relaxation, (online) http://www.stillmind.com.au/mindfulnessandrelaxation.htm, accessed the 9/4/13
  10. 10. Case Study 2 Lack of Motivation• Michael Sutherland• 24 year old golfer• Was once ranked in the top ten golfers in the world• Recently has dropped out of the top 10• Symptoms: dramatic personality change• Diagnosis: a lack of motivation.
  11. 11. Direction and intensity of Determined by three setsones effort of two factors Extrinsically motivated; Ego motivation; in it to win it striving to be the best What is Motivation?!? Personal factors; needs, interests and goals Task motivation; enjoymentSituational factors;coaching style and Intrinsically motivated; out offacilities interest Weinberg, S., Gould. D., (2011) Foundations of Sports and Exercise Psychology, fifth addition, pg. 51 & 78 (Text Book)
  12. 12. Diagnosis of problem “ Goal orientation in sports questionnaire ” Michael has a higher ego orientated way of thinking leaving him to be more extrinsically motivatedSport and performance Psychology Motivation tutorial, Task and Ego Orientated, Originated from Maehr, M. & Nicholls, J.G. (1980)"Culture and achievement motivation: a second look." In N. Warren (Ed.), Studies in cross-cultural psychology vol 2, London: AcademicPress
  13. 13. Step 2 Provide a treatment Mental Imagery Involves an athlete imagining themselves in an environment performing a specific activity in a positive manner.Vadocz, E.A., Hall, C.R. and Moritz, S.E. (1997) The relationship between competitive anxiety and imagery use, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 9, 241-253Edwards, D. (2012) Mental Imagery, (online) http://www.thefitnessexplorer.com/home/2010/5/31/mental-imagery.html, accessed the 9/4/13
  14. 14. Situation changeBringing in a retired professional golfer that heused to watch when he was a child can help re-motivate him as it is a reminder of why he took up the sport Hardy, L., Woodman, T. (2003) The relative impact of cognitive anxiety and self-confidence upon sport performance: a meta-analysis, Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 443-457
  15. 15. Step 3 Reviewed and Debriefing• It is the coach’s job to consistently assess and debrief with the athlete while they are working through their rehabilitation.• Depending on how serious the slump is the coach and athlete should be debriefing 3 to 4 times a week outside of training plus before and after every training session• For junior or semi pro athletes the amount of debriefs would be significantly less Lazarus, R. (2000) How Emotions Influence Performance in Competitive Sports, The Sports Psychologist, 14, 229-252
  16. 16. If No Improvement is madetechniques and methods may have to be revised and change It is common for step two, to be repeated
  17. 17. REMEMBERThe problem needs to be diagnosed Discussed Treated with a method Reviewed
  18. 18. For Further information• http://carlhynescoachingpedagogy.blogspot.c om.au/2013/03/motivation-about- me.html?showComment=1363763251682 (motivation blog)
  19. 19. References• Jones, G. (2002) What is this thing called mental toughness? An investigation of Elite Sports Performers, Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, volume 14, issue 3• Hardy, L., Woodman, T. (2003) The relative impact of cognitive anxiety and self-confidence upon sport performance: a meta- analysis, Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 443-457• Hazlet, H, Craske, G, (2004) Handbook of Brief Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, (part of the Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy), Chapter 1• Humara, M. (1999) The relationship Between Anxiety and performance: A Cognitive – Behavioural Perspective, The Online Journal of Sports Psychology, Volume 1, issue 2, 1 – 10• Lazarus, R. (2000) How Emotions Influence Performance in Competitive Sports, The Sports Psychologist, 14, 229-252• Swain, A.B.J. and Jones, G. (1996) Explaining performance variance: the relative contribution of intensity and direction dimensions of competitive state anxiety, Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal, 9, 1-18• Sport and performance Psychology Motivation tutorial, Task and Ego Orientated, Originated from Maehr, M. & Nicholls, J.G. (1980) "Culture and achievement motivation: a second look." In N. Warren (Ed.), Studies in cross-cultural psychology vol 2, London: Academic Press• Vadocz, E.A., Hall, C.R. and Moritz, S.E. (1997) The relationship between competitive anxiety and imagery use, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 9, 241-253• Weinberg, S., Gould. D., (2011) Foundations of Sports and Exercise Psychology, fifth addition, pg. 51 & 78 (Text Book)
  20. 20. Picture References• McCarthy, M. (2012) Beating the slump using sports psychology, (online) http://www.stack.com/2012/07/10/beat-the-slumps/, accessed the 9/4/13• The daily quotes, (2012) Be Positive, (online) http://thedailyquotes.com/post/1943, accessed the 9/4/13• Williams, J.M., Landers, D.M., Boutcher, S.H., (1993). Arousal-Performance Relationships, Applied Sport Psychology; Personal Growth to Peak Performance, pgs. 170-184, 2The inverted U Hypothosis,• Still mindfulness, (2013) Mindfulness and relaxation, (online) http://www.stillmind.com.au/mindfulnessandrelaxation.htm, accessed the 9/4/13• Edwards, D. (2012) Mental Imagery, (online) http://www.thefitnessexplorer.com/home/2010/5/31/mental-imagery.html, accessed the 9/4/13

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