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Thailand Solar Energy Power Plants

Thailand Solar Energy Power Plants



Guidelines and legal framework to successful solar power plant projects in Thailand in 2014

Guidelines and legal framework to successful solar power plant projects in Thailand in 2014



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    Thailand Solar Energy Power Plants Thailand Solar Energy Power Plants Presentation Transcript

    • Guidelines and legal framework to successful solar power plant projects in Thailand in 2014
    • Sophisticated solutions in a complex legal environment. Serious legal and tax advice in the land of smile. • Please feel free to contact us in our Bangkok office for questions, comments and other requests by phone or e-mail in Thai, English or German language. ! PUGNATORIUS Ltd. | International Lawyers
 Central World Tower | 999/9 Rama 1 | Pathumwan
 Bangkok 10330 | Kingdom of Thailand
 ☎ +66 22072647 | lawyers@pugnatorius.com ! • PUGNATORIUS Limited is an independent legal practice 
 based in Bangkok, Thailand. The law firm provides inter-
 national corporations, investors and foreign law firms with
 premium legal and tax services relating to Thailand, Southeast Asia and offshore jurisdictions.
    • PUGNATORIUS is one of the industry leaders in advising solar power projects in Thailand • During the last years, PUGNATORIUS gained practical experiences in the structuring and realization of several solar power plant projects in Thailand. • Currently PUGNATORIUS advised and assists European as well as nonEuropean clients in the preparation and accomplishment of solar projects. • PUGNATORIUS was the designated speaker for Thailand on the ! ! ! ! ! • and gave to the 140+ delegates a lecture about: "Good and bad experiences from Thailand power & electricity markets - applicable to Myanmar?" • PUGNATORIUS can guide your solar power project through the red-tape requirements, legal hurdles and industry practice in Thailand.
    • A huge demand for alternative energy projects: Thailand Development Plan 2012-2021 Source: Department of Energy Business, Ministry of Energy
    • What makes Thailand to one of the best locations for a solar power project - except its sun? • Thailand was one of the first Asian countries with a comprehensive feed-in tariff, or adder, program. The program has been in place for six years and gone through successive phases of adjustment, in particular in response to higher-than expected response by industry in the form of applications submitted for interconnection. As of! December 2011, Thailand had about 8,000 megawatts of renewable energy projects in available at Complete and updated version the pipeline seeking adder and about 1,000 megawatts already connected and selling power to ! the grid. http://www.scribd.com/doc/59179307 • Compared with other Southeast Asian countries, Thailand has the highest electricity demand, with plans for increasing imports from neighboring ! countries such as Laos, Myanmar, and China. The electricity consumption in 2010 was 150 billion kWh. Over the past ten years, electricity demand has been growing at about 3.2% per year. The current installed capacity is 32,000 MW, with the majority of energy sources from natural gas (66%) and coal (20%). Non-hydro renewable energy contributes a minor (around 5%) but increasing share of total electric power generation.
    • The major players in the Thai energy market EGAT Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand is a state-owned company which controls 48.5% of the generating capacity, but 100% of the transmission system ! Complete and updated version available at EGAT generates and supplies electricity to the MEA and PEA for further distribution to consumers. ! http://www.scribd.com/doc/59179307 ! PTT Petroleum Authority of Thailand, PTTEP PTT Exploration and Production and Bangchak Petroleum are the three other major energy-related state enterprises, primarily in the oil and natural gas sector. The IPP Independent Power Producer EGCO Electricity Generating Company and Ratchaburi Electricity Generating Holding are private sector competition in the power generation. 24% of the shares in EGCO are held by the Dutch TEPDIA Generating B.V., a joint venture between Tokyo Electric Power Company and Mitsubishi Corporation.
    • The structure of Thailand's electric power industry Generation SPP (7%) EGAT (47%) IPP (38%) Import (5%) ! Small power plant more 10 MW, max 90 Independent power plant more than 90 MW VSPP (3%) Very small power plant 10 MW or less Complete and updated version available at Transmission ! EGAT http://www.scribd.com/doc/59179307 ! Distribution PEA MEA Customers / users Direct customers
    • Business framework and economics for the solar energy investment in Thailand • Under the current 2012 BOI regulations, solar power plants have been promoted under Category 7.1.1 (production of electricity or steam power) • Under the new 2015 BOI regulations at least the same promotion • Alternative energy projects are typically cost-intensive. On an international ! level, engineering, procurement and construction costs for Complete and updated version available at ✓ Biomass projects amount roughly US$ 1.5 million per MW ! ✓ Wind energy facilities amount roughly US$ 2,5 million per MW ✓ Solar energy plants amount roughly US$ 2 million per MW http://www.scribd.com/doc/59179307 • Thailand’s “adder” program, ensures guaranteed purchases and attractive ! tariff rates to eligible grid-connected renewable power projects. • The program is called “adder” because it adds additional payments to renewable energy generators on top of the normal prices that power producers would receive when selling electricity to the power utilities. • The ongoing reduction in PV module costs appears to establish solar power plants in Thailand as a low-risk and best rewarded investment.
    • www.PUGNATORIUS.com