Sultan Qaboos UniversityCollage of EducationThe Instructional and Learning Technologies Dep. The Television in DEBy:Muna Al-Dhahouri (82929)Fatma Al-Shehhi (90597)
Video and TV today form a valuable part of many distance teaching programs around theworld. In some systems they are even the core element in delivering the teaching load. Inothers they are only a supplement to the voluminous printed course material. However wecan often observe that professional production and design of these materials is still somethingthat costs academics a lot to get acquainted to. In instructional video and TV we try toconsciously apply the characteristics of filming. The objective is to bring educational events tothe student that he would not be able to access otherwise. Lecturing may form part of theseinstructional films but usually is not the key element. In what follows we will give some verybasic hints about production and design aspects that may help to improve audiovisualeducational programs.What Is Television BroadcastingTelevision (TV) is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving imagesthat can be monochrome (black-and-white) or colored, with accompanying sound."Television" may also refer specifically to a television set, television programming, televisiontransmission.Broadcasting: consists of radio and television stations and networks that create content oracquire the right to broadcast prerecorded television and radio programs. Networks transmittheir signals from broadcasting studios via satellite signals to local stations or cabledistributors.Educational television is the use of television programs in the field of distance education. Itmay be in the form of individual television programs or dedicated specialty channelsWhy to use TV in EducationThe aim of education is to give quality to human nature. Student wants to see the face of theteacher where he/she is not able to see from the books and the texts. Educational televisionprovides answer to this need: Programs aim to particular audience parallel to formaleducation creates practical goals.The television is used in distance education for: Supporting and enhancing teaching. Instructing. Explaining, clarifying. Summarizing. Reinforcement. Motivation and encouragement. Used as supplementary for other materials. Imposing study speed ( determining rate of study). Presenting a reference to large masses. Changing behavior.
Presenting unreachable facts and events.Features the Television: Huge number of channels and programs. Can reach so far regions (cross Continents). Presentation of both sound and moving pictures. Can be synchronously broadcast (live) or asynchronously (previously recorded).Advantages of using Television in education: Since most people have watched television, the medium is familiar. Motion and visuals can be combined in a single format so that complex or abstract concepts can be illustrated through visual simulation. Instructional television is an effective way to take students to new environments (the moon, a foreign country, or through the lens of a microscope). Time and space can be collapsed, so that events can be captured and relayed as they happen. It is very effective for introducing, summarizing, and reviewing concepts. It can be used effectively as a motivational tool.Limitations of using Television in education: Broadcast quality ITV is expensive to create. Video production is time consuming and can be technically demanding, often requiring relatively sophisticated production facilities and equipment. Sites choosing to interactively participate in an ITV program may require specialized equipment, facilities, and staffing. Most prepackaged ITV courses use a mass media approach to instruction aimed at the average student. As a result, they can be ineffective in serving students with special needs. When used passively, without interaction, its instructional effectiveness can be limited. Unless professionally produced, completed ITV programs often look amateurish. Once completed, ITV programs can be difficult to revise and update.Delivery And Supporting Learning Broadcasting entire lesson but the instructor and the students are separated (maybe also in different countries). Simulating normal classes (face to face) but with no interaction. The instructor can go in depth of the information like face to face.
Concerns from TV in Education The ability of understanding and comprehending information presented via television. long-term exposure to the effects of television the effects of televised messages on the socialization of children. concern for receiving skills (media literacy)Reference:
Hauff, M., & Laaser, W. (1996). Educational Video and TV in Distance Education - Production and DesignAspects. Journal of Universal Computer Science , 2, 456-473.Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Career Guide to Industries, 2010-11 Edition, Broadcasting, on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/oco/cg/cgs017.htm (visited December 20, 2011).