enable global collaboration & access to information
support interactive learning.
overcome the digital divide
make learning informal
helps to raise self-esteem and self-confidence
Support synchronous & asynchronous
Advantages Interaction: Student interaction with instructors and among each other. Portability: PDAs are lighter than books and enable the student to take notes or input data directly into the device regardless of location either typed, handwritten or using voice. Collaborative: Enables several students work together on assignments even while at distant locations. Engaging learners: The new generation likes mobile devices such as PDAs, phones and games devices.
Increases motivation: Owner ship of the handheld devices seems to increase commitment to using and learning from it. Just-in-time learning: Increases work/learning performance and relevance to the learner. autonomy : Mobile learning provides the student more autonomy and flexibility especially in distance education. Cont.
More light weight device compare to books, PCs, etc.
Flexibility (M-learning is convenient, in the sense that it is accessible virtually from anywhere)
Wireless Technology (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Infra port)
M-learning is collaborative; that is sharing is almost instantly among everyone using the same content, which will in turn also lead to receiving instant feedback and tips
Technologies to support M-learning SMS: Short Message Service allows users to send/receive messages of up to 160 or more characters between mobile phones (text messaging). MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service serves the same purpose as SM but allows the inclusion of different media such as graphics, video, audio…etc. WAP: An international protocol that allows users to access the internet via their WAP enabled mobile phones. Bluetooth: A short range wireless connection. This enables PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants) to pass messages to and from other mobile devices.
Cont. PDAs: Personal Digital Assistants have evolved to mini PCs able to carry out many of the basic functions of a larger PC using the Palm OS or MS Pocket PC operating system. MP3s: Audio file format that efficiently compresses files and enables them to be shared. CAMs: Video cameras now embedded into mobile phone and PDAs.