The Art of Coaching Sports Table Tennis “Ping Pong”
Techniques of a winning coach• make training more challenging and more demanding than the competition your athletes are targeting• Learn and develop as a coach faster than your athletes• Accelerate your rate of learning faster than your opposition• Enhance your creative thinking skills• Ensure that every athlete that you work with, out prepares( in every aspect) their opposition
• Adapt your training plans and programsto optimize their impact on eachindividual athlete at every trainingsession• Performance practice – not practicemakes perfect•Adopt an integrated, multi-disciplinaryapproach to talent development andperformance enhancement•Coach individuals – even in team sports• Lead
Skills, Strategies, & Drills in Table Tennis• Strokes• Serves (Services)• Footwork• Strategy a. Ball Placement b. Playing against a chopper c. Playing against long Pips d. Preparing for a tournament e. Third-Ball Attack f. Playing Against a Penholder g. Fifth Ball Attack h. Fourth-Ball Attack
•Drills a. Falkenberg Drill b. Forehand Loop Spread c. Multi-Ball Drills
Table tennis matches playedall over the world are governedby an official set of rules andregulations defined by the ITTFor International Table TennisFederation. This governing bodysets specific regulations fromequipment to scoring.
EquipmentThe ball used in table tennis should weigh 2.7 grams with adiameter of 40 millimeters. It should be made of celluloid materialor any similar types of plastic and should be matt, white or orangein color. The racket can be of any shape, size, and weight as long asthe blade is rigid and flat. The official ITTF rules state that the bladeof the racket must consist of at least 85 percent natural wood. Thesides of the blade must also be covered with rubber. At the start of atable tennis match or during a racket change, the player must showthe umpire and the opponent the racket that will be used. The ITTFalso states that the table tennis nets should be attached on bothends to the upright poles with heights of 15.25 centimeters. The topof the net should be exactly 15.25 centimeters above the tablessurface. The playing surface of the table tennis table should be mattand dark colored, with a white sideline that is 0.79 inches wide, andwith white endlines that are 2 centimeters wide. The net will dividethe table into two equal courts.
Order of ServicesThe right to decide the initial order of serving, receivingand ends should be decided through lot (i.e. through agame of chance such as flipping a coin). The lots winnercan then choose to either serve first, receive first, andwhich end of the table to start. When a player or team haschosen to either serve or receive first, the opponent willautomatically hold the other choice.ScoringDuring a match, a player scores a point if the opponentfails to properly return the ball to the other side of thetable. The first player to score 11 points wins the match. Towin a match, a player must be leading by at least twopoints
Games and MatchesThe first player to score 11 points and have at least a 2-point leadwins the game. If the player does not lead by 2 points, the game willcontinue until the 2-point advantage is achieved. The ITTF does notdesignate how many games constitute a match; however, there mustbe an odd number of games in every match. The player who wins themost games wins the match.Expedite SystemThe expedite system goes into effect if there is no winner after 10minutes of play and the players have each scored less than 9 points orif both sides request the system within the first 10 minutes of thegame. At this point, the expedite system will be in effect until the endof the game.During the expedite system, the players will alternate serving aftereach point. If the receiving player makes 13 good returns, the receiverscores a point. This will continue until the end of the game, when thewinning player scores 11 points with at least a 2 point advantage.