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  1. 1. Urbanization By: Sonya Sheets
  2. 2. “Merger Puts New York On Top” <ul><li>Mike Clough authors an article on the Sunday Opinion , New York, about how America Online sought and successfully bought Time Warner. New York is a candidate for inheriting the global informational economy. </li></ul><ul><li>New York is not alone in the competition however, Southern California, Washington state, the Bay area, and Redmont are looking to be the ultimate keeper of this kind of economy. </li></ul><ul><li>“ respond to the challenge created by the merger of the world's leading Internet company with the world's leading media-entertainment company.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>AOL plans to control 55% of Time Warner, Stephen M. Case, the Company leader, lives in Northern Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>This means that New York is the most definite candidate for Time Warner, it’s closer. </li></ul><ul><li>It is curious that New York is picked for this operation considering it’s history of struggle. </li></ul><ul><li>It does have two advantages: Growing capital markets, and location of port. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Although AOL Time Warner will keep a substantial base of operations in Northern Virginia, it is inevitable that the company's real center of gravity will shift to New York, where it can exploit the city's financial infrastructure, strategic experience and capacity to create content.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Kotkin Articles <ul><li>World Capitals of the Future </li></ul><ul><li>Bund Shanghai: No new towers and little to no car transportation; Rough sidewalks, The poorest were everywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Moscow: Long lines for ‘Shoddy’ consumer goods, again the poorest were everywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Moscow once holding cheap and dingy hotels are now ranked as the most beautiful and expensive business in hotel and hospitality. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Mumbai, Bangalore and Hyderabad in </li></ul><ul><li>India; Beijing; Sao Paulo, Brazil; and Dubai: All known for destitution, but little known for rapid construction. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>4. Tokyo, London, Paris, New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Seoul, Singapore and Hong Kong are known for their economic structures, wealth and power. </li></ul><ul><li>“ China, as opposed to the U.S., is leading the economic resurgence, drawing in commodities from its rising business partners in all continents” </li></ul><ul><li>5. Manufacturing has pushed China forward on the economic scale whereas Brazil specialized in travel and tourist attractions. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Not all Countries that were economically successful, were from socialist parties. Three capitals from North America contributed to industrial power: Dallas Texas, Houston Texas, & Calgury Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>7. North America was also known for rapid population growth. For example: Houston and Dallas doubled more that New York, Washington Dc, or California. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rome Vs. Gotham <ul><li>“ Romanism: In which all power and decisions devolve down to the imperial core.” This is identified in the modern day economy of the US. </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences could be the loss of all control: politically, socially, ecologically, & economically. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Manufacturing might be important to your economy, but Washington--a region with virtually no history of productive industry--generally regards factories as polluters, greenhouse gas emitters and labor exploiters. If you have enough lobbyists you might be able to hang on, but don't really expect much in the way of positive help.” </li></ul><ul><li>We are all set against one another in a struggle to control our circumstances and survive. </li></ul>
  7. 7. America Compared Articles <ul><li>Gridded Lives </li></ul><ul><li>America Lunged at the idea of ‘Instant Cities’ </li></ul><ul><li>They were managed for an expansion by Grid, and were hardly the response to a farmer’s meager request to expand a small town to sell a bit more crop. </li></ul><ul><li>The great Transatlantic Migrations </li></ul><ul><li>Nugent (The Author) Sees a flux in pattern or when or why there were so many foreigners coming to the Us. </li></ul><ul><li>23 Million foreigners came from famine and unjust lives to work jobs, support families, and create something from nothing </li></ul><ul><li>The Land of the Dollar </li></ul><ul><li>Most cities were said to look the same in everyday life, where in fact the US had spacious buildings and narrow commercial streets, as compared to; Paris, the city of art focused on the frivolity of life and focused on building parks and beautiful scenery. </li></ul><ul><li>It is strange how some governments have a certain point of view of how things should be run and spent. One could say our Country, the land of the Dollar requests progression from time and money and that is why we are always pushing forward with our cities and communities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Foreign Policies: Global Cities <ul><li>Urban Legends </li></ul><ul><li>‘ &quot;To try to spread out economic activity,&quot; the report argues, is to snuff it.’ It was explained that a denser population in a citiy is a great thin economically, more room for change and adjustment. </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon’s idea on communism pointed out that a central nervous system to the city with confirm a hierarchy of business and government when cities are concerned. </li></ul><ul><li>Kotkin explains that when the suburbs are dense without a central system like Lennon's idea, it falls flat needing transportation, jobs, space, and so forth. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sources <ul><li>http://blackboard.palomar.edu/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_id=_2_1&url=%2fwebapps%2fblackboard%2fexecute%2flauncher%3ftype%3dCourse%26id%3d_46046_1%26url%3d </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/08/16/urban_legends </li></ul>